svgwrite / svgwrite /

#!/usr/bin/env python
# Author:  mozman
# Purpose: drawing
# Created: 10.09.2010
# Copyright (C) 2010, Manfred Moitzi
# License: MIT License
The *Drawing* object is the overall container for all SVG
elements. It provides the methods to store the drawing into a file or a
file-like object. If you want to use stylesheets, the reference links
to this stylesheets were also stored (`add_stylesheet`)
in the *Drawing* object.

set/get SVG attributes::

    element['attribute'] = value
    value = element['attribute']

The Drawing object also includes a defs section, add elements to the defs
section by::


from __future__ import unicode_literals
import io

from svgwrite.container import SVG, Defs
from svgwrite.elementfactory import ElementFactory

class Drawing(SVG, ElementFactory):
    """ This is the SVG drawing represented by the top level *svg* element.

    A drawing consists of any number of SVG elements contained within the drawing
    element, stored in the *elements* attribute.

    A drawing can range from an empty drawing (i.e., no content inside of the drawing),
    to a very simple drawing containing a single SVG element such as a *rect*,
    to a complex, deeply nested collection of container elements and graphics elements.
    def __init__(self, filename="noname.svg", size=('100%', '100%'), **extra):
        :param string filename: filesystem filename valid for :func:`open`
        :param 2-tuple size: width, height
        :param keywords extra: additional svg-attributes for the *SVG* object

        Important (and not SVG Attributes) **extra** parameters:

        :param string profile: ``'tiny | full'`` - define the SVG baseProfile
        :param bool debug: switch validation on/off

        super(Drawing, self).__init__(size=size, **extra)
        self.filename = filename
        self._stylesheets = [] # list of stylesheets appended

    def get_xml(self):
        """ Get the XML representation as `ElementTree` object.

        :return: XML `ElementTree` of this object and all its subelements

        profile = self.profile
        version = self.get_version()
        self.attribs['xmlns'] = ""
        self.attribs['xmlns:xlink'] = ""
        self.attribs['xmlns:ev'] = ""

        self.attribs['baseProfile'] = profile
        self.attribs['version'] = version
        return super(Drawing, self).get_xml()

    def add_stylesheet(self, href, title, alternate="no", media="screen"):
        """ Add a stylesheet reference.

        :param string href: link to stylesheet <URI>
        :param string title: name of stylesheet
        :param string alternate: ``'yes'|'no'``
        :param string media: ``'all | aureal | braille | embossed | handheld | print | projection | screen | tty | tv'``

        self._stylesheets.append( (href, title, alternate, media) )

    def write(self, fileobj):
        """ Write XML string to **fileobj**.

        :param fileobj: a *file-like* object

        Python 3.x - set encoding at the open command::

            open('filename', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
        # write xml header
        fileobj.write('<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>\n')

        # don't use DOCTYPE. It's useless. see also:
        # write stylesheets
        stylesheet_template = '<?xml-stylesheet href="%s" type="text/css" ' \
                     'title="%s" alternate="%s" media="%s"?>\n'
        # removed map(), does not work with Python 3
        for stylesheet in self._stylesheets:
            fileobj.write(stylesheet_template % stylesheet)

    def save(self):
        """ Write the XML string to **filename**. """
        fileobj =, mode='w', encoding='utf-8')

    def saveas(self, filename):
        """ Write the XML string to **filename**.

        :param string filename: filesystem filename valid for :func:`open`
        self.filename = filename