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cpython / PC / getpathp.c

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/***********************************************************
Copyright 1991-1995 by Stichting Mathematisch Centrum, Amsterdam,
The Netherlands.

                        All Rights Reserved

Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its
documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted,
provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that
both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in
supporting documentation, and that the names of Stichting Mathematisch
Centrum or CWI or Corporation for National Research Initiatives or
CNRI not be used in advertising or publicity pertaining to
distribution of the software without specific, written prior
permission.

While CWI is the initial source for this software, a modified version
is made available by the Corporation for National Research Initiatives
(CNRI) at the Internet address ftp://ftp.python.org.

STICHTING MATHEMATISCH CENTRUM AND CNRI DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES WITH
REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS, IN NO EVENT SHALL STICHTING MATHEMATISCH
CENTRUM OR CNRI BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR
PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER
TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR
PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.

******************************************************************/

/* Return the initial module search path. */
/* Used by DOS, OS/2, Windows 3.1.  Works on NT too. */

#include "Python.h"
#include "osdefs.h"

#ifdef MS_WIN32
#include <windows.h>
extern BOOL PyWin_IsWin32s();
#endif

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <string.h>

#if HAVE_UNISTD_H
#include <unistd.h>
#endif /* HAVE_UNISTD_H */

/* Search in some common locations for the associated Python libraries.
 *
 * This version always returns "" for both prefix and exec_prefix.
 *
 * Py_GetPath() tries to return a sensible Python module search path.
 *
 * First, we look to see if the executable is in a subdirectory of
 * the Python build directory.  We calculate the full path of the
 * directory containing the executable as progpath.  We work backwards
 * along progpath and look for $dir/Modules/Setup.in, a distinctive
 * landmark.  If found, we use $dir/Lib as $root.  The returned
 * Python path is the compiled #define PYTHONPATH with all the initial
 * "./lib" replaced by $root.
 *
 * Otherwise, if there is a PYTHONPATH environment variable, we return that.
 *
 * Otherwise we try to find $progpath/lib/string.py, and if found, then
 * root is $progpath/lib, and we return Python path as compiled PYTHONPATH
 * with all "./lib" replaced by $root (as above).
 *
 */

#ifndef LANDMARK
#define LANDMARK "lib\\string.py"
#endif

static char prefix[MAXPATHLEN+1];
static char progpath[MAXPATHLEN+1];
static char *module_search_path = NULL;


static int
is_sep(ch)	/* determine if "ch" is a separator character */
	char ch;
{
#ifdef ALTSEP
	return ch == SEP || ch == ALTSEP;
#else
	return ch == SEP;
#endif
}


static void
reduce(dir)
	char *dir;
{
	int i = strlen(dir);
	while (i > 0 && !is_sep(dir[i]))
		--i;
	dir[i] = '\0';
}
	

static int
exists(filename)
	char *filename;
{
	struct stat buf;
	return stat(filename, &buf) == 0;
}


static void
join(buffer, stuff)
	char *buffer;
	char *stuff;
{
	int n, k;
	if (is_sep(stuff[0]))
		n = 0;
	else {
		n = strlen(buffer);
		if (n > 0 && !is_sep(buffer[n-1]) && n < MAXPATHLEN)
			buffer[n++] = SEP;
	}
	k = strlen(stuff);
	if (n + k > MAXPATHLEN)
		k = MAXPATHLEN - n;
	strncpy(buffer+n, stuff, k);
	buffer[n+k] = '\0';
}


static int
search_for_prefix(argv0_path, landmark)
	char *argv0_path;
	char *landmark;
{
	int n;

	/* Search from argv0_path, until root is found */
	strcpy(prefix, argv0_path);
	do {
		n = strlen(prefix);
		join(prefix, landmark);
		if (exists(prefix)) {
			prefix[n] = '\0';
			return 1;
		}
		prefix[n] = '\0';
		reduce(prefix);
	} while (prefix[0]);
	return 0;
}

#ifdef MS_WIN32
#include "malloc.h" // for alloca - see comments below!
extern const char *PyWin_DLLVersionString; // a string loaded from the DLL at startup.


/* Load a PYTHONPATH value from the registry.
   Load from either HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE or HKEY_CURRENT_USER.

