cpython_sandbox / Python / thread_nt.h

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/* This code implemented by Dag.Gruneau@elsa.preseco.comm.se */
/* Fast NonRecursiveMutex support by Yakov Markovitch, markovitch@iso.ru */
/* Eliminated some memory leaks, gsw@agere.com */

#include <windows.h>
#include <limits.h>
#ifdef HAVE_PROCESS_H
#include <process.h>
#endif

/* options */
#ifndef _PY_USE_CV_LOCKS
#define _PY_USE_CV_LOCKS 1     /* use locks based on cond vars */
#endif

/* Now, define a non-recursive mutex using either condition variables
 * and critical sections (fast) or using operating system mutexes
 * (slow)
 */

#if _PY_USE_CV_LOCKS

#include "condvar.h"

typedef struct _NRMUTEX
{
    PyMUTEX_T cs;
    PyCOND_T cv;
    int locked;
} NRMUTEX;
typedef NRMUTEX *PNRMUTEX;

PNRMUTEX
AllocNonRecursiveMutex()
{
    PNRMUTEX m = (PNRMUTEX)malloc(sizeof(NRMUTEX));
    if (!m)
        return NULL;
    if (PyCOND_INIT(&m->cv))
        goto fail;
    if (PyMUTEX_INIT(&m->cs)) {
        PyCOND_FINI(&m->cv);
        goto fail;
    }
    m->locked = 0;
    return m;
fail:
    free(m);
    return NULL;
}

VOID
FreeNonRecursiveMutex(PNRMUTEX mutex)
{
    if (mutex) {
        PyCOND_FINI(&mutex->cv);
        PyMUTEX_FINI(&mutex->cs);
        free(mutex);
    }
}

DWORD
EnterNonRecursiveMutex(PNRMUTEX mutex, DWORD milliseconds)
{
    DWORD result = WAIT_OBJECT_0;
    if (PyMUTEX_LOCK(&mutex->cs))
        return WAIT_FAILED;
    if (milliseconds == INFINITE) {
        while (mutex->locked) {
            if (PyCOND_WAIT(&mutex->cv, &mutex->cs)) {
                result = WAIT_FAILED;
                break;
            }
        }
    } else if (milliseconds != 0) {
        /* wait at least until the target */
        DWORD now, target = GetTickCount() + milliseconds;
        while (mutex->locked) {
            if (PyCOND_TIMEDWAIT(&mutex->cv, &mutex->cs, milliseconds*1000) < 0) {
                result = WAIT_FAILED;
                break;
            }
            now = GetTickCount();
            if (target <= now)
                break;
            milliseconds = target-now;
        }
    }
    if (!mutex->locked) {
        mutex->locked = 1;
        result = WAIT_OBJECT_0;
    } else if (result == WAIT_OBJECT_0)
        result = WAIT_TIMEOUT;
    /* else, it is WAIT_FAILED */
    PyMUTEX_UNLOCK(&mutex->cs); /* must ignore result here */
    return result;
}

BOOL
LeaveNonRecursiveMutex(PNRMUTEX mutex)
{
    BOOL result;
    if (PyMUTEX_LOCK(&mutex->cs))
        return FALSE;
    mutex->locked = 0;
    result = PyCOND_SIGNAL(&mutex->cv);
    result &= PyMUTEX_UNLOCK(&mutex->cs);
    return result;
}    

#else /* if ! _PY_USE_CV_LOCKS */

/* NR-locks based on a kernel mutex */
#define PNRMUTEX HANDLE

PNRMUTEX
AllocNonRecursiveMutex()
{
    return CreateSemaphore(NULL, 1, 1, NULL);
}

VOID
FreeNonRecursiveMutex(PNRMUTEX mutex)
{
    /* No in-use check */
    CloseHandle(mutex);
}

DWORD
EnterNonRecursiveMutex(PNRMUTEX mutex, DWORD milliseconds)
{
    return WaitForSingleObjectEx(mutex, milliseconds, FALSE);
}

BOOL
LeaveNonRecursiveMutex(PNRMUTEX mutex)
{
    return ReleaseSemaphore(mutex, 1, NULL);
}
#endif /* _PY_USE_CV_LOCKS */

long PyThread_get_thread_ident(void);

