;;; server.el --- Lisp code for GNU Emacs running as server process
;; Copyright (C) 1986,87,92,94,95,96,97,98,99,2000,01,02,2003
;; Free Software Foundation, Inc.
;; Author: William Sommerfeld <firstname.lastname@example.org>
;; Maintainer: FSF
;; Keywords: processes
;; Changes by email@example.com and by rms.
;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.
;; GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.
;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING. If not, write to the
;; Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
;; Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
;; This Lisp code is run in Emacs when it is to operate as
;; a server for other processes.
;; Load this library and do M-x server-edit to enable Emacs as a server.
;; Emacs opens up a socket for communication with clients. If there are no
;; client buffers to edit, server-edit acts like (switch-to-buffer
;; When some other program runs "the editor" to edit a file,
;; "the editor" can be the Emacs client program ../lib-src/emacsclient.
;; This program transmits the file names to Emacs through
;; the server subprocess, and Emacs visits them and lets you edit them.
;; Note that any number of clients may dispatch files to emacs to be edited.
;; When you finish editing a Server buffer, again call server-edit
;; to mark that buffer as done for the client and switch to the next
;; Server buffer. When all the buffers for a client have been edited
;; and exited with server-edit, the client "editor" will return
;; to the program that invoked it.
;; Your editing commands and Emacs's display output go to and from
;; the terminal in the usual way. Thus, server operation is possible
;; only when Emacs can talk to the terminal at the time you invoke
;; the client. This is possible in four cases:
;; 1. On a window system, where Emacs runs in one window and the
;; program that wants to use "the editor" runs in another.
;; 2. On a multi-terminal system, where Emacs runs on one terminal and the
;; program that wants to use "the editor" runs on another.
;; 3. When the program that wants to use "the editor" is running
;; as a subprocess of Emacs.
;; 4. On a system with job control, when Emacs is suspended, the program
;; that wants to use "the editor" will stop and display
;; "Waiting for Emacs...". It can then be suspended, and Emacs can be
;; brought into the foreground for editing. When done editing, Emacs is
;; suspended again, and the client program is brought into the foreground.
;; The buffer local variable "server-buffer-clients" lists
;; the clients who are waiting for this buffer to be edited.
;; The global variable "server-clients" lists all the waiting clients,
;; and which files are yet to be edited for each.
(eval-when-compile (require 'cl))
(defgroup server nil
"Emacs running as a server process."
(defcustom server-visit-hook nil
"*Hook run when visiting a file for the Emacs server."
(defcustom server-switch-hook nil
"*Hook run when switching to a buffer for the Emacs server."
(defcustom server-done-hook nil
"*Hook run when done editing a buffer for the Emacs server."
(defvar server-process nil
"The current server process.")
(defvar server-clients nil
"List of current server clients.
Each element is (CLIENTID BUFFERS...) where CLIENTID is a string
that can be given to the server process to identify a client.
When a buffer is marked as \"done\", it is removed from this list.")
(defvar server-buffer-clients nil
"List of client ids for clients requesting editing of current buffer.")
;; Changing major modes should not erase this local.
(put 'server-buffer-clients 'permanent-local t)
(defcustom server-window nil
"*Specification of the window to use for selecting Emacs server buffers.
If nil, use the selected window.
If it is a function, it should take one argument (a buffer) and
display and select it. A common value is `pop-to-buffer'.
If it is a window, use that.
If it is a frame, use the frame's selected window.
It is not meaningful to set this to a specific frame or window with Custom.
Only programs can do so."
:type '(choice (const :tag "Use selected window"
:match (lambda (widget value)
(not (functionp value)))
(function-item :tag "Use pop-to-buffer" pop-to-buffer)
(function :tag "Other function")))
(defcustom server-temp-file-regexp "^/tmp/Re\\|/draft$"
"*Regexp matching names of temporary files.
These are deleted and reused after each edit by the programs that
invoke the Emacs server."
