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Internet Relay Chat (IRC) protocol client library ------------------------------------------------- The home of irclib is: * https://bitbucket.org/jaraco/irc Documentation is available at: * https://pythonhosted.org/irc Change history is available at: * https://pythonhosted.org/irc/history.html You can `download project releases from PyPI <https://pypi.python.org/pypi/irc>`_. Tests are `continually run <https://travis-ci.org/#!/jaraco/irc>`_ using Travis-CI. |BuildStatus|_ .. |BuildStatus| image:: https://secure.travis-ci.org/jaraco/irc.png .. _BuildStatus: https://travis-ci.org/jaraco/irc This library provides a low-level implementation of the IRC protocol for Python. It provides an event-driven IRC client framework. It has a fairly thorough support for the basic IRC protocol, CTCP, and DCC connections. In order to understand how to make an IRC client, it's best to read up first on the IRC specifications, available here: * http://www.irchelp.org/irchelp/rfc/ Installation ============ IRC requires Python versions specified in the `download pages <https://pypi.python.org/pypi/irc>`_ and definitely supports Python 3. You have several options to install the IRC project. * Use ``easy_install irc`` or ``pip install irc`` to grab the latest version from the cheeseshop (recommended). * Run ``python setup.py install`` (from the source distribution). Client Features =============== The main features of the IRC client framework are: * Abstraction of the IRC protocol. * Handles multiple simultaneous IRC server connections. * Handles server PONGing transparently. * Messages to the IRC server are done by calling methods on an IRC connection object. * Messages from an IRC server triggers events, which can be caught by event handlers. * Reading from and writing to IRC server sockets is normally done by an internal ``select()`` loop, but the ``select()`` may be done by an external main loop. * Functions can be registered to execute at specified times by the event-loop. * Decodes CTCP tagging correctly (hopefully); I haven't seen any other IRC client implementation that handles the CTCP specification subtilties. * A kind of simple, single-server, object-oriented IRC client class that dispatches events to instance methods is included. * DCC connection support. Current limitations: * The IRC protocol shines through the abstraction a bit too much. * Data is not written asynchronously to the server (and DCC peers), i.e. the ``write()`` may block if the TCP buffers are stuffed. * Like most projects, documentation is lacking ... Unfortunately, this library isn't as well-documented as I would like it to be. I think the best way to get started is to read and understand the example program ``irccat``, which is included in the distribution. The following files might be of interest: * ``irc/client.py`` The library itself. Read the code along with comments and docstrings to get a grip of what it does. Use it at your own risk and read the source, Luke! * ``irc/bot.py`` An IRC bot implementation. * ``irc/server.py`` A basic IRC server implementation. Suitable for testing, but not production quality. Examples ======== Example scripts in the scripts directory: * ``irccat`` A simple example of how to use the IRC client. ``irccat`` reads text from stdin and writes it to a specified user or channel on an IRC server. * ``irccat2`` The same as above, but using the ``SimpleIRCClient`` class. * ``servermap`` Another simple example. ``servermap`` connects to an IRC server, finds out what other IRC servers there are in the net and prints a tree-like map of their interconnections. * ``testbot`` An example bot that uses the ``SingleServerIRCBot`` class from ``irc.bot``. The bot enters a channel and listens for commands in private messages or channel traffic. It also accepts DCC invitations and echos back sent DCC chat messages. * ``dccreceive`` Receives a file over DCC. * ``dccsend`` Sends a file over DCC. NOTE: If you're running one of the examples on a unix command line, you need to escape the ``#`` symbol in the channel. For example, use ``\\#test`` or ``"#test"`` instead of ``#test``. Decoding Input ============== By default, the IRC library attempts to decode all incoming streams as UTF-8, even though the IRC spec stipulates that no specific encoding can be expected. Since assuming UTF-8 is not reasonable in the general case, the IRC library provides options to customize decoding of input by customizing the ``ServerConnection`` class. The ``buffer_class`` attribute on the ``ServerConnection`` determines which class is used for buffering lines from the input stream. By default it is ``buffer.DecodingLineBuffer``, but may be re-assigned with another class, following the interface of ``buffer.LineBuffer``. The ``buffer_class`` attribute may be assigned for all instances of ``ServerConnection`` by overriding the class attribute. For example: .. code:: python irc.client.ServerConnection.buffer_class = irc.buffer.LenientDecodingLineBuffer The ``LenientDecodingLineBuffer`` attempts UTF-8 but falls back to latin-1, which will avoid ``UnicodeDecodeError`` in all cases (but may produce unexpected behavior if an IRC user is using another encoding). The buffer may be overridden on a per-instance basis (as long as it's overridden before the connection is established): .. code:: python server = irc.client.IRC().server() server.buffer_class = irc.buffer.LenientDecodingLineBuffer server.connect() Alternatively, some clients may still want to decode the input using a different encoding. To decode all input as latin-1 (which decodes any input), use the following: .. code:: python irc.client.ServerConnection.buffer_class.encoding = 'latin-1' Or decode to UTF-8, but use a replacement character for unrecognized byte sequences: .. code:: python irc.client.ServerConnection.buffer_class.errors = 'replace' Or, to simply ignore all input that cannot be decoded: .. code:: python class IgnoreErrorsBuffer(irc.buffer.DecodingLineBuffer): def handle_exception(self): pass irc.client.ServerConnection.buffer_class = IgnoreErrorsBuffer On Python 2, it was possible to use the ``buffer.LineBuffer`` itself, which will pass the raw bytes. On Python 3, the library requires text for message processing, so a decoding buffer must be used. Therefore, use of the ``LineBuffer`` is considered deprecated and not supported on Python 3. Clients should use one of the above techniques for decoding input to text. Notes and Contact Info ====================== Enjoy. Maintainer: Jason R. Coombs <jaraco@jaraco.com> Original Author: Joel Rosdahl <joel@rosdahl.net> Copyright © 1999-2002 Joel Rosdahl Copyright © 2011-2014 Jason R. Coombs Copyright © 2009 Ferry Boender