trac-ticketlinks / trac / core.py

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#
# Copyright (C) 2003-2008 Edgewall Software
# Copyright (C) 2003-2004 Jonas Borgström <jonas@edgewall.com>
# Copyright (C) 2004-2005 Christopher Lenz <cmlenz@gmx.de>
# All rights reserved.
#
# This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
# you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
# are also available at http://trac.edgewall.org/wiki/TracLicense.
#
# This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many
# individuals. For the exact contribution history, see the revision
# history and logs, available at http://trac.edgewall.org/log/.
#
# Author: Jonas Borgström <jonas@edgewall.com>
#         Christopher Lenz <cmlenz@gmx.de>

__all__ = ['Component', 'ExtensionPoint', 'implements', 'Interface',
           'TracError']


class TracError(Exception):
    """Exception base class for errors in Trac."""

    title = 'Trac Error'
    
    def __init__(self, message, title=None, show_traceback=False):
        """If message is a genshi.builder.tag object, everything up to the
        first <p> will be displayed in the red box, and everything after will
        be displayed below the red box.
        If title is given, it will be displayed as the large header above the
        error message.
        """
        Exception.__init__(self, message)
        self.message = message
        if title:
            self.title = title
        self.show_traceback = show_traceback


class Interface(object):
    """Marker base class for extension point interfaces."""


class ExtensionPoint(property):
    """Marker class for extension points in components."""

    def __init__(self, interface):
        """Create the extension point.
        
        @param interface: the `Interface` subclass that defines the protocol
            for the extension point
        """
        property.__init__(self, self.extensions)
        self.interface = interface
        self.__doc__ = 'List of components that implement `%s`' % \
                       self.interface.__name__

    def extensions(self, component):
        """Return a list of components that declare to implement the extension
        point interface.
        """
        extensions = ComponentMeta._registry.get(self.interface, [])
        return filter(None, [component.compmgr[cls] for cls in extensions])

    def __repr__(self):
        """Return a textual representation of the extension point."""
        return '<ExtensionPoint %s>' % self.interface.__name__


class ComponentMeta(type):
    """Meta class for components.
    
    Takes care of component and extension point registration.
    """
    _components = []
    _registry = {}

    def __new__(cls, name, bases, d):
        """Create the component class."""

        new_class = type.__new__(cls, name, bases, d)
        if name == 'Component':
            # Don't put the Component base class in the registry
            return new_class

        # Only override __init__ for Components not inheriting ComponentManager
        if True not in [issubclass(x, ComponentManager) for x in bases]:
            # Allow components to have a no-argument initializer so that
            # they don't need to worry about accepting the component manager
            # as argument and invoking the super-class initializer
            init = d.get('__init__')
            if not init:
                # Because we're replacing the initializer, we need to make sure
                # that any inherited initializers are also called.
                for init in [b.__init__._original for b in new_class.mro()
                             if issubclass(b, Component)
                             and '__init__' in b.__dict__]:
                    break
            def maybe_init(self, compmgr, init=init, cls=new_class):
                if cls not in compmgr.components:
                    compmgr.components[cls] = self
                    if init:
                        try:
                            init(self)
                        except:
                            del compmgr.components[cls]
                            raise
            maybe_init._original = init
            new_class.__init__ = maybe_init

        if d.get('abstract'):
            # Don't put abstract component classes in the registry
            return new_class

        ComponentMeta._components.append(new_class)
        registry = ComponentMeta._registry
        for interface in d.get('_implements', []):
            registry.setdefault(interface, []).append(new_class)
        for base in [base for base in bases if hasattr(base, '_implements')]:
            for interface in base._implements:
                registry.setdefault(interface, []).append(new_class)

        return new_class


class Component(object):
    """Base class for components.

    Every component can declare what extension points it provides, as well as
    what extension points of other components it extends.
    """
    __metaclass__ = ComponentMeta

    def __new__(cls, *args, **kwargs):
        """Return an existing instance of the component if it has already been
        activated, otherwise create a new instance.
        """
        # If this component is also the component manager, just invoke that
        if issubclass(cls, ComponentManager):
            self = super(Component, cls).__new__(cls)
            self.compmgr = self
            return self

        # The normal case where the component is not also the component manager
        compmgr = args[0]
        self = compmgr.components.get(cls)
        if self is None:
            self = super(Component, cls).__new__(cls)
            self.compmgr = compmgr
            compmgr.component_activated(self)
        return self

    def implements(*interfaces):
        """Can be used in the class definiton of `Component` subclasses to
        declare the extension points that are extended.
        """
        import sys

        frame = sys._getframe(1)
        locals_ = frame.f_locals

        # Some sanity checks
        assert locals_ is not frame.f_globals and '__module__' in locals_, \
               'implements() can only be used in a class definition'

        locals_.setdefault('_implements', []).extend(interfaces)
    implements = staticmethod(implements)


implements = Component.implements


class ComponentManager(object):
    """The component manager keeps a pool of active components."""

    def __init__(self):
        """Initialize the component manager."""
        self.components = {}
        self.enabled = {}
        if isinstance(self, Component):
            self.components[self.__class__] = self

    def __contains__(self, cls):
        """Return wether the given class is in the list of active components."""
        return cls in self.components

    def __getitem__(self, cls):
        """Activate the component instance for the given class, or return the
        existing the instance if the component has already been activated.
        """
        if cls not in self.enabled:
            self.enabled[cls] = self.is_component_enabled(cls)
        if not self.enabled[cls]:
            return None
        component = self.components.get(cls)
        if not component:
            if cls not in ComponentMeta._components:
                raise TracError('Component "%s" not registered' % cls.__name__)
            try:
                component = cls(self)
            except TypeError, e:
                raise TracError('Unable to instantiate component %r (%s)' %
                                (cls, e))
        return component

    def component_activated(self, component):
        """Can be overridden by sub-classes so that special initialization for
        components can be provided.
        """

    def is_component_enabled(self, cls):
        """Can be overridden by sub-classes to veto the activation of a
        component.

        If this method returns False, the component with the given class will
        not be available.
        """
        return True
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