(defcustom server-kill-new-buffers t
"*Whether to kill buffers when done with them.
If non-nil, kill a buffer unless it already existed before editing
it with Emacs server. If nil, kill only buffers as specified by
Please note that only buffers are killed that still have a client,
i.e. buffers visited which \"emacsclient --no-wait\" are never killed in
(or (assq 'server-buffer-clients minor-mode-alist)
(setq minor-mode-alist (cons '(server-buffer-clients " Server") minor-mode-alist)))
(defvar server-existing-buffer nil
"Non-nil means the buffer existed before the server was asked to visit it.
This means that the server should not kill the buffer when you say you
are done with it in the server.")
(format "/tmp/emacs%d-%s/server" (user-uid)
(substring (system-name) 0 (string-match "\\." (system-name)))))
(defun server-log (string &optional client)
"If a *server* buffer exists, write STRING to it for logging purposes."
(if (get-buffer "*server*")
(if client (format " %s:" client) " ")
(or (bolp) (newline)))))
(defun server-sentinel (proc msg)
(let ((client (assq proc server-clients)))
;; Remove PROC from the list of clients.
(setq server-clients (delq client server-clients))
(dolist (buf (cdr client))
;; Remove PROC from the clients of each buffer.
(setq server-buffer-clients (delq proc server-buffer-clients))
;; Kill the buffer if necessary.
(when (and (null server-buffer-clients)
(or (and server-kill-new-buffers
(server-log (format "Status changed to %s" (process-status proc)) proc))
(defun server-select-display (display)
;; If the current frame is on `display' we're all set.
(unless (equal (frame-parameter (selected-frame) 'display) display)
;; Otherwise, look for an existing frame there and select it.
(dolist (frame (frame-list))
(when (equal (frame-parameter frame 'display) display)
;; If there's no frame on that display yet, create a dummy one
;; and select it.
(unless (equal (frame-parameter (selected-frame) 'display) display)
;; This frame is only there in place of an actual "current display"
;; setting, so we want it to be as unobtrusive as possible. That's
;; what the invisibility is for. The minibuffer setting is so that
;; we don't end up displaying a buffer in it (which noone would
'((visibility . nil) (minibuffer . only)))))))
(defun server-unquote-arg (arg)
"&." (lambda (s)
(case (aref s 1)
(t " ")))
arg t t))
(defun server-ensure-safe-dir (dir)
"Make sure DIR is a directory with no race-condition issues.
Creates the directory if necessary and makes sure:
- there's no symlink involved
- it's owned by us
- it's not readable/writable by anybody else."
(setq dir (directory-file-name dir))
(let ((attrs (file-attributes dir)))
(letf (((default-file-modes) ?\700)) (make-directory dir))
(setq attrs (file-attributes dir)))
;; Check that it's safe for use.
(unless (and (eq t (car attrs)) (eq (nth 2 attrs) (user-uid))
(zerop (logand ?\077 (file-modes dir))))
(error "The directory %s is unsafe" dir))))
(defun server-start (&optional leave-dead)
"Allow this Emacs process to be a server for client processes.
This starts a server communications subprocess through which
client \"editors\" can send your editing commands to this Emacs job.
To use the server, set up the program `emacsclient' in the
Emacs distribution as your standard \"editor\".
Prefix arg means just kill any existing server communications subprocess."
;; Make sure there is a safe directory in which to place the socket.
(server-ensure-safe-dir (file-name-directory server-socket-name))
;; kill it dead!
(condition-case () (delete-process server-process) (error nil)))
;; Delete the socket files made by previous server invocations.
(condition-case () (delete-file server-socket-name) (error nil))
;; If this Emacs already had a server, clear out associated status.
(let ((buffer (nth 1 (car server-clients))))
(server-log (message "Restarting server")))
(letf (((default-file-modes) ?\700))
:name "server" :family 'local :server t :noquery t
:sentinel 'server-sentinel :filter 'server-process-filter
;; We must receive file names without being decoded.
