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emacs / lisp / w32-fns.el

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;;; w32-fns.el --- Lisp routines for Windows NT

;; Copyright (C) 1994, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004,
;;   2005, 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

;; Author: Geoff Voelker <voelker@cs.washington.edu>
;; Keywords: internal

;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.

;; GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.

;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
;; Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
;; Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.

;;; Commentary:

;; (August 12, 1993)
;; Created.

;; (November 21, 1994)
;; [C-M-backspace] defined.
;; mode-line-format defined to show buffer file type.
;; audio bell initialized.

;;; Code:

(defvar explicit-shell-file-name)

;; Map delete and backspace
(define-key function-key-map [backspace] "\177")
(define-key function-key-map [delete] "\C-d")
(define-key function-key-map [M-backspace] [?\M-\177])
(define-key function-key-map [C-M-backspace] [\C-\M-delete])

;; Ignore case on file-name completion
(setq completion-ignore-case t)

;; Map all versions of a filename (8.3, longname, mixed case) to the
;; same buffer.
(setq find-file-visit-truename t)

(defun w32-version ()
  "Return the MS-Windows version numbers.
The value is a list of three integers: the major and minor version
numbers, and the build number."
  (x-server-version))

(defun w32-using-nt ()
  "Return non-nil if running on a 32-bit Windows system.
That includes all Windows systems except for 9X/Me."
  (and (eq system-type 'windows-nt) (getenv "SystemRoot")))

(defun w32-shell-name ()
  "Return the name of the shell being used."
  (or (bound-and-true-p explicit-shell-file-name)
      (getenv "ESHELL")
      (getenv "SHELL")
      (and (w32-using-nt) "cmd.exe")
      "command.com"))

(defun w32-system-shell-p (shell-name)
  (and shell-name
       (member (downcase (file-name-nondirectory shell-name))
	       w32-system-shells)))

(defun w32-shell-dos-semantics ()
  "Return non-nil if the interactive shell being used expects MSDOS shell semantics."
  (or (w32-system-shell-p (w32-shell-name))
      (and (member (downcase (file-name-nondirectory (w32-shell-name)))
		   '("cmdproxy" "cmdproxy.exe"))
	   (w32-system-shell-p (getenv "COMSPEC")))))

(defun w32-check-shell-configuration ()
  "Check the configuration of shell variables on Windows NT/9X.
This function is invoked after loading the init files and processing
the command line arguments.  It issues a warning if the user or site
has configured the shell with inappropriate settings."
  (interactive)
  (let ((prev-buffer (current-buffer))
	(buffer (get-buffer-create "*Shell Configuration*"))
	(system-shell))
    (set-buffer buffer)
    (erase-buffer)
    (if (w32-system-shell-p (getenv "ESHELL"))
	(insert (format "Warning! The ESHELL environment variable uses %s.
You probably want to change it so that it uses cmdproxy.exe instead.\n\n"
			(getenv "ESHELL"))))
    (if (w32-system-shell-p (getenv "SHELL"))
	(insert (format "Warning! The SHELL environment variable uses %s.
You probably want to change it so that it uses cmdproxy.exe instead.\n\n"
			(getenv "SHELL"))))
    (if (w32-system-shell-p shell-file-name)
	(insert (format "Warning! shell-file-name uses %s.
You probably want to change it so that it uses cmdproxy.exe instead.\n\n"
			shell-file-name)))
    (if (and (boundp 'explicit-shell-file-name)
	     (w32-system-shell-p explicit-shell-file-name))
	(insert (format "Warning! explicit-shell-file-name uses %s.
You probably want to change it so that it uses cmdproxy.exe instead.\n\n"
			explicit-shell-file-name)))
    (setq system-shell (> (buffer-size) 0))

    ;; Allow user to specify that they really do want to use one of the
    ;; "system" shells, despite the drawbacks, but still warn if
    ;; shell-command-switch doesn't match.
    (if w32-allow-system-shell
	(erase-buffer))

