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cpython_sandbox / Lib / test / test_dis.py

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# Minimal tests for dis module

from test.support import run_unittest, captured_stdout
from test.bytecode_helper import BytecodeTestCase
import difflib
import unittest
import sys
import dis
import io
import types

class _C:
    def __init__(self, x):
        self.x = x == 1

dis_c_instance_method = """\
 %-4d         0 LOAD_FAST                1 (x)
              3 LOAD_CONST               1 (1)
              6 COMPARE_OP               2 (==)
              9 LOAD_FAST                0 (self)
             12 STORE_ATTR               0 (x)
             15 LOAD_CONST               0 (None)
             18 RETURN_VALUE
""" % (_C.__init__.__code__.co_firstlineno + 1,)

dis_c_instance_method_bytes = """\
          0 LOAD_FAST                1 (1)
          3 LOAD_CONST               1 (1)
          6 COMPARE_OP               2 (==)
          9 LOAD_FAST                0 (0)
         12 STORE_ATTR               0 (0)
         15 LOAD_CONST               0 (0)
         18 RETURN_VALUE
"""

def _f(a):
    print(a)
    return 1

dis_f = """\
 %-4d         0 LOAD_GLOBAL              0 (print)
              3 LOAD_FAST                0 (a)
              6 CALL_FUNCTION            1 (1 positional, 0 keyword pair)
              9 POP_TOP

 %-4d        10 LOAD_CONST               1 (1)
             13 RETURN_VALUE
""" % (_f.__code__.co_firstlineno + 1,
       _f.__code__.co_firstlineno + 2)


dis_f_co_code = """\
          0 LOAD_GLOBAL              0 (0)
          3 LOAD_FAST                0 (0)
          6 CALL_FUNCTION            1 (1 positional, 0 keyword pair)
          9 POP_TOP
         10 LOAD_CONST               1 (1)
         13 RETURN_VALUE
"""


def bug708901():
    for res in range(1,
                     10):
        pass

dis_bug708901 = """\
 %-4d         0 SETUP_LOOP              23 (to 26)
              3 LOAD_GLOBAL              0 (range)
              6 LOAD_CONST               1 (1)

 %-4d         9 LOAD_CONST               2 (10)
             12 CALL_FUNCTION            2 (2 positional, 0 keyword pair)
             15 GET_ITER
        >>   16 FOR_ITER                 6 (to 25)
             19 STORE_FAST               0 (res)

 %-4d        22 JUMP_ABSOLUTE           16
        >>   25 POP_BLOCK
        >>   26 LOAD_CONST               0 (None)
             29 RETURN_VALUE
""" % (bug708901.__code__.co_firstlineno + 1,
       bug708901.__code__.co_firstlineno + 2,
       bug708901.__code__.co_firstlineno + 3)


def bug1333982(x=[]):
    assert 0, ([s for s in x] +
              1)
    pass

dis_bug1333982 = """\
 %-4d         0 LOAD_CONST               1 (0)
              3 JUMP_IF_TRUE            33 (to 39)
              6 POP_TOP
              7 LOAD_GLOBAL              0 (AssertionError)
             10 BUILD_LIST               0
             13 LOAD_FAST                0 (x)
             16 GET_ITER
        >>   17 FOR_ITER                12 (to 32)
             20 STORE_FAST               1 (s)
             23 LOAD_FAST                1 (s)
             26 LIST_APPEND              2
             29 JUMP_ABSOLUTE           17

 %-4d   >>   32 LOAD_CONST               2 (1)
             35 BINARY_ADD
             36 RAISE_VARARGS            2
        >>   39 POP_TOP

 %-4d        40 LOAD_CONST               0 (None)
             43 RETURN_VALUE
""" % (bug1333982.__code__.co_firstlineno + 1,
       bug1333982.__code__.co_firstlineno + 2,
       bug1333982.__code__.co_firstlineno + 3)

