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redis / src / t_string.c

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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2009-2012, Salvatore Sanfilippo <antirez at gmail dot com>
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
 *
 *   * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
 *     this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *   * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *     documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *   * Neither the name of Redis nor the names of its contributors may be used
 *     to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *     specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
 * AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
 * LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
 * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
 * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
 * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
 * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
 * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include "redis.h"
#include <math.h> /* isnan(), isinf() */

/*-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * String Commands
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

static int checkStringLength(redisClient *c, long long size) {
    if (size > 512*1024*1024) {
        addReplyError(c,"string exceeds maximum allowed size (512MB)");
        return REDIS_ERR;
    }
    return REDIS_OK;
}

void setGenericCommand(redisClient *c, int nx, robj *key, robj *val, robj *expire, int unit) {
    long long milliseconds = 0; /* initialized to avoid an harmness warning */

    if (expire) {
        if (getLongLongFromObjectOrReply(c, expire, &milliseconds, NULL) != REDIS_OK)
            return;
        if (milliseconds <= 0) {
            addReplyError(c,"invalid expire time in SETEX");
            return;
        }
        if (unit == UNIT_SECONDS) milliseconds *= 1000;
    }

    if (nx && lookupKeyWrite(c->db,key) != NULL) {
        addReply(c,shared.czero);
        return;
    }
    setKey(c->db,key,val);
    server.dirty++;
    if (expire) setExpire(c->db,key,mstime()+milliseconds);
    addReply(c, nx ? shared.cone : shared.ok);
}

void setCommand(redisClient *c) {
    c->argv[2] = tryObjectEncoding(c->argv[2]);
    setGenericCommand(c,0,c->argv[1],c->argv[2],NULL,0);
}

void setnxCommand(redisClient *c) {
    c->argv[2] = tryObjectEncoding(c->argv[2]);
    setGenericCommand(c,1,c->argv[1],c->argv[2],NULL,0);
}

void setexCommand(redisClient *c) {
    c->argv[3] = tryObjectEncoding(c->argv[3]);
    setGenericCommand(c,0,c->argv[1],c->argv[3],c->argv[2],UNIT_SECONDS);
}

void psetexCommand(redisClient *c) {
    c->argv[3] = tryObjectEncoding(c->argv[3]);
    setGenericCommand(c,0,c->argv[1],c->argv[3],c->argv[2],UNIT_MILLISECONDS);
}

int getGenericCommand(redisClient *c) {
    robj *o;

    if ((o = lookupKeyReadOrReply(c,c->argv[1],shared.nullbulk)) == NULL)
        return REDIS_OK;

    if (o->type != REDIS_STRING) {
        addReply(c,shared.wrongtypeerr);
        return REDIS_ERR;
    } else {
        addReplyBulk(c,o);
        return REDIS_OK;
    }
}

void getCommand(redisClient *c) {
    getGenericCommand(c);
}

void getsetCommand(redisClient *c) {
    if (getGenericCommand(c) == REDIS_ERR) return;
    c->argv[2] = tryObjectEncoding(c->argv[2]);
    setKey(c->db,c->argv[1],c->argv[2]);
    server.dirty++;
}

void setrangeCommand(redisClient *c) {
    robj *o;
    long offset;
    sds value = c->argv[3]->ptr;

    if (getLongFromObjectOrReply(c,c->argv[2],&offset,NULL) != REDIS_OK)
        return;

    if (offset < 0) {
        addReplyError(c,"offset is out of range");
        return;
    }

    o = lookupKeyWrite(c->db,c->argv[1]);
    if (o == NULL) {
        /* Return 0 when setting nothing on a non-existing string */
        if (sdslen(value) == 0) {
            addReply(c,shared.czero);
            return;
        }

        /* Return when the resulting string exceeds allowed size */
        if (checkStringLength(c,offset+sdslen(value)) != REDIS_OK)
            return;

        o = createObject(REDIS_STRING,sdsempty());
        dbAdd(c->db,c->argv[1],o);
    } else {
        size_t olen;

        /* Key exists, check type */
        if (checkType(c,o,REDIS_STRING))
            return;

        /* Return existing string length when setting nothing */
        olen = stringObjectLen(o);
        if (sdslen(value) == 0) {
            addReplyLongLong(c,olen);
            return;
        }

