Source

emacs / lisp / view.el

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;;; view.el --- peruse file or buffer without editing.

;; Copyright (C) 1985, 1989, 1994 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

;; Author: K. Shane Hartman
;; Maintainer: FSF

;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.

;; GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.

;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
;; the Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

;;; Commentary:

;; This package provides the `view' major mode documented in the Emacs
;; user's manual.

;;; Code:

(defvar view-mode-map nil)
(if view-mode-map
    nil
  (setq view-mode-map (make-keymap))
  (fillarray (nth 1 view-mode-map) 'View-undefined)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\C-c" 'view-exit)
  (define-key view-mode-map "q" 'view-exit)
  (define-key view-mode-map "-" 'negative-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "0" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "1" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "2" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "3" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "4" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "5" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "6" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "7" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "8" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "9" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\C-u" 'universal-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\e" nil)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\C-x" 'Control-X-prefix)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\e-" 'negative-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\e0" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\e1" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\e2" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\e3" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\e4" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\e5" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\e6" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\e7" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\e8" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\e9" 'digit-argument)
  (define-key view-mode-map "<" 'beginning-of-buffer)
  (define-key view-mode-map ">" 'end-of-buffer)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\ev" 'View-scroll-lines-backward)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\C-v" 'View-scroll-lines-forward)
  (define-key view-mode-map " " 'View-scroll-lines-forward)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\177" 'View-scroll-lines-backward)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\n" 'View-scroll-one-more-line)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\r" 'View-scroll-one-more-line)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\C-l" 'recenter)
  (define-key view-mode-map "z" 'View-scroll-lines-forward-set-scroll-size)
  (define-key view-mode-map "g" 'View-goto-line)
  (define-key view-mode-map "=" 'what-line)
  (define-key view-mode-map "." 'set-mark-command)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\C-@" 'set-mark-command)
  (define-key view-mode-map "'" 'View-back-to-mark)
  (define-key view-mode-map "@" 'View-back-to-mark)  
  (define-key view-mode-map "x" 'exchange-point-and-mark)
  (define-key view-mode-map "h" 'Helper-describe-bindings)
  (define-key view-mode-map "?" 'Helper-describe-bindings)
  (define-key view-mode-map (char-to-string help-char) 'Helper-help)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\C-n" 'next-line)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\C-p" 'previous-line)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\C-s" 'isearch-forward)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\C-r" 'isearch-backward)
  (define-key view-mode-map "s" 'isearch-forward)
  (define-key view-mode-map "r" 'isearch-backward)
  (define-key view-mode-map "/" 'View-search-regexp-forward)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\\" 'View-search-regexp-backward)
  ;; This conflicts with the standard binding of isearch-regexp-forward
  (define-key view-mode-map "\e\C-s" 'View-search-regexp-forward)
  (define-key view-mode-map "\e\C-r" 'View-search-regexp-backward)  
  (define-key view-mode-map "n" 'View-search-last-regexp-forward)
  (define-key view-mode-map "p" 'View-search-last-regexp-backward)
  )


;;;###autoload
(defun view-file (file-name)
  "View FILE in View mode, returning to previous buffer when done.
The usual Emacs commands are not available; instead,
a special set of commands (mostly letters and punctuation)
are defined for moving around in the buffer.
Space scrolls forward, Delete scrolls backward.
For list of all View commands, type ? or h while viewing.

This command runs the normal hook `view-mode-hook'."
  (interactive "fView file: ")
  (let ((old-buf (current-buffer))
	(had-a-buf (get-file-buffer file-name))
	(buf-to-view (find-file-noselect file-name)))
    (switch-to-buffer buf-to-view had-a-buf)
    (view-mode old-buf
	       (and (not had-a-buf) (not (buffer-modified-p buf-to-view))
		    'kill-buffer))))

;;;###autoload
(defun view-file-other-window (file-name)
  "View FILE in View mode in other window.
Return to previous buffer when done.
The usual Emacs commands are not available; instead,
a special set of commands (mostly letters and punctuation)
are defined for moving around in the buffer.
Space scrolls forward, Delete scrolls backward.
For list of all View commands, type ? or h while viewing.

