Source

distlib / distlib / wheel.py

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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#
# Copyright (C) 2013 Vinay Sajip.
# Licensed to the Python Software Foundation under a contributor agreement.
# See LICENSE.txt and CONTRIBUTORS.txt.
#
from __future__ import unicode_literals

import base64
import codecs
import datetime
import distutils.util
from email import message_from_file
import hashlib
import imp
import json
import logging
import os
import posixpath
import re
import shutil
import sys
import tempfile
import zipfile

from . import __version__, DistlibException
from .compat import sysconfig, ZipFile, fsdecode, text_type, filter
from .database import InstalledDistribution
from .metadata import Metadata, METADATA_FILENAME
from .util import (FileOperator, convert_path, CSVReader, CSVWriter,
                   cached_property, get_cache_base, read_exports)


logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)


if hasattr(sys, 'pypy_version_info'):
    IMP_PREFIX = 'pp'
elif sys.platform.startswith('java'):
    IMP_PREFIX = 'jy'
elif sys.platform == 'cli':
    IMP_PREFIX = 'ip'
else:
    IMP_PREFIX = 'cp'

VER_SUFFIX = sysconfig.get_config_var('py_version_nodot')
if not VER_SUFFIX:   # pragma: no cover
    VER_SUFFIX = '%s%s' % sys.version_info[:2]
PYVER = 'py' + VER_SUFFIX
IMPVER = IMP_PREFIX + VER_SUFFIX

ARCH = distutils.util.get_platform().replace('-', '_').replace('.', '_')

ABI = sysconfig.get_config_var('SOABI')
if ABI and ABI.startswith('cpython-'):
    ABI = ABI.replace('cpython-', 'cp')
else:
    ABI = 'none'

FILENAME_RE = re.compile(r'''
(?P<nm>[^-]+)
-(?P<vn>\d+[^-]*)
(-(?P<bn>\d+[^-]*))?
-(?P<py>\w+\d+(\.\w+\d+)*)
-(?P<bi>\w+)
-(?P<ar>\w+)
\.whl$
''', re.IGNORECASE | re.VERBOSE)

NAME_VERSION_RE = re.compile(r'''
(?P<nm>[^-]+)
-(?P<vn>\d+[^-]*)
(-(?P<bn>\d+[^-]*))?$
''', re.IGNORECASE | re.VERBOSE)

SHEBANG_RE = re.compile(br'\s*#![^\r\n]*')

if os.sep == '/':
    to_posix = lambda o: o
else:
    to_posix = lambda o: o.replace(os.sep, '/')


class Mounter(object):
    def __init__(self):
        self.impure_wheels = {}
        self.libs = {}

    def add(self, pathname, extensions):
        self.impure_wheels[pathname] = extensions
        self.libs.update(extensions)

    def remove(self, pathname):
        extensions = self.impure_wheels.pop(pathname)
        for k, v in extensions:
            if k in self.libs:
                del self.libs[k]

    def find_module(self, fullname, path=None):
        if fullname in self.libs:
            result = self
        else:
            result = None
        return result

    def load_module(self, fullname):
        if fullname in sys.modules:
            result = sys.modules[fullname]
        else:
            if fullname not in self.libs:
                raise ImportError('unable to find extension for %s' % fullname)
            result = imp.load_dynamic(fullname, self.libs[fullname])
            result.__loader__ = self
            parts = fullname.rsplit('.', 1)
            if len(parts) > 1:
                result.__package__ = parts[0]
        return result