_BIG_LINENO_FORMAT = """\
%3d           0 LOAD_GLOBAL              0 (spam)
              3 POP_TOP
              4 LOAD_CONST               0 (None)
              7 RETURN_VALUE
"""

dis_module_expected_results = """\
Disassembly of f:
  4           0 LOAD_CONST               0 (None)
              3 RETURN_VALUE

Disassembly of g:
  5           0 LOAD_CONST               0 (None)
              3 RETURN_VALUE

"""

expr_str = "x + 1"

dis_expr_str = """\
  1           0 LOAD_NAME                0 (x)
              3 LOAD_CONST               0 (1)
              6 BINARY_ADD
              7 RETURN_VALUE
"""

simple_stmt_str = "x = x + 1"

dis_simple_stmt_str = """\
  1           0 LOAD_NAME                0 (x)
              3 LOAD_CONST               0 (1)
              6 BINARY_ADD
              7 STORE_NAME               0 (x)
             10 LOAD_CONST               1 (None)
             13 RETURN_VALUE
"""

compound_stmt_str = """\
x = 0
while 1:
    x += 1"""
# Trailing newline has been deliberately omitted

dis_compound_stmt_str = """\
  1           0 LOAD_CONST               0 (0)
              3 STORE_NAME               0 (x)

  2           6 SETUP_LOOP              13 (to 22)

  3     >>    9 LOAD_NAME                0 (x)
             12 LOAD_CONST               1 (1)
             15 INPLACE_ADD
             16 STORE_NAME               0 (x)
             19 JUMP_ABSOLUTE            9
        >>   22 LOAD_CONST               2 (None)
             25 RETURN_VALUE
"""

class DisTests(unittest.TestCase):

    def get_disassembly(self, func, lasti=-1, wrapper=True):
        s = io.StringIO()
        save_stdout = sys.stdout
        sys.stdout = s
        try:
            if wrapper:
                dis.dis(func)
            else:
                dis.disassemble(func, lasti)
        finally:
            sys.stdout = save_stdout
        # Trim trailing blanks (if any).
        return [line.rstrip() for line in s.getvalue().splitlines()]

    def get_disassemble_as_string(self, func, lasti=-1):
        return '\n'.join(self.get_disassembly(func, lasti, False))

    def do_disassembly_test(self, func, expected):
        lines = self.get_disassembly(func)
        expected = expected.splitlines()
        if expected != lines:
            self.fail(
                "events did not match expectation:\n" +
                "\n".join(difflib.ndiff(expected,
                                        lines)))

    def test_opmap(self):
        self.assertEqual(dis.opmap["NOP"], 9)
        self.assertIn(dis.opmap["LOAD_CONST"], dis.hasconst)
        self.assertIn(dis.opmap["STORE_NAME"], dis.hasname)

    def test_opname(self):
        self.assertEqual(dis.opname[dis.opmap["LOAD_FAST"]], "LOAD_FAST")

    def test_boundaries(self):
        self.assertEqual(dis.opmap["EXTENDED_ARG"], dis.EXTENDED_ARG)
        self.assertEqual(dis.opmap["STORE_NAME"], dis.HAVE_ARGUMENT)

    def test_dis(self):
        self.do_disassembly_test(_f, dis_f)

    def test_bug_708901(self):
        self.do_disassembly_test(bug708901, dis_bug708901)

    def test_bug_1333982(self):
        # XXX: re-enable this test!
        # This one is checking bytecodes generated for an `assert` statement,
        # so fails if the tests are run with -O.  Skip this test then.
        pass # Test has been disabled due to change in the way
             # list comps are handled. The byte code now includes
             # a memory address and a file location, so they change from
             # run to run.
        # if __debug__:
        #    self.do_disassembly_test(bug1333982, dis_bug1333982)

    def test_big_linenos(self):
        def func(count):
            namespace = {}
            func = "def foo():\n " + "".join(["\n "] * count + ["spam\n"])
            exec(func, namespace)
            return namespace['foo']

        # Test all small ranges
        for i in range(1, 300):
            expected = _BIG_LINENO_FORMAT % (i + 2)
            self.do_disassembly_test(func(i), expected)

