1. Nic Ferrier
  2. emacs

Source

emacs / lisp / locate.el

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;;; locate.el --- interface to the locate command

;; Copyright (C) 1996, 1998, 2001 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

;; Author: Peter Breton <pbreton@cs.umb.edu>
;; Keywords: unix files

;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.

;; GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.

;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
;; Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
;; Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

;;; Commentary:

;; Search a database of files and use dired commands on
;; the result.
;;

;;;;; Building a database of files ;;;;;;;;;
;;
;; You can create a simple files database with a port of the Unix find command
;; and one of the various Windows NT various scheduling utilities,
;; for example the AT command from the NT Resource Kit, WinCron which is
;; included with Microsoft FrontPage, or the shareware NTCron program.
;;
;; To set up a function which searches the files database, do something
;; like this:
;;
;; (defvar locate-fcodes-file       "c:/users/peter/fcodes")
;; (defvar locate-make-command-line 'nt-locate-make-command-line)
;;
;; (defun nt-locate-make-command-line (arg)
;;  (list "grep" "-i" arg locate-fcodes-file))
;;
;;;;;;;; ADVICE For dired-make-relative: ;;;;;;;;;
;;
;; For certain dired commands to work right, you should also include the
;; following in your _emacs/.emacs:
;;
;; (defadvice dired-make-relative (before set-no-error activate)
;;   "For locate mode and Windows, don't return errors"
;;   (if (and (eq   major-mode  'locate-mode)
;; 	   (memq system-type (list 'windows-nt 'ms-dos)))
;;       (ad-set-arg 2 t)
;;     ))
;;
;; Otherwise, `dired-make-relative' will give error messages like
;; "FILENAME: not in directory tree growing at /"

;;; Commentary:
;;
;; Locate.el provides an interface to a program which searches a
;; database of file names. By default, this program is the GNU locate
;; command, but it could also be the BSD-style find command, or even a
;; user specified command.
;;
;; To use the BSD-style "fast find", or any other shell command of the
;; form
;;
;;   SHELLPROGRAM  Name-to-find
;;
;; set the variable `locate-command' in your .emacs file.
;;
;;   To use a more complicated expression, create a function which
;; takes a string (the name to find) as input and returns a list.
;; The first element should be the command to be executed, the remaining
;; elements should be the arguments (including the name to find). Then put
;;
;; (setq locate-make-command-line 'my-locate-command-line)
;;
;; in your .emacs, using the name of your function in place of
;; my-locate-command-line.
;;
;; You should make sure that whichever command you use works correctly
;; from a shell prompt. GNU locate and BSD find expect the file databases
;; to either be in standard places or located via environment variables.
;; If the latter, make sure these environment variables are set in
;; your emacs process.
;;
;; Locate-mode assumes that each line output from the locate-command
;; consists exactly of a file name, possibly preceded or trailed by
;; whitespace. If your file database has other information on the line (for
;; example, the file size), you will need to redefine the function
;; `locate-get-file-positions' to return a list consisting of the first
;; character in the file name and the last character in the file name.
;;
;; To use locate-mode, simply type M-x locate and then the string
;; you wish to find. You can use almost all of the dired commands in
;; the resulting *Locate* buffer.  It is worth noting that your commands
;; do not, of course, affect the file database. For example, if you
;; compress a file in the locate buffer, the actual file will be
;; compressed, but the entry in the file database will not be
;; affected. Consequently, the database and the filesystem will be out
;; of sync until the next time the database is updated.
;;
;; The command `locate-with-filter' keeps only lines matching a
;; regular expression; this is often useful to constrain a big search.
;;

;;; Code:

(eval-when-compile
  (require 'dired))

;; Variables

(defvar locate-current-filter nil)

(defgroup locate nil
  "Interface to the locate command."
  :prefix "locate-"
  :group 'external)

(defcustom locate-command "locate"
  "*The executable program used to search a database of files."
  :type 'string
  :group 'locate)

(defvar locate-history-list nil
  "The history list used by the \\[locate] command.")

(defvar locate-grep-history-list nil
  "The history list used by the \\[locate-with-filter] command.")