_hook = Mounter()


class Wheel(object):
    """
    Class to build and install from Wheel files (PEP 427).
    """

    wheel_version = (1, 1)
    hash_kind = 'sha256'

    def __init__(self, filename=None, sign=False, verify=False):
        """
        Initialise an instance using a (valid) filename.
        """
        self.sign = sign
        self.verify = verify
        self.buildver = ''
        self.pyver = [PYVER]
        self.abi = ['none']
        self.arch = ['any']
        self.dirname = os.getcwd()
        if filename is None:
            self.name = 'dummy'
            self.version = '0.1'
            self._filename = self.filename
        else:
            m = NAME_VERSION_RE.match(filename)
            if m:
                info = m.groupdict('')
                self.name = info['nm']
                self.version = info['vn']
                self.buildver = info['bn']
                self._filename = self.filename
            else:
                dirname, filename = os.path.split(filename)
                m = FILENAME_RE.match(filename)
                if not m:
                    raise DistlibException('Invalid name or '
                                           'filename: %r' % filename)
                if dirname:
                    self.dirname = os.path.abspath(dirname)
                self._filename = filename
                info = m.groupdict('')
                self.name = info['nm']
                self.version = info['vn']
                self.buildver = info['bn']
                self.pyver = info['py'].split('.')
                self.abi = info['bi'].split('.')
                self.arch = info['ar'].split('.')

    @property
    def filename(self):
        """
        Build and return a filename from the various components.
        """
        if self.buildver:
            buildver = '-' + self.buildver
        else:
            buildver = ''
        pyver = '.'.join(self.pyver)
        abi = '.'.join(self.abi)
        arch = '.'.join(self.arch)
        return '%s-%s%s-%s-%s-%s.whl' % (self.name, self.version, buildver,
                                         pyver, abi, arch)

    @property
    def tags(self):
        for pyver in self.pyver:
            for abi in self.abi:
                for arch in self.arch:
                    yield pyver, abi, arch

    @cached_property
    def metadata(self):
        pathname = os.path.join(self.dirname, self.filename)
        name_ver = '%s-%s' % (self.name, self.version)
        info_dir = '%s.dist-info' % name_ver
        wrapper = codecs.getreader('utf-8')
        metadata_filename = posixpath.join(info_dir, METADATA_FILENAME)
        with ZipFile(pathname, 'r') as zf:
            try:
                with zf.open(metadata_filename) as bf:
                    wf = wrapper(bf)
                    result = Metadata(fileobj=wf)
            except KeyError:
                raise ValueError('Invalid wheel, because %s is '
                                 'missing' % METADATA_FILENAME)
        return result

    @cached_property
    def info(self):
        pathname = os.path.join(self.dirname, self.filename)
        name_ver = '%s-%s' % (self.name, self.version)
        info_dir = '%s.dist-info' % name_ver
        metadata_filename = posixpath.join(info_dir, 'WHEEL')
        wrapper = codecs.getreader('utf-8')
        with ZipFile(pathname, 'r') as zf:
            with zf.open(metadata_filename) as bf:
                wf = wrapper(bf)
                message = message_from_file(wf)
                result = dict(message)
        return result

    def process_shebang(self, data):
        m = SHEBANG_RE.match(data)
        if m:
            data = b'#!python' + data[m.end():]
        else:
            cr = data.find(b'\r')
            lf = data.find(b'\n')
            if cr < 0 or cr > lf:
                term = b'\n'
            else:
                if data[cr:cr + 2] == b'\r\n':
                    term = b'\r\n'
                else:
                    term = b'\r'
            data = b'#!python' + term + data
        return data

    def get_hash(self, data, hash_kind=None):
        if hash_kind is None:
            hash_kind = self.hash_kind
        try:
            hasher = getattr(hashlib, hash_kind)
        except AttributeError:
            raise DistlibException('Unsupported hash algorithm: %r' % hash_kind)
        result = hasher(data).digest()
        result = base64.urlsafe_b64encode(result).rstrip(b'=').decode('ascii')
        return hash_kind, result

    def write_record(self, records, record_path, base):
        with CSVWriter(record_path) as writer:
            for row in records:
                writer.writerow(row)
            p = to_posix(os.path.relpath(record_path, base))
            writer.writerow((p, '', ''))

    def build(self, paths, tags=None):
        """
        Build a wheel from files in specified paths, and use any specified tags
        when determining the name of the wheel.
        """
        if tags is None:
            tags = {}

        libkey = list(filter(lambda o: o in paths, ('purelib', 'platlib')))[0]
        if libkey == 'platlib':
            is_pure = 'false'
            default_pyver = [IMPVER]
            default_abi = [ABI]
            default_arch = [ARCH]
        else:
            is_pure = 'true'
            default_pyver = [PYVER]
            default_abi = ['none']
            default_arch = ['any']

        self.pyver = tags.get('pyver', default_pyver)
        self.abi = tags.get('abi', default_abi)
        self.arch = tags.get('arch', default_arch)

        libdir = paths[libkey]

        name_ver = '%s-%s' % (self.name, self.version)
        data_dir = '%s.data' % name_ver
        info_dir = '%s.dist-info' % name_ver

        archive_paths = []

