Anonymous avatar Anonymous committed 678f92b

Moves the universal printer from gmock to gtest and refactors the cmake script for reusing in gmock (by Vlad Losev).

git-svn-id: http://googletest.googlecode.com/svn/trunk@425 861a406c-534a-0410-8894-cb66d6ee9925

Comments (0)

Files changed (12)

   set_up_hermetic_build()
 endif()
 
-if (MSVC)
-  # For MSVC, CMake sets certain flags to defaults we want to override.
-  # This replacement code is taken from sample in the CMake Wiki at
-  # http://www.cmake.org/Wiki/CMake_FAQ#Dynamic_Replace.
-  foreach (flag_var
-           CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_DEBUG CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_RELEASE
-           CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_MINSIZEREL CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_RELWITHDEBINFO)
-    if (NOT BUILD_SHARED_LIBS)
-      # When Google Test is built as a shared library, it should also use
-      # shared runtime libraries.  Otherwise, it may end up with multiple
-      # copies of runtime library data in different modules, resulting in
-      # hard-to-find crashes. When it is built as a static library, it is
-      # preferable to use CRT as static libraries, as we don't have to rely
-      # on CRT DLLs being available. CMake always defaults to using shared
-      # CRT libraries, so we override that default here.
-      string(REPLACE "/MD" "-MT" ${flag_var} "${${flag_var}}")
-    endif()
-
-    # We prefer more strict warning checking for building Google Test.
-    # Replaces /W3 with /W4 in defaults.
-    string(REPLACE "/W3" "-W4" ${flag_var} "${${flag_var}}")
-  endforeach()
-endif()
+include(cmake/internal_utils.cmake)
+
+fix_default_settings()  # Defined in internal_utils.cmake.
 
 # Where gtest's .h files can be found.
 include_directories(
 link_directories(
   ${gtest_BINARY_DIR}/src)
 
-# Defines CMAKE_USE_PTHREADS_INIT and CMAKE_THREAD_LIBS_INIT.
-find_package(Threads)
-
-# Defines the compiler/linker flags used to build gtest.  You can
-# tweak these definitions to suit your need.  A variable's value is
-# empty before it's explicitly assigned to.
-
-if (MSVC)
-  # Newlines inside flags variables break CMake's NMake generator.
-  # TODO(vladl@google.com): Add -RTCs and -RTCu to debug builds.
-  set(cxx_base_flags "-GS -W4 -WX -wd4251 -wd4275 -nologo -J -Zi")
-  set(cxx_base_flags "${cxx_base_flags} -D_UNICODE -DUNICODE -DWIN32 -D_WIN32")
-  set(cxx_base_flags "${cxx_base_flags} -DSTRICT -DWIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN")
-  set(cxx_exception_flags "-EHsc -D_HAS_EXCEPTIONS=1")
-  set(cxx_no_exception_flags "-D_HAS_EXCEPTIONS=0")
-  set(cxx_no_rtti_flags "-GR-")
-elseif (CMAKE_COMPILER_IS_GNUCXX)
-  set(cxx_base_flags "-Wall -Wshadow")
-  set(cxx_exception_flags "-fexceptions")
-  set(cxx_no_exception_flags "-fno-exceptions")
-  # Until version 4.3.2, GCC doesn't define a macro to indicate
-  # whether RTTI is enabled.  Therefore we define GTEST_HAS_RTTI
-  # explicitly.
-  set(cxx_no_rtti_flags "-fno-rtti -DGTEST_HAS_RTTI=0")
-  set(cxx_strict_flags "-Wextra")
-elseif (CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER_ID STREQUAL "SunPro")
-  set(cxx_exception_flags "-features=except")
-  # Sun Pro doesn't provide macros to indicate whether exceptions and
-  # RTTI are enabled, so we define GTEST_HAS_* explicitly.
-  set(cxx_no_exception_flags "-features=no%except -DGTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS=0")
-  set(cxx_no_rtti_flags "-features=no%rtti -DGTEST_HAS_RTTI=0")
-elseif (CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER_ID STREQUAL "VisualAge" OR
-        CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER_ID STREQUAL "XL")
-  # CMake 2.8 changes Visual Age's compiler ID to "XL".
-  set(cxx_exception_flags "-qeh")
-  set(cxx_no_exception_flags "-qnoeh")
-  # Until version 9.0, Visual Age doesn't define a macro to indicate
-  # whether RTTI is enabled.  Therefore we define GTEST_HAS_RTTI
-  # explicitly.
-  set(cxx_no_rtti_flags "-qnortti -DGTEST_HAS_RTTI=0")
-endif()
-
-if (CMAKE_USE_PTHREADS_INIT)  # The pthreads library is available.
-  set(cxx_base_flags "${cxx_base_flags} -DGTEST_HAS_PTHREAD=1")
-endif()
-
-# For building gtest's own tests and samples.
-set(cxx_exception "${CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS} ${cxx_base_flags} ${cxx_exception_flags}")
-set(cxx_no_exception
-    "${CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS} ${cxx_base_flags} ${cxx_no_exception_flags}")
-set(cxx_default "${cxx_exception}")
-set(cxx_no_rtti "${cxx_default} ${cxx_no_rtti_flags}")
-set(cxx_use_own_tuple "${cxx_default} -DGTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE=1")
-
-# For building the gtest libraries.
-set(cxx_strict "${cxx_default} ${cxx_strict_flags}")
-
 ########################################################################
 #
 # Defines the gtest & gtest_main libraries.  User tests should link
 # with one of them.
-function(cxx_library_with_type name type cxx_flags)
-  # type can be either STATIC or SHARED to denote a static or shared library.
-  # ARGN refers to additional arguments after 'cxx_flags'.
-  add_library(${name} ${type} ${ARGN})
-  set_target_properties(${name}
-    PROPERTIES
-    COMPILE_FLAGS "${cxx_flags}")
-  if (BUILD_SHARED_LIBS OR type STREQUAL "SHARED")
-    set_target_properties(${name}
-      PROPERTIES
-      COMPILE_DEFINITIONS "GTEST_CREATE_SHARED_LIBRARY=1")
-  endif()
-  if (CMAKE_USE_PTHREADS_INIT)
-    target_link_libraries(${name} ${CMAKE_THREAD_LIBS_INIT})
-  endif()
-endfunction()
-
-function(cxx_shared_library name cxx_flags)
-  cxx_library_with_type(${name} SHARED "${cxx_flags}" ${ARGN})
-endfunction()
-
-function(cxx_library name cxx_flags)
-  cxx_library_with_type(${name} "" "${cxx_flags}" ${ARGN})
-endfunction()
 
 # Google Test libraries.  We build them using more strict warnings than what
 # are used for other targets, to ensure that gtest can be compiled by a user
 # build_gtest_samples option to ON.  You can do it by running ccmake
 # or specifying the -Dbuild_gtest_samples=ON flag when running cmake.
 