    (cond (system-shell
	   ;; System shells.
	   (if (string-equal "-c" shell-command-switch)
	       (insert "Warning! shell-command-switch is \"-c\".
You should set this to \"/c\" when using a system shell.\n\n"))
	   (if w32-quote-process-args
	       (insert "Warning! w32-quote-process-args is t.
You should set this to nil when using a system shell.\n\n")))
	  ;; Non-system shells.
	  (t
	   (if (string-equal "/c" shell-command-switch)
	       (insert "Warning! shell-command-switch is \"/c\".
You should set this to \"-c\" when using a non-system shell.\n\n"))
	   (if (not w32-quote-process-args)
	       (insert "Warning! w32-quote-process-args is nil.
You should set this to t when using a non-system shell.\n\n"))))
    (if (> (buffer-size) 0)
	(display-buffer buffer)
      (kill-buffer buffer))
    (set-buffer prev-buffer)))

(add-hook 'after-init-hook 'w32-check-shell-configuration)

;;; Override setting chosen at startup.
(defun set-default-process-coding-system ()
  ;; Most programs on Windows will accept Unix line endings on input
  ;; (and some programs ported from Unix require it) but most will
  ;; produce DOS line endings on output.
  (setq default-process-coding-system
	(if default-enable-multibyte-characters
	    '(undecided-dos . undecided-unix)
	  '(raw-text-dos . raw-text-unix)))
  (or (w32-using-nt)
      ;; On Windows 9x, make cmdproxy default to using DOS line endings
      ;; for input, because command.com requires this.
      (setq process-coding-system-alist
	    `(("[cC][mM][dD][pP][rR][oO][xX][yY]"
	       . ,(if default-enable-multibyte-characters
		      '(undecided-dos . undecided-dos)
		    '(raw-text-dos . raw-text-dos)))))))

(add-hook 'before-init-hook 'set-default-process-coding-system)


;;; Basic support functions for managing Emacs' locale setting

(defvar w32-valid-locales nil
  "List of locale ids known to be supported.")

;;; This is the brute-force version; an efficient version is now
;;; built-in though.
(if (not (fboundp 'w32-get-valid-locale-ids))
    (defun w32-get-valid-locale-ids ()
      "Return list of all valid Windows locale ids."
      (let ((i 65535)
	    locales)
	(while (> i 0)
	  (if (w32-get-locale-info i)
	      (setq locales (cons i locales)))
	  (setq i (1- i)))
	locales)))

(defun w32-list-locales ()
  "List the name and id of all locales supported by Windows."
  (interactive)
  (if (null w32-valid-locales)
      (setq w32-valid-locales (w32-get-valid-locale-ids)))
  (switch-to-buffer-other-window (get-buffer-create "*Supported Locales*"))
  (erase-buffer)
  (insert "LCID\tAbbrev\tFull name\n\n")
  (insert (mapconcat
	   '(lambda (x)
	      (format "%d\t%s\t%s"
		      x
		      (w32-get-locale-info x)
		      (w32-get-locale-info x t)))
	   w32-valid-locales "\n"))
  (insert "\n")
  (goto-char (point-min)))


;;; Setup Info-default-directory-list to include the info directory
;;; near where Emacs executable was installed.  We used to set INFOPATH,
;;; but when this is set Info-default-directory-list is ignored.  We
;;; also cannot rely upon what is set in paths.el because they assume
;;; that configuration during build time is correct for runtime.
(defun w32-init-info ()
  (let* ((instdir (file-name-directory invocation-directory))
	 (dir1 (expand-file-name "../info/" instdir))
	 (dir2 (expand-file-name "../../../info/" instdir)))
    (if (file-exists-p dir1)
	(setq Info-default-directory-list
	      (append Info-default-directory-list (list dir1)))
      (if (file-exists-p dir2)
	  (setq Info-default-directory-list
		(append Info-default-directory-list (list dir2)))))))

(add-hook 'before-init-hook 'w32-init-info)

;;; The variable source-directory is used to initialize Info-directory-list.
;;; However, the common case is that Emacs is being used from a binary
;;; distribution, and the value of source-directory is meaningless in that
;;; case.  Even worse, source-directory can refer to a directory on a drive
;;; on the build machine that happens to be a removable drive on the user's
;;; machine.  When this happens, Emacs tries to access the removable drive
;;; and produces the abort/retry/ignore dialog.  Since we do not use
;;; source-directory, set it to something that is a reasonable approximation
;;; on the user's machine.