        # First, stuff which is not in site-packages
        for key in ('data', 'headers', 'scripts'):
            if key not in paths:
                continue
            path = paths[key]
            if os.path.isdir(path):
                for root, dirs, files in os.walk(path):
                    for fn in files:
                        p = fsdecode(os.path.join(root, fn))
                        rp = os.path.relpath(p, path)
                        ap = to_posix(os.path.join(data_dir, key, rp))
                        archive_paths.append((ap, p))
                        if key == 'scripts' and not p.endswith('.exe'):
                            with open(p, 'rb') as f:
                                data = f.read()
                            data = self.process_shebang(data)
                            with open(p, 'wb') as f:
                                f.write(data)

        # Now, stuff which is in site-packages, other than the
        # distinfo stuff.
        path = libdir
        distinfo = None
        for root, dirs, files in os.walk(path):
            if root == path:
                # At the top level only, save distinfo for later
                # and skip it for now
                for i, dn in enumerate(dirs):
                    dn = fsdecode(dn)
                    if dn.endswith('.dist-info'):
                        distinfo = os.path.join(root, dn)
                        del dirs[i]
                        break
                assert distinfo, '.dist-info directory expected, not found'

            for fn in files:
                # comment out next suite to leave .pyc files in
                if fsdecode(fn).endswith(('.pyc', '.pyo')):
                    continue
                p = os.path.join(root, fn)
                rp = to_posix(os.path.relpath(p, path))
                archive_paths.append((rp, p))

        # Now distinfo. Assumed to be flat, i.e. os.listdir is enough.
        files = os.listdir(distinfo)
        for fn in files:
            if fn not in ('RECORD', 'INSTALLER', 'SHARED'):
                p = fsdecode(os.path.join(distinfo, fn))
                ap = to_posix(os.path.join(info_dir, fn))
                archive_paths.append((ap, p))

        wheel_metadata = [
            'Wheel-Version: %d.%d' % self.wheel_version,
            'Generator: distlib %s' % __version__,
            'Root-Is-Purelib: %s' % is_pure,
        ]
        for pyver, abi, arch in self.tags:
            wheel_metadata.append('Tag: %s-%s-%s' % (pyver, abi, arch))
        p = os.path.join(distinfo, 'WHEEL')
        with open(p, 'w') as f:
            f.write('\n'.join(wheel_metadata))
        ap = to_posix(os.path.join(info_dir, 'WHEEL'))
        archive_paths.append((ap, p))

        # Now, at last, RECORD.
        # Paths in here are archive paths - nothing else makes sense.
        records = []
        hasher = getattr(hashlib, self.hash_kind)
        for ap, p in archive_paths:
            with open(p, 'rb') as f:
                data = f.read()
            digest = '%s=%s' % self.get_hash(data)
            size = os.path.getsize(p)
            records.append((ap, digest, size))

        p = os.path.join(distinfo, 'RECORD')
        self.write_record(records, p, libdir)
        ap = to_posix(os.path.join(info_dir, 'RECORD'))
        archive_paths.append((ap, p))
        # Now, ready to build the zip file
        pathname = os.path.join(self.dirname, self.filename)
        with ZipFile(pathname, 'w', zipfile.ZIP_DEFLATED) as zf:
            for ap, p in archive_paths:
                logger.debug('Wrote %s to %s in wheel', p, ap)
                zf.write(p, ap)
        return pathname

    def install(self, paths, maker, **kwargs):
        """
        Install a wheel to the specified paths. If kwarg ``warner`` is
        specified, it should be a callable, which will be called with two
        tuples indicating the wheel version of this software and the wheel
        version in the file, if there is a discrepancy in the versions.
        This can be used to issue any warnings to raise any exceptions.
        If kwarg ``lib_only`` is True, only the purelib/platlib files are
        installed, and the headers, scripts, data and dist-info metadata are
        not written.

