1. Patrick Samson
  2. django-postman


django-postman / docs / quickstart.rst

Quick start guide

Requisites and dependances

Python version >= 2.6

Some reasons:

  • use of str.format()

Django version >= 1.2.2

Some reasons:

  • use of self.stdout in management commands


Get the code from the repository, which is hosted at Bitbucket.

You have two main ways to obtain the latest code and documentation:

With the version control software Mercurial installed, get a local copy by typing:

hg clone http://bitbucket.org/psam/django-postman/

Or download a copy of the package, which is available in several compressed formats, either from the Download tab or from the get source menu option.

In both case, make sure the directory is accessible from the Python import path.


Required settings

Add postman to the INSTALLED_APPS setting of your project.

Run a :command:`manage.py syncdb`

Include the URLconf postman.urls in your project's root URL configuration.

Optional settings

If you want to make use of a postman_unread_count context variable in your templates, add postman.context_processors.inbox to the TEMPLATE_CONTEXT_PROCESSORS setting of your project.

You may specify some additional configuration options in your :file:`settings.py`:


Set it to True if you do not allow visitors to write to users. That way, messaging is restricted to a User-to-User exchange.

Defaults to: False.


Set it to True if you do not allow more than one username in the recipient field.

Defaults to: False.


Set it to True if you do not allow additional recipients when replying.

Defaults to: False.


Set it to True if you do not want basic email notification to users. This setting does not apply to visitors (refer to POSTMAN_DISALLOW_ANONYMOUS), nor to a notifier application (refer to POSTMAN_NOTIFIER_APP)

Defaults to: False.


The default moderation status when no auto-moderation functions, if any, were decisive.

  • True to accept messages.
  • False to reject messages.
  • None to leave messages to a moderator review.

Defaults to: None.

To disable the moderation feature (no control, no filter):

  • Set this option to True
  • Do not provide any auto-moderation functions

A notifier application name, used in preference to the basic emailing, to notify users of their rejected or received messages.

Defaults to: 'notification', as in django-notification.

If you already have a notifier application with the default name in the installed applications but you do not want it to be used by this application, set the option to None.


An email application name, used in preference to the basic django.core.mail, to send emails.

Defaults to: 'mailer', as in django-mailer.

If you already have a mailer application with the default name in the installed applications but you do not want it to be used by this application, set the option to None.


An auto-completer application specification, useful for recipient fields. To enable the feature, define a dictionary with these keys:

  • 'name'

    The name of the auto-completer application. Defaults to 'ajax_select'

  • 'field'

    The model class name. Defaults to 'AutoCompleteField'

  • 'arg_name'

    The name of the argument Defaults to 'channel'

  • 'arg_default'

    No default value. This is a mandatory default value, but you may supersede it in the field definition of a custom form or pass it in the url pattern definitions.

Defaults to: an empty dictionary.


A complete set of working templates is provided with the application. You may use it as it is with a CSS design of yours, re-use it or extend some parts of it, or only view it as an example.

You may need to adjust some templates to match your version of Django. Permute the comment tags for the lines denoted by the marks: {# dj v1.x #} in:

  • base_write.html

In case you run a Django 1.2 version, perform these additional steps for any template:

  • Remove {% load url from future %}
  • Change any {% url 'XX' %} to {% url XX %}

Relations between templates:

|_ base_folder.html
|  |_ inbox.html
|  |_ sent.html
|  |_ archives.html
|  |_ trash.html
|_ base_write.html
|  |_ write.html
|  |_ reply.html
|_ view.html

If the autocomplete application is django-ajax-selects in version 1.1.4 or 1.1.5, the following URLs are referenced by this set:

  • js/jquery.min.js
  • js/jquery.autocomplete.min.js
  • css/jquery.autocomplete.css
  • css/indicator.gif

You may have to adjust the path prefix with your version of Django: {{ MEDIA_URL }} or {{ STATIC_URL }} or {% admin_media_prefix %} or {% static '... %} or {% static 'admin/... %}.

These files are part of the requirements of django-ajax-selects version 1.1.x and it's up to you to make them accessible in your project (they are not provided by the django-postman app).

The :file:`postman/base.html` template extends a :file:`base.html` site template, in which some blocks are expected:

  • title: in <html><head><title>, at least for a part of the entire title string
  • extrahead: in <html><head>, to put some <script> and <link> elements
  • content: in <html><body>, to put the page contents
  • postman_menu: in <html><body>, to put a navigation menu

Static Files

A CSS file is provided with the application, for the Admin site: :file:`postman/css/admin.css`. It is not obligatory but makes the display more confortable.

The file is provided under :file:`postman/static/`.

For Django 1.3+, just follow the instructions related to the staticfiles app.

For Django 1.2:

It's up to you to make it visible to the URL resolver.

For example:

See also :ref:`styles` for the stylesheets of views.



    # ...
    # ...
    # 'pagination'
    # 'ajax_select'
    # 'notification'
    # 'mailer'
# POSTMAN_DISALLOW_ANONYMOUS = True # default is False
# POSTMAN_DISALLOW_COPIES_ON_REPLY = True # default is False
# POSTMAN_DISABLE_USER_EMAILING = True # default is False
# POSTMAN_AUTO_MODERATE_AS = True # default is None
# POSTMAN_NOTIFIER_APP = None # default is 'notification'
# POSTMAN_MAILER_APP = None # default is 'mailer'
    # 'name': '', # default is 'ajax_select'
    # 'field': '', # default is 'AutoCompleteField'
    # 'arg_name': '', # default is 'channel'
    # 'arg_default': 'postman_friends', # no default, mandatory to enable the feature
# } # default is {}


(r'^messages/', include('postman.urls')),