cpython / Lib / tokenize.py

"""Tokenization help for Python programs.

generate_tokens(readline) is a generator that breaks a stream of
text into Python tokens.  It accepts a readline-like method which is called
repeatedly to get the next line of input (or "" for EOF).  It generates
5-tuples with these members:

    the token type (see token.py)
    the token (a string)
    the starting (row, column) indices of the token (a 2-tuple of ints)
    the ending (row, column) indices of the token (a 2-tuple of ints)
    the original line (string)

It is designed to match the working of the Python tokenizer exactly, except
that it produces COMMENT tokens for comments and gives type OP for all
operators

Older entry points
    tokenize_loop(readline, tokeneater)
    tokenize(readline, tokeneater=printtoken)
are the same, except instead of generating tokens, tokeneater is a callback
function to which the 5 fields described above are passed as 5 arguments,
each time a new token is found."""

__author__ = 'Ka-Ping Yee <ping@lfw.org>'
__credits__ = \
    'GvR, ESR, Tim Peters, Thomas Wouters, Fred Drake, Skip Montanaro'

import string, re
from token import *

import token
__all__ = [x for x in dir(token) if x[0] != '_'] + ["COMMENT", "tokenize",
           "generate_tokens", "NL"]
del x
del token

COMMENT = N_TOKENS
tok_name[COMMENT] = 'COMMENT'
NL = N_TOKENS + 1
tok_name[NL] = 'NL'
N_TOKENS += 2

def group(*choices): return '(' + '|'.join(choices) + ')'
def any(*choices): return group(*choices) + '*'
def maybe(*choices): return group(*choices) + '?'

Whitespace = r'[ \f\t]*'
Comment = r'#[^\r\n]*'
Ignore = Whitespace + any(r'\\\r?\n' + Whitespace) + maybe(Comment)
Name = r'[a-zA-Z_]\w*'

Hexnumber = r'0[xX][\da-fA-F]*[lL]?'
Octnumber = r'0[0-7]*[lL]?'
Decnumber = r'[1-9]\d*[lL]?'
Intnumber = group(Hexnumber, Octnumber, Decnumber)
Exponent = r'[eE][-+]?\d+'
Pointfloat = group(r'\d+\.\d*', r'\.\d+') + maybe(Exponent)
Expfloat = r'\d+' + Exponent
Floatnumber = group(Pointfloat, Expfloat)
Imagnumber = group(r'\d+[jJ]', Floatnumber + r'[jJ]')
Number = group(Imagnumber, Floatnumber, Intnumber)

# Tail end of ' string.
Single = r"[^'\\]*(?:\\.[^'\\]*)*'"
# Tail end of " string.
Double = r'[^"\\]*(?:\\.[^"\\]*)*"'
# Tail end of ''' string.
Single3 = r"[^'\\]*(?:(?:\\.|'(?!''))[^'\\]*)*'''"
# Tail end of """ string.
Double3 = r'[^"\\]*(?:(?:\\.|"(?!""))[^"\\]*)*"""'
Triple = group("[uU]?[rR]?'''", '[uU]?[rR]?"""')
# Single-line ' or " string.
String = group(r"[uU]?[rR]?'[^\n'\\]*(?:\\.[^\n'\\]*)*'",
               r'[uU]?[rR]?"[^\n"\\]*(?:\\.[^\n"\\]*)*"')

# Because of leftmost-then-longest match semantics, be sure to put the
# longest operators first (e.g., if = came before ==, == would get
# recognized as two instances of =).
Operator = group(r"\*\*=?", r">>=?", r"<<=?", r"<>", r"!=",
                 r"//=?",
                 r"[+\-*/%&|^=<>]=?",
                 r"~")

Bracket = '[][(){}]'
Special = group(r'\r?\n', r'[:;.,`@]')
Funny = group(Operator, Bracket, Special)

