pygame / examples / pixelarray.py

#!/usr/bin/env python
import os, pygame
from pygame.compat import xrange_

main_dir = os.path.split(os.path.abspath(__file__))[0]
data_dir = os.path.join(main_dir, 'data')

def show (image):
    screen = pygame.display.get_surface()
    screen.fill ((255, 255, 255))
    screen.blit (image, (0, 0))
    pygame.display.flip ()
    while 1:
        event = pygame.event.wait ()
        if event.type == pygame.QUIT:
            raise SystemExit
        if event.type == pygame.MOUSEBUTTONDOWN:
            break

def main():
    pygame.init ()

    pygame.display.set_mode ((255, 255))
    surface = pygame.Surface ((255, 255))

    pygame.display.flip ()

    # Create the PixelArray.
    ar = pygame.PixelArray (surface)
    r, g, b = 0, 0, 0
    # Do some easy gradient effect.
    for y in xrange_ (255):
        r, g, b = y, y, y
        ar[:,y] = (r, g, b)
    del ar
    show (surface)

    # We have made some gradient effect, now flip it.
    ar = pygame.PixelArray (surface)
    ar[:] = ar[:,::-1]
    del ar
    show (surface)

    # Every second column will be made blue
    ar = pygame.PixelArray (surface)
    ar[::2] = (0, 0, 255)
    del ar
    show (surface)

    # Every second row will be made green
    ar = pygame.PixelArray (surface)
    ar[:,::2] = (0, 255, 0)
    del ar
    show (surface)

    # Manipulate the image. Flip it around the y axis.
    surface = pygame.image.load (os.path.join (data_dir, 'arraydemo.bmp'))
    ar = pygame.PixelArray (surface)
    ar[:] = ar[:,::-1]
    del ar
    show (surface)

    # Flip the image around the x axis.
    ar = pygame.PixelArray (surface)
    ar[:] = ar[::-1,:]
    del ar
    show (surface)

    # Every second column will be made white.
    ar = pygame.PixelArray (surface)
    ar[::2] = (255, 255, 255)
    del ar
    show (surface)

    # Flip the image around both axes, restoring it's original layout.
    ar = pygame.PixelArray (surface)
    ar[:] = ar[::-1,::-1]
    del ar
    show (surface)

    # Rotate 90 degrees clockwise.
    w, h = surface.get_size ()
    surface2 = pygame.Surface ((h, w), surface.get_flags (), surface)
    ar = pygame.PixelArray (surface)
    ar2 = pygame.PixelArray (surface2)
    ar2[...] = ar.transpose ()[::-1,:]
    del ar, ar2
    show (surface2)
    
    # Scale it by throwing each second pixel away.
    surface = pygame.image.load (os.path.join (data_dir, 'arraydemo.bmp'))
    ar = pygame.PixelArray (surface)
    sf2 = ar[::2,::2].make_surface ()
    del ar
    show (sf2)

    # Replace anything looking like the blue color from the text.
    ar = pygame.PixelArray (surface)
    ar.replace ((60, 60, 255), (0, 255, 0), 0.06)
    del ar
    show (surface)

    # Extract anything which might be somewhat black.
    surface = pygame.image.load (os.path.join (data_dir, 'arraydemo.bmp'))
    ar = pygame.PixelArray (surface)
    ar2 = ar.extract ((0, 0, 0), 0.07)
    sf2 = ar2.surface
    del ar, ar2
    show (sf2)

    # Compare two images.
    surface = pygame.image.load (os.path.join (data_dir, 'alien1.gif'))
    surface2 = pygame.image.load (os.path.join (data_dir, 'alien2.gif'))
    ar1 = pygame.PixelArray (surface)
    ar2 = pygame.PixelArray (surface2)
    ar3 = ar1.compare (ar2, 0.07)
    sf3 = ar3.surface
    del ar1, ar2, ar3
    show (sf3)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()
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