        # Test some larger ranges too
        for i in range(300, 5000, 10):
            expected = _BIG_LINENO_FORMAT % (i + 2)
            self.do_disassembly_test(func(i), expected)

    def test_big_linenos(self):
        from test import dis_module
        self.do_disassembly_test(dis_module, dis_module_expected_results)

    def test_disassemble_str(self):
        self.do_disassembly_test(expr_str, dis_expr_str)
        self.do_disassembly_test(simple_stmt_str, dis_simple_stmt_str)
        self.do_disassembly_test(compound_stmt_str, dis_compound_stmt_str)

    def test_disassemble_bytes(self):
        self.do_disassembly_test(_f.__code__.co_code, dis_f_co_code)

    def test_disassemble_method(self):
        self.do_disassembly_test(_C(1).__init__, dis_c_instance_method)

    def test_disassemble_method_bytes(self):
        method_bytecode = _C(1).__init__.__code__.co_code
        self.do_disassembly_test(method_bytecode, dis_c_instance_method_bytes)

    def test_dis_none(self):
        try:
            del sys.last_traceback
        except AttributeError:
            pass
        self.assertRaises(RuntimeError, dis.dis, None)

    def test_dis_object(self):
        self.assertRaises(TypeError, dis.dis, object())

    def test_dis_traceback(self):
        try:
            del sys.last_traceback
        except AttributeError:
            pass

        try:
            1/0
        except Exception as e:
            tb = e.__traceback__
            sys.last_traceback = tb

        tb_dis = self.get_disassemble_as_string(tb.tb_frame.f_code, tb.tb_lasti)
        self.do_disassembly_test(None, tb_dis)

    def test_dis_object(self):
        self.assertRaises(TypeError, dis.dis, object())

code_info_code_info = """\
Name:              code_info
Filename:          (.*)
Argument count:    1
Kw-only arguments: 0
Number of locals:  1
Stack size:        3
Flags:             OPTIMIZED, NEWLOCALS, NOFREE
Constants:
   0: %r
Names:
   0: _format_code_info
   1: _get_code_object
Variable names:
   0: x""" % (('Formatted details of methods, functions, or code.',)
              if sys.flags.optimize < 2 else (None,))

@staticmethod
def tricky(x, y, z=True, *args, c, d, e=[], **kwds):
    def f(c=c):
        print(x, y, z, c, d, e, f)
    yield x, y, z, c, d, e, f

code_info_tricky = """\
Name:              tricky
Filename:          (.*)
Argument count:    3
Kw-only arguments: 3
Number of locals:  8
Stack size:        7
Flags:             OPTIMIZED, NEWLOCALS, VARARGS, VARKEYWORDS, GENERATOR
Constants:
   0: None
   1: <code object f at (.*), file "(.*)", line (.*)>
   2: 'tricky.<locals>.f'
Variable names:
   0: x
   1: y
   2: z
   3: c
   4: d
   5: e
   6: args
   7: kwds
Cell variables:
   0: [edfxyz]
   1: [edfxyz]
   2: [edfxyz]
   3: [edfxyz]
   4: [edfxyz]
   5: [edfxyz]"""
# NOTE: the order of the cell variables above depends on dictionary order!

co_tricky_nested_f = tricky.__func__.__code__.co_consts[1]

code_info_tricky_nested_f = """\
Name:              f
Filename:          (.*)
Argument count:    1
Kw-only arguments: 0
Number of locals:  1
Stack size:        8
Flags:             OPTIMIZED, NEWLOCALS, NESTED
Constants:
   0: None
Names:
   0: print
Variable names:
   0: c
Free variables:
   0: [edfxyz]
   1: [edfxyz]
   2: [edfxyz]
   3: [edfxyz]
   4: [edfxyz]
   5: [edfxyz]"""

code_info_expr_str = """\
Name:              <module>
Filename:          <disassembly>
Argument count:    0
Kw-only arguments: 0
Number of locals:  0
Stack size:        2
Flags:             NOFREE
Constants:
   0: 1
Names:
   0: x"""