PlainToken = group(Number, Funny, String, Name)
Token = Ignore + PlainToken

# First (or only) line of ' or " string.
ContStr = group(r"[uU]?[rR]?'[^\n'\\]*(?:\\.[^\n'\\]*)*" +
                group("'", r'\\\r?\n'),
                r'[uU]?[rR]?"[^\n"\\]*(?:\\.[^\n"\\]*)*' +
                group('"', r'\\\r?\n'))
PseudoExtras = group(r'\\\r?\n', Comment, Triple)
PseudoToken = Whitespace + group(PseudoExtras, Number, Funny, ContStr, Name)

tokenprog, pseudoprog, single3prog, double3prog = map(
    re.compile, (Token, PseudoToken, Single3, Double3))
endprogs = {"'": re.compile(Single), '"': re.compile(Double),
            "'''": single3prog, '"""': double3prog,
            "r'''": single3prog, 'r"""': double3prog,
            "u'''": single3prog, 'u"""': double3prog,
            "ur'''": single3prog, 'ur"""': double3prog,
            "R'''": single3prog, 'R"""': double3prog,
            "U'''": single3prog, 'U"""': double3prog,
            "uR'''": single3prog, 'uR"""': double3prog,
            "Ur'''": single3prog, 'Ur"""': double3prog,
            "UR'''": single3prog, 'UR"""': double3prog,
            'r': None, 'R': None, 'u': None, 'U': None}

triple_quoted = {}
for t in ("'''", '"""',
          "r'''", 'r"""', "R'''", 'R"""',
          "u'''", 'u"""', "U'''", 'U"""',
          "ur'''", 'ur"""', "Ur'''", 'Ur"""',
          "uR'''", 'uR"""', "UR'''", 'UR"""'):
    triple_quoted[t] = t
single_quoted = {}
for t in ("'", '"',
          "r'", 'r"', "R'", 'R"',
          "u'", 'u"', "U'", 'U"',
          "ur'", 'ur"', "Ur'", 'Ur"',
          "uR'", 'uR"', "UR'", 'UR"' ):
    single_quoted[t] = t

tabsize = 8

class TokenError(Exception): pass

class StopTokenizing(Exception): pass

def printtoken(type, token, (srow, scol), (erow, ecol), line): # for testing
    print "%d,%d-%d,%d:\t%s\t%s" % \
        (srow, scol, erow, ecol, tok_name[type], repr(token))

def tokenize(readline, tokeneater=printtoken):
    """
    The tokenize() function accepts two parameters: one representing the
    input stream, and one providing an output mechanism for tokenize().

    The first parameter, readline, must be a callable object which provides
    the same interface as the readline() method of built-in file objects.
    Each call to the function should return one line of input as a string.

    The second parameter, tokeneater, must also be a callable object. It is
    called once for each token, with five arguments, corresponding to the
    tuples generated by generate_tokens().
    """
    try:
        tokenize_loop(readline, tokeneater)
    except StopTokenizing:
        pass

# backwards compatible interface
def tokenize_loop(readline, tokeneater):
    for token_info in generate_tokens(readline):
        tokeneater(*token_info)

def generate_tokens(readline):
    """
    The generate_tokens() generator requires one argment, readline, which
    must be a callable object which provides the same interface as the
    readline() method of built-in file objects. Each call to the function
    should return one line of input as a string.

    The generator produces 5-tuples with these members: the token type; the
    token string; a 2-tuple (srow, scol) of ints specifying the row and
    column where the token begins in the source; a 2-tuple (erow, ecol) of
    ints specifying the row and column where the token ends in the source;
    and the line on which the token was found. The line passed is the
    logical line; continuation lines are included.
    """
    lnum = parenlev = continued = 0
    namechars, numchars = string.ascii_letters + '_', '0123456789'
    contstr, needcont = '', 0
    contline = None
    indents = [0]

    while 1:                                   # loop over lines in stream
        line = readline()
        lnum = lnum + 1
        pos, max = 0, len(line)