        The return value is a :class:`InstalledDistribution` instance unless
        ``options.lib_only`` is True, in which case the return value is ``None``.
        """

        dry_run = maker.dry_run
        warner = kwargs.get('warner')
        lib_only = kwargs.get('lib_only', False)

        pathname = os.path.join(self.dirname, self.filename)
        name_ver = '%s-%s' % (self.name, self.version)
        data_dir = '%s.data' % name_ver
        info_dir = '%s.dist-info' % name_ver

        metadata_name = posixpath.join(info_dir, METADATA_FILENAME)
        wheel_metadata_name = posixpath.join(info_dir, 'WHEEL')
        record_name = posixpath.join(info_dir, 'RECORD')

        wrapper = codecs.getreader('utf-8')

        with ZipFile(pathname, 'r') as zf:
            with zf.open(wheel_metadata_name) as bwf:
                wf = wrapper(bwf)
                message = message_from_file(wf)
            wv = message['Wheel-Version'].split('.', 1)
            file_version = tuple([int(i) for i in wv])
            if (file_version != self.wheel_version) and warner:
                warner(self.wheel_version, file_version)

            if message['Root-Is-Purelib'] == 'true':
                libdir = paths['purelib']
            else:
                libdir = paths['platlib']

            records = {}
            with zf.open(record_name) as bf:
                with CSVReader(stream=bf) as reader:
                    for row in reader:
                        p = row[0]
                        records[p] = row

            data_pfx = posixpath.join(data_dir, '')
            info_pfx = posixpath.join(info_dir, '')
            script_pfx = posixpath.join(data_dir, 'scripts', '')

            # make a new instance rather than a copy of maker's,
            # as we mutate it
            fileop = FileOperator(dry_run=dry_run)
            fileop.record = True    # so we can rollback if needed

            bc = not sys.dont_write_bytecode    # Double negatives. Lovely!

            outfiles = []   # for RECORD writing

            # for script copying/shebang processing
            workdir = tempfile.mkdtemp()
            # set target dir later
            # we default add_launchers to False, as the
            # Python Launcher should be used instead
            maker.source_dir = workdir
            maker.target_dir = None
            try:
                for zinfo in zf.infolist():
                    arcname = zinfo.filename
                    if isinstance(arcname, text_type):
                        u_arcname = arcname
                    else:
                        u_arcname = arcname.decode('utf-8')
                    # The signature file won't be in RECORD,
                    # and we  don't currently don't do anything with it
                    if u_arcname.endswith('/RECORD.jws'):
                        continue
                    row = records[u_arcname]
                    if row[2] and str(zinfo.file_size) != row[2]:
                        raise DistlibException('size mismatch for '
                                               '%s' % u_arcname)
                    if row[1]:
                        kind, value = row[1].split('=', 1)
                        with zf.open(arcname) as bf:
                            data = bf.read()
                        _, digest = self.get_hash(data, kind)
                        if digest != value:
                            raise DistlibException('digest mismatch for '
                                                   '%s' % arcname)

                    if lib_only and u_arcname.startswith((info_pfx, data_pfx)):
                        logger.debug('lib_only: skipping %s', u_arcname)
                        continue
                    is_script = (u_arcname.startswith(script_pfx)
                                 and not u_arcname.endswith('.exe'))