;; Those are decoded by server-process-filter according
;; to file-name-coding-system.
"Toggle Server mode.
With ARG, turn Server mode on if ARG is positive, off otherwise.
Server mode runs a process that accepts commands from the
`emacsclient' program. See `server-start' and Info node `Emacs server'."
;; Fixme: Should this check for an existing server socket and do
;; nothing if there is one (for multiple Emacs sessions)?
(server-start (not server-mode)))
(defun server-process-filter (proc string)
"Process a request from the server to edit some files.
PROC is the server process. Format of STRING is \"PATH PATH PATH... \\n\"."
(server-log string proc)
(let ((prev (process-get proc 'previous-string)))
(setq string (concat prev string))
(process-put proc 'previous-string nil)))
;; If the input is multiple lines,
;; process each line individually.
(while (string-match "\n" string)
(let ((request (substring string 0 (match-beginning 0)))
(coding-system (and default-enable-multibyte-characters
client nowait eval
;; Remove this line from STRING.
(setq string (substring string (match-end 0)))
(setq client (cons proc nil))
(while (string-match "[^ ]* " request)
(let ((arg (substring request (match-beginning 0) (1- (match-end 0)))))
(setq request (substring request (match-end 0)))
((equal "-nowait" arg) (setq nowait t))
((equal "-eval" arg) (setq eval t))
((and (equal "-display" arg) (string-match "\\([^ ]*\\) " request))
(let ((display (server-unquote-arg (match-string 1 request))))
(setq request (substring request (match-end 0)))
(error (process-send-string proc (nth 1 err))
(setq request "")))))
;; ARG is a line number option.
((string-match "\\`\\+[0-9]+\\'" arg)
(setq lineno (string-to-int (substring arg 1))))
;; ARG is line number:column option.
((string-match "\\`+\\([0-9]+\\):\\([0-9]+\\)\\'" arg)
(setq lineno (string-to-int (match-string 1 arg))
columnno (string-to-int (match-string 2 arg))))
;; Undo the quoting that emacsclient does
;; for certain special characters.
(setq arg (server-unquote-arg arg))
;; Now decode the file name if necessary.
(setq arg (decode-coding-string arg coding-system)))
(let ((v (eval (car (read-from-string arg)))))
(let ((standard-output (current-buffer)))
(process-send-region proc (point-min) (point-max))))))
;; ARG is a file name.
;; Collapse multiple slashes to single slashes.
(setq arg (command-line-normalize-file-name arg))
(push (list arg lineno columnno) files))
(setq lineno 1)
(setq columnno 0)))))
(server-visit-files files client nowait)
;; CLIENT is now a list (CLIENTNUM BUFFERS...)
(if (null (cdr client))
;; This client is empty; get rid of it immediately.
(server-log "Close empty client" proc))
;; We visited some buffer for this client.
(or nowait (push client server-clients))
(unless (or isearch-mode (minibufferp))
(server-switch-buffer (nth 1 client))
"When done with a buffer, type \\[server-edit]")))))))
;; Save for later any partial line that remains.
(when (> (length string) 0)
(process-put proc 'previous-string string)))
(defun server-goto-line-column (file-line-col)
(goto-line (nth 1 file-line-col))
(let ((column-number (nth 2 file-line-col)))
(if (> column-number 0)
(move-to-column (1- column-number)))))
(defun server-visit-files (files client &optional nowait)
"Find FILES and return the list CLIENT with the buffers nconc'd.
FILES is an alist whose elements are (FILENAME LINENUMBER COLUMNNUMBER).
NOWAIT non-nil means this client is not waiting for the results,
so don't mark these buffers specially, just visit them normally."
;; Bind last-nonmenu-event to force use of keyboard, not mouse, for queries.