-# cxx_executable_with_flags(name cxx_flags libs srcs...)
-#
-# creates a named C++ executable that depends on the given libraries and
-# is built from the given source files with the given compiler flags.
-function(cxx_executable_with_flags name cxx_flags libs)
-  add_executable(${name} ${ARGN})
-  if (cxx_flags)
-    set_target_properties(${name}
-      PROPERTIES
-      COMPILE_FLAGS "${cxx_flags}")
-  endif()
-  if (BUILD_SHARED_LIBS)
-    set_target_properties(${name}
-      PROPERTIES
-      COMPILE_DEFINITIONS "GTEST_LINKED_AS_SHARED_LIBRARY=1")
-  endif()
-  # To support mixing linking in static and dynamic libraries, link each
-  # library in with an extra call to target_link_libraries.
-  foreach (lib "${libs}")
-    target_link_libraries(${name} ${lib})
-  endforeach()
-endfunction()
-
-# cxx_executable(name dir lib srcs...)
-#
-# creates a named target that depends on the given libs and is built
-# from the given source files.  dir/name.cc is implicitly included in
-# the source file list.
-function(cxx_executable name dir libs)
-  cxx_executable_with_flags(
-    ${name} "${cxx_default}" "${libs}" "${dir}/${name}.cc" ${ARGN})
-endfunction()
-
 if (build_gtest_samples)
   cxx_executable(sample1_unittest samples gtest_main samples/sample1.cc)
   cxx_executable(sample2_unittest samples gtest_main samples/sample2.cc)
 # build_all_gtest_tests option to ON.  You can do it by running ccmake
 # or specifying the -Dbuild_all_gtest_tests=ON flag when running cmake.
 
-# This must be set in the root directory for the tests to be run by
-# 'make test' or ctest.
-enable_testing()
-
-# Sets PYTHONINTERP_FOUND and PYTHON_EXECUTABLE.
-find_package(PythonInterp)
-
-############################################################
-# C++ tests built with standard compiler flags.
-
-# cxx_test_with_flags(name cxx_flags libs srcs...)
-#
-# creates a named C++ test that depends on the given libs and is built
-# from the given source files with the given compiler flags.
-function(cxx_test_with_flags name cxx_flags libs)
-  cxx_executable_with_flags(${name} "${cxx_flags}" "${libs}" ${ARGN})
-  add_test(${name} ${name})
-endfunction()
-
-# cxx_test(name libs srcs...)
-#
-# creates a named test target that depends on the given libs and is
-# built from the given source files.  Unlike cxx_test_with_flags,
-# test/name.cc is already implicitly included in the source file list.
-function(cxx_test name libs)
-  cxx_test_with_flags("${name}" "${cxx_default}" "${libs}"
-    "test/${name}.cc" ${ARGN})
-endfunction()
+if (build_all_gtest_tests)
+  # This must be set in the root directory for the tests to be run by
+  # 'make test' or ctest.
+  enable_testing()
 
-cxx_test(gtest_unittest gtest_main)
+  ############################################################
+  # C++ tests built with standard compiler flags.
 
-if (build_all_gtest_tests)
   cxx_test(gtest-death-test_test gtest_main)
   cxx_test(gtest_environment_test gtest)
   cxx_test(gtest-filepath_test gtest_main)
     test/gtest-param-test2_test.cc)
   cxx_test(gtest-port_test gtest_main)
   cxx_test(gtest_pred_impl_unittest gtest_main)
+  cxx_test(gtest-printers_test gtest_main)
   cxx_test(gtest_prod_test gtest_main
     test/production.cc)
   cxx_test(gtest_repeat_test gtest)
   cxx_test(gtest_throw_on_failure_ex_test gtest)
   cxx_test(gtest-typed-test_test gtest_main
     test/gtest-typed-test2_test.cc)
+  cxx_test(gtest_unittest gtest_main)
   cxx_test(gtest-unittest-api_test gtest)
-endif()
 
-############################################################
-# C++ tests built with non-standard compiler flags.
+  ############################################################
+  # C++ tests built with non-standard compiler flags.
 
-if (build_all_gtest_tests)
   cxx_library(gtest_no_exception "${cxx_no_exception}"
     src/gtest-all.cc)
   cxx_library(gtest_main_no_rtti "${cxx_no_rtti}"
       test/gtest-param-test_test.cc test/gtest-param-test2_test.cc)
   endif()
 
-endif()
-
-############################################################
-# Python tests.
+  ############################################################
+  # Python tests.
 
-# py_test(name)
-#
-# creates a Python test with the given name whose main module is in
-# test/name.py.  It does nothing if Python is not installed.
-function(py_test name)
-  if (PYTHONINTERP_FOUND)
-    # ${gtest_BINARY_DIR} is known at configuration time, so we can
-    # directly bind it from cmake. ${CTEST_CONFIGURATION_TYPE} is known
-    # only at ctest runtime (by calling ctest -c <Configuration>), so
-    # we have to escape $ to delay variable substitution here.
-    add_test(${name}
-      ${PYTHON_EXECUTABLE} ${gtest_SOURCE_DIR}/test/${name}.py
-          --gtest_build_dir=${gtest_BINARY_DIR}/\${CTEST_CONFIGURATION_TYPE})
-  endif()
-endfunction()
-
-if (build_all_gtest_tests)
   cxx_executable(gtest_break_on_failure_unittest_ test gtest)
   py_test(gtest_break_on_failure_unittest)
 
   src/gtest-filepath.cc \
   src/gtest-internal-inl.h \
   src/gtest-port.cc \
+  src/gtest-printers.cc \
   src/gtest-test-part.cc \
   src/gtest-typed-test.cc
 
   test/gtest-param-test2_test.cc \
   test/gtest-param-test_test.h \
   test/gtest-port_test.cc \
+  test/gtest-printers_test.cc \
   test/gtest_pred_impl_unittest.cc \
   test/gtest_prod_test.cc \
   test/production.cc \
                      include/gtest/gtest-message.h \
                      include/gtest/gtest-param-test.h \
                      include/gtest/gtest_pred_impl.h \
+                     include/gtest/gtest-printers.h \
                      include/gtest/gtest_prod.h \
                      include/gtest/gtest-spi.h \
                      include/gtest/gtest-test-part.h \

