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.. include:: common.txt

:mod:`pygame.camera`
====================

.. module:: pygame.camera
   :synopsis: pygame module for camera use

| :sl:`pygame module for camera use`

Pygame currently supports only Linux and v4l2 cameras.

EXPERIMENTAL!: This api may change or disappear in later pygame releases. If
you use this, your code will very likely break with the next pygame release.

The Bayer to ``RGB`` function is based on:

::

 Sonix SN9C101 based webcam basic I/F routines
 Copyright (C) 2004 Takafumi Mizuno <taka-qce@ls-a.jp>
 Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 are met:
 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 SUCH DAMAGE.

New in pygame 1.9.0.

.. function:: colorspace

   | :sl:`Surface colorspace conversion`
   | :sg:`colorspace(Surface, format, DestSurface = None) -> Surface`

   Allows for conversion from "RGB" to a destination colorspace of "HSV" or
   "YUV". The source and destination surfaces must be the same size and pixel
   depth. This is useful for computer vision on devices with limited processing
   power. Capture as small of an image as possible, ``transform.scale()`` it
   even smaller, and then convert the colorspace to ``YUV`` or ``HSV`` before
   doing any processing on it.

   .. ## pygame.camera.colorspace ##

.. function:: list_cameras

   | :sl:`returns a list of available cameras`
   | :sg:`list_cameras() -> [cameras]`

   Checks the computer for available cameras and returns a list of strings of
   camera names, ready to be fed into :class:`pygame.camera.Camera`.

   .. ## pygame.camera.list_cameras ##

.. class:: Camera

   | :sl:`load a camera`
   | :sg:`Camera(device, (width, height), format) -> Camera`

   Loads a v4l2 camera. The device is typically something like "/dev/video0".
   Default width and height are 640 by 480. Format is the desired colorspace of
   the output. This is useful for computer vision purposes. The default is
   ``RGB``. The following are supported:

      * ``RGB`` - Red, Green, Blue

      * ``YUV`` - Luma, Blue Chrominance, Red Chrominance

      * ``HSV`` - Hue, Saturation, Value

   .. method:: start

      | :sl:`opens, initializes, and starts capturing`
      | :sg:`start() -> None`

      Opens the camera device, attempts to initialize it, and begins recording
      images to a buffer. The camera must be started before any of the below
      functions can be used.

      .. ## Camera.start ##

   .. method:: stop

      | :sl:`stops, uninitializes, and closes the camera`
      | :sg:`stop() -> None`

      Stops recording, uninitializes the camera, and closes it. Once a camera
      is stopped, the below functions cannot be used until it is started again.

      .. ## Camera.stop ##

   .. method:: get_controls

      | :sl:`gets current values of user controls`
      | :sg:`get_controls() -> (hflip = bool, vflip = bool, brightness)`

      If the camera supports it, get_controls will return the current settings
      for horizontal and vertical image flip as bools and brightness as an int.
      If unsupported, it will return the default values of (0, 0, 0). Note that
      the return values here may be different than those returned by
      set_controls, though these are more likely to be correct.

      .. ## Camera.get_controls ##

   .. method:: set_controls

      | :sl:`changes camera settings if supported by the camera`
      | :sg:`set_controls(hflip = bool, vflip = bool, brightness) -> (hflip = bool, vflip = bool, brightness)`

      Allows you to change camera settings if the camera supports it. The
      return values will be the input values if the camera claims it succeeded
      or the values previously in use if not. Each argument is optional, and
      the desired one can be chosen by supplying the keyword, like hflip. Note
      that the actual settings being used by the camera may not be the same as
      those returned by set_controls.

      .. ## Camera.set_controls ##

   .. method:: get_size

      | :sl:`returns the dimensions of the images being recorded`
      | :sg:`get_size() -> (width, height)`

      Returns the current dimensions of the images being captured by the
      camera. This will return the actual size, which may be different than the
      one specified during initialization if the camera did not support that
      size.

      .. ## Camera.get_size ##

   .. method:: query_image

      | :sl:`checks if a frame is ready`
      | :sg:`query_image() -> bool`

      If an image is ready to get, it returns true. Otherwise it returns false.
      Note that some webcams will always return False and will only queue a
      frame when called with a blocking function like ``get_image()``. This is
      useful to separate the framerate of the game from that of the camera
      without having to use threading.

      .. ## Camera.query_image ##

   .. method:: get_image

      | :sl:`captures an image as a Surface`
      | :sg:`get_image(Surface = None) -> Surface`

      Pulls an image off of the buffer as an ``RGB`` Surface. It can optionally
      reuse an existing Surface to save time. The bit depth of the surface is
      either 24bits or the same as the optionally supplied Surface.

      .. ## Camera.get_image ##

   .. method:: get_raw

      | :sl:`returns an unmodified image as a string`
      | :sg:`get_raw() -> string`

      Gets an image from a camera as a string in the native pixelformat of the
      camera. Useful for integration with other libraries.

      .. ## Camera.get_raw ##

   .. ## pygame.camera.Camera ##

.. ## pygame.camera ##