        if contstr:                            # continued string
            if not line:
                raise TokenError, ("EOF in multi-line string", strstart)
            endmatch = endprog.match(line)
            if endmatch:
                pos = end = endmatch.end(0)
                yield (STRING, contstr + line[:end],
                           strstart, (lnum, end), contline + line)
                contstr, needcont = '', 0
                contline = None
            elif needcont and line[-2:] != '\\\n' and line[-3:] != '\\\r\n':
                yield (ERRORTOKEN, contstr + line,
                           strstart, (lnum, len(line)), contline)
                contstr = ''
                contline = None
                continue
            else:
                contstr = contstr + line
                contline = contline + line
                continue

        elif parenlev == 0 and not continued:  # new statement
            if not line: break
            column = 0
            while pos < max:                   # measure leading whitespace
                if line[pos] == ' ': column = column + 1
                elif line[pos] == '\t': column = (column/tabsize + 1)*tabsize
                elif line[pos] == '\f': column = 0
                else: break
                pos = pos + 1
            if pos == max: break

            if line[pos] in '#\r\n':           # skip comments or blank lines
                yield ((NL, COMMENT)[line[pos] == '#'], line[pos:],
                           (lnum, pos), (lnum, len(line)), line)
                continue

            if column > indents[-1]:           # count indents or dedents
                indents.append(column)
                yield (INDENT, line[:pos], (lnum, 0), (lnum, pos), line)
            while column < indents[-1]:
                if column not in indents:
                    raise IndentationError(
                        "unindent does not match any outer indentation level")
                indents = indents[:-1]
                yield (DEDENT, '', (lnum, pos), (lnum, pos), line)

        else:                                  # continued statement
            if not line:
                raise TokenError, ("EOF in multi-line statement", (lnum, 0))
            continued = 0

        while pos < max:
            pseudomatch = pseudoprog.match(line, pos)
            if pseudomatch:                                # scan for tokens
                start, end = pseudomatch.span(1)
                spos, epos, pos = (lnum, start), (lnum, end), end
                token, initial = line[start:end], line[start]

                if initial in numchars or \
                   (initial == '.' and token != '.'):      # ordinary number
                    yield (NUMBER, token, spos, epos, line)
                elif initial in '\r\n':
                    yield (parenlev > 0 and NL or NEWLINE,
                               token, spos, epos, line)
                elif initial == '#':
                    yield (COMMENT, token, spos, epos, line)
                elif token in triple_quoted:
                    endprog = endprogs[token]
                    endmatch = endprog.match(line, pos)
                    if endmatch:                           # all on one line
                        pos = endmatch.end(0)
                        token = line[start:pos]
                        yield (STRING, token, spos, (lnum, pos), line)
                    else:
                        strstart = (lnum, start)           # multiple lines
                        contstr = line[start:]
                        contline = line
                        break
                elif initial in single_quoted or \
                    token[:2] in single_quoted or \
                    token[:3] in single_quoted:
                    if token[-1] == '\n':                  # continued string
                        strstart = (lnum, start)
                        endprog = (endprogs[initial] or endprogs[token[1]] or
                                   endprogs[token[2]])
                        contstr, needcont = line[start:], 1
                        contline = line
                        break
                    else:                                  # ordinary string
                        yield (STRING, token, spos, epos, line)
                elif initial in namechars:                 # ordinary name
                    yield (NAME, token, spos, epos, line)
                elif initial == '\\':                      # continued stmt
                    continued = 1
                else:
                    if initial in '([{': parenlev = parenlev + 1
                    elif initial in ')]}': parenlev = parenlev - 1
                    yield (OP, token, spos, epos, line)
            else:
                yield (ERRORTOKEN, line[pos],
                           (lnum, pos), (lnum, pos+1), line)
                pos = pos + 1

    for indent in indents[1:]:                 # pop remaining indent levels
        yield (DEDENT, '', (lnum, 0), (lnum, 0), '')
    yield (ENDMARKER, '', (lnum, 0), (lnum, 0), '')

if __name__ == '__main__':                     # testing
    import sys
    if len(sys.argv) > 1: tokenize(open(sys.argv[1]).readline)
    else: tokenize(sys.stdin.readline)
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