cmake/internal_utils.cmake

+# Defines CMAKE_USE_PTHREADS_INIT and CMAKE_THREAD_LIBS_INIT.
+find_package(Threads)
+
+# macro is required here, as inside a function string() will update
+# variables only at the function scope.
+macro(fix_default_settings)
+  if (MSVC)
+    # For MSVC, CMake sets certain flags to defaults we want to override.
+    # This replacement code is taken from sample in the CMake Wiki at
+    # http://www.cmake.org/Wiki/CMake_FAQ#Dynamic_Replace.
+    foreach (flag_var
+             CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_DEBUG CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_RELEASE
+             CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_MINSIZEREL CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_RELWITHDEBINFO)
+      if (NOT BUILD_SHARED_LIBS)
+        # When Google Test is built as a shared library, it should also use
+        # shared runtime libraries.  Otherwise, it may end up with multiple
+        # copies of runtime library data in different modules, resulting in
+        # hard-to-find crashes. When it is built as a static library, it is
+        # preferable to use CRT as static libraries, as we don't have to rely
+        # on CRT DLLs being available. CMake always defaults to using shared
+        # CRT libraries, so we override that default here.
+        string(REPLACE "/MD" "-MT" ${flag_var} "${${flag_var}}")
+      endif()
+
+      # We prefer more strict warning checking for building Google Test.
+      # Replaces /W3 with /W4 in defaults.
+      string(REPLACE "/W3" "-W4" ${flag_var} "${${flag_var}}")
+    endforeach()
+  endif()
+endmacro()
+
+# Defines the compiler/linker flags used to build gtest.  You can
+# tweak these definitions to suit your need.  A variable's value is
+# empty before it's explicitly assigned to.
+
+if (MSVC)
+  # Newlines inside flags variables break CMake's NMake generator.
+  # TODO(vladl@google.com): Add -RTCs and -RTCu to debug builds.
+  set(cxx_base_flags "-GS -W4 -WX -wd4127 -wd4251 -wd4275 -nologo -J -Zi")
+  set(cxx_base_flags "${cxx_base_flags} -D_UNICODE -DUNICODE -DWIN32 -D_WIN32")
+  set(cxx_base_flags "${cxx_base_flags} -DSTRICT -DWIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN")
+  set(cxx_exception_flags "-EHsc -D_HAS_EXCEPTIONS=1")
+  set(cxx_no_exception_flags "-D_HAS_EXCEPTIONS=0")
+  set(cxx_no_rtti_flags "-GR-")
+elseif (CMAKE_COMPILER_IS_GNUCXX)
+  set(cxx_base_flags "-Wall -Wshadow")
+  set(cxx_exception_flags "-fexceptions")
+  set(cxx_no_exception_flags "-fno-exceptions")
+  # Until version 4.3.2, GCC doesn't define a macro to indicate
+  # whether RTTI is enabled.  Therefore we define GTEST_HAS_RTTI
+  # explicitly.
+  set(cxx_no_rtti_flags "-fno-rtti -DGTEST_HAS_RTTI=0")
+  set(cxx_strict_flags "-Wextra")
+elseif (CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER_ID STREQUAL "SunPro")
+  set(cxx_exception_flags "-features=except")
+  # Sun Pro doesn't provide macros to indicate whether exceptions and
+  # RTTI are enabled, so we define GTEST_HAS_* explicitly.
+  set(cxx_no_exception_flags "-features=no%except -DGTEST_HAS_EXCEPTIONS=0")
+  set(cxx_no_rtti_flags "-features=no%rtti -DGTEST_HAS_RTTI=0")
+elseif (CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER_ID STREQUAL "VisualAge" OR
+        CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER_ID STREQUAL "XL")
+  # CMake 2.8 changes Visual Age's compiler ID to "XL".
+  set(cxx_exception_flags "-qeh")
+  set(cxx_no_exception_flags "-qnoeh")
+  # Until version 9.0, Visual Age doesn't define a macro to indicate
+  # whether RTTI is enabled.  Therefore we define GTEST_HAS_RTTI
+  # explicitly.
+  set(cxx_no_rtti_flags "-qnortti -DGTEST_HAS_RTTI=0")
+endif()
+
+if (CMAKE_USE_PTHREADS_INIT)  # The pthreads library is available.
+  set(cxx_base_flags "${cxx_base_flags} -DGTEST_HAS_PTHREAD=1")
+endif()
+
+# For building gtest's own tests and samples.
+set(cxx_exception "${CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS} ${cxx_base_flags} ${cxx_exception_flags}")
+set(cxx_no_exception
+    "${CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS} ${cxx_base_flags} ${cxx_no_exception_flags}")
+set(cxx_default "${cxx_exception}")
+set(cxx_no_rtti "${cxx_default} ${cxx_no_rtti_flags}")
+set(cxx_use_own_tuple "${cxx_default} -DGTEST_USE_OWN_TR1_TUPLE=1")
+
+# For building the gtest libraries.
+set(cxx_strict "${cxx_default} ${cxx_strict_flags}")
+
+########################################################################
+#
+# Defines the gtest & gtest_main libraries.  User tests should link
+# with one of them.
+function(cxx_library_with_type name type cxx_flags)
+  # type can be either STATIC or SHARED to denote a static or shared library.
+  # ARGN refers to additional arguments after 'cxx_flags'.
+  add_library(${name} ${type} ${ARGN})
+  set_target_properties(${name}
+    PROPERTIES
+    COMPILE_FLAGS "${cxx_flags}")
+  if (BUILD_SHARED_LIBS OR type STREQUAL "SHARED")
+    set_target_properties(${name}
+      PROPERTIES
+      COMPILE_DEFINITIONS "GTEST_CREATE_SHARED_LIBRARY=1")
+  endif()
+  if (CMAKE_USE_PTHREADS_INIT)
+    target_link_libraries(${name} ${CMAKE_THREAD_LIBS_INIT})
+  endif()
+endfunction()
+
+function(cxx_shared_library name cxx_flags)
+  cxx_library_with_type(${name} SHARED "${cxx_flags}" ${ARGN})
+endfunction()
+
+function(cxx_library name cxx_flags)
+  cxx_library_with_type(${name} "" "${cxx_flags}" ${ARGN})
+endfunction()
+
+# cxx_executable_with_flags(name cxx_flags libs srcs...)
+#
+# creates a named C++ executable that depends on the given libraries and
+# is built from the given source files with the given compiler flags.
+function(cxx_executable_with_flags name cxx_flags libs)
+  add_executable(${name} ${ARGN})
+  if (cxx_flags)
+    set_target_properties(${name}
+      PROPERTIES
+      COMPILE_FLAGS "${cxx_flags}")
+  endif()
+  if (BUILD_SHARED_LIBS)
+    set_target_properties(${name}
+      PROPERTIES
+      COMPILE_DEFINITIONS "GTEST_LINKED_AS_SHARED_LIBRARY=1")
+  endif()
+  # To support mixing linking in static and dynamic libraries, link each
+  # library in with an extra call to target_link_libraries.
+  foreach (lib "${libs}")
+    target_link_libraries(${name} ${lib})
+  endforeach()
+endfunction()
+
+# cxx_executable(name dir lib srcs...)
+#
+# creates a named target that depends on the given libs and is built
+# from the given source files.  dir/name.cc is implicitly included in
+# the source file list.
+function(cxx_executable name dir libs)
+  cxx_executable_with_flags(
+    ${name} "${cxx_default}" "${libs}" "${dir}/${name}.cc" ${ARGN})
+endfunction()
+
+# Sets PYTHONINTERP_FOUND and PYTHON_EXECUTABLE.
+find_package(PythonInterp)
+
+# cxx_test_with_flags(name cxx_flags libs srcs...)
+#
+# creates a named C++ test that depends on the given libs and is built
+# from the given source files with the given compiler flags.
+function(cxx_test_with_flags name cxx_flags libs)
+  cxx_executable_with_flags(${name} "${cxx_flags}" "${libs}" ${ARGN})
+  add_test(${name} ${name})
+endfunction()
+
+# cxx_test(name libs srcs...)
+#
+# creates a named test target that depends on the given libs and is
+# built from the given source files.  Unlike cxx_test_with_flags,
+# test/name.cc is already implicitly included in the source file list.
+function(cxx_test name libs)
+  cxx_test_with_flags("${name}" "${cxx_default}" "${libs}"
+    "test/${name}.cc" ${ARGN})
+endfunction()
+
+# py_test(name)
+#
+# creates a Python test with the given name whose main module is in
+# test/name.py.  It does nothing if Python is not installed.
+function(py_test name)
+  # We are not supporting Python tests on Linux yet as they consider
+  # all Linux environments to be google3 and try to use google3 features.
+  if (PYTHONINTERP_FOUND AND NOT ${CMAKE_SYSTEM_NAME} MATCHES "Linux")
+    # ${gtest_BINARY_DIR} is known at configuration time, so we can
+    # directly bind it from cmake. ${CTEST_CONFIGURATION_TYPE} is known
+    # only at ctest runtime (by calling ctest -c <Configuration>), so
+    # we have to escape $ to delay variable substitution here.
+    add_test(${name}
+      ${PYTHON_EXECUTABLE} ${gtest_SOURCE_DIR}/test/${name}.py
+          --gtest_build_dir=${gtest_BINARY_DIR}/\${CTEST_CONFIGURATION_TYPE})
+  endif()
+endfunction()