(let ((last-nonmenu-event t) client-record)
;; Restore the current buffer afterward, but not using save-excursion,
;; because we don't want to save point in this buffer
;; if it happens to be one of those specified by the server.
(dolist (file files)
;; If there is an existing buffer modified or the file is
;; modified, revert it. If there is an existing buffer with
;; deleted file, offer to write it.
(let* ((filen (car file))
(obuf (get-file-buffer filen)))
(push filen file-name-history)
(if (and obuf (set-buffer obuf))
(cond ((file-exists-p filen)
(if (not (verify-visited-file-modtime obuf))
(revert-buffer t nil)))
(concat "File no longer exists: "
", write buffer to file? "))
(setq server-existing-buffer t)
(set-buffer (find-file-noselect filen))
;; When the buffer is killed, inform the clients.
(add-hook 'kill-buffer-hook 'server-kill-buffer nil t)
(push (car client) server-buffer-clients))
(push (current-buffer) client-record)))
(nconc client client-record)))
(defun server-buffer-done (buffer &optional for-killing)
"Mark BUFFER as \"done\" for its client(s).
This buries the buffer, then returns a list of the form (NEXT-BUFFER KILLED).
NEXT-BUFFER is another server buffer, as a suggestion for what to select next,
or nil. KILLED is t if we killed BUFFER (typically, because it was visiting
a temp file).
FOR-KILLING if non-nil indicates that we are called from `kill-buffer'."
(let ((next-buffer nil)
(let ((client (car old-clients)))
(setq next-buffer (nth 1 (memq buffer client))))
(delq buffer client)
;; Delete all dead buffers from CLIENT.
(let ((tail client))
(and (bufferp (car tail))
(null (buffer-name (car tail)))
(delq (car tail) client))
(setq tail (cdr tail))))
;; If client now has no pending buffers,
;; tell it that it is done, and forget it entirely.
(unless (cdr client)
(delete-process (car client))
(server-log "Close" (car client))
(setq server-clients (delq client server-clients))))
(setq old-clients (cdr old-clients)))
(if (and (bufferp buffer) (buffer-name buffer))
;; We may or may not kill this buffer;
;; if we do, do not call server-buffer-done recursively
;; from kill-buffer-hook.
(let ((server-kill-buffer-running t))
(setq server-buffer-clients nil)
;; Notice whether server-done-hook killed the buffer.
(if (null (buffer-name buffer))
(setq killed t)
;; Don't bother killing or burying the buffer
;; when we are called from kill-buffer.
(when (and (not killed)
(setq killed t)
(if (server-temp-file-p buffer)
(setq killed t))
(list next-buffer killed)))
(defun server-temp-file-p (&optional buffer)
"Return non-nil if BUFFER contains a file considered temporary.
These are files whose names suggest they are repeatedly
reused to pass information to another program.
The variable `server-temp-file-regexp' controls which filenames
are considered temporary."
(and (buffer-file-name buffer)
(string-match server-temp-file-regexp (buffer-file-name buffer))))
(defun server-done ()
"Offer to save current buffer, mark it as \"done\" for clients.
This kills or buries the buffer, then returns a list
of the form (NEXT-BUFFER KILLED). NEXT-BUFFER is another server buffer,
as a suggestion for what to select next, or nil.
KILLED is t if we killed BUFFER, which happens if it was created
specifically for the clients and did not exist before their request for it."
;; For a temp file, save, and do make a non-numeric backup
;; (unless make-backup-files is nil).
(let ((version-control nil)
(if (and (buffer-modified-p)
(y-or-n-p (concat "Save file " buffer-file-name "? ")))
;; Ask before killing a server buffer.
;; It was suggested to release its client instead,
;; but I think that is dangerous--the client would proceed
;; using whatever is on disk in that file. -- rms.
(defun server-kill-buffer-query-function ()
(or (not server-buffer-clients)
(yes-or-no-p (format "Buffer `%s' still has clients; kill it? "
(defun server-kill-emacs-query-function ()
;; See if any clients have any buffers that are still alive.
