cpython / Modules / main.c

/***********************************************************
Copyright 1991-1995 by Stichting Mathematisch Centrum, Amsterdam,
The Netherlands.

                        All Rights Reserved

Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its 
documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted, 
provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that
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STICHTING MATHEMATISCH CENTRUM DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO
THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
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FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
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******************************************************************/

/* Python interpreter main program */

#include "Python.h"


/* Interface to getopt(): */
extern int optind;
extern char *optarg;
extern int getopt(); /* PROTO((int, char **, char *)); -- not standardized */


extern int Py_DebugFlag; /* For parser.c, declared in pythonrun.c */
extern int Py_VerboseFlag; /* For import.c, declared in pythonrun.c */
extern int Py_SuppressPrintingFlag; /* For ceval.c, declared in pythonrun.c */


/* Subroutines that live in their own file */
extern char *getversion();
extern char *getcopyright();


/* For getprogramname(); set by main() */
static char *argv0;

/* For getargcargv(); set by main() */
static char **orig_argv;
static int  orig_argc;


/* Short usage message (with %s for argv0) */
static char *usage_line =
"usage: %s [-d] [-i] [-s] [-u ] [-v] [-c cmd | file | -] [arg] ...\n";

/* Long usage message, split into parts < 512 bytes */
static char *usage_top = "\n\
Options and arguments (and corresponding environment variables):\n\
-d     : debug output from parser (also PYTHONDEBUG=x)\n\
-i     : inspect interactively after running script (also PYTHONINSPECT=x)\n\
-s     : suppress printing of top level expressions (also PYTHONSUPPRESS=x)\n\
-u     : unbuffered stdout and stderr (also PYTHONUNBUFFERED=x)\n\
-v     : verbose (trace import statements) (also PYTHONVERBOSE=x)\n\
-c cmd : program passed in as string (terminates option list)\n\
";
static char *usage_bot = "\
file   : program read from script file\n\
-      : program read from stdin (default; interactive mode if a tty)\n\
arg ...: arguments passed to program in sys.argv[1:]\n\
\n\
Other environment variables:\n\
PYTHONSTARTUP: file executed on interactive startup (no default)\n\
PYTHONPATH   : colon-separated list of directories prefixed to the\n\
               default module search path.  The result is sys.path.\n\
";


/* Main program */

int
main(argc, argv)
	int argc;
	char **argv;
{
	int c;
	int sts;
	char *command = NULL;
	char *filename = NULL;
	FILE *fp = stdin;
	char *p;
	int inspect = 0;
	int unbuffered = 0;

	orig_argc = argc;	/* For getargcargv() */
	orig_argv = argv;
	argv0 = argv[0];	/* For getprogramname() */

	if ((p = getenv("PYTHONDEBUG")) && *p != '\0')
		Py_DebugFlag = 1;
	if ((p = getenv("PYTHONSUPPRESS")) && *p != '\0')
		Py_SuppressPrintingFlag = 1;
	if ((p = getenv("PYTHONVERBOSE")) && *p != '\0')
		Py_VerboseFlag = 1;
	if ((p = getenv("PYTHONINSPECT")) && *p != '\0')
		inspect = 1;
	if ((p = getenv("PYTHONUNBUFFERED")) && *p != '\0')
		unbuffered = 1;

	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "c:disuv")) != EOF) {
		if (c == 'c') {
			/* -c is the last option; following arguments
			   that look like options are left for the
			   the command to interpret. */
			command = malloc(strlen(optarg) + 2);
			if (command == NULL)
				Py_FatalError(
				   "not enough memory to copy -c argument");
			strcpy(command, optarg);
			strcat(command, "\n");
			break;
		}
		
		switch (c) {

		case 'd':
			Py_DebugFlag++;
			break;

		case 'i':
			inspect++;
			break;

		case 's':
			Py_SuppressPrintingFlag++;
			break;

		case 'u':
			unbuffered++;
			break;

		case 'v':
			Py_VerboseFlag++;
			break;

		/* This space reserved for other options */

		default:
			fprintf(stderr, usage_line, argv[0]);
			fprintf(stderr, usage_top);
			fprintf(stderr, usage_bot);
			exit(2);
			/*NOTREACHED*/

		}
	}

	if (unbuffered) {
#ifndef MPW
		setbuf(stdout, (char *)NULL);
		setbuf(stderr, (char *)NULL);
#else
		/* On MPW (3.2) unbuffered seems to hang */
		setvbuf(stdout, (char *)NULL, _IOLBF, BUFSIZ);
		setvbuf(stderr, (char *)NULL, _IOLBF, BUFSIZ);
#endif
	}

	if (command == NULL && optind < argc &&
	    strcmp(argv[optind], "-") != 0)
		filename = argv[optind];

	if (Py_VerboseFlag ||
	    command == NULL && filename == NULL && isatty((int)fileno(fp)))
		fprintf(stderr, "Python %s\n%s\n",
			getversion(), getcopyright());
	
	if (filename != NULL) {
		if ((fp = fopen(filename, "r")) == NULL) {
			fprintf(stderr, "%s: can't open file '%s'\n",
				argv[0], filename);
			exit(2);
		}
	}
	
	Py_Initialize();
	
	if (command != NULL) {
		/* Backup optind and force sys.argv[0] = '-c' */
		optind--;
		argv[optind] = "-c";
	}

	PySys_SetArgv(argc-optind, argv+optind);

	if (command) {
		sts = PyRun_SimpleString(command) != 0;
	}
	else {
		if (filename == NULL && isatty((int)fileno(fp))) {
			char *startup = getenv("PYTHONSTARTUP");
			if (startup != NULL && startup[0] != '\0') {
				FILE *fp = fopen(startup, "r");
				if (fp != NULL) {
					(void) PyRun_SimpleFile(fp, startup);
					PyErr_Clear();
					fclose(fp);
				}
			}
		}
		sts = PyRun_AnyFile(
			fp, filename == NULL ? "<stdin>" : filename) != 0;
		if (filename != NULL)
			fclose(fp);
	}

	if (inspect && isatty((int)fileno(stdin)) &&
	    (filename != NULL || command != NULL))
		sts = PyRun_AnyFile(stdin, "<stdin>") != 0;

	Py_Exit(sts);
	/*NOTREACHED*/
}


/* Return the program name -- some code out there needs this. */

char *
getprogramname()
{
	return argv0;
}


/* Make the *original* argc/argv available to other modules.
   This is rare, but it is needed by the secureware extension. */

void
getargcargv(argc,argv)
	int *argc;
	char ***argv;
{
	*argc = orig_argc;
	*argv = orig_argv;
}
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