include/gtest/gtest-printers.h

+// Copyright 2007, Google Inc.
+// All rights reserved.
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+// met:
+//
+//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+// distribution.
+//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+// this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+//
+// Author: wan@google.com (Zhanyong Wan)
+
+// Google Test - The Google C++ Testing Framework
+//
+// This file implements a universal value printer that can print a
+// value of any type T:
+//
+//   void ::testing::internal::UniversalPrinter<T>::Print(value, ostream_ptr);
+//
+// A user can teach this function how to print a class type T by
+// defining either operator<<() or PrintTo() in the namespace that
+// defines T.  More specifically, the FIRST defined function in the
+// following list will be used (assuming T is defined in namespace
+// foo):
+//
+//   1. foo::PrintTo(const T&, ostream*)
+//   2. operator<<(ostream&, const T&) defined in either foo or the
+//      global namespace.
+//
+// If none of the above is defined, it will print the debug string of
+// the value if it is a protocol buffer, or print the raw bytes in the
+// value otherwise.
+//
+// To aid debugging: when T is a reference type, the address of the
+// value is also printed; when T is a (const) char pointer, both the
+// pointer value and the NUL-terminated string it points to are
+// printed.
+//
+// We also provide some convenient wrappers:
+//
+//   // Prints a value to a string.  For a (const or not) char
+//   // pointer, the NUL-terminated string (but not the pointer) is
+//   // printed.
+//   std::string ::testing::PrintToString(const T& value);
+//
+//   // Prints a value tersely: for a reference type, the referenced
+//   // value (but not the address) is printed; for a (const or not) char
+//   // pointer, the NUL-terminated string (but not the pointer) is
+//   // printed.
+//   void ::testing::internal::UniversalTersePrint(const T& value, ostream*);
+//
+//   // Prints value using the type inferred by the compiler.  The difference
+//   // from UniversalTersePrint() is that this function prints both the
+//   // pointer and the NUL-terminated string for a (const or not) char pointer.
+//   void ::testing::internal::UniversalPrint(const T& value, ostream*);
+//
+//   // Prints the fields of a tuple tersely to a string vector, one
+//   // element for each field. Tuple support must be enabled in
+//   // gtest-port.h.
+//   std::vector<string> UniversalTersePrintTupleFieldsToStrings(
+//       const Tuple& value);
+//
+// Known limitation:
+//
+// The print primitives print the elements of an STL-style container
+// using the compiler-inferred type of *iter where iter is a
+// const_iterator of the container.  When const_iterator is an input
+// iterator but not a forward iterator, this inferred type may not
+// match value_type, and the print output may be incorrect.  In
+// practice, this is rarely a problem as for most containers
+// const_iterator is a forward iterator.  We'll fix this if there's an
+// actual need for it.  Note that this fix cannot rely on value_type
+// being defined as many user-defined container types don't have
+// value_type.
+
+#ifndef GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_GTEST_PRINTERS_H_
+#define GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_GTEST_PRINTERS_H_
+
+#include <ostream>  // NOLINT
+#include <sstream>
+#include <string>
+#include <utility>
+#include <vector>
+#include <gtest/internal/gtest-port.h>
+#include <gtest/internal/gtest-internal.h>
+
+namespace testing {
+
+// Definitions in the 'internal' and 'internal2' name spaces are
+// subject to change without notice.  DO NOT USE THEM IN USER CODE!
+namespace internal2 {
+
+// Prints the given number of bytes in the given object to the given
+// ostream.
+GTEST_API_ void PrintBytesInObjectTo(const unsigned char* obj_bytes,
+                                     size_t count,
+                                     ::std::ostream* os);
+
+// TypeWithoutFormatter<T, kIsProto>::PrintValue(value, os) is called
+// by the universal printer to print a value of type T when neither
+// operator<< nor PrintTo() is defined for type T.  When T is
+// ProtocolMessage, proto2::Message, or a subclass of those, kIsProto
+// will be true and the short debug string of the protocol message
+// value will be printed; otherwise kIsProto will be false and the
+// bytes in the value will be printed.
+template <typename T, bool kIsProto>
+class TypeWithoutFormatter {
+ public:
+  static void PrintValue(const T& value, ::std::ostream* os) {
+    PrintBytesInObjectTo(reinterpret_cast<const unsigned char*>(&value),
+                         sizeof(value), os);
+  }
+};
+
+// We print a protobuf using its ShortDebugString() when the string
+// doesn't exceed this many characters; otherwise we print it using
+// DebugString() for better readability.
+const size_t kProtobufOneLinerMaxLength = 50;
+
+template <typename T>
+class TypeWithoutFormatter<T, true> {
+ public:
+  static void PrintValue(const T& value, ::std::ostream* os) {
+    const ::testing::internal::string short_str = value.ShortDebugString();
+    const ::testing::internal::string pretty_str =
+        short_str.length() <= kProtobufOneLinerMaxLength ?
+        short_str : ("\n" + value.DebugString());
+    ::std::operator<<(*os, "<" + pretty_str + ">");
+  }
+};
+
+// Prints the given value to the given ostream.  If the value is a
+// protocol message, its short debug string is printed; otherwise the
+// bytes in the value are printed.  This is what
+// UniversalPrinter<T>::Print() does when it knows nothing about type
+// T and T has no << operator.
+//
+// A user can override this behavior for a class type Foo by defining
+// a << operator in the namespace where Foo is defined.
+//
+// We put this operator in namespace 'internal2' instead of 'internal'
+// to simplify the implementation, as much code in 'internal' needs to
+// use << in STL, which would conflict with our own << were it defined
+// in 'internal'.
+//
+// Note that this operator<< takes a generic std::basic_ostream<Char,
+// CharTraits> type instead of the more restricted std::ostream.  If
+// we define it to take an std::ostream instead, we'll get an
+// "ambiguous overloads" compiler error when trying to print a type
+// Foo that supports streaming to std::basic_ostream<Char,
+// CharTraits>, as the compiler cannot tell whether
+// operator<<(std::ostream&, const T&) or
+// operator<<(std::basic_stream<Char, CharTraits>, const Foo&) is more
+// specific.
+template <typename Char, typename CharTraits, typename T>
+::std::basic_ostream<Char, CharTraits>& operator<<(
+    ::std::basic_ostream<Char, CharTraits>& os, const T& x) {
+  TypeWithoutFormatter<T, ::testing::internal::IsAProtocolMessage<T>::value>::
+      PrintValue(x, &os);
+  return os;
+}
+
+}  // namespace internal2
+}  // namespace testing
+
+// This namespace MUST NOT BE NESTED IN ::testing, or the name look-up
+// magic needed for implementing UniversalPrinter won't work.
+namespace testing_internal {
+
+// Used to print a value that is not an STL-style container when the
+// user doesn't define PrintTo() for it.
+template <typename T>
+void DefaultPrintNonContainerTo(const T& value, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  // With the following statement, during unqualified name lookup,
+  // testing::internal2::operator<< appears as if it was declared in
+  // the nearest enclosing namespace that contains both
+  // ::testing_internal and ::testing::internal2, i.e. the global
+  // namespace.  For more details, refer to the C++ Standard section
+  // 7.3.4-1 [namespace.udir].  This allows us to fall back onto
+  // testing::internal2::operator<< in case T doesn't come with a <<
+  // operator.
+  //
+  // We cannot write 'using ::testing::internal2::operator<<;', which
+  // gcc 3.3 fails to compile due to a compiler bug.
+  using namespace ::testing::internal2;  // NOLINT
+
+  // Assuming T is defined in namespace foo, in the next statement,
+  // the compiler will consider all of:
+  //
+  //   1. foo::operator<< (thanks to Koenig look-up),
+  //   2. ::operator<< (as the current namespace is enclosed in ::),
+  //   3. testing::internal2::operator<< (thanks to the using statement above).
+  //
+  // The operator<< whose type matches T best will be picked.
+  //
+  // We deliberately allow #2 to be a candidate, as sometimes it's
+  // impossible to define #1 (e.g. when foo is ::std, defining
+  // anything in it is undefined behavior unless you are a compiler
+  // vendor.).
+  *os << value;
+}
+
+}  // namespace testing_internal
+
+namespace testing {
+namespace internal {
+
+// UniversalPrinter<T>::Print(value, ostream_ptr) prints the given
+// value to the given ostream.  The caller must ensure that
+// 'ostream_ptr' is not NULL, or the behavior is undefined.
+//
+// We define UniversalPrinter as a class template (as opposed to a
+// function template), as we need to partially specialize it for
+// reference types, which cannot be done with function templates.
+template <typename T>
+class UniversalPrinter;
+
+template <typename T>
+void UniversalPrint(const T& value, ::std::ostream* os);
+
+// Used to print an STL-style container when the user doesn't define
+// a PrintTo() for it.
+template <typename C>
+void DefaultPrintTo(IsContainer /* dummy */,
+                    false_type /* is not a pointer */,