(defcustom locate-make-command-line 'locate-default-make-command-line
  "*Function used to create the locate command line."
  :type 'function
  :group 'locate)

(defcustom locate-buffer-name "*Locate*"
  "*Name of the buffer to show results from the \\[locate] command."
  :type 'string
  :group 'locate)

(defcustom locate-fcodes-file nil
  "*File name for the database of file names."
  :type '(choice file (const nil))
  :group 'locate)

(defcustom locate-header-face nil
  "*Face used to highlight the locate header."
  :type 'face
  :group 'locate)

(defcustom locate-update-command "updatedb"
  "The command used to update the locate database."
  :type 'string
  :group 'locate)

(defcustom locate-prompt-for-command nil
  "If non-nil, the default behavior of the locate command is to prompt for a command to run.
Otherwise, that behavior is invoked via a prefix argument."
  :group 'locate
  :type 'boolean
  )

;; Functions

(defun locate-default-make-command-line (search-string)
  (list locate-command search-string))

(defun locate-word-at-point ()
  (let ((pt (point)))
    (buffer-substring-no-properties
     (save-excursion
       (skip-chars-backward "-a-zA-Z0-9.")
       (point))
     (save-excursion
       (skip-chars-forward "-a-zA-Z0-9.")
       (skip-chars-backward "." pt)
       (point)))))

;;;###autoload
(defun locate (search-string &optional filter)
  "Run the program `locate', putting results in `*Locate*' buffer.
With prefix arg, prompt for the locate command to run."
  (interactive
      (list
       (if (or (and current-prefix-arg
		    (not locate-prompt-for-command))
	       (and (not current-prefix-arg) locate-prompt-for-command))
	   (let ((locate-cmd (funcall locate-make-command-line "")))
	     (read-from-minibuffer
	      "Run locate (like this): "
	      (cons
	       (concat (car locate-cmd) "  "
		       (mapconcat 'identity (cdr locate-cmd) " "))
		       (+ 2 (length (car locate-cmd))))
	      nil nil 'locate-history-list))
	 (read-from-minibuffer
	  "Locate: "
	  (locate-word-at-point)
	  nil nil 'locate-history-list)
	 )))
  (let* ((locate-cmd-list (funcall locate-make-command-line search-string))
	 (locate-cmd (car locate-cmd-list))
	 (locate-cmd-args (cdr locate-cmd-list))
	 (run-locate-command
	  (or (and current-prefix-arg (not locate-prompt-for-command))
	      (and (not current-prefix-arg) locate-prompt-for-command)))
	 )

    ;; Find the Locate buffer
    (save-window-excursion
      (set-buffer (get-buffer-create locate-buffer-name))
      (locate-mode)
      (erase-buffer)

      (setq locate-current-filter filter)

      (if run-locate-command
	  (shell-command search-string locate-buffer-name)
	(apply 'call-process locate-cmd nil t nil locate-cmd-args))

      (and filter
	  (locate-filter-output filter))

      (locate-do-setup search-string)
      )
    (and (not (string-equal (buffer-name) locate-buffer-name))
	(switch-to-buffer-other-window locate-buffer-name))

    (run-hooks 'dired-mode-hook)
    (run-hooks 'locate-post-command-hook)
    )
  )

;;;###autoload
(defun locate-with-filter (search-string filter)
  "Run the locate command with a filter.

The filter is a regular expression. Only results matching the filter are
shown; this is often useful to constrain a big search."
  (interactive
   (list (read-from-minibuffer "Locate: " nil nil
			       nil 'locate-history-list)
	 (read-from-minibuffer "Filter: " nil nil
			       nil 'locate-grep-history-list)))
  (locate search-string filter))

(defun locate-filter-output (filter)
  "Filter output from the locate command."
  (goto-char (point-min))
  (delete-non-matching-lines filter))

(defvar locate-mode-map nil
  "Local keymap for Locate mode buffers.")
(if locate-mode-map
    nil

   (require 'dired)

   (setq locate-mode-map (copy-keymap dired-mode-map))

   ;; Undefine Useless Dired Menu bars
   (define-key locate-mode-map [menu-bar Dired]   'undefined)
   (define-key locate-mode-map [menu-bar subdir]  'undefined)

