pygame / docs / _sources / ref / pixelcopy.txt

.. include:: common.txt


.. module:: pygame.pixelcopy
   :synopsis: pygame module for general pixel array copying

| :sl:`pygame module for general pixel array copying`

EXPERIMENTAL, though any future changes are likely to be backward-compatible.

The :mod:`pygame.pixelcopy` module contains methods for copying between
surfaces and objects exporting an array structure interface. It is a backend
for :mod:`pygame.surfarray`, adding NumPy support. But pixelcopy is more,
general, and intended for direct use (see the
:func:`pygame.examples.pixelcopy.main` example.

The array struct interface exposes an array's data in a standard way.
It was introduced in NumPy. In Python 2.7 and above it is replaced by the
new buffer protocol, though the buffer protocol is still a work in progress.
The array struct interface, on the other hand, is stable and works with earlier
Python versions. So for now the array struct interface is the predominate way
Pygame handles array introspection.

New in pygame 1.9.2.

.. function:: surface_to_array

   | :sl:`copy surface pixels to an array object`
   | :sg:`surface_to_array(array, surface, kind='P', opaque=255, clear=0) -> None`

   The surface_to_array function copies pixels from a Surface object
   to a 2D or 3D array. Depending on argument ``kind`` and the target array
   dimension, a copy may be raw pixel value, RGB, a color component slice,
   or colorkey alpha transparency value. Recognized ``kind`` values are the
   single character codes 'P', 'R', 'G', 'B', 'A', and 'C'. Kind codes are case
   insensitive, so 'p' is equivalent to 'P'. The first two dimensions
   of the target must be the surface size (w, h).

   The default 'P' kind code does a direct raw integer pixel (mapped) value
   copy to a 2D array and a 'RGB' pixel component (unmapped) copy to a 3D array
   having shape (w, h, 3). For an 8 bit colormap surface this means the
   table index is copied to a 2D array, not the table value itself. A 2D
   array's item size must be at least as large as the surface's pixel
   byte size. The item size of a 3D array must be at least one byte.

   For the 'R', 'G', 'B', and 'A' copy kinds a single color component
   of the unmapped surface pixels are copied to the target 2D array.
   For kind 'A' and surfaces with source alpha (the surface was created with
   the SRCALPHA flag), has a colorkey (set with :meth:`Surface.set_colorkey`),
   or has a blanket alpha (set with :meth:`Surface.set_alpha`) then the
   alpha values are those expected for a SDL surface. If a surface has
   no explicit alpha value, then the target array is filled with the
   value of the optional ``opaque`` surface_to_array argument (default
   255: not transparent).

   Copy kind 'C' is a special case for alpha copy of a source surface
   with colorkey. Unlike the 'A' color component copy, the ``clear``
   argument value is used for colorkey matches, ``opaque`` otherwise.
   By default, a match has alpha 0 (totally transparent), while everything
   else is alpha 255 (totally opaque). It is a more general implementation
   of :meth:`pygame.surfarray.array_colorkey`.

   Specific to surface_to_array, a ValueError is raised for target arrays
   with incorrect shape or item size. A TypeError is raised for an incorrect
   kind code. Surface specific problems, such as locking, raise a pygame.error.

   .. ## pygame.pixelcopy.surface_to_array ##

.. function:: array_to_surface

   | :sl:`copy an array object to a surface`
   | :sg:`array_to_surface(<surface>, <array>) -> None`

   See :func:`pygame.surfarray.blit_array`.

   .. ## pygame.pixelcopy.array_to_surface ##

.. function:: map_array

   | :sl:`copy an array to another array, using surface format`
   | :sg:`map_array(<array>, <array>, <surface>) -> None`

   Map an array of color element values - (w, h, ..., 3) - to an array of
   pixels - (w, h) according to the format of <<urface>.

   .. ## pygame.pixelcopy.map_array ##

.. function:: make_surface

   | :sl:`Copy an array to a new surface`
   | :sg:`pygame.pixelcopy.make_surface(array) -> Surface`

   Create a new Surface that best resembles the data and format of the array.
   The array can be 2D or 3D with any sized integer values.

   .. ## pygame.pixelcopy.make_surface ##

.. ## pygame.pixelcopy ##