This command runs the normal hook `view-mode-hook'."
  (interactive "fView file: ")
  (let ((old-arrangement (current-window-configuration))
	(had-a-buf (get-file-buffer file-name))
	(buf-to-view (find-file-noselect file-name)))
    ;; This used to pass t as second argument,
    ;; but then the buffer did not show up in the Buffers menu.
    (switch-to-buffer-other-window)
    (view-mode old-arrangement
	       (and (not had-a-buf) (not (buffer-modified-p buf-to-view))
		    'kill-buffer))))

;;;###autoload
(defun view-buffer (buffer-name)
  "View BUFFER in View mode, returning to previous buffer when done.
The usual Emacs commands are not available; instead,
a special set of commands (mostly letters and punctuation)
are defined for moving around in the buffer.
Space scrolls forward, Delete scrolls backward.
For list of all View commands, type ? or h while viewing.

This command runs the normal hook `view-mode-hook'."
  (interactive "bView buffer: ")
  (let ((old-buf (current-buffer)))
    (switch-to-buffer buffer-name t)
    (view-mode old-buf nil)))

;;;###autoload
(defun view-buffer-other-window (buffer-name not-return)
  "View BUFFER in View mode in another window,
returning to original buffer when done *only* if 
prefix argument NOT-RETURN is nil (which is the default).

The usual Emacs commands are not available in View mode; instead,
a special set of commands (mostly letters and punctuation)
are defined for moving around in the buffer.
Space scrolls forward, Delete scrolls backward.
For list of all View commands, type ? or h while viewing.

This command runs the normal hook `view-mode-hook'."
  (interactive "bView buffer:\nP")
  (let ((return-to (and not-return (current-window-configuration))))
    (switch-to-buffer-other-window buffer-name)
    (view-mode return-to)))

;;;###autoload
(defun view-mode (&optional prev-buffer action)
  "Major mode for viewing text but not editing it.
Letters do not insert themselves.  Instead these commands are provided.
Most commands take prefix arguments.  Commands dealing with lines
default to \"scroll size\" lines (initially size of window).
Search commands default to a repeat count of one.
M-< or <	move to beginning of buffer.
M-> or >	move to end of buffer.
C-v or Space	scroll forward lines.
M-v or DEL	scroll backward lines.
CR or LF	scroll forward one line (backward with prefix argument).
z		like Space except set number of lines for further
		   scrolling commands to scroll by.
C-u and Digits	provide prefix arguments.  `-' denotes negative argument.
=		prints the current line number.
g		goes to line given by prefix argument.
/ or M-C-s	searches forward for regular expression
\\ or M-C-r	searches backward for regular expression.
n		searches forward for last regular expression.
p		searches backward for last regular expression.
C-@ or .	set the mark.
x		exchanges point and mark.
C-s or s	do forward incremental search.
C-r or r	do reverse incremental search.
@ or '		return to mark and pops mark ring.
		  Mark ring is pushed at start of every
		  successful search and when jump to line to occurs.
		  The mark is set on jump to buffer start or end.
? or h		provide help message (list of commands).
\\[Helper-help]		provides help (list of commands or description of a command).
C-n		moves down lines vertically.
C-p		moves upward lines vertically.
C-l		recenters the screen.
q or C-c	exit view-mode and return to previous buffer.

Entry to this mode runs the normal hook `view-mode-hook'.

\\{view-mode-map}"
;  Not interactive because dangerous things happen
;  if you call it without passing a buffer as argument
;  and they are not easy to fix.
;  (interactive)
  (make-local-variable 'view-old-mode-line-buffer-identification)
  (setq view-old-mode-line-buffer-identification
	mode-line-buffer-identification)
  (make-local-variable 'view-old-buffer-read-only)
  (setq view-old-buffer-read-only buffer-read-only)
  (make-local-variable 'view-old-mode-name)
  (setq view-old-mode-name mode-name)
  (make-local-variable 'view-old-major-mode)
  (setq view-old-major-mode major-mode)
  (make-local-variable 'view-old-local-map)
  (setq view-old-local-map (current-local-map))
  (make-local-variable 'view-old-Helper-return-blurb)
  (setq view-old-Helper-return-blurb
	(and (boundp 'Helper-return-blurb) Helper-return-blurb))

