pypy / pypy / rpython / extfunc.py

from pypy.rpython import extregistry
from pypy.rpython.extregistry import ExtRegistryEntry
from pypy.rpython.lltypesystem.lltype import typeOf
from pypy.objspace.flow.model import Constant
from pypy.annotation import model as annmodel
from pypy.annotation.signature import annotation

import py, sys

class extdef(object):

    def __init__(self, *args, **kwds):
        self.def_args = args
        self.def_kwds = kwds

def lazy_register(func_or_list, register_func):
    """ Lazily register external function. Will create a function,
    which explodes when llinterpd/translated, but does not explode
    earlier
    """
    if isinstance(func_or_list, list):
        funcs = func_or_list
    else:
        funcs = [func_or_list]
    try:
        val = register_func()
        if isinstance(val, extdef):
            assert len(funcs) == 1
            register_external(funcs[0], *val.def_args, **val.def_kwds)
            return
        return val
    except (SystemExit, MemoryError, KeyboardInterrupt), e:
        raise
    except:
        if 0:
            import traceback
            print >> sys.stderr, 'WARNING: cannot register', func_or_list, ':'
            traceback.print_exc()
            import pdb; pdb.set_trace()
        exc, exc_inst, tb = sys.exc_info()
        for func in funcs:
            # if the function has already been registered and we got
            # an exception afterwards, the ExtRaisingEntry would create
            # a double-registration and crash in an AssertionError that
            # masks the original problem.  In this case, just re-raise now.
            if extregistry.is_registered(func):
                raise exc, exc_inst, tb
            class ExtRaisingEntry(ExtRegistryEntry):
                _about_ = func
                def __getattr__(self, attr):
                    if attr == '_about_' or attr == '__dict__':
                        return super(ExtRegistryEntry, self).__getattr__(attr)
                    raise exc, exc_inst, tb

def registering(func, condition=True):
    if not condition:
        return lambda method: None

    def decorator(method):
        method._registering_func = func
        return method
    return decorator

def registering_if(ns, name, condition=True):
    try:
        func = getattr(ns, name)
    except AttributeError:
        condition = False
        func = None

    return registering(func, condition=condition)

class LazyRegisteringMeta(type):
    def __new__(self, _name, _type, _vars):
        RegisteringClass = type.__new__(self, _name, _type, _vars)
        allfuncs = []
        for varname in _vars:
            attr = getattr(RegisteringClass, varname)
            f = getattr(attr, '_registering_func', None)
            if f:
                allfuncs.append(f)
        registering_inst = lazy_register(allfuncs, RegisteringClass)
        if registering_inst is not None:
            for varname in _vars:
                attr = getattr(registering_inst, varname)
                f = getattr(attr, '_registering_func', None)
                if f:
                    lazy_register(f, attr)
        RegisteringClass.instance = registering_inst
        # override __init__ to avoid confusion
        def raising(self):
            raise TypeError("Cannot call __init__ directly, use cls.instance to access singleton")
        RegisteringClass.__init__ = raising
        return RegisteringClass

class BaseLazyRegistering(object):
    __metaclass__ = LazyRegisteringMeta
    compilation_info = None

    def configure(self, CConfig):
        classes_seen = self.__dict__.setdefault('__classes_seen', {})
        if CConfig in classes_seen:
            return
        from pypy.rpython.tool import rffi_platform as platform
        # copy some stuff
        if self.compilation_info is None:
            self.compilation_info = CConfig._compilation_info_
        else:
            self.compilation_info = self.compilation_info.merge(
                CConfig._compilation_info_)
        self.__dict__.update(platform.configure(CConfig))
        classes_seen[CConfig] = True

    def llexternal(self, *args, **kwds):
        kwds = kwds.copy()
        from pypy.rpython.lltypesystem import rffi

        if 'compilation_info' in kwds:
            kwds['compilation_info'] = self.compilation_info.merge(
                kwds['compilation_info'])
        else:
            kwds['compilation_info'] = self.compilation_info
        return rffi.llexternal(*args, **kwds)

    def _freeze_(self):
        return True

class genericcallable(object):
    """ A way to specify the callable annotation, but deferred until
    we have bookkeeper
    """
    def __init__(self, args, result=None):
        self.args = args
        self.result = result

class _ext_callable(ExtRegistryEntry):
    _type_ = genericcallable
    # we defer a bit annotation here

    def compute_result_annotation(self):
        return annmodel.SomeGenericCallable([annotation(i, self.bookkeeper)
                                             for i in self.instance.args],
                           annotation(self.instance.result, self.bookkeeper))

class ExtFuncEntry(ExtRegistryEntry):
    safe_not_sandboxed = False

    # common case: args is a list of annotation or types
    def normalize_args(self, *args_s):
        args = self.signature_args
        signature_args = [annotation(arg, None) for arg in args]
        assert len(args_s) == len(signature_args),\
               "Argument number mismatch"

        for i, expected in enumerate(signature_args):
            arg = annmodel.unionof(args_s[i], expected)
            if not expected.contains(arg):
                name = getattr(self, 'name', None)
                if not name:
                    try:
                        name = self.instance.__name__
                    except AttributeError:
                        name = '?'
                raise Exception("In call to external function %r:\n"
                                "arg %d must be %s,\n"
                                "          got %s" % (
                    name, i+1, expected, args_s[i]))
        return signature_args