+                    const C& container, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  const size_t kMaxCount = 32;  // The maximum number of elements to print.
+  *os << '{';
+  size_t count = 0;
+  for (typename C::const_iterator it = container.begin();
+       it != container.end(); ++it, ++count) {
+    if (count > 0) {
+      *os << ',';
+      if (count == kMaxCount) {  // Enough has been printed.
+        *os << " ...";
+        break;
+      }
+    }
+    *os << ' ';
+    // We cannot call PrintTo(*it, os) here as PrintTo() doesn't
+    // handle *it being a native array.
+    internal::UniversalPrint(*it, os);
+  }
+
+  if (count > 0) {
+    *os << ' ';
+  }
+  *os << '}';
+}
+
+// Used to print a pointer that is neither a char pointer nor a member
+// pointer, when the user doesn't define PrintTo() for it.  (A member
+// variable pointer or member function pointer doesn't really point to
+// a location in the address space.  Their representation is
+// implementation-defined.  Therefore they will be printed as raw
+// bytes.)
+template <typename T>
+void DefaultPrintTo(IsNotContainer /* dummy */,
+                    true_type /* is a pointer */,
+                    T* p, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  if (p == NULL) {
+    *os << "NULL";
+  } else {
+    // We want to print p as a const void*.  However, we cannot cast
+    // it to const void* directly, even using reinterpret_cast, as
+    // earlier versions of gcc (e.g. 3.4.5) cannot compile the cast
+    // when p is a function pointer.  Casting to UInt64 first solves
+    // the problem.
+    *os << reinterpret_cast<const void*>(reinterpret_cast<internal::UInt64>(p));
+  }
+}
+
+// Used to print a non-container, non-pointer value when the user
+// doesn't define PrintTo() for it.
+template <typename T>
+void DefaultPrintTo(IsNotContainer /* dummy */,
+                    false_type /* is not a pointer */,
+                    const T& value, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  ::testing_internal::DefaultPrintNonContainerTo(value, os);
+}
+
+// Prints the given value using the << operator if it has one;
+// otherwise prints the bytes in it.  This is what
+// UniversalPrinter<T>::Print() does when PrintTo() is not specialized
+// or overloaded for type T.
+//
+// A user can override this behavior for a class type Foo by defining
+// an overload of PrintTo() in the namespace where Foo is defined.  We
+// give the user this option as sometimes defining a << operator for
+// Foo is not desirable (e.g. the coding style may prevent doing it,
+// or there is already a << operator but it doesn't do what the user
+// wants).
+template <typename T>
+void PrintTo(const T& value, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  // DefaultPrintTo() is overloaded.  The type of its first two
+  // arguments determine which version will be picked.  If T is an
+  // STL-style container, the version for container will be called; if
+  // T is a pointer, the pointer version will be called; otherwise the
+  // generic version will be called.
+  //
+  // Note that we check for container types here, prior to we check
+  // for protocol message types in our operator<<.  The rationale is:
+  //
+  // For protocol messages, we want to give people a chance to
+  // override Google Mock's format by defining a PrintTo() or
+  // operator<<.  For STL containers, other formats can be
+  // incompatible with Google Mock's format for the container
+  // elements; therefore we check for container types here to ensure
+  // that our format is used.
+  //
+  // The second argument of DefaultPrintTo() is needed to bypass a bug
+  // in Symbian's C++ compiler that prevents it from picking the right
+  // overload between:
+  //
+  //   PrintTo(const T& x, ...);
+  //   PrintTo(T* x, ...);
+  DefaultPrintTo(IsContainerTest<T>(0), is_pointer<T>(), value, os);
+}
+
+// The following list of PrintTo() overloads tells
+// UniversalPrinter<T>::Print() how to print standard types (built-in
+// types, strings, plain arrays, and pointers).
+
+// Overloads for various char types.
+GTEST_API_ void PrintCharTo(char c, int char_code, ::std::ostream* os);
+inline void PrintTo(unsigned char c, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintCharTo(c, c, os);
+}
+inline void PrintTo(signed char c, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintCharTo(c, c, os);
+}
+inline void PrintTo(char c, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  // When printing a plain char, we always treat it as unsigned.  This
+  // way, the output won't be affected by whether the compiler thinks
+  // char is signed or not.
+  PrintTo(static_cast<unsigned char>(c), os);
+}
+
+// Overloads for other simple built-in types.
+inline void PrintTo(bool x, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  *os << (x ? "true" : "false");
+}
+
+// Overload for wchar_t type.
+// Prints a wchar_t as a symbol if it is printable or as its internal
+// code otherwise and also as its decimal code (except for L'\0').
+// The L'\0' char is printed as "L'\\0'". The decimal code is printed
+// as signed integer when wchar_t is implemented by the compiler
+// as a signed type and is printed as an unsigned integer when wchar_t
+// is implemented as an unsigned type.
+GTEST_API_ void PrintTo(wchar_t wc, ::std::ostream* os);
+
+// Overloads for C strings.
+GTEST_API_ void PrintTo(const char* s, ::std::ostream* os);
+inline void PrintTo(char* s, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintTo(implicit_cast<const char*>(s), os);
+}
+
+// MSVC can be configured to define wchar_t as a typedef of unsigned
+// short.  It defines _NATIVE_WCHAR_T_DEFINED when wchar_t is a native
+// type.  When wchar_t is a typedef, defining an overload for const
+// wchar_t* would cause unsigned short* be printed as a wide string,
+// possibly causing invalid memory accesses.
+#if !defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(_NATIVE_WCHAR_T_DEFINED)
+// Overloads for wide C strings
+GTEST_API_ void PrintTo(const wchar_t* s, ::std::ostream* os);
+inline void PrintTo(wchar_t* s, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintTo(implicit_cast<const wchar_t*>(s), os);
+}
+#endif
+
+// Overload for C arrays.  Multi-dimensional arrays are printed
+// properly.
+
+// Prints the given number of elements in an array, without printing
+// the curly braces.
+template <typename T>
+void PrintRawArrayTo(const T a[], size_t count, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  UniversalPrinter<T>::Print(a[0], os);
+  for (size_t i = 1; i != count; i++) {
+    *os << ", ";
+    UniversalPrinter<T>::Print(a[i], os);
+  }
+}
+
+// Overloads for ::string and ::std::string.
+#if GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
+GTEST_API_ void PrintStringTo(const ::string&s, ::std::ostream* os);
+inline void PrintTo(const ::string& s, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintStringTo(s, os);
+}
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
+
+GTEST_API_ void PrintStringTo(const ::std::string&s, ::std::ostream* os);
+inline void PrintTo(const ::std::string& s, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintStringTo(s, os);
+}
+
+// Overloads for ::wstring and ::std::wstring.
+#if GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
+GTEST_API_ void PrintWideStringTo(const ::wstring&s, ::std::ostream* os);
+inline void PrintTo(const ::wstring& s, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintWideStringTo(s, os);
+}
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
+GTEST_API_ void PrintWideStringTo(const ::std::wstring&s, ::std::ostream* os);
+inline void PrintTo(const ::std::wstring& s, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintWideStringTo(s, os);
+}
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE
+// Overload for ::std::tr1::tuple.  Needed for printing function arguments,
+// which are packed as tuples.
+
+// Helper function for printing a tuple.  T must be instantiated with
+// a tuple type.
+template <typename T>
+void PrintTupleTo(const T& t, ::std::ostream* os);
+
+// Overloaded PrintTo() for tuples of various arities.  We support
+// tuples of up-to 10 fields.  The following implementation works
+// regardless of whether tr1::tuple is implemented using the
+// non-standard variadic template feature or not.
+
+inline void PrintTo(const ::std::tr1::tuple<>& t, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintTupleTo(t, os);
+}
+
+template <typename T1>
+void PrintTo(const ::std::tr1::tuple<T1>& t, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintTupleTo(t, os);
+}
+
+template <typename T1, typename T2>
+void PrintTo(const ::std::tr1::tuple<T1, T2>& t, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintTupleTo(t, os);
+}
+
+template <typename T1, typename T2, typename T3>
+void PrintTo(const ::std::tr1::tuple<T1, T2, T3>& t, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintTupleTo(t, os);
+}
+
+template <typename T1, typename T2, typename T3, typename T4>
+void PrintTo(const ::std::tr1::tuple<T1, T2, T3, T4>& t, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintTupleTo(t, os);
+}
+
+template <typename T1, typename T2, typename T3, typename T4, typename T5>
+void PrintTo(const ::std::tr1::tuple<T1, T2, T3, T4, T5>& t,
+             ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintTupleTo(t, os);
+}
+
+template <typename T1, typename T2, typename T3, typename T4, typename T5,
