1. Pypy
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  3. pypy


pypy / pypy / translator / platform / windows.py

"""Support for Windows."""

import py, os, sys, re

from pypy.tool import autopath
from pypy.translator.platform import CompilationError
from pypy.translator.platform import log, _run_subprocess
from pypy.translator.platform import Platform, posix

def Windows(cc=None):
    if cc == 'mingw32':
        return MingwPlatform(cc)
        return MsvcPlatform(cc)

def _get_msvc_env(vsver):
        toolsdir = os.environ['VS%sCOMNTOOLS' % vsver]
    except KeyError:
        return None

    vcvars = os.path.join(toolsdir, 'vsvars32.bat')

    import subprocess
    popen = subprocess.Popen('"%s" & set' % (vcvars,),

    stdout, stderr = popen.communicate()
    if popen.wait() != 0:

    env = {}

    stdout = stdout.replace("\r\n", "\n")
    for line in stdout.split("\n"):
        if '=' not in line:
        key, value = line.split('=', 1)
        if key.upper() in ['PATH', 'INCLUDE', 'LIB']:
            env[key.upper()] = value
    ## log.msg("Updated environment with %s" % (vcvars,))
    return env

def find_msvc_env():
    # First, try to get the compiler which served to compile python
    msc_pos = sys.version.find('MSC v.')
    if msc_pos != -1:
        msc_ver = int(sys.version[msc_pos+6:msc_pos+10])
        # 1300 -> 70, 1310 -> 71, 1400 -> 80, 1500 -> 90
        vsver = (msc_ver / 10) - 60
        env = _get_msvc_env(vsver)

        if env is not None:
            return env

    # Then, try any other version
    for vsver in (100, 90, 80, 71, 70): # All the versions I know
        env = _get_msvc_env(vsver)

        if env is not None:
            return env

    log.error("Could not find a Microsoft Compiler")
    # Assume that the compiler is already part of the environment

msvc_compiler_environ = find_msvc_env()

class MsvcPlatform(Platform):
    name = "msvc"
    so_ext = 'dll'
    exe_ext = 'exe'

    cc = 'cl.exe'
    link = 'link.exe'

    cflags = ('/MD', '/O2')
    link_flags = ()
    standalone_only = ()
    shared_only = ()
    environ = None

    def __init__(self, cc=None, x64=False):
        Platform.__init__(self, 'cl.exe')
        if msvc_compiler_environ:
            self.c_environ = os.environ.copy()
            # XXX passing an environment to subprocess is not enough. Why?

        # detect version of current compiler
        returncode, stdout, stderr = _run_subprocess(self.cc, '',
        r = re.match(r'Microsoft.+C/C\+\+.+\s([0-9]+)\.([0-9]+).*', stderr)
        if r is not None:
            self.version = int(''.join(r.groups())) / 10 - 60
            # Probably not a msvc compiler...
            self.version = 0

        # Try to find a masm assembler
        returncode, stdout, stderr = _run_subprocess('ml.exe', '',
        r = re.search('Macro Assembler', stderr)
        if r is None and os.path.exists('c:/masm32/bin/ml.exe'):
            masm32 = 'c:/masm32/bin/ml.exe'
            masm64 = 'c:/masm64/bin/ml64.exe'
            masm32 = 'ml.exe'
            masm64 = 'ml64.exe'
        if x64:
            self.masm = masm64
            self.masm = masm32

        # Install debug options only when interpreter is in debug mode
        if sys.executable.lower().endswith('_d.exe'):
            self.cflags = ['/MDd', '/Z7', '/Od']
            self.link_flags = ['/debug']

            # Increase stack size, for the linker and the stack check code.
            stack_size = 8 << 20  # 8 Mb
            self.link_flags.append('/STACK:%d' % stack_size)
            # The following symbol is used in c/src/stack.h
            self.cflags.append('/DMAX_STACK_SIZE=%d' % (stack_size - 1024))

    def _includedirs(self, include_dirs):
        return ['/I%s' % (idir,) for idir in include_dirs]

    def _libs(self, libraries):
        libs = []
        for lib in libraries:
            lib = str(lib)
            if lib.endswith('.dll'):
                lib = lib[:-4]
            libs.append('%s.lib' % (lib,))
        return libs

    def _libdirs(self, library_dirs):
        return ['/LIBPATH:%s' % (ldir,) for ldir in library_dirs]

    def _linkfiles(self, link_files):
        return list(link_files)