/*
 * Initialization of the C package, should not be needed.
 */
static void
PyThread__init_thread(void)
{
}

/*
 * Thread support.
 */

typedef struct {
    void (*func)(void*);
    void *arg;
} callobj;

/* thunker to call adapt between the function type used by the system's
thread start function and the internally used one. */
#if defined(MS_WINCE)
static DWORD WINAPI
#else
static unsigned __stdcall
#endif
bootstrap(void *call)
{
    callobj *obj = (callobj*)call;
    void (*func)(void*) = obj->func;
    void *arg = obj->arg;
    HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(), 0, obj);
    func(arg);
    return 0;
}

long
PyThread_start_new_thread(void (*func)(void *), void *arg)
{
    HANDLE hThread;
    unsigned threadID;
    callobj *obj;

    dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_start_new_thread called\n",
             PyThread_get_thread_ident()));
    if (!initialized)
        PyThread_init_thread();

    obj = (callobj*)HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, sizeof(*obj));
    if (!obj)
        return -1;
    obj->func = func;
    obj->arg = arg;
#if defined(MS_WINCE)
    hThread = CreateThread(NULL,
                           Py_SAFE_DOWNCAST(_pythread_stacksize, Py_ssize_t, SIZE_T),
                           bootstrap, obj, 0, &threadID);
#else
    hThread = (HANDLE)_beginthreadex(0,
                      Py_SAFE_DOWNCAST(_pythread_stacksize,
                                       Py_ssize_t, unsigned int),
                      bootstrap, obj,
                      0, &threadID);
#endif
    if (hThread == 0) {
#if defined(MS_WINCE)
        /* Save error in variable, to prevent PyThread_get_thread_ident
           from clobbering it. */
        unsigned e = GetLastError();
        dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_start_new_thread failed, win32 error code %u\n",
                 PyThread_get_thread_ident(), e));
#else
        /* I've seen errno == EAGAIN here, which means "there are
         * too many threads".
         */
        int e = errno;
        dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_start_new_thread failed, errno %d\n",
                 PyThread_get_thread_ident(), e));
#endif
        threadID = (unsigned)-1;
        HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(), 0, obj);
    }
    else {
        dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_start_new_thread succeeded: %p\n",
                 PyThread_get_thread_ident(), (void*)hThread));
        CloseHandle(hThread);
    }
    return (long) threadID;
}

/*
 * Return the thread Id instead of an handle. The Id is said to uniquely identify the
 * thread in the system
 */
long
PyThread_get_thread_ident(void)
{
    if (!initialized)
        PyThread_init_thread();

    return GetCurrentThreadId();
}

void
PyThread_exit_thread(void)
{
    dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_exit_thread called\n", PyThread_get_thread_ident()));
    if (!initialized)
        exit(0);
#if defined(MS_WINCE)
    ExitThread(0);
#else
    _endthreadex(0);
#endif
}

/*
 * Lock support. It has too be implemented as semaphores.
 * I [Dag] tried to implement it with mutex but I could find a way to
 * tell whether a thread already own the lock or not.
 */
PyThread_type_lock
PyThread_allocate_lock(void)
{
    PNRMUTEX aLock;

    dprintf(("PyThread_allocate_lock called\n"));
    if (!initialized)
        PyThread_init_thread();

    aLock = AllocNonRecursiveMutex() ;

    dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_allocate_lock() -> %p\n", PyThread_get_thread_ident(), aLock));

    return (PyThread_type_lock) aLock;
}

void
PyThread_free_lock(PyThread_type_lock aLock)
{
    dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_free_lock(%p) called\n", PyThread_get_thread_ident(),aLock));

