cpython / Lib / contextlib.py

"""Utilities for with-statement contexts.  See PEP 343."""

import sys
from functools import wraps
from warnings import warn

__all__ = ["contextmanager", "nested", "closing"]

class GeneratorContextManager(object):
    """Helper for @contextmanager decorator."""

    def __init__(self, gen):
        self.gen = gen

    def __enter__(self):
        try:
            return self.gen.next()
        except StopIteration:
            raise RuntimeError("generator didn't yield")

    def __exit__(self, type, value, traceback):
        if type is None:
            try:
                self.gen.next()
            except StopIteration:
                return
            else:
                raise RuntimeError("generator didn't stop")
        else:
            if value is None:
                # Need to force instantiation so we can reliably
                # tell if we get the same exception back
                value = type()
            try:
                self.gen.throw(type, value, traceback)
                raise RuntimeError("generator didn't stop after throw()")
            except StopIteration, exc:
                # Suppress the exception *unless* it's the same exception that
                # was passed to throw().  This prevents a StopIteration
                # raised inside the "with" statement from being suppressed
                return exc is not value
            except:
                # only re-raise if it's *not* the exception that was
                # passed to throw(), because __exit__() must not raise
                # an exception unless __exit__() itself failed.  But throw()
                # has to raise the exception to signal propagation, so this
                # fixes the impedance mismatch between the throw() protocol
                # and the __exit__() protocol.
                #
                if sys.exc_info()[1] is not value:
                    raise


def contextmanager(func):
    """@contextmanager decorator.

    Typical usage:

        @contextmanager
        def some_generator(<arguments>):
            <setup>
            try:
                yield <value>
            finally:
                <cleanup>

    This makes this:

        with some_generator(<arguments>) as <variable>:
            <body>

    equivalent to this:

        <setup>
        try:
            <variable> = <value>
            <body>
        finally:
            <cleanup>

    """
    @wraps(func)
    def helper(*args, **kwds):
        return GeneratorContextManager(func(*args, **kwds))
    return helper


@contextmanager
def nested(*managers):
    """Combine multiple context managers into a single nested context manager.

   This function has been deprecated in favour of the multiple manager form
   of the with statement.

   The one advantage of this function over the multiple manager form of the
   with statement is that argument unpacking allows it to be
   used with a variable number of context managers as follows:

      with nested(*managers):
          do_something()

    """
    warn("With-statements now directly support multiple context managers",
         DeprecationWarning, 3)
    exits = []
    vars = []
    exc = (None, None, None)
    try:
        for mgr in managers:
            exit = mgr.__exit__
            enter = mgr.__enter__
            vars.append(enter())
            exits.append(exit)
        yield vars
    except:
        exc = sys.exc_info()
    finally:
        while exits:
            exit = exits.pop()
            try:
                if exit(*exc):
                    exc = (None, None, None)
            except:
                exc = sys.exc_info()
        if exc != (None, None, None):
            # Don't rely on sys.exc_info() still containing
            # the right information. Another exception may
            # have been raised and caught by an exit method
            raise exc[0], exc[1], exc[2]


class closing(object):
    """Context to automatically close something at the end of a block.

    Code like this:

        with closing(<module>.open(<arguments>)) as f:
            <block>

    is equivalent to this:

        f = <module>.open(<arguments>)
        try:
            <block>
        finally:
            f.close()

    """
    def __init__(self, thing):
        self.thing = thing
    def __enter__(self):
        return self.thing
    def __exit__(self, *exc_info):
        self.thing.close()
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