;(add-hook 'before-init-hook
;	  '(lambda ()
;	     (setq source-directory (file-name-as-directory
;				     (expand-file-name ".." exec-directory)))))

(defun convert-standard-filename (filename)
  "Convert a standard file's name to something suitable for the current OS.
This means to guarantee valid names and perhaps to canonicalize
certain patterns.

On Windows and DOS, replace invalid characters.  On DOS, make
sure to obey the 8.3 limitations.  On Windows, turn Cygwin names
into native names, and also turn slashes into backslashes if the
shell requires it (see `w32-shell-dos-semantics')."
  (let ((name
         (save-match-data
           (if (string-match "\\`/cygdrive/\\([a-zA-Z]\\)/" filename)
               (replace-match "\\1:/" t nil filename)
             (copy-sequence filename))))
	(start 0))
    ;; leave ':' if part of drive specifier
    (if (and (> (length name) 1)
	     (eq (aref name 1) ?:))
	(setq start 2))
    ;; destructively replace invalid filename characters with !
    (while (string-match "[?*:<>|\"\000-\037]" name start)
      (aset name (match-beginning 0) ?!)
      (setq start (match-end 0)))
    ;; convert directory separators to Windows format
    ;; (but only if the shell in use requires it)
    (when (w32-shell-dos-semantics)
      (setq start 0)
      (while (string-match "/" name start)
	(aset name (match-beginning 0) ?\\)
	(setq start (match-end 0))))
    name))

;;; Fix interface to (X-specific) mouse.el
(defun x-set-selection (type data)
  (or type (setq type 'PRIMARY))
  (put 'x-selections type data))

(defun x-get-selection (&optional type data-type)
  (or type (setq type 'PRIMARY))
  (get 'x-selections type))

(defun set-w32-system-coding-system (coding-system)
  "Set the coding system used by the Windows system to CODING-SYSTEM.
This is used for things like passing font names with non-ASCII
characters in them to the system.  For a list of possible values of
CODING-SYSTEM, use \\[list-coding-systems].

This function is provided for backward compatibility, since
`w32-system-coding-system' is now an alias for `locale-coding-system'."
  (interactive
   (list (let ((default locale-coding-system))
           (read-coding-system
            (format "Coding system for system calls (default %s): "
                    default)
            default))))
  (check-coding-system coding-system)
  (setq locale-coding-system coding-system))

;; locale-coding-system was introduced to do the same thing as
;; w32-system-coding-system. Use that instead.
(defvaralias 'w32-system-coding-system 'locale-coding-system)

;;; Set to a system sound if you want a fancy bell.
(set-message-beep nil)

;;; The "Windows" keys on newer keyboards bring up the Start menu
;;; whether you want it or not - make Emacs ignore these keystrokes
;;; rather than beep.
(global-set-key [lwindow] 'ignore)
(global-set-key [rwindow] 'ignore)

;; Map certain keypad keys into ASCII characters
;; that people usually expect.
(define-key function-key-map [tab] [?\t])
(define-key function-key-map [linefeed] [?\n])
(define-key function-key-map [clear] [11])
(define-key function-key-map [return] [13])
(define-key function-key-map [escape] [?\e])
(define-key function-key-map [M-tab] [?\M-\t])
(define-key function-key-map [M-linefeed] [?\M-\n])
(define-key function-key-map [M-clear] [?\M-\013])
(define-key function-key-map [M-return] [?\M-\015])
(define-key function-key-map [M-escape] [?\M-\e])