   (define-key locate-mode-map [menu-bar mark executables] 'undefined)
   (define-key locate-mode-map [menu-bar mark directory]   'undefined)
   (define-key locate-mode-map [menu-bar mark directories] 'undefined)
   (define-key locate-mode-map [menu-bar mark symlinks]    'undefined)

   (define-key locate-mode-map [mouse-2]   'locate-mouse-view-file)
   (define-key locate-mode-map "\C-c\C-t"  'locate-tags)

   (define-key locate-mode-map "U"       'dired-unmark-all-files)
   (define-key locate-mode-map "V"       'locate-find-directory)
)

;; This variable is used to indent the lines and then to search for
;; the file name
(defconst locate-filename-indentation 4
  "The amount of indentation for each file.")

(defun locate-get-file-positions ()
  (save-excursion
    (end-of-line)
    (let ((eol (point)))
      (beginning-of-line)

      ;; Assumes names end at the end of the line
      (forward-char locate-filename-indentation)
      (list (point) eol))))

;; From SQL-mode
(defun locate-current-line-number ()
  "Return the current line number, as an integer."
  (+ (count-lines (point-min) (point))
     (if (eq (current-column) 0)
	 1
       0)))

(defun locate-get-filename ()
  (let ((pos    (locate-get-file-positions))
	(lineno (locate-current-line-number)))
    (and (not (eq lineno 1))
	 (not (eq lineno 2))
	 (buffer-substring (elt pos 0) (elt pos 1)))))

(defun locate-mouse-view-file (event)
  "In Locate mode, view a file, using the mouse."
  (interactive "@e")
  (save-excursion
    (goto-char (posn-point (event-start event)))
    (view-file (locate-get-filename))))

;; Define a mode for locate
;; Default directory is set to "/" so that dired commands, which
;; expect to be in a tree, will work properly
(defun locate-mode ()
  "Major mode for the `*Locate*' buffer made by \\[locate]."
  (kill-all-local-variables)
  ;; Avoid clobbering this variables
  (make-local-variable 'dired-subdir-alist)
  (use-local-map             locate-mode-map)
  (setq major-mode          'locate-mode
        mode-name           "Locate"
        default-directory   "/")
  (dired-alist-add-1 default-directory (point-min-marker))
  (make-local-variable 'dired-move-to-filename-regexp)
  ;; This should support both Unix and Windoze style names
  (setq dired-move-to-filename-regexp
	(concat "."
		(make-string (1- locate-filename-indentation) ?\ )
		"\\(/\\|[A-Za-z]:\\)"))
  (make-local-variable 'dired-actual-switches)
  (setq dired-actual-switches "")
  (make-local-variable 'dired-permission-flags-regexp)
  (setq dired-permission-flags-regexp
	(concat "^.\\("
		(make-string (1- locate-filename-indentation) ?\ )
		"\\)"))
  (make-local-variable 'revert-buffer-function)
  (setq revert-buffer-function 'locate-update)
  (run-hooks 'locate-mode-hook))

(defun locate-do-setup (search-string)
  (goto-char (point-min))
  (save-excursion

    ;; Nothing returned from locate command?
    (and (eobp)
	 (progn
	   (kill-buffer locate-buffer-name)
	   (if locate-current-filter
	       (error "Locate: no match for %s in database using filter %s"
		      search-string locate-current-filter)
	     (error "Locate: no match for %s in database" search-string))))

    (locate-insert-header search-string)

    (while (not (eobp))
      (insert-char ?\  locate-filename-indentation t)
      (locate-set-properties)
      (forward-line 1)))
  (goto-char (point-min)))

(defun locate-set-properties ()
  (save-excursion
    (let ((pos (locate-get-file-positions)))
      (dired-insert-set-properties (elt pos 0) (elt pos 1)))))

(defun locate-insert-header (search-string)
  (let ((locate-format-string "Matches for %s")
	(locate-regexp-match
	 (concat " *Matches for \\(" (regexp-quote search-string) "\\)"))
	(locate-format-args (list search-string))
	)

    (and locate-fcodes-file
	(setq locate-format-string
	      (concat locate-format-string " in %s")
	      locate-regexp-match
	      (concat locate-regexp-match
		      " in \\("
		      (regexp-quote locate-fcodes-file)
		      "\\)")
	      locate-format-args
	      (append (list locate-fcodes-file) locate-format-args)))