  (setq buffer-read-only t)
  (setq mode-line-buffer-identification
	(list
	 (if (buffer-file-name)
	     "Viewing %f"
	   "Viewing %b")))
  (setq mode-name "View")
  (setq major-mode 'view-mode)
  (setq Helper-return-blurb
	(format "continue viewing %s"
		(if (buffer-file-name)
		    (file-name-nondirectory (buffer-file-name))
		    (buffer-name))))

  (make-local-variable 'view-exit-action)
  (setq view-exit-action action)
  (make-local-variable 'view-return-here)
  (setq view-return-here prev-buffer)
  (make-local-variable 'view-exit-position)
  (setq view-exit-position (point-marker))

  (make-local-variable 'view-scroll-size)
  (setq view-scroll-size nil)
  (make-local-variable 'view-last-regexp)
  (setq view-last-regexp nil)

  (beginning-of-line)
  (setq goal-column nil)

  (use-local-map view-mode-map)
  (run-hooks 'view-hook 'view-mode-hook)
  (view-helpful-message))


(defun view-exit ()
  "Exit from view-mode.
If you viewed an existing buffer, that buffer returns to its previous mode.
If you viewed a file that was not present in Emacs, its buffer is killed."
  (interactive)
  (setq mode-line-buffer-identification
	view-old-mode-line-buffer-identification)
  (setq major-mode view-old-major-mode)
  (setq mode-name view-old-mode-name)
  (use-local-map view-old-local-map)
  (setq buffer-read-only view-old-buffer-read-only)

  (goto-char view-exit-position)
  (set-marker view-exit-position nil)

  ;; Now do something to the buffer that we were viewing
  ;; (such as kill it).
  (let ((viewed-buffer (current-buffer))
	(action view-exit-action))
    (cond
     ((bufferp view-return-here)
      (switch-to-buffer view-return-here))
     ((window-configuration-p view-return-here)
      (set-window-configuration view-return-here)))
    (if action (funcall action viewed-buffer))))

(defun view-helpful-message ()
  (message
     (substitute-command-keys
      "Type \\[Helper-help] for help, \\[Helper-describe-bindings] for commands, \\[view-exit] to quit.")))

(defun View-undefined ()
  (interactive)
  (ding)
  (view-helpful-message))

(defun view-window-size () (1- (window-height)))

(defun view-scroll-size ()
  (min (view-window-size) (or view-scroll-size (view-window-size))))

(defvar view-hook nil
  "Normal hook run when starting to view a buffer or file.")

(defvar view-mode-hook nil
  "Normal hook run when starting to view a buffer or file.")

;(defun view-last-command (&optional who what)
;  (setq view-last-command-entry this-command)
;  (setq view-last-command who)
;  (setq view-last-command-argument what))

;(defun View-repeat-last-command ()
;  "Repeat last command issued in View mode."
;  (interactive)
;  (if (and view-last-command
;	   (eq view-last-command-entry last-command))
;      (funcall view-last-command view-last-command-argument))
;  (setq this-command view-last-command-entry))

(defun View-goto-line (&optional line)
  "Move to line LINE in View mode.
Display is centered at LINE.  Sets mark at starting position and pushes
mark ring."
  (interactive "p")
  (push-mark)
  (goto-line (or line 1))
  (recenter (/ (view-window-size) 2)))

(defun View-scroll-lines-forward (&optional lines)
  "Scroll forward in View mode, or exit if end of text is visible.
No arg means whole window full, or number of lines set by \\[View-scroll-lines-forward-set-scroll-size].
Arg is number of lines to scroll."
  (interactive "P")
  (if (and (pos-visible-in-window-p (point-max))
	   ;; Allow scrolling backward at the end of the buffer.
	   (or (null lines)
	       (> lines 0)))
      (view-exit)
    (setq lines
	  (if lines (prefix-numeric-value lines)
	    (view-scroll-size)))
    ;; (view-last-command 'View-scroll-lines-forward lines)
    (if (>= lines (view-window-size))
	(scroll-up nil)
      (if (>= (- lines) (view-window-size))
	  (scroll-down nil)
	(scroll-up lines)))
    (cond ((pos-visible-in-window-p (point-max))
	   (goto-char (point-max))
	   (recenter -1)
	   (message (substitute-command-keys
		     "End.  Type \\[view-exit] to quit viewing."))))
    (move-to-window-line -1)
    (beginning-of-line)))