code_info_simple_stmt_str = """\
Name:              <module>
Filename:          <disassembly>
Argument count:    0
Kw-only arguments: 0
Number of locals:  0
Stack size:        2
Flags:             NOFREE
Constants:
   0: 1
   1: None
Names:
   0: x"""

code_info_compound_stmt_str = """\
Name:              <module>
Filename:          <disassembly>
Argument count:    0
Kw-only arguments: 0
Number of locals:  0
Stack size:        2
Flags:             NOFREE
Constants:
   0: 0
   1: 1
   2: None
Names:
   0: x"""

class CodeInfoTests(unittest.TestCase):
    test_pairs = [
      (dis.code_info, code_info_code_info),
      (tricky, code_info_tricky),
      (co_tricky_nested_f, code_info_tricky_nested_f),
      (expr_str, code_info_expr_str),
      (simple_stmt_str, code_info_simple_stmt_str),
      (compound_stmt_str, code_info_compound_stmt_str),
    ]

    def test_code_info(self):
        self.maxDiff = 1000
        for x, expected in self.test_pairs:
            self.assertRegex(dis.code_info(x), expected)

    def test_show_code(self):
        self.maxDiff = 1000
        for x, expected in self.test_pairs:
            with captured_stdout() as output:
                dis.show_code(x)
            self.assertRegex(output.getvalue(), expected+"\n")
            output = io.StringIO()
            dis.show_code(x, file=output)
            self.assertRegex(output.getvalue(), expected)

    def test_code_info_object(self):
        self.assertRaises(TypeError, dis.code_info, object())

    def test_pretty_flags_no_flags(self):
        self.assertEqual(dis.pretty_flags(0), '0x0')


# Fodder for instruction introspection tests
#   Editing any of these may require recalculating the expected output
def outer(a=1, b=2):
    def f(c=3, d=4):
        def inner(e=5, f=6):
            print(a, b, c, d, e, f)
        print(a, b, c, d)
        return inner
    print(a, b, '', 1, [], {}, "Hello world!")
    return f

def jumpy():
    # This won't actually run (but that's OK, we only disassemble it)
    for i in range(10):
        print(i)
        if i < 4:
            continue
        if i > 6:
            break
    else:
        print("I can haz else clause?")
    while i:
        print(i)
        i -= 1
        if i > 6:
            continue
        if i < 4:
            break
    else:
        print("Who let lolcatz into this test suite?")
    try:
        1 / 0
    except ZeroDivisionError:
        print("Here we go, here we go, here we go...")
    else:
        with i as dodgy:
            print("Never reach this")
    finally:
        print("OK, now we're done")

# End fodder for opinfo generation tests
expected_outer_offset = 1 - outer.__code__.co_firstlineno
expected_jumpy_offset = 1 - jumpy.__code__.co_firstlineno
code_object_f = outer.__code__.co_consts[3]
code_object_inner = code_object_f.co_consts[3]

# The following lines are useful to regenerate the expected results after
# either the fodder is modified or the bytecode generation changes
# After regeneration, update the references to code_object_f and
# code_object_inner before rerunning the tests

#_instructions = dis.get_instructions(outer, line_offset=expected_outer_offset)
#print('expected_opinfo_outer = [\n  ',
      #',\n  '.join(map(str, _instructions)), ',\n]', sep='')
#_instructions = dis.get_instructions(outer(), line_offset=expected_outer_offset)
#print('expected_opinfo_f = [\n  ',
      #',\n  '.join(map(str, _instructions)), ',\n]', sep='')
#_instructions = dis.get_instructions(outer()(), line_offset=expected_outer_offset)
#print('expected_opinfo_inner = [\n  ',
      #',\n  '.join(map(str, _instructions)), ',\n]', sep='')
#_instructions = dis.get_instructions(jumpy, line_offset=expected_jumpy_offset)
#print('expected_opinfo_jumpy = [\n  ',
      #',\n  '.join(map(str, _instructions)), ',\n]', sep='')