   Returns NULL, or a pointer that should be freed.
*/

static char *
getpythonregpath(HKEY keyBase, BOOL bWin32s)
{
	HKEY newKey = 0;
	DWORD nameSize = 0;
	DWORD dataSize = 0;
	DWORD numEntries = 0;
	LONG rc;
	char *retval = NULL;
	char *dataBuf;
	const char keyPrefix[] = "Software\\Python\\PythonCore\\";
	const char keySuffix[] = "\\PythonPath";
	int versionLen;
	char *keyBuf;

	// Tried to use sysget("winver") but here is too early :-(
	versionLen = strlen(PyWin_DLLVersionString);
	// alloca == no free required, but memory only local to fn.
	// also no heap fragmentation!  Am I being silly?
	keyBuf = alloca(sizeof(keyPrefix)-1 + versionLen + sizeof(keySuffix)); // chars only, plus 1 NULL.
	// lots of constants here for the compiler to optimize away :-)
	memcpy(keyBuf, keyPrefix, sizeof(keyPrefix)-1);
	memcpy(keyBuf+sizeof(keyPrefix)-1, PyWin_DLLVersionString, versionLen);
	memcpy(keyBuf+sizeof(keyPrefix)-1+versionLen, keySuffix, sizeof(keySuffix)); // NULL comes with this one!

	rc=RegOpenKey(keyBase,
		      keyBuf,
		      &newKey);
	if (rc==ERROR_SUCCESS) {
		RegQueryInfoKey(newKey, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, 
		                &numEntries, &nameSize, &dataSize, NULL, NULL);
	}
	if (bWin32s && numEntries==0 && dataSize==0) {
		/* must hardcode for Win32s */
		numEntries = 1;
		dataSize = 511;
	}
	if (numEntries) {
		/* Loop over all subkeys. */
		/* Win32s doesnt know how many subkeys, so we do
		   it twice */
		char keyBuf[MAX_PATH+1];
		int index = 0;
		int off = 0;
		for(index=0;;index++) {
			long reqdSize = 0;
			DWORD rc = RegEnumKey(newKey,
					      index, keyBuf, MAX_PATH+1);
			if (rc) break;
			rc = RegQueryValue(newKey, keyBuf, NULL, &reqdSize);
			if (rc) break;
			if (bWin32s && reqdSize==0) reqdSize = 512;
			dataSize += reqdSize + 1; /* 1 for the ";" */
		}
		dataBuf = malloc(dataSize+1);
		if (dataBuf==NULL)
			return NULL; /* pretty serious?  Raise error? */
		/* Now loop over, grabbing the paths.
		   Subkeys before main library */
		for(index=0;;index++) {
			int adjust;
			long reqdSize = dataSize;
			DWORD rc = RegEnumKey(newKey,
					      index, keyBuf,MAX_PATH+1);
			if (rc) break;
			rc = RegQueryValue(newKey,
					   keyBuf, dataBuf+off, &reqdSize);
			if (rc) break;
			if (reqdSize>1) {
				/* If Nothing, or only '\0' copied. */
				adjust = strlen(dataBuf+off);
				dataSize -= adjust;
				off += adjust;
				dataBuf[off++] = ';';
				dataBuf[off] = '\0';
				dataSize--;
			}
		}
		/* Additionally, win32s doesnt work as expected, so
		   the specific strlen() is required for 3.1. */
		rc = RegQueryValue(newKey, "", dataBuf+off, &dataSize);
		if (rc==ERROR_SUCCESS) {
			if (strlen(dataBuf)==0)
				free(dataBuf);
			else
				retval = dataBuf; /* caller will free */
		}
		else
			free(dataBuf);
	}

	if (newKey)
		RegCloseKey(newKey);
	return retval;
}
#endif /* MS_WIN32 */

static void
get_progpath()
{
	extern char *Py_GetProgramName();
	char *path = getenv("PATH");
	char *prog = Py_GetProgramName();

#ifdef MS_WIN32
	if (GetModuleFileName(NULL, progpath, MAXPATHLEN))
		return;
#endif
	if (prog == NULL || *prog == '\0')
		prog = "python";

	/* If there is no slash in the argv0 path, then we have to
	 * assume python is on the user's $PATH, since there's no
	 * other way to find a directory to start the search from.  If
	 * $PATH isn't exported, you lose.
	 */
#ifdef ALTSEP
	if (strchr(prog, SEP) || strchr(prog, ALTSEP))
#else
	if (strchr(prog, SEP))
#endif
		strcpy(progpath, prog);
	else if (path) {
		while (1) {
			char *delim = strchr(path, DELIM);

			if (delim) {
				int len = delim - path;
				strncpy(progpath, path, len);
				*(progpath + len) = '\0';
			}
			else
				strcpy(progpath, path);

			join(progpath, prog);
			if (exists(progpath))
				break;

			if (!delim) {
				progpath[0] = '\0';
				break;
			}
			path = delim + 1;
		}
	}
	else
		progpath[0] = '\0';
}

static void
calculate_path()
{
	char argv0_path[MAXPATHLEN+1];
	char *buf;
	int bufsz;
	char *pythonhome = getenv("PYTHONHOME");
	char *envpath = getenv("PYTHONPATH");
#ifdef MS_WIN32
	char *machinepath, *userpath;