                    if u_arcname.startswith(data_pfx):
                        _, where, rp = u_arcname.split('/', 2)
                        outfile = os.path.join(paths[where], convert_path(rp))
                    else:
                        # meant for site-packages.
                        if u_arcname in (wheel_metadata_name, record_name):
                            continue
                        outfile = os.path.join(libdir, convert_path(u_arcname))
                    if not is_script:
                        with zf.open(arcname) as bf:
                            fileop.copy_stream(bf, outfile)
                        outfiles.append(outfile)
                        # Double check the digest of the written file
                        if not dry_run and row[1]:
                            with open(outfile, 'rb') as bf:
                                data = bf.read()
                                _, newdigest = self.get_hash(data, kind)
                                if newdigest != digest:
                                    raise DistlibException('digest mismatch '
                                                           'on write for '
                                                           '%s' % outfile)
                        if bc and outfile.endswith('.py'):
                            try:
                                pyc = fileop.byte_compile(outfile)
                                outfiles.append(pyc)
                            except Exception:
                                # Don't give up if byte-compilation fails,
                                # but log it and perhaps warn the user
                                logger.warning('Byte-compilation failed',
                                               exc_info=True)
                    else:
                        fn = os.path.basename(convert_path(arcname))
                        workname = os.path.join(workdir, fn)
                        with zf.open(arcname) as bf:
                            fileop.copy_stream(bf, workname)

                        dn, fn = os.path.split(outfile)
                        maker.target_dir = dn
                        filenames = maker.make(fn)
                        fileop.set_executable_mode(filenames)
                        outfiles.extend(filenames)

                if lib_only:
                    logger.debug('lib_only: returning None')
                    dist = None
                else:
                    # Generate scripts

                    # Try to get pydist.json so we can see if there are
                    # any commands to generate. If this fails (e.g. because
                    # of a legacy wheel), log a warning but don't give up.
                    commands = None
                    file_version = self.info['Wheel-Version']
                    if file_version == '1.0':
                        # Use legacy info
                        ep = posixpath.join(info_dir, 'entry_points.txt')
                        try:
                            with zf.open(ep) as bwf:
                                epdata = read_exports(bwf)
                            commands = {}
                            for key in ('console', 'gui'):
                                k = '%s_scripts' % key
                                if k in epdata:
                                    commands['wrap_%s' % key] = d = {}
                                    for v in epdata[k].values():
                                        s = '%s:%s' % (v.prefix, v.suffix)
                                        if v.flags:
                                            s += ' %s' % v.flags
                                        d[v.name] = s
                        except Exception:
                            logger.warning('Unable to read legacy script '
                                           'metadata, so cannot generate '
                                           'scripts')
                    else:
                        try:
                            with zf.open(metadata_name) as bwf:
                                wf = wrapper(bwf)
                                commands = json.load(wf).get('commands')
                        except Exception:
                            logger.warning('Unable to read JSON metadata, so '
                                           'cannot generate scripts')
                    if commands:
                        console_scripts = commands.get('wrap_console', {})
                        gui_scripts = commands.get('wrap_gui', {})
                        if console_scripts or gui_scripts:
                            script_dir = paths.get('scripts', '')
                            if not os.path.isdir(script_dir):
                                raise ValueError('Valid script path not '
                                                 'specified')
                            maker.target_dir = script_dir
                            for k, v in console_scripts.items():
                                script = '%s = %s' % (k, v)
                                filenames = maker.make(script)
                                fileop.set_executable_mode(filenames)

                            if gui_scripts:
                                options = {'gui': True }
                                for k, v in gui_scripts.items():
                                    script = '%s = %s' % (k, v)
                                    filenames = maker.make(script, options)
                                    fileop.set_executable_mode(filenames)

                    p = os.path.join(libdir, info_dir)
                    dist = InstalledDistribution(p)

                    # Write SHARED
                    paths = dict(paths)     # don't change passed in dict
                    del paths['purelib']
                    del paths['platlib']
                    paths['lib'] = libdir
                    p = dist.write_shared_locations(paths, dry_run)
                    if p:
                        outfiles.append(p)