Instruction = dis.Instruction
expected_opinfo_outer = [
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=1, argval=3, argrepr='3', offset=0, starts_line=2, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=2, argval=4, argrepr='4', offset=3, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CLOSURE', opcode=135, arg=0, argval='a', argrepr='a', offset=6, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CLOSURE', opcode=135, arg=1, argval='b', argrepr='b', offset=9, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='BUILD_TUPLE', opcode=102, arg=2, argval=2, argrepr='', offset=12, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=3, argval=code_object_f, argrepr=repr(code_object_f), offset=15, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=4, argval='outer.<locals>.f', argrepr="'outer.<locals>.f'", offset=18, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='MAKE_CLOSURE', opcode=134, arg=2, argval=2, argrepr='', offset=21, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='STORE_FAST', opcode=125, arg=2, argval='f', argrepr='f', offset=24, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_GLOBAL', opcode=116, arg=0, argval='print', argrepr='print', offset=27, starts_line=7, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_DEREF', opcode=136, arg=0, argval='a', argrepr='a', offset=30, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_DEREF', opcode=136, arg=1, argval='b', argrepr='b', offset=33, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=5, argval='', argrepr="''", offset=36, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=6, argval=1, argrepr='1', offset=39, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='BUILD_LIST', opcode=103, arg=0, argval=0, argrepr='', offset=42, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='BUILD_MAP', opcode=105, arg=0, argval=0, argrepr='', offset=45, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=7, argval='Hello world!', argrepr="'Hello world!'", offset=48, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='CALL_FUNCTION', opcode=131, arg=7, argval=7, argrepr='7 positional, 0 keyword pair', offset=51, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_TOP', opcode=1, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=54, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_FAST', opcode=124, arg=2, argval='f', argrepr='f', offset=55, starts_line=8, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='RETURN_VALUE', opcode=83, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=58, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
]

expected_opinfo_f = [
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=1, argval=5, argrepr='5', offset=0, starts_line=3, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=2, argval=6, argrepr='6', offset=3, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CLOSURE', opcode=135, arg=2, argval='a', argrepr='a', offset=6, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CLOSURE', opcode=135, arg=3, argval='b', argrepr='b', offset=9, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CLOSURE', opcode=135, arg=0, argval='c', argrepr='c', offset=12, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CLOSURE', opcode=135, arg=1, argval='d', argrepr='d', offset=15, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='BUILD_TUPLE', opcode=102, arg=4, argval=4, argrepr='', offset=18, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=3, argval=code_object_inner, argrepr=repr(code_object_inner), offset=21, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=4, argval='outer.<locals>.f.<locals>.inner', argrepr="'outer.<locals>.f.<locals>.inner'", offset=24, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='MAKE_CLOSURE', opcode=134, arg=2, argval=2, argrepr='', offset=27, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='STORE_FAST', opcode=125, arg=2, argval='inner', argrepr='inner', offset=30, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_GLOBAL', opcode=116, arg=0, argval='print', argrepr='print', offset=33, starts_line=5, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_DEREF', opcode=136, arg=2, argval='a', argrepr='a', offset=36, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_DEREF', opcode=136, arg=3, argval='b', argrepr='b', offset=39, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_DEREF', opcode=136, arg=0, argval='c', argrepr='c', offset=42, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_DEREF', opcode=136, arg=1, argval='d', argrepr='d', offset=45, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='CALL_FUNCTION', opcode=131, arg=4, argval=4, argrepr='4 positional, 0 keyword pair', offset=48, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_TOP', opcode=1, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=51, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_FAST', opcode=124, arg=2, argval='inner', argrepr='inner', offset=52, starts_line=6, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='RETURN_VALUE', opcode=83, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=55, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
]