	/* Are we running under Windows 3.1(1) Win32s? */
	if (PyWin_IsWin32s()) {
		/* Only CLASSES_ROOT is supported */
		machinepath = getpythonregpath(HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT, TRUE); 
		userpath = NULL;
	} else {
		machinepath = getpythonregpath(HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, FALSE);
		userpath = getpythonregpath(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, FALSE);
	}
#endif

	get_progpath();
	strcpy(argv0_path, progpath);
	reduce(argv0_path);
	if (pythonhome == NULL || *pythonhome == '\0') {
		if (search_for_prefix(argv0_path, LANDMARK))
			pythonhome = prefix;
		else
			pythonhome = NULL;
	}
	else
		strcpy(prefix, pythonhome);

	if (envpath && *envpath == '\0')
		envpath = NULL;

	/* We need to construct a path from the following parts:
	   (1) the PYTHONPATH environment variable, if set;
	   (2) for Win32, the machinepath and userpath, if set;
	   (3) the PYTHONPATH config macro, with the leading "."
	       of each component replaced with pythonhome, if set;
	   (4) the directory containing the executable (argv0_path).
	   The length calculation calculates #3 first.
	*/

	/* Calculate size of return buffer */
	if (pythonhome != NULL) {
		char *p;
		bufsz = 1;	
		for (p = PYTHONPATH; *p; p++) {
			if (*p == DELIM)
				bufsz++; /* number of DELIM plus one */
		}
		bufsz *= strlen(pythonhome);
	}
	else
		bufsz = 0;
	bufsz += strlen(PYTHONPATH) + 1;
	if (envpath != NULL)
		bufsz += strlen(envpath) + 1;
	bufsz += strlen(argv0_path) + 1;
#ifdef MS_WIN32
	if (machinepath)
		bufsz += strlen(machinepath) + 1;
	if (userpath)
		bufsz += strlen(userpath) + 1;
#endif

	module_search_path = buf = malloc(bufsz);
	if (buf == NULL) {
		/* We can't exit, so print a warning and limp along */
		fprintf(stderr, "Can't malloc dynamic PYTHONPATH.\n");
		if (envpath) {
			fprintf(stderr, "Using default static $PYTHONPATH.\n");
			module_search_path = envpath;
		}
		else {
			fprintf(stderr, "Using environment $PYTHONPATH.\n");
			module_search_path = PYTHONPATH;
		}
		return;
	}

	if (envpath) {
		strcpy(buf, envpath);
		buf = strchr(buf, '\0');
		*buf++ = DELIM;
	}
#ifdef MS_WIN32
	if (machinepath) {
		strcpy(buf, machinepath);
		buf = strchr(buf, '\0');
		*buf++ = DELIM;
	}
	if (userpath) {
		strcpy(buf, userpath);
		buf = strchr(buf, '\0');
		*buf++ = DELIM;
	}
#endif
	if (pythonhome == NULL) {
		strcpy(buf, PYTHONPATH);
		buf = strchr(buf, '\0');
	}
	else {
		char *p = PYTHONPATH;
		char *q;
		int n;
		for (;;) {
			q = strchr(p, DELIM);
			if (q == NULL)
				n = strlen(p);
			else
				n = q-p;
			if (p[0] == '.' && is_sep(p[1])) {
				strcpy(buf, pythonhome);
				buf = strchr(buf, '\0');
				p++;
				n--;
			}
			strncpy(buf, p, n);
			buf += n;
			if (q == NULL)
				break;
			*buf++ = DELIM;
			p = q+1;
		}
	}
	if (argv0_path) {
		*buf++ = DELIM;
		strcpy(buf, argv0_path);
		buf = strchr(buf, '\0');
	}
	*buf = '\0';
}


/* External interface */

char *
Py_GetPath()
{
	if (!module_search_path)
		calculate_path();
	return module_search_path;
}

char *
Py_GetPrefix()
{
	if (!module_search_path)
		calculate_path();
	return prefix;
}

char *
Py_GetExecPrefix()
{
	return Py_GetPrefix();
}

char *
Py_GetProgramFullPath()
{
	if (!module_search_path)
		calculate_path();
	return progpath;
}