* * NOTE: This library doesn't work anymore due to changes in the service. * For historic interest only (some of the code & design patterns * might be reusable) ***

Introduction is a Python library which interacts with the ( file sharing service.

It provides three layered services:

  1. A 'Pythonic' API to the REST interface
  2. An interactive client - modeled on ftp(1)
  3. A non-interactive command-line utility to upload/download files to

Pythonic API

The minus library exposes the REST interface through a number of Python proxy objects:

MinusConnection - Low-level connection to REST API MinusUser - User object MinusFolder - Folder object MinusFile - File object

MinusAPIError - API Exception

A simple example of interaction with the API is -

>>> minus = MinusConnection('api_key','api_secret')
>>> minus.authenticate('user','password')
>>> user = minus.activeuser()
>>> print [ f._name for f in user.folders() ]
>>> folder = minus.find('Stuff')
>>> print [ f._name for f in folder.files() ]

(See object docstrings for methods available)

Paging is handled transparently through the PagedList/PagedListIter classes - these support lazy loading however in general this is not used through the helper classes.

Interactive Client

If the module is run directly the __main__ method will call an interactive CLI client based on the 'cmd' library. This behaves in a similar way to the ftp(1) client. Basic help and command line editing are provided through the 'cmd' library.

The available commands are:

cd <folder> Change remote folder del <files>.. Delete remote files get <remote> [<local>] Get remote file lcd <path> Change local directory lpwd Print local path ls List remote folder mget <files>.. Get multiple remote files mkdir Create remote folder (private) mkpublic Create remote folder (public) mput <files>.. Put multiple local files put <local> [<remote>] Put local file pwd Print remote folder rmdir Delete remote folder (deletes contents) stat <files>.. Print details on remote files

The library supports local/remote globbing and local i/o rediraction - eg.

Remote glob: mget *.jpg (works with mget/del/ls/stat) Local glob: mput *.txt (works with mput) Pipe to stdout: get <file> - Pipe to process: get <file> |less Pipe from process: put date| date.txt

Note - allows multiple folders/files with the same name (the id attribute provides a unique id)

A simple example of an interactive session is:

# ./ --username <user> Password: (Minus:user) [/] : ls Folder Updated Files Creator Visibility -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Stuff 2012-01-08 12:25:44 15 user private Stuff2 2012-01-08 13:28:04 0 user public (Minus:paulc) [/] : cd Stuff --> CWD "Stuff" OK (Minus:user) [/Stuff] : ls Name Uploaded Size Title -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SNV33271.jpg 2012-01-05 18:36:22 251673 - SNV33183.jpg 2012-01-05 18:35:57 176134 - (Minus:paulc) [/Stuff] : get SNV33271.jpg --> GET "SNV33271.jpg" OK (251673 bytes) (Minus:user) [/Stuff] : put --> PUT "" OK (13672 bytes)

Command Line Utility

If the module is run from the command line with the --get, --put, or --list-folders options the utility runs non interactively and provides a simple way of uploading/downloading content - eg.

Upload local files:

./ --user user --put 'Folder Name' <files>

(Folder is created if it doesnt already exist)

Upload local files to public folder:

./ --user user --public --put 'Folder Name' <files>

Download remote files:

./ --user user --get 'Folder Name'

Download matching remote files:

./ --user user --get 'Folder Name' *.jpg *.png

(Remember to quote remote glob so that it isn't expanded by the shell)

List Folders:

./ --user user --list-folders

(You can specify the password on the command-line however note that this will be visible in process args - if not specified will be prompted)


You must have a valid API_KEY/API_SECRET to use the library (see to request an API key). These are normally passed into the MinusConnection constructor.

To use the CLI client the API_KEY/API_SECRET should be placed in a config file (by default ~/.minus.conf - can be changed using the --config flag). The file is in '.ini' format and contains a single [api] section with api_key and api_secret keys:

[api] api_key: ... api_secret: ...


You can turn on the --debug flag to see the HTTP requests/responses and also use the --shell flag to drop into an interactive Python interpreter immediately after authentication where you can experiment with the API - there will be MinusConnection (minus) and MinusUser (user) variables available.


The module comprises a single file and can be either installed normally using pip/site-packages etc or just installed & called from a local directory. There are no dependencies other than the Python interpreter (tested with 2.7 but should be ok with earlier).


The master repository is Please use the Issue tracker there to raise any issues.




Paul Chakravarti (