    def _args_for_shared(self, args):
        return ['/dll'] + args

    def check___thread(self):
        # __declspec(thread) does not seem to work when using assembler.
        # Returning False will cause the program to use TlsAlloc functions.
        # see src/thread_nt.h
        return False

    def _link_args_from_eci(self, eci, standalone):
        # Windows needs to resolve all symbols even for DLLs
        return super(MsvcPlatform, self)._link_args_from_eci(eci, standalone=True)

    def _exportsymbols_link_flags(self, eci, relto=None):
        if not eci.export_symbols:
            return []

        response_file = self._make_response_file("exported_symbols_")
        f = response_file.open("w")
        for sym in eci.export_symbols:
            f.write("/EXPORT:%s\n" % (sym,))

        if relto:
            response_file = relto.bestrelpath(response_file)
        return ["@%s" % (response_file,)]

    def _compile_c_file(self, cc, cfile, compile_args):
        oname = cfile.new(ext='obj')
        # notabene: (tismer)
        # This function may be called for .c but also .asm files.
        # The c compiler accepts any order of arguments, while
        # the assembler still has the old behavior that all options
        # must come first, and after the file name all options are ignored.
        # So please be careful with the oder of parameters! ;-)
        args = ['/nologo', '/c'] + compile_args + ['/Fo%s' % (oname,), str(cfile)]
        self._execute_c_compiler(cc, args, oname)
        return oname

    def _link(self, cc, ofiles, link_args, standalone, exe_name):
        args = ['/nologo'] + [str(ofile) for ofile in ofiles] + link_args
        args += ['/out:%s' % (exe_name,), '/incremental:no']
        if not standalone:
            args = self._args_for_shared(args)

        if self.version >= 80:
            # Tell the linker to generate a manifest file
            temp_manifest = exe_name.dirpath().join(
                exe_name.purebasename + '.manifest')
            args += ["/MANIFEST", "/MANIFESTFILE:%s" % (temp_manifest,)]

        self._execute_c_compiler(self.link, args, exe_name)

        if self.version >= 80:
            # Now, embed the manifest into the program
            if standalone:
                mfid = 1
                mfid = 2
            out_arg = '-outputresource:%s;%s' % (exe_name, mfid)
            args = ['-nologo', '-manifest', str(temp_manifest), out_arg]
            self._execute_c_compiler('mt.exe', args, exe_name)

        return exe_name

    def _handle_error(self, returncode, stdout, stderr, outname):
        if returncode != 0:
            # Microsoft compilers write compilation errors to stdout
            stderr = stdout + stderr
            errorfile = outname.new(ext='errors')
            errorfile.write(stderr, mode='wb')
            stderrlines = stderr.splitlines()
            for line in stderrlines:
            raise CompilationError(stdout, stderr)

    def gen_makefile(self, cfiles, eci, exe_name=None, path=None,
        cfiles = [py.path.local(f) for f in cfiles]
        cfiles += [py.path.local(f) for f in eci.separate_module_files]

        if path is None:
            path = cfiles[0].dirpath()

        pypypath = py.path.local(autopath.pypydir)

        if exe_name is None:
            exe_name = cfiles[0].new(ext=self.exe_ext)
            exe_name = exe_name.new(ext=self.exe_ext)

        m = NMakefile(path)
        m.exe_name = exe_name
        m.eci = eci

        linkflags = list(self.link_flags)
        if shared:
            linkflags = self._args_for_shared(linkflags) + [
        linkflags += self._exportsymbols_link_flags(eci, relto=path)
        # Make sure different functions end up at different addresses!
        # This is required for the JIT.

        if shared:
            so_name = exe_name.new(purebasename='lib' + exe_name.purebasename,
            target_name = so_name.basename
            target_name = exe_name.basename

        def pypyrel(fpath):
            rel = py.path.local(fpath).relto(pypypath)
            if rel:
                return os.path.join('$(PYPYDIR)', rel)
                return fpath

        rel_cfiles = [m.pathrel(cfile) for cfile in cfiles]
        rel_ofiles = [rel_cfile[:-2]+'.obj' for rel_cfile in rel_cfiles]
        m.cfiles = rel_cfiles

        rel_includedirs = [pypyrel(incldir) for incldir in eci.include_dirs]