expected_opinfo_inner = [
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_GLOBAL', opcode=116, arg=0, argval='print', argrepr='print', offset=0, starts_line=4, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_DEREF', opcode=136, arg=0, argval='a', argrepr='a', offset=3, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_DEREF', opcode=136, arg=1, argval='b', argrepr='b', offset=6, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_DEREF', opcode=136, arg=2, argval='c', argrepr='c', offset=9, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_DEREF', opcode=136, arg=3, argval='d', argrepr='d', offset=12, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_FAST', opcode=124, arg=0, argval='e', argrepr='e', offset=15, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_FAST', opcode=124, arg=1, argval='f', argrepr='f', offset=18, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='CALL_FUNCTION', opcode=131, arg=6, argval=6, argrepr='6 positional, 0 keyword pair', offset=21, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_TOP', opcode=1, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=24, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=0, argval=None, argrepr='None', offset=25, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='RETURN_VALUE', opcode=83, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=28, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
]

expected_opinfo_jumpy = [
  Instruction(opname='SETUP_LOOP', opcode=120, arg=74, argval=77, argrepr='to 77', offset=0, starts_line=3, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_GLOBAL', opcode=116, arg=0, argval='range', argrepr='range', offset=3, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=1, argval=10, argrepr='10', offset=6, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='CALL_FUNCTION', opcode=131, arg=1, argval=1, argrepr='1 positional, 0 keyword pair', offset=9, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='GET_ITER', opcode=68, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=12, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='FOR_ITER', opcode=93, arg=50, argval=66, argrepr='to 66', offset=13, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=True),
  Instruction(opname='STORE_FAST', opcode=125, arg=0, argval='i', argrepr='i', offset=16, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_GLOBAL', opcode=116, arg=1, argval='print', argrepr='print', offset=19, starts_line=4, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_FAST', opcode=124, arg=0, argval='i', argrepr='i', offset=22, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='CALL_FUNCTION', opcode=131, arg=1, argval=1, argrepr='1 positional, 0 keyword pair', offset=25, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_TOP', opcode=1, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=28, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_FAST', opcode=124, arg=0, argval='i', argrepr='i', offset=29, starts_line=5, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=2, argval=4, argrepr='4', offset=32, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='COMPARE_OP', opcode=107, arg=0, argval='<', argrepr='<', offset=35, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_JUMP_IF_FALSE', opcode=114, arg=47, argval=47, argrepr='', offset=38, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='JUMP_ABSOLUTE', opcode=113, arg=13, argval=13, argrepr='', offset=41, starts_line=6, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='JUMP_FORWARD', opcode=110, arg=0, argval=47, argrepr='to 47', offset=44, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_FAST', opcode=124, arg=0, argval='i', argrepr='i', offset=47, starts_line=7, is_jump_target=True),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=3, argval=6, argrepr='6', offset=50, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='COMPARE_OP', opcode=107, arg=4, argval='>', argrepr='>', offset=53, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_JUMP_IF_FALSE', opcode=114, arg=13, argval=13, argrepr='', offset=56, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='BREAK_LOOP', opcode=80, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=59, starts_line=8, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='JUMP_ABSOLUTE', opcode=113, arg=13, argval=13, argrepr='', offset=60, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='JUMP_ABSOLUTE', opcode=113, arg=13, argval=13, argrepr='', offset=63, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_BLOCK', opcode=87, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=66, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=True),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_GLOBAL', opcode=116, arg=1, argval='print', argrepr='print', offset=67, starts_line=10, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=4, argval='I can haz else clause?', argrepr="'I can haz else clause?'", offset=70, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='CALL_FUNCTION', opcode=131, arg=1, argval=1, argrepr='1 positional, 0 keyword pair', offset=73, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_TOP', opcode=1, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=76, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='SETUP_LOOP', opcode=120, arg=74, argval=154, argrepr='to 154', offset=77, starts_line=11, is_jump_target=True),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_FAST', opcode=124, arg=0, argval='i', argrepr='i', offset=80, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=True),
  Instruction(opname='POP_JUMP_IF_FALSE', opcode=114, arg=143, argval=143, argrepr='', offset=83, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_GLOBAL', opcode=116, arg=1, argval='print', argrepr='print', offset=86, starts_line=12, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_FAST', opcode=124, arg=0, argval='i', argrepr='i', offset=89, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='CALL_FUNCTION', opcode=131, arg=1, argval=1, argrepr='1 positional, 0 keyword pair', offset=92, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_TOP', opcode=1, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=95, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_FAST', opcode=124, arg=0, argval='i', argrepr='i', offset=96, starts_line=13, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=5, argval=1, argrepr='1', offset=99, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='INPLACE_SUBTRACT', opcode=56, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=102, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='STORE_FAST', opcode=125, arg=0, argval='i', argrepr='i', offset=103, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_FAST', opcode=124, arg=0, argval='i', argrepr='i', offset=106, starts_line=14, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=3, argval=6, argrepr='6', offset=109, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='COMPARE_OP', opcode=107, arg=4, argval='>', argrepr='>', offset=112, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_JUMP_IF_FALSE', opcode=114, arg=124, argval=124, argrepr='', offset=115, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='JUMP_ABSOLUTE', opcode=113, arg=80, argval=80, argrepr='', offset=118, starts_line=15, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='JUMP_FORWARD', opcode=110, arg=0, argval=124, argrepr='to 