Source

emacs / lisp / server.el

;;; server.el --- Lisp code for GNU Emacs running as server process.

;; Copyright (C) 1986, 1987, 1992 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

;; Author: William Sommerfeld <wesommer@athena.mit.edu>
;; Keywords: processes

;; Changes by peck@sun.com and by rms.

;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.

;; GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.

;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
;; the Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

;;; Commentary:

;;; This Lisp code is run in Emacs when it is to operate as
;;; a server for other processes.

;;; Load this library and do M-x server-edit to enable Emacs as a server.
;;; Emacs runs the program ../arch-lib/emacsserver as a subprocess
;;; for communication with clients.  If there are no client buffers to edit, 
;;; server-edit acts like (switch-to-buffer (other-buffer))

;;; When some other program runs "the editor" to edit a file,
;;; "the editor" can be the Emacs client program ../lib-src/emacsclient.
;;; This program transmits the file names to Emacs through
;;; the server subprocess, and Emacs visits them and lets you edit them.

;;; Note that any number of clients may dispatch files to emacs to be edited.

;;; When you finish editing a Server buffer, again call server-edit
;;; to mark that buffer as done for the client and switch to the next 
;;; Server buffer.  When all the buffers for a client have been edited 
;;; and exited with server-edit, the client "editor" will return
;;; to the program that invoked it.  

;;; Your editing commands and Emacs's display output go to and from
;;; the terminal in the usual way.  Thus, server operation is possible
;;; only when Emacs can talk to the terminal at the time you invoke
;;; the client.  This is possible in four cases:

;;; 1. On a window system, where Emacs runs in one window and the
;;; program that wants to use "the editor" runs in another.

;;; 2. On a multi-terminal system, where Emacs runs on one terminal and the
;;; program that wants to use "the editor" runs on another.

;;; 3. When the program that wants to use "the editor" is running
;;; as a subprocess of Emacs.

;;; 4. On a system with job control, when Emacs is suspended, the program
;;; that wants to use "the editor" will stop and display
;;; "Waiting for Emacs...".  It can then be suspended, and Emacs can be
;;; brought into the foreground for editing.  When done editing, Emacs is
;;; suspended again, and the client program is brought into the foreground.

;;; The buffer local variable "server-buffer-clients" lists 
;;; the clients who are waiting for this buffer to be edited.  
;;; The global variable "server-clients" lists all the waiting clients,
;;; and which files are yet to be edited for each.

;;; Code:

(defvar server-program "emacsserver"
  "*The program to use as the edit server")

(defvar server-visit-hook nil
  "*List of hooks to call when switching to a buffer for the Emacs server.")

(defvar server-process nil 
  "the current server process")

(defvar server-previous-string "")

(defvar server-clients nil
  "List of current server clients.
Each element is (CLIENTID FILES...) where CLIENTID is a string
that can be given to the server process to identify a client.
When a buffer is marked as \"done\", it is removed from this list.")

(defvar server-buffer-clients nil
  "List of clientids for clients requesting editing of current buffer.")
;; Changing major modes should not erase this local.
(put 'server-buffer-clients 'permanent-local t)

(defvar server-temp-file-regexp "^/tmp/Re\\|/draft$"
  "*Regexp which should match filenames of temporary files
which are deleted and reused after each edit
by the programs that invoke the emacs server.")

(make-variable-buffer-local 'server-buffer-clients)
(put 'server-buffer-clients 'permanent-local t)
(setq-default server-buffer-clients nil)
(or (assq 'server-buffer-clients minor-mode-alist)
    (setq minor-mode-alist (cons '(server-buffer-clients " Server") minor-mode-alist)))

;; If a *server* buffer exists,
;; write STRING to it for logging purposes.
(defun server-log (string)
  (if (get-buffer "*server*")
      (save-excursion
	(set-buffer "*server*")
	(goto-char (point-max))
	(insert string)
	(or (bobp) (newline)))))

(defun server-sentinel (proc msg)
  (cond ((eq (process-status proc) 'exit)
	 (server-log (message "Server subprocess exited")))
	((eq (process-status proc) 'signal)
	 (server-log (message "Server subprocess killed")))))

;;;###autoload
(defun server-start (&optional leave-dead)
  "Allow this Emacs process to be a server for client processes.
This starts a server communications subprocess through which
client \"editors\" can send your editing commands to this Emacs job.
To use the server, set up the program `etc/emacsclient' in the
Emacs distribution as your standard \"editor\".

Prefix arg means just kill any existing server communications subprocess."
  (interactive "P")
  ;; kill it dead!
  (if server-process
      (progn
	(set-process-sentinel server-process nil)
	(condition-case () (delete-process server-process) (error nil))))
  (condition-case () (delete-file "~/.emacs_server") (error nil))
  ;; If we already had a server, clear out associated status.
  (while server-clients
    (let ((buffer (nth 1 (car server-clients))))
      (server-buffer-done buffer)))
  (if leave-dead
      nil
    (if server-process
	(server-log (message "Restarting server")))
    (setq server-process (start-process "server" nil server-program))
    (set-process-sentinel server-process 'server-sentinel)
    (set-process-filter server-process 'server-process-filter)
    (process-kill-without-query server-process)))