        m.comment('automatically generated makefile')
        definitions = [
            ('PYPYDIR', autopath.pypydir),
            ('TARGET', target_name),
            ('DEFAULT_TARGET', exe_name.basename),
            ('SOURCES', rel_cfiles),
            ('OBJECTS', rel_ofiles),
            ('LIBS', self._libs(eci.libraries)),
            ('LIBDIRS', self._libdirs(eci.library_dirs)),
            ('INCLUDEDIRS', self._includedirs(rel_includedirs)),
            ('CFLAGS', self.cflags),
            ('CFLAGSEXTRA', list(eci.compile_extra)),
            ('LDFLAGS', linkflags),
            ('LDFLAGSEXTRA', list(eci.link_extra)),
            ('CC', self.cc),
            ('CC_LINK', self.link),
            ('LINKFILES', eci.link_files),
            ('MASM', self.masm),

        for args in definitions:

        rules = [
            ('all', '$(DEFAULT_TARGET)', []),
            ('.c.obj', '', '$(CC) /nologo $(CFLAGS) $(CFLAGSEXTRA) /Fo$@ /c $< $(INCLUDEDIRS)'),

        for rule in rules:

        if self.version < 80:
            m.rule('$(TARGET)', '$(OBJECTS)',
                   '$(CC_LINK) /nologo $(LDFLAGS) $(LDFLAGSEXTRA) $(OBJECTS) /out:$@ $(LIBDIRS) $(LIBS)')
            m.rule('$(TARGET)', '$(OBJECTS)',
                   ['$(CC_LINK) /nologo $(LDFLAGS) $(LDFLAGSEXTRA) $(OBJECTS) $(LINKFILES) /out:$@ $(LIBDIRS) $(LIBS) /MANIFEST /MANIFESTFILE:$*.manifest',
                    'mt.exe -nologo -manifest $*.manifest -outputresource:$@;1',
        m.rule('debugmode_$(TARGET)', '$(OBJECTS)',
               ['$(CC_LINK) /nologo /DEBUG $(LDFLAGS) $(LDFLAGSEXTRA) $(OBJECTS) $(LINKFILES) /out:$@ $(LIBDIRS) $(LIBS)',

        if shared:
            m.definition('SHARED_IMPORT_LIB', so_name.new(ext='lib').basename)
            m.definition('PYPY_MAIN_FUNCTION', "pypy_main_startup")
            m.rule('main.c', '',
                   'echo '
                   'int $(PYPY_MAIN_FUNCTION)(int, char*[]); '
                   'int main(int argc, char* argv[]) '
                   '{ return $(PYPY_MAIN_FUNCTION)(argc, argv); } > $@')
            m.rule('$(DEFAULT_TARGET)', ['$(TARGET)', 'main.obj'],
                   ['$(CC_LINK) /nologo main.obj $(SHARED_IMPORT_LIB) /out:$@ /MANIFEST /MANIFESTFILE:$*.manifest',
                    'mt.exe -nologo -manifest $*.manifest -outputresource:$@;1',
            m.rule('debugmode_$(DEFAULT_TARGET)', ['debugmode_$(TARGET)', 'main.obj'],
                   ['$(CC_LINK) /nologo /DEBUG main.obj $(SHARED_IMPORT_LIB) /out:$@'

        return m

    def execute_makefile(self, path_to_makefile, extra_opts=[]):
        if isinstance(path_to_makefile, NMakefile):
            path = path_to_makefile.makefile_dir
            path = path_to_makefile
        log.execute('make %s in %s' % (" ".join(extra_opts), path))
        oldcwd = path.chdir()
            returncode, stdout, stderr = _run_subprocess(
                ['/nologo', '/f', str(path.join('Makefile'))] + extra_opts)

        self._handle_error(returncode, stdout, stderr, path.join('make'))

class NMakefile(posix.GnuMakefile):
    def write(self, out=None):
        # nmake expands macros when it parses rules.
        # Write all macros before the rules.
        if out is None:
            f = self.makefile_dir.join('Makefile').open('w')
            f = out
        for line in self.lines:
            if not isinstance(line, posix.Rule):
        for line in self.lines:
            if isinstance(line, posix.Rule):
        if out is None:

class MingwPlatform(posix.BasePosix):
    name = 'mingw32'
    standalone_only = ()
    shared_only = ()
    cflags = ('-O3',)
    link_flags = ()
    exe_ext = 'exe'
    so_ext = 'dll'

    def __init__(self, cc=None):
        Platform.__init__(self, 'gcc')

    def _args_for_shared(self, args):
        return ['-shared'] + args

    def _include_dirs_for_libffi(self):
        return []

    def _library_dirs_for_libffi(self):
        return []

    def _handle_error(self, returncode, stdout, stderr, outname):
        # Mingw tools write compilation errors to stdout
        super(MingwPlatform, self)._handle_error(
            returncode, '', stderr + stdout, outname)