124', offset=121, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_FAST', opcode=124, arg=0, argval='i', argrepr='i', offset=124, starts_line=16, is_jump_target=True),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=2, argval=4, argrepr='4', offset=127, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='COMPARE_OP', opcode=107, arg=0, argval='<', argrepr='<', offset=130, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_JUMP_IF_FALSE', opcode=114, arg=80, argval=80, argrepr='', offset=133, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='BREAK_LOOP', opcode=80, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=136, starts_line=17, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='JUMP_ABSOLUTE', opcode=113, arg=80, argval=80, argrepr='', offset=137, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='JUMP_ABSOLUTE', opcode=113, arg=80, argval=80, argrepr='', offset=140, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_BLOCK', opcode=87, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=143, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=True),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_GLOBAL', opcode=116, arg=1, argval='print', argrepr='print', offset=144, starts_line=19, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=6, argval='Who let lolcatz into this test suite?', argrepr="'Who let lolcatz into this test suite?'", offset=147, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='CALL_FUNCTION', opcode=131, arg=1, argval=1, argrepr='1 positional, 0 keyword pair', offset=150, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_TOP', opcode=1, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=153, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='SETUP_FINALLY', opcode=122, arg=72, argval=229, argrepr='to 229', offset=154, starts_line=20, is_jump_target=True),
  Instruction(opname='SETUP_EXCEPT', opcode=121, arg=12, argval=172, argrepr='to 172', offset=157, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=5, argval=1, argrepr='1', offset=160, starts_line=21, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=7, argval=0, argrepr='0', offset=163, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='BINARY_TRUE_DIVIDE', opcode=27, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=166, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_TOP', opcode=1, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=167, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_BLOCK', opcode=87, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=168, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='JUMP_FORWARD', opcode=110, arg=28, argval=200, argrepr='to 200', offset=169, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='DUP_TOP', opcode=4, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=172, starts_line=22, is_jump_target=True),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_GLOBAL', opcode=116, arg=2, argval='ZeroDivisionError', argrepr='ZeroDivisionError', offset=173, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='COMPARE_OP', opcode=107, arg=10, argval='exception match', argrepr='exception match', offset=176, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_JUMP_IF_FALSE', opcode=114, arg=199, argval=199, argrepr='', offset=179, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_TOP', opcode=1, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=182, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_TOP', opcode=1, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=183, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_TOP', opcode=1, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=184, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_GLOBAL', opcode=116, arg=1, argval='print', argrepr='print', offset=185, starts_line=23, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=8, argval='Here we go, here we go, here we go...', argrepr="'Here we go, here we go, here we go...'", offset=188, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='CALL_FUNCTION', opcode=131, arg=1, argval=1, argrepr='1 positional, 0 keyword pair', offset=191, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_TOP', opcode=1, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=194, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_EXCEPT', opcode=89, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=195, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='JUMP_FORWARD', opcode=110, arg=26, argval=225, argrepr='to 225', offset=196, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='END_FINALLY', opcode=88, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=199, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=True),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_FAST', opcode=124, arg=0, argval='i', argrepr='i', offset=200, starts_line=25, is_jump_target=True),
  Instruction(opname='SETUP_WITH', opcode=143, arg=17, argval=223, argrepr='to 223', offset=203, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='STORE_FAST', opcode=125, arg=1, argval='dodgy', argrepr='dodgy', offset=206, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_GLOBAL', opcode=116, arg=1, argval='print', argrepr='print', offset=209, starts_line=26, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=9, argval='Never reach this', argrepr="'Never reach this'", offset=212, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='CALL_FUNCTION', opcode=131, arg=1, argval=1, argrepr='1 positional, 0 keyword pair', offset=215, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_TOP', opcode=1, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=218, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_BLOCK', opcode=87, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=219, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=0, argval=None, argrepr='None', offset=220, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='WITH_CLEANUP', opcode=81, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=223, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=True),
  Instruction(opname='END_FINALLY', opcode=88, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=224, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_BLOCK', opcode=87, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=225, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=True),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=0, argval=None, argrepr='None', offset=226, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_GLOBAL', opcode=116, arg=1, argval='print', argrepr='print', offset=229, starts_line=28, is_jump_target=True),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=10, argval="OK, now we're done", argrepr='"OK, now we\'re done"', offset=232, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='CALL_FUNCTION', opcode=131, arg=1, argval=1, argrepr='1 positional, 0 keyword pair', offset=235, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='POP_TOP', opcode=1, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=238, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='END_FINALLY', opcode=88, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=239, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='LOAD_CONST', opcode=100, arg=0, argval=None, argrepr='None', offset=240, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
  Instruction(opname='RETURN_VALUE', opcode=83, arg=None, argval=None, argrepr='', offset=243, starts_line=None, is_jump_target=False),
]

