emacs / lisp / map-ynp.el

;;; map-ynp.el --- General-purpose boolean question-asker.

;; Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

;; Author: Roland McGrath <>
;; Keywords: lisp, extensions

;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.

;; GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.

;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
;; Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
;; Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

;;; Commentary:

;; map-y-or-n-p is a general-purpose question-asking function.
;; It asks a series of y/n questions (a la y-or-n-p), and decides to
;; applies an action to each element of a list based on the answer.
;; The nice thing is that you also get some other possible answers
;; to use, reminiscent of query-replace: ! to answer y to all remaining
;; questions; ESC or q to answer n to all remaining questions; . to answer
;; y once and then n for the remainder; and you can get help with C-h.

;;; Code:

(defun map-y-or-n-p (prompter actor list &optional help action-alist
  "Ask a series of boolean questions.
Takes args PROMPTER ACTOR LIST, and optional args HELP and ACTION-ALIST.

LIST is a list of objects, or a function of no arguments to return the next
object or nil.

If PROMPTER is a string, the prompt is \(format PROMPTER OBJECT\).  If not
a string, PROMPTER is a function of one arg (an object from LIST), which
returns a string to be used as the prompt for that object.  If the return
value is not a string, it may be nil to ignore the object or non-nil to act
on the object without asking the user.

ACTOR is a function of one arg (an object from LIST),
which gets called with each object that the user answers `yes' for.

If HELP is given, it is a list (OBJECT OBJECTS ACTION),
where OBJECT is a string giving the singular noun for an elt of LIST;
OBJECTS is the plural noun for elts of LIST, and ACTION is a transitive
verb describing ACTOR.  The default is \(\"object\" \"objects\" \"act on\"\).

At the prompts, the user may enter y, Y, or SPC to act on that object;
n, N, or DEL to skip that object; ! to act on all following objects;
ESC or q to exit (skip all following objects); . (period) to act on the
current object and then exit; or \\[help-command] to get help.

If ACTION-ALIST is given, it is an alist (KEY FUNCTION HELP) of extra keys
that will be accepted.  KEY is a character; FUNCTION is a function of one
arg (an object from LIST); HELP is a string.  When the user hits KEY,
FUNCTION is called.  If it returns non-nil, the object is considered
\"acted upon\", and the next object from LIST is processed.  If it returns
nil, the prompt is repeated for the same object.

Final optional argument NO-CURSOR-IN-ECHO-AREA non-nil says not to set
`cursor-in-echo-area' while prompting.

This function uses `query-replace-map' to define the standard responses,
but not all of the responses which `query-replace' understands
are meaningful here.