;; These don't do the right thing (voelker)
;(define-key function-key-map [backspace] [127])
;(define-key function-key-map [delete] [127])
;(define-key function-key-map [M-backspace] [?\M-\d])
;(define-key function-key-map [M-delete] [?\M-\d])

;; These tell read-char how to convert
;; these special chars to ASCII.
(put 'tab 'ascii-character ?\t)
(put 'linefeed 'ascii-character ?\n)
(put 'clear 'ascii-character 12)
(put 'return 'ascii-character 13)
(put 'escape 'ascii-character ?\e)
(put 'backspace 'ascii-character 127)
(put 'delete 'ascii-character 127)

;; W32 uses different color indexes than standard:

(defvar w32-tty-standard-colors
  '(("black"          0     0     0     0)
    ("blue"           1     0     0 52480) ; MediumBlue
    ("green"          2  8704 35584  8704) ; ForestGreen
    ("cyan"           3     0 52736 53504) ; DarkTurquoise
    ("red"            4 45568  8704  8704) ; FireBrick
    ("magenta"        5 35584     0 35584) ; DarkMagenta
    ("brown"          6 40960 20992 11520) ; Sienna
    ("lightgray"      7 48640 48640 48640) ; Gray
    ("darkgray"       8 26112 26112 26112) ; Gray40
    ("lightblue"      9     0     0 65535) ; Blue
    ("lightgreen"    10     0 65535     0) ; Green
    ("lightcyan"     11     0 65535 65535) ; Cyan
    ("lightred"      12 65535     0     0) ; Red
    ("lightmagenta"  13 65535     0 65535) ; Magenta
    ("yellow"        14 65535 65535     0) ; Yellow
    ("white"         15 65535 65535 65535))
"A list of VGA console colors, their indices and 16-bit RGB values.")


(defun w32-add-charset-info (xlfd-charset windows-charset codepage)
  "Function to add character sets to display with Windows fonts.
Creates entries in `w32-charset-info-alist'.
XLFD-CHARSET is a string which will appear in the XLFD font name to
identify the character set. WINDOWS-CHARSET is a symbol identifying
the Windows character set this maps to.  For the list of possible
values, see the documentation for `w32-charset-info-alist'.  CODEPAGE
can be a numeric codepage that Windows uses to display the character
set, t for Unicode output with no codepage translation or nil for 8
bit output with no translation."
  (add-to-list 'w32-charset-info-alist
               (cons xlfd-charset (cons windows-charset codepage)))
  )