        /* Return when the resulting string exceeds allowed size */
        if (checkStringLength(c,offset+sdslen(value)) != REDIS_OK)
            return;

        /* Create a copy when the object is shared or encoded. */
        if (o->refcount != 1 || o->encoding != REDIS_ENCODING_RAW) {
            robj *decoded = getDecodedObject(o);
            o = createStringObject(decoded->ptr, sdslen(decoded->ptr));
            decrRefCount(decoded);
            dbOverwrite(c->db,c->argv[1],o);
        }
    }

    if (sdslen(value) > 0) {
        o->ptr = sdsgrowzero(o->ptr,offset+sdslen(value));
        memcpy((char*)o->ptr+offset,value,sdslen(value));
        signalModifiedKey(c->db,c->argv[1]);
        server.dirty++;
    }
    addReplyLongLong(c,sdslen(o->ptr));
}

void getrangeCommand(redisClient *c) {
    robj *o;
    long start, end;
    char *str, llbuf[32];
    size_t strlen;

    if (getLongFromObjectOrReply(c,c->argv[2],&start,NULL) != REDIS_OK)
        return;
    if (getLongFromObjectOrReply(c,c->argv[3],&end,NULL) != REDIS_OK)
        return;
    if ((o = lookupKeyReadOrReply(c,c->argv[1],shared.emptybulk)) == NULL ||
        checkType(c,o,REDIS_STRING)) return;

    if (o->encoding == REDIS_ENCODING_INT) {
        str = llbuf;
        strlen = ll2string(llbuf,sizeof(llbuf),(long)o->ptr);
    } else {
        str = o->ptr;
        strlen = sdslen(str);
    }

    /* Convert negative indexes */
    if (start < 0) start = strlen+start;
    if (end < 0) end = strlen+end;
    if (start < 0) start = 0;
    if (end < 0) end = 0;
    if ((unsigned)end >= strlen) end = strlen-1;

    /* Precondition: end >= 0 && end < strlen, so the only condition where
     * nothing can be returned is: start > end. */
    if (start > end) {
        addReply(c,shared.emptybulk);
    } else {
        addReplyBulkCBuffer(c,(char*)str+start,end-start+1);
    }
}

void mgetCommand(redisClient *c) {
    int j;

    addReplyMultiBulkLen(c,c->argc-1);
    for (j = 1; j < c->argc; j++) {
        robj *o = lookupKeyRead(c->db,c->argv[j]);
        if (o == NULL) {
            addReply(c,shared.nullbulk);
        } else {
            if (o->type != REDIS_STRING) {
                addReply(c,shared.nullbulk);
            } else {
                addReplyBulk(c,o);
            }
        }
    }
}

void msetGenericCommand(redisClient *c, int nx) {
    int j, busykeys = 0;

    if ((c->argc % 2) == 0) {
        addReplyError(c,"wrong number of arguments for MSET");
        return;
    }
    /* Handle the NX flag. The MSETNX semantic is to return zero and don't
     * set nothing at all if at least one already key exists. */
    if (nx) {
        for (j = 1; j < c->argc; j += 2) {
            if (lookupKeyWrite(c->db,c->argv[j]) != NULL) {
                busykeys++;
            }
        }
        if (busykeys) {
            addReply(c, shared.czero);
            return;
        }
    }

    for (j = 1; j < c->argc; j += 2) {
        c->argv[j+1] = tryObjectEncoding(c->argv[j+1]);
        setKey(c->db,c->argv[j],c->argv[j+1]);
    }
    server.dirty += (c->argc-1)/2;
    addReply(c, nx ? shared.cone : shared.ok);
}

void msetCommand(redisClient *c) {
    msetGenericCommand(c,0);
}

void msetnxCommand(redisClient *c) {
    msetGenericCommand(c,1);
}

void incrDecrCommand(redisClient *c, long long incr) {
    long long value, oldvalue;
    robj *o, *new;

    o = lookupKeyWrite(c->db,c->argv[1]);
    if (o != NULL && checkType(c,o,REDIS_STRING)) return;
    if (getLongLongFromObjectOrReply(c,o,&value,NULL) != REDIS_OK) return;