(defun View-scroll-lines-forward-set-scroll-size (&optional lines)
  "Scroll forward LINES lines in View mode, setting the \"scroll size\".
This is the number of lines which \\[View-scroll-lines-forward] and \\[View-scroll-lines-backward] scroll by default.
The absolute value of LINES is used, so this command can be used to scroll
backwards (but \"scroll size\" is always positive).  If LINES is greater than
window height or omitted, then window height is assumed.  If LINES is less
than window height then scrolling context is provided from previous screen."
  (interactive "P")
  (if (not lines)
      (setq view-scroll-size (view-window-size))
    (setq lines (prefix-numeric-value lines))
    (setq view-scroll-size
	  (min (if (> lines 0) lines (- lines)) (view-window-size))))
  (View-scroll-lines-forward lines))

(defun View-scroll-one-more-line (&optional arg)
  "Scroll one more line up in View mode.
With ARG scroll one line down."
  (interactive "P")
  (View-scroll-lines-forward (if (not arg) 1 -1)))

(defun View-scroll-lines-backward (&optional lines)
  "Scroll backward in View mode.
No arg means whole window full, or number of lines set by \\[View-scroll-lines-forward-set-scroll-size].
Arg is number of lines to scroll."
  (interactive "P")
  (View-scroll-lines-forward (if lines
				 (- (prefix-numeric-value lines))
			       (- (view-scroll-size)))))
  
(defun View-search-regexp-forward (n regexp)
  "Search forward for Nth occurrence of REGEXP.
Displays line found at center of window.  REGEXP is remembered for
searching with \\[View-search-last-regexp-forward] and \\[View-search-last-regexp-backward].  Sets mark at starting position and pushes mark ring."
  (interactive "p\nsSearch forward (regexp): ")
  (if (> (length regexp) 0)
      (progn
       ;(view-last-command 'View-search-last-regexp-forward n)
	(view-search n regexp))))

(defun View-search-regexp-backward (n regexp)
  "Search backward from window start for Nth instance of REGEXP.
Displays line found at center of window.  REGEXP is remembered for
searching with \\[View-search-last-regexp-forward] and \\[View-search-last-regexp-backward].  Sets mark at starting position and pushes mark ring."
  (interactive "p\nsSearch backward (regexp): ")
  (View-search-regexp-forward (- n) regexp))

(defun View-search-last-regexp-forward (n)
  "Search forward from window end for Nth instance of last regexp.
Displays line found at center of window.  Sets mark at starting position
and pushes mark ring."
  (interactive "p")
  (View-search-regexp-forward n view-last-regexp))

(defun View-search-last-regexp-backward (n)
  "Search backward from window start for Nth instance of last regexp.
Displays line found at center of window.  Sets mark at starting position and
pushes mark ring."
  (interactive "p")
  (View-search-regexp-backward n view-last-regexp))

(defun View-back-to-mark (&optional ignore)
  "Return to last mark set in View mode, else beginning of file.
Displays line at center of window.  Pops mark ring so successive
invocations return to earlier marks."
  (interactive)
  (goto-char (or (mark) (point-min)))
  (pop-mark)
  (recenter (/ (view-window-size) 2)))
	     
(defun view-search (times regexp)
  (setq view-last-regexp regexp)
  (let (where)
    (save-excursion
      (move-to-window-line (if (< times 0) 0 -1))
      (if (re-search-forward regexp nil t times)
	  (setq where (point))))
    (if where
	(progn
	  (push-mark)
	  (goto-char where)
	  (beginning-of-line)
	  (recenter (/ (view-window-size) 2)))
      (message "Can't find occurrence %d of %s" times regexp)
      (sit-for 4))))


(provide 'view)

;;; view.el ends here