+          typename T6>
+void PrintTo(const ::std::tr1::tuple<T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6>& t,
+             ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintTupleTo(t, os);
+}
+
+template <typename T1, typename T2, typename T3, typename T4, typename T5,
+          typename T6, typename T7>
+void PrintTo(const ::std::tr1::tuple<T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7>& t,
+             ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintTupleTo(t, os);
+}
+
+template <typename T1, typename T2, typename T3, typename T4, typename T5,
+          typename T6, typename T7, typename T8>
+void PrintTo(const ::std::tr1::tuple<T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, T8>& t,
+             ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintTupleTo(t, os);
+}
+
+template <typename T1, typename T2, typename T3, typename T4, typename T5,
+          typename T6, typename T7, typename T8, typename T9>
+void PrintTo(const ::std::tr1::tuple<T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, T8, T9>& t,
+             ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintTupleTo(t, os);
+}
+
+template <typename T1, typename T2, typename T3, typename T4, typename T5,
+          typename T6, typename T7, typename T8, typename T9, typename T10>
+void PrintTo(
+    const ::std::tr1::tuple<T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, T8, T9, T10>& t,
+    ::std::ostream* os) {
+  PrintTupleTo(t, os);
+}
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE
+
+// Overload for std::pair.
+template <typename T1, typename T2>
+void PrintTo(const ::std::pair<T1, T2>& value, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  *os << '(';
+  UniversalPrinter<T1>::Print(value.first, os);
+  *os << ", ";
+  UniversalPrinter<T2>::Print(value.second, os);
+  *os << ')';
+}
+
+// Implements printing a non-reference type T by letting the compiler
+// pick the right overload of PrintTo() for T.
+template <typename T>
+class UniversalPrinter {
+ public:
+  // MSVC warns about adding const to a function type, so we want to
+  // disable the warning.
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+#pragma warning(push)          // Saves the current warning state.
+#pragma warning(disable:4180)  // Temporarily disables warning 4180.
+#endif  // _MSC_VER
+
+  // Note: we deliberately don't call this PrintTo(), as that name
+  // conflicts with ::testing::internal::PrintTo in the body of the
+  // function.
+  static void Print(const T& value, ::std::ostream* os) {
+    // By default, ::testing::internal::PrintTo() is used for printing
+    // the value.
+    //
+    // Thanks to Koenig look-up, if T is a class and has its own
+    // PrintTo() function defined in its namespace, that function will
+    // be visible here.  Since it is more specific than the generic ones
+    // in ::testing::internal, it will be picked by the compiler in the
+    // following statement - exactly what we want.
+    PrintTo(value, os);
+  }
+
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+#pragma warning(pop)           // Restores the warning state.
+#endif  // _MSC_VER
+};
+
+// UniversalPrintArray(begin, len, os) prints an array of 'len'
+// elements, starting at address 'begin'.
+template <typename T>
+void UniversalPrintArray(const T* begin, size_t len, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  if (len == 0) {
+    *os << "{}";
+  } else {
+    *os << "{ ";
+    const size_t kThreshold = 18;
+    const size_t kChunkSize = 8;
+    // If the array has more than kThreshold elements, we'll have to
+    // omit some details by printing only the first and the last
+    // kChunkSize elements.
+    // TODO(wan@google.com): let the user control the threshold using a flag.
+    if (len <= kThreshold) {
+      PrintRawArrayTo(begin, len, os);
+    } else {
+      PrintRawArrayTo(begin, kChunkSize, os);
+      *os << ", ..., ";
+      PrintRawArrayTo(begin + len - kChunkSize, kChunkSize, os);
+    }
+    *os << " }";
+  }
+}
+// This overload prints a (const) char array compactly.
+GTEST_API_ void UniversalPrintArray(const char* begin,
+                                    size_t len,
+                                    ::std::ostream* os);
+
+// Implements printing an array type T[N].
+template <typename T, size_t N>
+class UniversalPrinter<T[N]> {
+ public:
+  // Prints the given array, omitting some elements when there are too
+  // many.
+  static void Print(const T (&a)[N], ::std::ostream* os) {
+    UniversalPrintArray(a, N, os);
+  }
+};
+
+// Implements printing a reference type T&.
+template <typename T>
+class UniversalPrinter<T&> {
+ public:
+  // MSVC warns about adding const to a function type, so we want to
+  // disable the warning.
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+#pragma warning(push)          // Saves the current warning state.
+#pragma warning(disable:4180)  // Temporarily disables warning 4180.
+#endif  // _MSC_VER
+
+  static void Print(const T& value, ::std::ostream* os) {
+    // Prints the address of the value.  We use reinterpret_cast here
+    // as static_cast doesn't compile when T is a function type.
+    *os << "@" << reinterpret_cast<const void*>(&value) << " ";
+
+    // Then prints the value itself.
+    UniversalPrinter<T>::Print(value, os);
+  }
+
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+#pragma warning(pop)           // Restores the warning state.
+#endif  // _MSC_VER
+};
+
+// Prints a value tersely: for a reference type, the referenced value
+// (but not the address) is printed; for a (const) char pointer, the
+// NUL-terminated string (but not the pointer) is printed.
+template <typename T>
+void UniversalTersePrint(const T& value, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  UniversalPrinter<T>::Print(value, os);
+}
+inline void UniversalTersePrint(const char* str, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  if (str == NULL) {
+    *os << "NULL";
+  } else {
+    UniversalPrinter<string>::Print(string(str), os);
+  }
+}
+inline void UniversalTersePrint(char* str, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  UniversalTersePrint(static_cast<const char*>(str), os);
+}
+
+// Prints a value using the type inferred by the compiler.  The
+// difference between this and UniversalTersePrint() is that for a
+// (const) char pointer, this prints both the pointer and the
+// NUL-terminated string.
+template <typename T>
+void UniversalPrint(const T& value, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  UniversalPrinter<T>::Print(value, os);
+}
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE
+typedef ::std::vector<string> Strings;
+
+// This helper template allows PrintTo() for tuples and
+// UniversalTersePrintTupleFieldsToStrings() to be defined by
+// induction on the number of tuple fields.  The idea is that
+// TuplePrefixPrinter<N>::PrintPrefixTo(t, os) prints the first N
+// fields in tuple t, and can be defined in terms of
+// TuplePrefixPrinter<N - 1>.
+
+// The inductive case.
+template <size_t N>
+struct TuplePrefixPrinter {
+  // Prints the first N fields of a tuple.
+  template <typename Tuple>
+  static void PrintPrefixTo(const Tuple& t, ::std::ostream* os) {
+    TuplePrefixPrinter<N - 1>::PrintPrefixTo(t, os);
+    *os << ", ";
+    UniversalPrinter<typename ::std::tr1::tuple_element<N - 1, Tuple>::type>
+        ::Print(::std::tr1::get<N - 1>(t), os);
+  }
+
+  // Tersely prints the first N fields of a tuple to a string vector,
+  // one element for each field.
+  template <typename Tuple>
+  static void TersePrintPrefixToStrings(const Tuple& t, Strings* strings) {
+    TuplePrefixPrinter<N - 1>::TersePrintPrefixToStrings(t, strings);
+    ::std::stringstream ss;
+    UniversalTersePrint(::std::tr1::get<N - 1>(t), &ss);
+    strings->push_back(ss.str());
+  }
+};
+
+// Base cases.
+template <>
+struct TuplePrefixPrinter<0> {
+  template <typename Tuple>
+  static void PrintPrefixTo(const Tuple&, ::std::ostream*) {}
+
+  template <typename Tuple>
+  static void TersePrintPrefixToStrings(const Tuple&, Strings*) {}
+};
+template <>
+template <typename Tuple>
+void TuplePrefixPrinter<1>::PrintPrefixTo(const Tuple& t, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  UniversalPrinter<typename ::std::tr1::tuple_element<0, Tuple>::type>::
+      Print(::std::tr1::get<0>(t), os);
+}
+
+// Helper function for printing a tuple.  T must be instantiated with
+// a tuple type.
+template <typename T>
+void PrintTupleTo(const T& t, ::std::ostream* os) {
+  *os << "(";
+  TuplePrefixPrinter< ::std::tr1::tuple_size<T>::value>::
+      PrintPrefixTo(t, os);
+  *os << ")";
+}
+
+// Prints the fields of a tuple tersely to a string vector, one
+// element for each field.  See the comment before
+// UniversalTersePrint() for how we define "tersely".
+template <typename Tuple>
+Strings UniversalTersePrintTupleFieldsToStrings(const Tuple& value) {
+  Strings result;
+  TuplePrefixPrinter< ::std::tr1::tuple_size<Tuple>::value>::
+      TersePrintPrefixToStrings(value, &result);
+  return result;
+}
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_TR1_TUPLE
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+template <typename T>
+::std::string PrintToString(const T& value) {
+  ::std::stringstream ss;
+  internal::UniversalTersePrint(value, &ss);
+  return ss.str();
+}
+
+}  // namespace testing
+
+#endif  // GTEST_INCLUDE_GTEST_GTEST_PRINTERS_H_