    FreeNonRecursiveMutex(aLock) ;
}

/*
 * Return 1 on success if the lock was acquired
 *
 * and 0 if the lock was not acquired. This means a 0 is returned
 * if the lock has already been acquired by this thread!
 */
PyLockStatus
PyThread_acquire_lock_timed(PyThread_type_lock aLock,
                            PY_TIMEOUT_T microseconds, int intr_flag)
{
    /* Fow now, intr_flag does nothing on Windows, and lock acquires are
     * uninterruptible.  */
    PyLockStatus success;
    PY_TIMEOUT_T milliseconds;

    if (microseconds >= 0) {
        milliseconds = microseconds / 1000;
        if (microseconds % 1000 > 0)
            ++milliseconds;
        if ((DWORD) milliseconds != milliseconds)
            Py_FatalError("Timeout too large for a DWORD, "
                           "please check PY_TIMEOUT_MAX");
    }
    else
        milliseconds = INFINITE;

    dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_acquire_lock_timed(%p, %lld) called\n",
             PyThread_get_thread_ident(), aLock, microseconds));

    if (aLock && EnterNonRecursiveMutex((PNRMUTEX)aLock,
                                        (DWORD)milliseconds) == WAIT_OBJECT_0) {
        success = PY_LOCK_ACQUIRED;
    }
    else {
        success = PY_LOCK_FAILURE;
    }

    dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_acquire_lock(%p, %lld) -> %d\n",
             PyThread_get_thread_ident(), aLock, microseconds, success));

    return success;
}
int
PyThread_acquire_lock(PyThread_type_lock aLock, int waitflag)
{
    return PyThread_acquire_lock_timed(aLock, waitflag ? -1 : 0, 0);
}

void
PyThread_release_lock(PyThread_type_lock aLock)
{
    dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_release_lock(%p) called\n", PyThread_get_thread_ident(),aLock));

    if (!(aLock && LeaveNonRecursiveMutex((PNRMUTEX) aLock)))
        dprintf(("%ld: Could not PyThread_release_lock(%p) error: %ld\n", PyThread_get_thread_ident(), aLock, GetLastError()));
}

/* minimum/maximum thread stack sizes supported */
#define THREAD_MIN_STACKSIZE    0x8000          /* 32kB */
#define THREAD_MAX_STACKSIZE    0x10000000      /* 256MB */

/* set the thread stack size.
 * Return 0 if size is valid, -1 otherwise.
 */
static int
_pythread_nt_set_stacksize(size_t size)
{
    /* set to default */
    if (size == 0) {
        _pythread_stacksize = 0;
        return 0;
    }

    /* valid range? */
    if (size >= THREAD_MIN_STACKSIZE && size < THREAD_MAX_STACKSIZE) {
        _pythread_stacksize = size;
        return 0;
    }

    return -1;
}

#define THREAD_SET_STACKSIZE(x) _pythread_nt_set_stacksize(x)


/* use native Windows TLS functions */
#define Py_HAVE_NATIVE_TLS

#ifdef Py_HAVE_NATIVE_TLS
int
PyThread_create_key(void)
{
    DWORD result= TlsAlloc();
    if (result == TLS_OUT_OF_INDEXES)
        return -1;
    return (int)result;
}

void
PyThread_delete_key(int key)
{
    TlsFree(key);
}

/* We must be careful to emulate the strange semantics implemented in thread.c,
 * where the value is only set if it hasn't been set before.
 */
int
PyThread_set_key_value(int key, void *value)
{
    BOOL ok;
    void *oldvalue;

    assert(value != NULL);
    oldvalue = TlsGetValue(key);
    if (oldvalue != NULL)
        /* ignore value if already set */
        return 0;
    ok = TlsSetValue(key, value);
    if (!ok)
        return -1;
    return 0;
}

void *
PyThread_get_key_value(int key)
{
    /* because TLS is used in the Py_END_ALLOW_THREAD macro,
     * it is necessary to preserve the windows error state, because
     * it is assumed to be preserved across the call to the macro.
     * Ideally, the macro should be fixed, but it is simpler to
     * do it here.
     */
    DWORD error = GetLastError();
    void *result = TlsGetValue(key);
    SetLastError(error);
    return result;
}

void
PyThread_delete_key_value(int key)
{
    /* NULL is used as "key missing", and it is also the default
     * given by TlsGetValue() if nothing has been set yet.
     */
    TlsSetValue(key, NULL);
}

/* reinitialization of TLS is not necessary after fork when using
 * the native TLS functions.  And forking isn't supported on Windows either.
 */
void
PyThread_ReInitTLS(void)
{}

#endif
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