Returns the number of actions taken."
  (let* ((actions 0)
	 user-keys mouse-event map prompt char elt tail def
	 ;; Non-nil means we should use mouse menus to ask.
	 (next (if (or (and list (symbolp list))
		       (subrp list)
		       (byte-code-function-p list)
		       (and (consp list)
			    (eq (car list) 'lambda)))
		   (function (lambda ()
			       (setq elt (funcall list))))
		 (function (lambda ()
			     (if list
				   (setq elt (car list)
					 list (cdr list))
    (if (listp last-nonmenu-event)
	;; Make a list describing a dialog box.
	(let ((object (capitalize (nth 0 help)))
	      (objects (capitalize (nth 1 help)))
	      (action (capitalize (nth 2 help))))
	  (setq map (` (("Yes" . act) ("No" . skip) ("Quit" . exit)
			((, (if help (concat action " " object " And Quit")
			      "Do it and Quit")) . act-and-exit)
			((, (if help (concat action " All " objects)
			      "Do All")) . automatic)
			(,@ (mapcar (lambda (elt)
				      (cons (capitalize (nth 2 elt))
					    (vector (nth 1 elt))))
		use-menus t
		mouse-event last-nonmenu-event))			       
      (setq user-keys (if action-alist
			  (concat (mapconcat (function
					      (lambda (elt)
						 (char-to-string (car elt)))))
					     action-alist ", ")
				  " ")
	    ;; Make a map that defines each user key as a vector containing
	    ;; its definition.
	    map (cons 'keymap
		      (append (mapcar (lambda (elt)
					(cons (car elt) (vector (nth 1 elt))))
	  (if (stringp prompter)
	      (setq prompter (` (lambda (object)
				  (format (, prompter) object)))))
	  (while (funcall next)
	    (setq prompt (funcall prompter elt))
	    (cond ((stringp prompt)
		   ;; Prompt the user about this object.
		   (setq quit-flag nil)
		   (if use-menus
		       (setq def (or (x-popup-dialog (or mouse-event use-menus)
						     (cons prompt map))
		     ;; Prompt in the echo area.
		     (let ((cursor-in-echo-area (not no-cursor-in-echo-area))
			   (message-log-max nil))
		       (message "%s(y, n, !, ., q, %sor %s) "
				prompt user-keys
				(key-description (vector help-char)))
		       (if minibuffer-auto-raise
			   (raise-frame (window-frame (minibuffer-window))))
		       (setq char (read-event))
		       ;; Show the answer to the question.
		       (message "%s(y, n, !, ., q, %sor %s) %s"
				prompt user-keys
				(key-description (vector help-char))
				(single-key-description char)))
		     (setq def (lookup-key map (vector char))))
		   (cond ((eq def 'exit)
			  (setq next (function (lambda () nil))))
			 ((eq def 'act)
			  ;; Act on the object.
			  (funcall actor elt)
			  (setq actions (1+ actions)))
			 ((eq def 'skip)
			  ;; Skip the object.
			 ((eq def 'act-and-exit)
			  ;; Act on the object and then exit.
			  (funcall actor elt)
			  (setq actions (1+ actions)
				next (function (lambda () nil))))
			 ((or (eq def 'quit) (eq def 'exit-prefix))
			  (setq quit-flag t)
			  (setq next (` (lambda ()
					  (setq next '(, next))
					  '(, elt)))))
			 ((eq def 'automatic)
			  ;; Act on this and all following objects.
			  (if (funcall prompter elt)
				(funcall actor elt)
				(setq actions (1+ actions))))
			  (while (funcall next)
			    (if (funcall prompter elt)
				  (funcall actor elt)
				  (setq actions (1+ actions))))))
			 ((eq def 'help)
			  (with-output-to-temp-buffer "*Help*"
			     (let ((object (if help (nth 0 help) "object"))
				   (objects (if help (nth 1 help) "objects"))
				   (action (if help (nth 2 help) "act on")))
				(format "Type SPC or `y' to %s the current %s;
DEL or `n' to skip the current %s;
! to %s all remaining %s;
ESC or `q' to exit;\n"
					action object object action objects)
				(mapconcat (function
					    (lambda (elt)
					      (format "%c to %s"
						      (nth 0 elt)
						      (nth 2 elt))))
				(if action-alist ";\n")
				(format "or . (period) to %s \
the current %s and exit."
					action object))))
			      (set-buffer standard-output)

			  (setq next (` (lambda ()
					  (setq next '(, next))
					  '(, elt)))))
			 ((vectorp def)
			  ;; A user-defined key.
			  (if (funcall (aref def 0) elt) ;Call its function.
			      ;; The function has eaten this object.
			      (setq actions (1+ actions))
			    ;; Regurgitated; try again.
			    (setq next (` (lambda ()
					    (setq next '(, next))
					    '(, elt))))))
			 ((and (consp char)
			       (eq (car char) 'switch-frame))
			  ;; switch-frame event.  Put it off until we're done.
			  (setq delayed-switch-frame char)
			  (setq next (` (lambda ()
					  (setq next '(, next))
					  '(, elt)))))
			  ;; Random char.
			  (message "Type %s for help."
				   (key-description (vector help-char)))
			  (sit-for 1)
			  (setq next (` (lambda ()
					  (setq next '(, next))
					  '(, elt)))))))
		   (funcall actor elt)
		   (setq actions (1+ actions))))))
      (if delayed-switch-frame
	  (setq unread-command-events
		(cons delayed-switch-frame unread-command-events))))
    ;; Clear the last prompt from the minibuffer.
    (let ((message-log-max nil))
      (message ""))
    ;; Return the number of actions that were taken.

;;; map-ynp.el ends here