;Process a request from the server to edit some files.
;Format of STRING is "Client: CLIENTID PATH PATH PATH... \n"
(defun server-process-filter (proc string)
  (server-log string)
  (setq string (concat server-previous-string string))
  (if (not (and (eq ?\n (aref string (1- (length string))))
		(eq 0 (string-match "Client: " string))))
      ;; If input is not complete, save it for later.
      (setq server-previous-string string)
    ;; If it is complete, process it now, and discard what was saved.
    (setq string (substring string (match-end 0)))
    (setq server-previous-string "")
    (let ((client (list (substring string 0 (string-match " " string))))
	  (files nil)
	  (lineno 1))
      (setq string (substring string (match-end 0)))
      (while (string-match "[^ ]+ " string)
	(let ((arg
	       (substring string (match-beginning 0) (1- (match-end 0)))))
	  (setq string (substring string (match-end 0)))
	  (if (string-match "\\`\\+[0-9]+\\'" arg)
	      (setq lineno (read (substring arg 1)))
	    (setq files
		  (cons (list arg lineno)
			files))
	    (setq lineno 1))))
      (server-visit-files files client)
      ;; CLIENT is now a list (CLIENTNUM BUFFERS...)
      (setq server-clients (cons client server-clients))
      (switch-to-buffer (nth 1 client))
      (message (substitute-command-keys
		"When done with a buffer, type \\[server-edit].")))))

(defun server-visit-files (files client)
  "Finds FILES and returns the list CLIENT with the buffers nconc'd.
FILES is an alist whose elements are (FILENAME LINENUMBER)."
  (let (client-record)
    (while files
      (save-excursion
	;; If there is an existing buffer modified or the file is modified,
	;; revert it.
	;; If there is an existing buffer with deleted file, offer to write it.
 	(let* ((filen (car (car files)))
	       (obuf (get-file-buffer filen)))
 	  (if (and obuf (set-buffer obuf))
 	      (if (file-exists-p filen)
 		  (if (or (not (verify-visited-file-modtime obuf))
			  (buffer-modified-p obuf))
		      (revert-buffer t nil))
 		(if (y-or-n-p
 		     (concat "File no longer exists: "
 			     filen
 			     ", write buffer to file? "))
 		    (write-file filen)))
 	    (set-buffer (find-file-noselect filen))
	    (run-hooks 'server-visit-hook)))
	(goto-line (nth 1 (car files)))
  	(setq server-buffer-clients (cons (car client) server-buffer-clients))
  	(setq client-record (cons (current-buffer) client-record)))
        (setq files (cdr files)))
    (nconc client client-record)))

(defun server-buffer-done (buffer)
  "Mark BUFFER as \"done\" for its client(s).
Buries the buffer, and returns another server buffer
as a suggestion for what to select next."
  (let ((running (eq (process-status server-process) 'run))
	(next-buffer nil)
	(old-clients server-clients))
    (while old-clients
      (let ((client (car old-clients)))
	(or next-buffer 
	    (setq next-buffer (nth 1 (memq buffer client))))
	(delq buffer client)
	;; If client now has no pending buffers,
	;; tell it that it is done, and forget it entirely.
	(if (cdr client) nil
	  (if running
	      (progn
		(send-string server-process 
			     (format "Close: %s Done\n" (car client)))
		(server-log (format "Close: %s Done\n" (car client)))))
	  (setq server-clients (delq client server-clients))))
      (setq old-clients (cdr old-clients)))
    (if (buffer-name buffer)
	(save-excursion
	  (set-buffer buffer)
	  (setq server-buffer-clients nil)))
    (bury-buffer buffer)
    next-buffer))

(defun server-temp-file-p (buffer)
  "Return non-nil if BUFFER contains a file considered temporary.
These are files whose names suggest they are repeatedly
reused to pass information to another program.

The variable `server-temp-file-regexp' controls which filenames
are considered temporary."
  (and (buffer-file-name buffer)
       (string-match server-temp-file-regexp (buffer-file-name buffer))))

(defun server-done ()
  "Offer to save current buffer, mark it as \"done\" for clients.
Then bury it, and return a suggested buffer to select next."
  (let ((buffer (current-buffer)))
    (if server-buffer-clients
	(progn
 	  (if (server-temp-file-p buffer)
 	      (progn (save-buffer)
		     (write-region (point-min) (point-max)
				   (concat buffer-file-name "~"))
		     (kill-buffer buffer))
	    (if (and (buffer-modified-p)
		     (y-or-n-p (concat "Save file " buffer-file-name "? ")))
		(save-buffer buffer)))
	  (server-buffer-done buffer)))))

(defun server-edit (&optional arg)
  "Switch to next server editing buffer; say \"Done\" for current buffer.
If a server buffer is current, it is marked \"done\" and optionally saved.
When all of a client's buffers are marked as \"done\", the client is notified.

Temporary files such as MH <draft> files are always saved and backed up,
no questions asked.  The variable `server-temp-file-regexp' controls
which filenames are considered temporary.

If invoked with a prefix argument, or if there is no server process running, 
starts server process and that is all.  Invoked by \\[server-edit]."

  (interactive "P")
  (if (or arg
	  (not server-process)
	  (memq (process-status server-process) '(signal exit)))
      (server-start nil)
    (server-switch-buffer (server-done))))

(defun server-switch-buffer (next-buffer)
  "Switch to another buffer, preferably one that has a client.
Arg NEXT-BUFFER is a suggestion; if it is a live buffer, use it."
  (if next-buffer
      (if (and (bufferp next-buffer)
	       (buffer-name next-buffer))
	  (switch-to-buffer next-buffer)
	;; If NEXT-BUFFER is a dead buffer,
	;; remove the server records for it
	;; and try the next surviving server buffer.
	(server-switch-buffer
	 (server-buffer-done next-buffer)))
    (if server-clients
	(server-switch-buffer (nth 1 (car server-clients)))
      (switch-to-buffer (other-buffer)))))

(global-set-key "\C-x#" 'server-edit)

(provide 'server)

;;; server.el ends here