    (and locate-current-filter
	(setq locate-format-string
	      (concat locate-format-string " using filter %s")
	      locate-regexp-match
	      (concat locate-regexp-match
		      " using filter "
		      "\\("
		      (regexp-quote locate-current-filter)
		      "\\)")
	      locate-format-args
	      (append (list locate-current-filter) locate-format-args)))

    (setq locate-format-string
	  (concat locate-format-string ":\n\n")
	  locate-regexp-match
	  (concat locate-regexp-match ":\n"))

    (insert (apply 'format locate-format-string (reverse locate-format-args)))

    (save-excursion
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (if (not (looking-at locate-regexp-match))
	  nil
	(add-text-properties (match-beginning 1) (match-end 1)
			     (list 'face locate-header-face))
	(and (match-beginning 2)
	     (add-text-properties (match-beginning 2) (match-end 2)
				  (list 'face locate-header-face)))
	(and (match-beginning 3)
	     (add-text-properties (match-beginning 3) (match-end 3)
				  (list 'face locate-header-face)))
	))))

(defun locate-tags ()
  "Visit a tags table in `*Locate*' mode."
  (interactive)
  (let ((tags-table (locate-get-filename)))
    (and (y-or-n-p (format "Visit tags table %s? " tags-table))
	 (visit-tags-table tags-table))))

;; From Stephen Eglen <stephen@cns.ed.ac.uk>
(defun locate-update (ignore1 ignore2)
  "Update the locate database.
Database is updated using the shell command in `locate-update-command'."
  (let ((str (car locate-history-list)))
    (cond ((yes-or-no-p "Update locate database (may take a few seconds)? ")
	   (shell-command locate-update-command)
	   (locate str)))))

;;; Modified three functions from `dired.el':
;;;   dired-find-directory,
;;;   dired-find-directory-other-window
;;;   dired-get-filename

(defun locate-find-directory ()
  "Visit the directory of the file mentioned on this line."
  (interactive)
  (let ((directory-name (locate-get-dirname)))
    (if (file-directory-p directory-name)
	(find-file directory-name)
      (if (file-symlink-p directory-name)
	  (error "Directory is a symlink to a nonexistent target")
	(error "Directory no longer exists; run `updatedb' to update database")))))

(defun locate-find-directory-other-window ()
  "Visit the directory of the file named on this line in other window."
  (interactive)
  (find-file-other-window (locate-get-dirname)))

(defun locate-get-dirname ()
  "Return the directory name of the file mentioned on this line."
  (let (file (filepos (locate-get-file-positions)))
    (if (setq file (buffer-substring (nth 0 filepos) (nth 1 filepos)))
	(progn
	  ;; Get rid of the mouse-face property that file names have.
	  (set-text-properties 0 (length file) nil file)
	  (setq file (file-name-directory file))
	  ;; Unquote names quoted by ls or by dired-insert-directory.
	  ;; Using read to unquote is much faster than substituting
	  ;; \007 (4 chars) -> ^G  (1 char) etc. in a lisp loop.
	  (setq file
		(read
		 (concat "\""
			 ;; some ls -b don't escape quotes, argh!
			 ;; This is not needed for GNU ls, though.
			 (or (dired-string-replace-match
			      "\\([^\\]\\|\\`\\)\"" file "\\1\\\\\"" nil t)
			     file)
			 "\"")))))
    (and file buffer-file-coding-system
	 (not file-name-coding-system)
	 (setq file (encode-coding-string file buffer-file-coding-system)))
    file))

;; Only for GNU locate
(defun locate-in-alternate-database  (search-string database)
  "Run the GNU locate command, using an alternate database."
  (interactive
      (list
       (progn
	 ;; (require 'locate)
	 (read-from-minibuffer "Locate: " nil nil
			       nil 'locate-history-list))
       (read-file-name "Locate using Database: " )
       ))
  (or (file-exists-p database)
      (error "Database file %s does not exist" database))
  (let ((locate-make-command-line
	 (function (lambda (string)
		     (cons locate-command
			   (list (concat "--database="
					 (expand-file-name database))
				 string))))))
    (locate search-string)))

(provide 'locate)

;;; locate.el ends here