    oldvalue = value;
    if ((incr < 0 && oldvalue < 0 && incr < (LLONG_MIN-oldvalue)) ||
        (incr > 0 && oldvalue > 0 && incr > (LLONG_MAX-oldvalue))) {
        addReplyError(c,"increment or decrement would overflow");
        return;
    }
    value += incr;
    new = createStringObjectFromLongLong(value);
    if (o)
        dbOverwrite(c->db,c->argv[1],new);
    else
        dbAdd(c->db,c->argv[1],new);
    signalModifiedKey(c->db,c->argv[1]);
    server.dirty++;
    addReply(c,shared.colon);
    addReply(c,new);
    addReply(c,shared.crlf);
}

void incrCommand(redisClient *c) {
    incrDecrCommand(c,1);
}

void decrCommand(redisClient *c) {
    incrDecrCommand(c,-1);
}

void incrbyCommand(redisClient *c) {
    long long incr;

    if (getLongLongFromObjectOrReply(c, c->argv[2], &incr, NULL) != REDIS_OK) return;
    incrDecrCommand(c,incr);
}

void decrbyCommand(redisClient *c) {
    long long incr;

    if (getLongLongFromObjectOrReply(c, c->argv[2], &incr, NULL) != REDIS_OK) return;
    incrDecrCommand(c,-incr);
}

void incrbyfloatCommand(redisClient *c) {
    long double incr, value;
    robj *o, *new, *aux;

    o = lookupKeyWrite(c->db,c->argv[1]);
    if (o != NULL && checkType(c,o,REDIS_STRING)) return;
    if (getLongDoubleFromObjectOrReply(c,o,&value,NULL) != REDIS_OK ||
        getLongDoubleFromObjectOrReply(c,c->argv[2],&incr,NULL) != REDIS_OK)
        return;

    value += incr;
    if (isnan(value) || isinf(value)) {
        addReplyError(c,"increment would produce NaN or Infinity");
        return;
    }
    new = createStringObjectFromLongDouble(value);
    if (o)
        dbOverwrite(c->db,c->argv[1],new);
    else
        dbAdd(c->db,c->argv[1],new);
    signalModifiedKey(c->db,c->argv[1]);
    server.dirty++;
    addReplyBulk(c,new);

    /* Always replicate INCRBYFLOAT as a SET command with the final value
     * in order to make sure that differences in float pricision or formatting
     * will not create differences in replicas or after an AOF restart. */
    aux = createStringObject("SET",3);
    rewriteClientCommandArgument(c,0,aux);
    decrRefCount(aux);
    rewriteClientCommandArgument(c,2,new);
}

void appendCommand(redisClient *c) {
    size_t totlen;
    robj *o, *append;

    o = lookupKeyWrite(c->db,c->argv[1]);
    if (o == NULL) {
        /* Create the key */
        c->argv[2] = tryObjectEncoding(c->argv[2]);
        dbAdd(c->db,c->argv[1],c->argv[2]);
        incrRefCount(c->argv[2]);
        totlen = stringObjectLen(c->argv[2]);
    } else {
        /* Key exists, check type */
        if (checkType(c,o,REDIS_STRING))
            return;

        /* "append" is an argument, so always an sds */
        append = c->argv[2];
        totlen = stringObjectLen(o)+sdslen(append->ptr);
        if (checkStringLength(c,totlen) != REDIS_OK)
            return;

        /* If the object is shared or encoded, we have to make a copy */
        if (o->refcount != 1 || o->encoding != REDIS_ENCODING_RAW) {
            robj *decoded = getDecodedObject(o);
            o = createStringObject(decoded->ptr, sdslen(decoded->ptr));
            decrRefCount(decoded);
            dbOverwrite(c->db,c->argv[1],o);
        }

        /* Append the value */
        o->ptr = sdscatlen(o->ptr,append->ptr,sdslen(append->ptr));
        totlen = sdslen(o->ptr);
    }
    signalModifiedKey(c->db,c->argv[1]);
    server.dirty++;
    addReplyLongLong(c,totlen);
}

void strlenCommand(redisClient *c) {
    robj *o;
    if ((o = lookupKeyReadOrReply(c,c->argv[1],shared.czero)) == NULL ||
        checkType(c,o,REDIS_STRING)) return;
    addReplyLongLong(c,stringObjectLen(o));
}