include/gtest/gtest.h

 #include <gtest/gtest-death-test.h>
 #include <gtest/gtest-message.h>
 #include <gtest/gtest-param-test.h>
+#include <gtest/gtest-printers.h>
 #include <gtest/gtest_prod.h>
 #include <gtest/gtest-test-part.h>
 #include <gtest/gtest-typed-test.h>
   ::testing::internal::ScopedTrace GTEST_CONCAT_TOKEN_(gtest_trace_, __LINE__)(\
     __FILE__, __LINE__, ::testing::Message() << (message))
 
-namespace internal {
-
-// This template is declared, but intentionally undefined.
-template <typename T1, typename T2>
-struct StaticAssertTypeEqHelper;
-
-template <typename T>
-struct StaticAssertTypeEqHelper<T, T> {};
-
-}  // namespace internal
-
 // Compile-time assertion for type equality.
 // StaticAssertTypeEq<type1, type2>() compiles iff type1 and type2 are
 // the same type.  The value it returns is not interesting.
 // to cause a compiler error.
 template <typename T1, typename T2>
 bool StaticAssertTypeEq() {
-  (void)internal::StaticAssertTypeEqHelper<T1, T2>();
+  internal::StaticAssertTypeEqHelper<T1, T2>();
   return true;
 }
 

include/gtest/internal/gtest-internal.h

   *os << val;
 }
 
+class ProtocolMessage;
+namespace proto2 { class Message; }
+
 namespace testing {
 
 // Forward declaration of classes.
   GTEST_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN_(Random);
 };
 