(if (memq t (mapcar 'stringp (mapcar 'buffer-name (cdr (car tail)))))
(setq live-client t))
(setq tail (cdr tail)))
(or (not live-client)
(yes-or-no-p "Server buffers still have clients; exit anyway? "))))
(add-hook 'kill-emacs-query-functions 'server-kill-emacs-query-function)
(defvar server-kill-buffer-running nil
"Non-nil while `server-kill-buffer' or `server-buffer-done' is running.")
(defun server-kill-buffer ()
;; Prevent infinite recursion if user has made server-done-hook
;; call kill-buffer.
(let ((server-kill-buffer-running t))
(server-buffer-done (current-buffer) t))))))
(defun server-edit (&optional arg)
"Switch to next server editing buffer; say \"Done\" for current buffer.
If a server buffer is current, it is marked \"done\" and optionally saved.
The buffer is also killed if it did not exist before the clients asked for it.
When all of a client's buffers are marked as \"done\", the client is notified.
Temporary files such as MH <draft> files are always saved and backed up,
no questions asked. (The variable `make-backup-files', if nil, still
inhibits a backup; you can set it locally in a particular buffer to
prevent a backup for it.) The variable `server-temp-file-regexp' controls
which filenames are considered temporary.
If invoked with a prefix argument, or if there is no server process running,
starts server process and that is all. Invoked by \\[server-edit]."
(if (or arg
(memq (process-status server-process) '(signal exit)))
(apply 'server-switch-buffer (server-done))))
(defun server-switch-buffer (&optional next-buffer killed-one)
"Switch to another buffer, preferably one that has a client.
Arg NEXT-BUFFER is a suggestion; if it is a live buffer, use it."
;; KILLED-ONE is t in a recursive call
;; if we have already killed one temp-file server buffer.
;; This means we should avoid the final "switch to some other buffer"
;; since we've already effectively done that.
(if (null next-buffer)
(server-switch-buffer (nth 1 (car server-clients)) killed-one)
(unless (or killed-one (window-dedicated-p (selected-window)))
(message "No server buffers remain to edit")))
(if (not (buffer-name next-buffer))
;; If NEXT-BUFFER is a dead buffer, remove the server records for it
;; and try the next surviving server buffer.
(apply 'server-switch-buffer (server-buffer-done next-buffer))
;; OK, we know next-buffer is live, let's display and select it.
(if (functionp server-window)
(funcall server-window next-buffer)
(let ((win (get-buffer-window next-buffer 0)))
(if (and win (not server-window))
;; The buffer is already displayed: just reuse the window.
(let ((frame (window-frame win)))
(if (eq (frame-visible-p frame) 'icon)
;; Otherwise, let's find an appropriate window.
(cond ((and (windowp server-window)
(if (not (frame-live-p server-window))
(setq server-window (make-frame)))
(select-window (frame-selected-window server-window))))
(if (window-minibuffer-p (selected-window))
(select-window (next-window nil 'nomini 0)))
;; Move to a non-dedicated window, if we have one.
(when (window-dedicated-p (selected-window))
(and (not (window-dedicated-p w))
(equal (frame-parameter (window-frame w) 'display)
(frame-parameter (selected-frame) 'display))))
'nomini 'visible (selected-window))))
;; After all the above, we might still have ended up with
;; a minibuffer/dedicated-window (if there's no other).
(error (pop-to-buffer next-buffer)))))))))
(global-set-key "\C-x#" 'server-edit)
(defun server-unload-hook ()
(remove-hook 'kill-buffer-query-functions 'server-kill-buffer-query-function)
(remove-hook 'kill-emacs-query-functions 'server-kill-emacs-query-function)
(remove-hook 'kill-buffer-hook 'server-kill-buffer))
;;; server.el ends here