emacs / lisp / env.el

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;;; env.el --- functions to manipulate environment variables

;; Copyright (C) 1991, 1994, 2000, 2001 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

;; Maintainer: FSF
;; Keywords: processes, unix

;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.

;; GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.

;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
;; Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
;; Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

;;; Commentary:

;; UNIX processes inherit a list of name-to-string associations from their
;; parents called their `environment'; these are commonly used to control
;; program options.  This package permits you to set environment variables
;; to be passed to any sub-process run under Emacs.

;;; Code:

;; History list for environment variable names.
(defvar read-envvar-name-history nil)

(defun read-envvar-name (prompt &optional mustmatch)
  "Read environment variable name, prompting with PROMPT.
Optional second arg MUSTMATCH, if non-nil, means require existing envvar name.
If it is also not t, RET does not exit if it does non-null completion."
  (completing-read prompt
		   (mapcar (function
			    (lambda (enventry)
			      (list (substring enventry 0
					       (string-match "=" enventry)))))
		   nil mustmatch nil 'read-envvar-name-history))

;; History list for VALUE argument to setenv.
(defvar setenv-history nil)

(defun setenv (variable &optional value unset)
  "Set the value of the environment variable named VARIABLE to VALUE.
VARIABLE should be a string.  VALUE is optional; if not provided or is
`nil', the environment variable VARIABLE will be removed.  

Interactively, a prefix argument means to unset the variable.
Interactively, the current value (if any) of the variable
appears at the front of the history list when you type in the new value.

This function works by modifying `process-environment'."
   (if current-prefix-arg
       (list (read-envvar-name "Clear environment variable: " 'exact) nil t)
     (let* ((var (read-envvar-name "Set environment variable: " nil))
	    (value (getenv var)))
       (when value
	 (push value setenv-history))
       ;; Here finally we specify the args to give call setenv with.
       (list var (read-from-minibuffer (format "Set %s to value: " var)
				       nil nil nil 'setenv-history
  (if unset (setq value nil))
  (if (string-match "=" variable)
      (error "Environment variable name `%s' contains `='" variable)
    (let ((pattern (concat "\\`" (regexp-quote (concat variable "="))))
	  (case-fold-search nil)
	  (scan process-environment)
      (if (string-equal "TZ" variable)
	  (set-time-zone-rule value))
      (while scan
	(cond ((string-match pattern (car scan))
	       (setq found t)
	       (if (eq nil value)
		   (setq process-environment (delq (car scan) process-environment))
		 (setcar scan (concat variable "=" value)))
	       (setq scan nil)))
	(setq scan (cdr scan)))
      (or found
	  (if value
	      (setq process-environment
		    (cons (concat variable "=" value)

(defun getenv (variable)
  "Get the value of environment variable VARIABLE.
VARIABLE should be a string.  Value is nil if VARIABLE is undefined in
the environment.  Otherwise, value is a string.

This function consults the variable `process-environment'
for its value."
  (interactive (list (read-envvar-name "Get environment variable: " t)))
  (let ((value (getenv-internal variable)))
    (when (interactive-p)
      (message "%s" (if value value "Not set")))

(provide 'env)

;;; env.el ends here