class InstructionTests(BytecodeTestCase):
    def test_outer(self):
        self.assertBytecodeExactlyMatches(outer, expected_opinfo_outer,
                                          line_offset=expected_outer_offset)

    def test_nested(self):
        with captured_stdout():
            f = outer()
        self.assertBytecodeExactlyMatches(f, expected_opinfo_f,
                                          line_offset=expected_outer_offset)

    def test_doubly_nested(self):
        with captured_stdout():
            inner = outer()()
        self.assertBytecodeExactlyMatches(inner, expected_opinfo_inner,
                                          line_offset=expected_outer_offset)

    def test_jumpy(self):
        self.assertBytecodeExactlyMatches(jumpy, expected_opinfo_jumpy,
                                          line_offset=expected_jumpy_offset)

class BytecodeTests(unittest.TestCase):
    def test_instantiation(self):
        # Test with function, method, code string and code object
        for obj in [_f, _C(1).__init__, "a=1", _f.__code__]:
            b = dis.Bytecode(obj)
            self.assertIsInstance(b.codeobj, types.CodeType)

        self.assertRaises(TypeError, dis.Bytecode, object())

    def test_iteration(self):
        b = dis.Bytecode(_f)
        for instr in b:
            self.assertIsInstance(instr, dis.Instruction)

        assert len(list(b)) > 0  # Iterating should yield at least 1 instruction

    def test_info(self):
        self.maxDiff = 1000
        for x, expected in CodeInfoTests.test_pairs:
            b = dis.Bytecode(x)
            self.assertRegex(b.info(), expected)

    def test_display_code(self):
        b = dis.Bytecode(_f)
        output = io.StringIO()
        b.display_code(file=output)
        result = [line.rstrip() for line in output.getvalue().splitlines()]
        self.assertEqual(result, dis_f.splitlines())


def test_main():
    run_unittest(DisTests, CodeInfoTests, InstructionTests, BytecodeTests)

if __name__ == "__main__":
    test_main()