Source

cpython / Lib / hashlib.py

# $Id$
#
#  Copyright (C) 2005   Gregory P. Smith (greg@krypto.org)
#  Licensed to PSF under a Contributor Agreement.
#

__doc__ = """hashlib module - A common interface to many hash functions.

new(name, string='') - returns a new hash object implementing the
                       given hash function; initializing the hash
                       using the given string data.

Named constructor functions are also available, these are much faster
than using new():

md5(), sha1(), sha224(), sha256(), sha384(), and sha512()

More algorithms may be available on your platform but the above are
guaranteed to exist.

NOTE: If you want the adler32 or crc32 hash functions they are available in
the zlib module.

Choose your hash function wisely.  Some have known collision weaknesses.
sha384 and sha512 will be slow on 32 bit platforms.

Hash objects have these methods:
 - update(arg): Update the hash object with the string arg. Repeated calls
                are equivalent to a single call with the concatenation of all
                the arguments.
 - digest():    Return the digest of the strings passed to the update() method
                so far. This may contain non-ASCII characters, including
                NUL bytes.
 - hexdigest(): Like digest() except the digest is returned as a string of
                double length, containing only hexadecimal digits.
 - copy():      Return a copy (clone) of the hash object. This can be used to
                efficiently compute the digests of strings that share a common
                initial substring.

For example, to obtain the digest of the string 'Nobody inspects the
spammish repetition':

    >>> import hashlib
    >>> m = hashlib.md5()
    >>> m.update("Nobody inspects")
    >>> m.update(" the spammish repetition")
    >>> m.digest()
    '\\xbbd\\x9c\\x83\\xdd\\x1e\\xa5\\xc9\\xd9\\xde\\xc9\\xa1\\x8d\\xf0\\xff\\xe9'

More condensed:

    >>> hashlib.sha224("Nobody inspects the spammish repetition").hexdigest()
    'a4337bc45a8fc544c03f52dc550cd6e1e87021bc896588bd79e901e2'

"""

# This tuple and __get_builtin_constructor() must be modified if a new
# always available algorithm is added.
__always_supported = ('md5', 'sha1', 'sha224', 'sha256', 'sha384', 'sha512')

algorithms = __always_supported

__all__ = __always_supported + ('new', 'algorithms')


def __get_builtin_constructor(name):
    if name in ('SHA1', 'sha1'):
        import _sha
        return _sha.new
    elif name in ('MD5', 'md5'):
        import _md5
        return _md5.new
    elif name in ('SHA256', 'sha256', 'SHA224', 'sha224'):
        import _sha256
        bs = name[3:]
        if bs == '256':
            return _sha256.sha256
        elif bs == '224':
            return _sha256.sha224
    elif name in ('SHA512', 'sha512', 'SHA384', 'sha384'):
        import _sha512
        bs = name[3:]
        if bs == '512':
            return _sha512.sha512
        elif bs == '384':
            return _sha512.sha384

    raise ValueError('unsupported hash type %s' % name)


def __get_openssl_constructor(name):
    try:
        f = getattr(_hashlib, 'openssl_' + name)
        # Allow the C module to raise ValueError.  The function will be
        # defined but the hash not actually available thanks to OpenSSL.
        f()
        # Use the C function directly (very fast)
        return f
    except (AttributeError, ValueError):
        return __get_builtin_constructor(name)


def __py_new(name, string=''):
    """new(name, string='') - Return a new hashing object using the named algorithm;
    optionally initialized with a string.
    """
    return __get_builtin_constructor(name)(string)


def __hash_new(name, string=''):
    """new(name, string='') - Return a new hashing object using the named algorithm;
    optionally initialized with a string.
    """
    try:
        return _hashlib.new(name, string)
    except ValueError:
        # If the _hashlib module (OpenSSL) doesn't support the named
        # hash, try using our builtin implementations.
        # This allows for SHA224/256 and SHA384/512 support even though
        # the OpenSSL library prior to 0.9.8 doesn't provide them.
        return __get_builtin_constructor(name)(string)


try:
    import _hashlib
    new = __hash_new
    __get_hash = __get_openssl_constructor
except ImportError:
    new = __py_new
    __get_hash = __get_builtin_constructor

for __func_name in __always_supported:
    # try them all, some may not work due to the OpenSSL
    # version not supporting that algorithm.
    try:
        globals()[__func_name] = __get_hash(__func_name)
    except ValueError:
        import logging
        logging.exception('code for hash %s was not found.', __func_name)

# Cleanup locals()
del __always_supported, __func_name, __get_hash
del __py_new, __hash_new, __get_openssl_constructor
Tip: Filter by directory path e.g. /media app.js to search for public/media/app.js.
Tip: Use camelCasing e.g. ProjME to search for ProjectModifiedEvent.java.
Tip: Filter by extension type e.g. /repo .js to search for all .js files in the /repo directory.
Tip: Separate your search with spaces e.g. /ssh pom.xml to search for src/ssh/pom.xml.
Tip: Use ↑ and ↓ arrow keys to navigate and return to view the file.
Tip: You can also navigate files with Ctrl+j (next) and Ctrl+k (previous) and view the file with Ctrl+o.
Tip: You can also navigate files with Alt+j (next) and Alt+k (previous) and view the file with Alt+o.