    def compute_result_annotation(self, *args_s):
        self.normalize_args(*args_s)   # check arguments
        return self.signature_result

    def specialize_call(self, hop):
        rtyper = hop.rtyper
        signature_args = self.normalize_args(*hop.args_s)
        args_r = [rtyper.getrepr(s_arg) for s_arg in signature_args]
        args_ll = [r_arg.lowleveltype for r_arg in args_r]
        s_result = hop.s_result
        r_result = rtyper.getrepr(s_result)
        ll_result = r_result.lowleveltype
        name = getattr(self, 'name', None) or self.instance.__name__
        method_name = rtyper.type_system.name[:2] + 'typeimpl'
        fake_method_name = rtyper.type_system.name[:2] + 'typefakeimpl'
        impl = getattr(self, method_name, None)
        fakeimpl = getattr(self, fake_method_name, self.instance)
        if impl:
            if hasattr(self, fake_method_name):
                # If we have both an {ll,oo}impl and a {ll,oo}fakeimpl,
                # we need a wrapper that selects the proper one and calls it
                from pypy.tool.sourcetools import func_with_new_name
                # Using '*args' is delicate because this wrapper is also
                # created for init-time functions like llarena.arena_malloc
                # which are called before the GC is fully initialized
                args = ', '.join(['arg%d' % i for i in range(len(args_ll))])
                d = {'original_impl': impl,
                     's_result': s_result,
                     'fakeimpl': fakeimpl,
                     '__name__': __name__,
                     }
                exec py.code.compile("""
                    from pypy.rlib.objectmodel import running_on_llinterp
                    from pypy.rlib.debug import llinterpcall
                    from pypy.rlib.jit import dont_look_inside
                    # note: we say 'dont_look_inside' mostly because the
                    # JIT does not support 'running_on_llinterp', but in
                    # theory it is probably right to stop jitting anyway.
                    @dont_look_inside
                    def ll_wrapper(%s):
                        if running_on_llinterp:
                            return llinterpcall(s_result, fakeimpl, %s)
                        else:
                            return original_impl(%s)
                """ % (args, args, args)) in d
                impl = func_with_new_name(d['ll_wrapper'], name + '_wrapper')
            if rtyper.annotator.translator.config.translation.sandbox:
                impl._dont_inline_ = True
            # store some attributes to the 'impl' function, where
            # the eventual call to rtyper.getcallable() will find them
            # and transfer them to the final lltype.functionptr().
            impl._llfnobjattrs_ = {
                '_name': self.name,
                '_safe_not_sandboxed': self.safe_not_sandboxed,
                }
            obj = rtyper.getannmixlevel().delayedfunction(
                impl, signature_args, hop.s_result)
        else:
            #if not self.safe_not_sandboxed:
            #    print '>>>>>>>>>>>>>-----------------------------------'
            #    print name, self.name
            #    print '<<<<<<<<<<<<<-----------------------------------'
            obj = rtyper.type_system.getexternalcallable(args_ll, ll_result,
                                 name, _external_name=self.name, _callable=fakeimpl,
                                 _safe_not_sandboxed=self.safe_not_sandboxed)
        vlist = [hop.inputconst(typeOf(obj), obj)] + hop.inputargs(*args_r)
        hop.exception_is_here()
        return hop.genop('direct_call', vlist, r_result)

def register_external(function, args, result=None, export_name=None,
                       llimpl=None, ooimpl=None,
                       llfakeimpl=None, oofakeimpl=None,
                       sandboxsafe=False):
    """
    function: the RPython function that will be rendered as an external function (e.g.: math.floor)
    args: a list containing the annotation of the arguments
    result: surprisingly enough, the annotation of the result
    export_name: the name of the function as it will be seen by the backends
    llimpl, ooimpl: optional; if provided, these RPython functions are called instead of the target function
    llfakeimpl, oofakeimpl: optional; if provided, they are called by the llinterpreter
    sandboxsafe: use True if the function performs no I/O (safe for --sandbox)
    """
    
    if export_name is None:
        export_name = function.__name__

    class FunEntry(ExtFuncEntry):
        _about_ = function
        safe_not_sandboxed = sandboxsafe

        if args is None:
            def normalize_args(self, *args_s):
                return args_s    # accept any argument unmodified
        elif callable(args):
            # custom annotation normalizer (see e.g. os.utime())
            normalize_args = staticmethod(args)
        else: # use common case behavior
            signature_args = args

        signature_result = annotation(result, None)
        name=export_name
        if llimpl:
            lltypeimpl = staticmethod(llimpl)
        if ooimpl:
            ootypeimpl = staticmethod(ooimpl)
        if llfakeimpl:
            lltypefakeimpl = staticmethod(llfakeimpl)
        if oofakeimpl:
            ootypefakeimpl = staticmethod(oofakeimpl)

    if export_name:
        FunEntry.__name__ = export_name
    else:
        FunEntry.__name__ = function.func_name

BaseLazyRegistering.register = staticmethod(register_external)

def is_external(func):
    if hasattr(func, 'value'):
        func = func.value
    if hasattr(func, '_external_name'):
        return True
    return False
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