;; The last charset we add becomes the "preferred" charset for the return
;; value from w32-select-font etc, so list the most important charsets last.
(w32-add-charset-info "iso8859-14" 'w32-charset-ansi  28604)
(w32-add-charset-info "iso8859-15" 'w32-charset-ansi  28605)
(w32-add-charset-info "jisx0201-latin" 'w32-charset-shiftjis 932)
(w32-add-charset-info "jisx0201-katakana" 'w32-charset-shiftjis 932)
(w32-add-charset-info "jisx0208-sjis" 'w32-charset-shiftjis 932)
(w32-add-charset-info "ksc5601.1987" 'w32-charset-hangeul 949)
(w32-add-charset-info "big5" 'w32-charset-chinesebig5 950)
(w32-add-charset-info "gb2312" 'w32-charset-gb2312 936)
(w32-add-charset-info "ms-symbol" 'w32-charset-symbol nil)
(w32-add-charset-info "ms-oem" 'w32-charset-oem 437)
(w32-add-charset-info "ms-oemlatin" 'w32-charset-oem 850)
(if (boundp 'w32-extra-charsets-defined)
    (progn
      (w32-add-charset-info "iso8859-2" 'w32-charset-easteurope 28592)
      (w32-add-charset-info "iso8859-3" 'w32-charset-turkish 28593)
      (w32-add-charset-info "iso8859-4" 'w32-charset-baltic 28594)
      (w32-add-charset-info "iso8859-6" 'w32-charset-arabic 28596)
      (w32-add-charset-info "iso8859-7" 'w32-charset-greek 28597)
      (w32-add-charset-info "iso8859-8" 'w32-charset-hebrew 1255)
      (w32-add-charset-info "iso8859-9" 'w32-charset-turkish 1254)
      (w32-add-charset-info "iso8859-13" 'w32-charset-baltic 1257)
      (w32-add-charset-info "koi8-r" 'w32-charset-russian 20866)
      (w32-add-charset-info "iso8859-5" 'w32-charset-russian 28595)
      (w32-add-charset-info "tis620" 'w32-charset-thai 874)
      (w32-add-charset-info "ksc5601.1992" 'w32-charset-johab 1361)
      (w32-add-charset-info "mac" 'w32-charset-mac nil)))
(if (boundp 'w32-unicode-charset-defined)
    (progn
      (w32-add-charset-info "unicode" 'w32-charset-unicode t)
      (w32-add-charset-info "iso10646-1" 'w32-charset-unicode t))
  ;; If unicode windows charset is not defined, use ansi fonts.
  (w32-add-charset-info "iso10646-1" 'w32-charset-ansi t))
(w32-add-charset-info "iso8859-1" 'w32-charset-ansi 1252)

(make-obsolete-variable 'w32-enable-italics
                        'w32-enable-synthesized-fonts "21.1")
(make-obsolete-variable 'w32-charset-to-codepage-alist
                        'w32-charset-info-alist "21.1")


;;;; Selections and cut buffers

;;; We keep track of the last text selected here, so we can check the
;;; current selection against it, and avoid passing back our own text
;;; from x-cut-buffer-or-selection-value.
(defvar x-last-selected-text nil)

;;; It is said that overlarge strings are slow to put into the cut buffer.
;;; Note this value is overridden below.
(defvar x-cut-buffer-max 20000
  "Max number of characters to put in the cut buffer.")

(defun x-select-text (text &optional push)
  "Make TEXT the last selected text.
If `x-select-enable-clipboard' is non-nil, copy the text to the system
clipboard as well.  Optional PUSH is ignored on Windows."
  (if x-select-enable-clipboard
      (w32-set-clipboard-data text))
  (setq x-last-selected-text text))

(defun x-get-selection-value ()
  "Return the value of the current selection.
Consult the selection, then the cut buffer.  Treat empty strings as if
they were unset."
  (if x-select-enable-clipboard
      (let (text)
	;; Don't die if x-get-selection signals an error.
	(condition-case c
	    (setq text (w32-get-clipboard-data))
	  (error (message "w32-get-clipboard-data:%s" c)))
	(if (string= text "") (setq text nil))
	(cond
	 ((not text) nil)
	 ((eq text x-last-selected-text) nil)
	 ((string= text x-last-selected-text)
	  ;; Record the newer string, so subsequent calls can use the 'eq' test.
	  (setq x-last-selected-text text)
	  nil)
	 (t
	  (setq x-last-selected-text text))))))

(defalias 'x-cut-buffer-or-selection-value 'x-get-selection-value)

;;; Arrange for the kill and yank functions to set and check the clipboard.
(setq interprogram-cut-function 'x-select-text)
(setq interprogram-paste-function 'x-get-selection-value)


;;;; Support for build process
(defun w32-batch-update-autoloads ()
  "Like `batch-update-autoloads', but takes the name of the autoloads file
from the command line.

This is required because some Windows build environments, such as MSYS,
munge command-line arguments that include file names to a horrible mess
that Emacs is unable to cope with."
  (let ((generated-autoload-file
	 (expand-file-name (pop command-line-args-left))))
    (batch-update-autoloads)))

;;; arch-tag: c49b48cc-0f4f-454f-a274-c2dc34815e14
;;; w32-fns.el ends here