                    # Write RECORD
                    dist.write_installed_files(outfiles, paths['prefix'],
                                               dry_run)
                return dist
            except Exception:  # pragma: no cover
                logger.exception('installation failed.')
                fileop.rollback()
                raise
            finally:
                shutil.rmtree(workdir)

    def _get_dylib_cache(self):
        result = os.path.join(get_cache_base(), 'dylib-cache', sys.version[:3])
        if not os.path.isdir(result):
            os.makedirs(result)
        return result

    def _get_extensions(self):
        pathname = os.path.join(self.dirname, self.filename)
        name_ver = '%s-%s' % (self.name, self.version)
        info_dir = '%s.dist-info' % name_ver
        arcname = posixpath.join(info_dir, 'EXTENSIONS')
        wrapper = codecs.getreader('utf-8')
        result = []
        with ZipFile(pathname, 'r') as zf:
            try:
                with zf.open(arcname) as bf:
                    wf = wrapper(bf)
                    extensions = json.load(wf)
                    cache_base = self._get_dylib_cache()
                    for name, relpath in extensions.items():
                        dest = os.path.join(cache_base, convert_path(relpath))
                        if not os.path.exists(dest):
                            extract = True
                        else:
                            file_time = os.stat(dest).st_mtime
                            file_time = datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(file_time)
                            info = zf.getinfo(relpath)
                            wheel_time = datetime.datetime(*info.date_time)
                            extract = wheel_time > file_time
                        if extract:
                            zf.extract(relpath, cache_base)
                        result.append((name, dest))
            except KeyError:
                pass
        return result

    def mount(self, append=False):
        pathname = os.path.abspath(os.path.join(self.dirname, self.filename))
        if not is_compatible(self):
            msg = 'Wheel %s not mountable in this Python.' % pathname
            raise DistlibException(msg)
        if pathname in sys.path:
            logger.debug('%s already in path', pathname)
        else:
            if append:
                sys.path.append(pathname)
            else:
                sys.path.insert(0, pathname)
            extensions = self._get_extensions()
            if extensions:
                if _hook not in sys.meta_path:
                    sys.meta_path.append(_hook)
                _hook.add(pathname, extensions)

    def unmount(self):
        pathname = os.path.abspath(os.path.join(self.dirname, self.filename))
        if pathname not in sys.path:
            logger.debug('%s not in path', pathname)
        else:
            sys.path.remove(pathname)
            if pathname in _hook.impure_wheels:
                _hook.remove(pathname)
            if not _hook.impure_wheels:
                if _hook in sys.meta_path:
                    sys.meta_path.remove(_hook)


def compatible_tags():
    """
    Return (pyver, abi, arch) tuples compatible with this Python.
    """
    versions = [VER_SUFFIX]
    major = VER_SUFFIX[0]
    for minor in range(sys.version_info[1] - 1, - 1, -1):
        versions.append(''.join([major, str(minor)]))

    abis = []
    for suffix, _, _ in imp.get_suffixes():
        if suffix.startswith('.abi'):
            abis.append(suffix.split('.', 2)[1])
    abis.sort()
    if ABI != 'none':
        abis.insert(0, ABI)
    abis.append('none')
    result = []

    # Most specific - our Python version, ABI and arch
    for abi in abis:
        result.append((''.join((IMP_PREFIX, versions[0])), abi, ARCH))

    # where no ABI / arch dependency, but IMP_PREFIX dependency
    for i, version in enumerate(versions):
        result.append((''.join((IMP_PREFIX, version)), 'none', 'any'))
        if i == 0:
            result.append((''.join((IMP_PREFIX, version[0])), 'none', 'any'))

    # no IMP_PREFIX, ABI or arch dependency
    for i, version in enumerate(versions):
        result.append((''.join(('py', version)), 'none', 'any'))
        if i == 0:
            result.append((''.join(('py', version[0])), 'none', 'any'))
    return result


COMPATIBLE_TAGS = compatible_tags()

del compatible_tags


def is_compatible(wheel, tags=None):
    if not isinstance(wheel, Wheel):
        wheel = Wheel(wheel)    # assume it's a filename
    result = False
    if tags is None:
        tags = COMPATIBLE_TAGS
    for ver, abi, arch in tags:
        if ver in wheel.pyver and abi in wheel.abi and arch in wheel.arch:
            result = True
            break
    return result