+// Defining a variable of type CompileAssertTypesEqual<T1, T2> will cause a
+// compiler error iff T1 and T2 are different types.
+template <typename T1, typename T2>
+struct CompileAssertTypesEqual;
+
+template <typename T>
+struct CompileAssertTypesEqual<T, T> {
+};
+
+// Removes the reference from a type if it is a reference type,
+// otherwise leaves it unchanged.  This is the same as
+// tr1::remove_reference, which is not widely available yet.
+template <typename T>
+struct RemoveReference { typedef T type; };  // NOLINT
+template <typename T>
+struct RemoveReference<T&> { typedef T type; };  // NOLINT
+
+// A handy wrapper around RemoveReference that works when the argument
+// T depends on template parameters.
+#define GTEST_REMOVE_REFERENCE_(T) \
+    typename ::testing::internal::RemoveReference<T>::type
+
+// Removes const from a type if it is a const type, otherwise leaves
+// it unchanged.  This is the same as tr1::remove_const, which is not
+// widely available yet.
+template <typename T>
+struct RemoveConst { typedef T type; };  // NOLINT
+template <typename T>
+struct RemoveConst<const T> { typedef T type; };  // NOLINT
+
+// MSVC 8.0 has a bug which causes the above definition to fail to
+// remove the const in 'const int[3]'.  The following specialization
+// works around the bug.  However, it causes trouble with gcc and thus
+// needs to be conditionally compiled.
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+template <typename T, size_t N>
+struct RemoveConst<T[N]> {
+  typedef typename RemoveConst<T>::type type[N];
+};
+#endif  // _MSC_VER
+
+// A handy wrapper around RemoveConst that works when the argument
+// T depends on template parameters.
+#define GTEST_REMOVE_CONST_(T) \
+    typename ::testing::internal::RemoveConst<T>::type
+
+// Adds reference to a type if it is not a reference type,
+// otherwise leaves it unchanged.  This is the same as
+// tr1::add_reference, which is not widely available yet.
+template <typename T>
+struct AddReference { typedef T& type; };  // NOLINT
+template <typename T>
+struct AddReference<T&> { typedef T& type; };  // NOLINT
+
+// A handy wrapper around AddReference that works when the argument T
+// depends on template parameters.
+#define GTEST_ADD_REFERENCE_(T) \
+    typename ::testing::internal::AddReference<T>::type
+
+// Adds a reference to const on top of T as necessary.  For example,
+// it transforms
+//
+//   char         ==> const char&
+//   const char   ==> const char&
+//   char&        ==> const char&
+//   const char&  ==> const char&
+//
+// The argument T must depend on some template parameters.
+#define GTEST_REFERENCE_TO_CONST_(T) \
+    GTEST_ADD_REFERENCE_(const GTEST_REMOVE_REFERENCE_(T))
+
+// ImplicitlyConvertible<From, To>::value is a compile-time bool
+// constant that's true iff type From can be implicitly converted to
+// type To.
+template <typename From, typename To>
+class ImplicitlyConvertible {
+ private:
+  // We need the following helper functions only for their types.
+  // They have no implementations.
+
+  // MakeFrom() is an expression whose type is From.  We cannot simply
+  // use From(), as the type From may not have a public default
+  // constructor.
+  static From MakeFrom();
+
+  // These two functions are overloaded.  Given an expression
+  // Helper(x), the compiler will pick the first version if x can be
+  // implicitly converted to type To; otherwise it will pick the
+  // second version.
+  //
+  // The first version returns a value of size 1, and the second
+  // version returns a value of size 2.  Therefore, by checking the
+  // size of Helper(x), which can be done at compile time, we can tell
+  // which version of Helper() is used, and hence whether x can be
+  // implicitly converted to type To.
+  static char Helper(To);
+  static char (&Helper(...))[2];  // NOLINT
+
+  // We have to put the 'public' section after the 'private' section,
+  // or MSVC refuses to compile the code.
+ public:
+  // MSVC warns about implicitly converting from double to int for
+  // possible loss of data, so we need to temporarily disable the
+  // warning.
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+#pragma warning(push)          // Saves the current warning state.
+#pragma warning(disable:4244)  // Temporarily disables warning 4244.
+  static const bool value =
+      sizeof(Helper(ImplicitlyConvertible::MakeFrom())) == 1;
+#pragma warning(pop)           // Restores the warning state.
+#else
+  static const bool value =
+      sizeof(Helper(ImplicitlyConvertible::MakeFrom())) == 1;
+#endif  // _MSV_VER
+};
+template <typename From, typename To>
+const bool ImplicitlyConvertible<From, To>::value;
+
+// IsAProtocolMessage<T>::value is a compile-time bool constant that's
+// true iff T is type ProtocolMessage, proto2::Message, or a subclass
+// of those.
+template <typename T>
+struct IsAProtocolMessage
+    : public bool_constant<
+  ImplicitlyConvertible<const T*, const ::ProtocolMessage*>::value ||
+  ImplicitlyConvertible<const T*, const ::proto2::Message*>::value> {
+};
+
+// When the compiler sees expression IsContainerTest<C>(0), the first
+// overload of IsContainerTest will be picked if C is an STL-style
+// container class (since C::const_iterator* is a valid type and 0 can
+// be converted to it), while the second overload will be picked
+// otherwise (since C::const_iterator will be an invalid type in this
+// case).  Therefore, we can determine whether C is a container class
+// by checking the type of IsContainerTest<C>(0).  The value of the
+// expression is insignificant.
+typedef int IsContainer;
+template <class C>
+IsContainer IsContainerTest(typename C::const_iterator*) { return 0; }
+
+typedef char IsNotContainer;
+template <class C>
+IsNotContainer IsContainerTest(...) { return '\0'; }
+
+// Utilities for native arrays.
+
+// ArrayEq() compares two k-dimensional native arrays using the
+// elements' operator==, where k can be any integer >= 0.  When k is
+// 0, ArrayEq() degenerates into comparing a single pair of values.
+
+template <typename T, typename U>
+bool ArrayEq(const T* lhs, size_t size, const U* rhs);
+
+// This generic version is used when k is 0.
+template <typename T, typename U>
+inline bool ArrayEq(const T& lhs, const U& rhs) { return lhs == rhs; }
+
+// This overload is used when k >= 1.
+template <typename T, typename U, size_t N>
+inline bool ArrayEq(const T(&lhs)[N], const U(&rhs)[N]) {
+  return internal::ArrayEq(lhs, N, rhs);
+}
+
+// This helper reduces code bloat.  If we instead put its logic inside
+// the previous ArrayEq() function, arrays with different sizes would
+// lead to different copies of the template code.
+template <typename T, typename U>
+bool ArrayEq(const T* lhs, size_t size, const U* rhs) {
+  for (size_t i = 0; i != size; i++) {
+    if (!internal::ArrayEq(lhs[i], rhs[i]))
+      return false;
+  }
+  return true;
+}
+
+// Finds the first element in the iterator range [begin, end) that
+// equals elem.  Element may be a native array type itself.
+template <typename Iter, typename Element>
+Iter ArrayAwareFind(Iter begin, Iter end, const Element& elem) {
+  for (Iter it = begin; it != end; ++it) {
+    if (internal::ArrayEq(*it, elem))
+      return it;
+  }
+  return end;
+}
+
+// CopyArray() copies a k-dimensional native array using the elements'
+// operator=, where k can be any integer >= 0.  When k is 0,
+// CopyArray() degenerates into copying a single value.
+
+template <typename T, typename U>
+void CopyArray(const T* from, size_t size, U* to);
+
+// This generic version is used when k is 0.
+template <typename T, typename U>
+inline void CopyArray(const T& from, U* to) { *to = from; }
+
+// This overload is used when k >= 1.
+template <typename T, typename U, size_t N>
+inline void CopyArray(const T(&from)[N], U(*to)[N]) {
+  internal::CopyArray(from, N, *to);
+}
+
+// This helper reduces code bloat.  If we instead put its logic inside
+// the previous CopyArray() function, arrays with different sizes
+// would lead to different copies of the template code.
+template <typename T, typename U>
+void CopyArray(const T* from, size_t size, U* to) {
+  for (size_t i = 0; i != size; i++) {
+    internal::CopyArray(from[i], to + i);
+  }
+}
+
+// The relation between an NativeArray object (see below) and the
+// native array it represents.
+enum RelationToSource {
+  kReference,  // The NativeArray references the native array.
+  kCopy        // The NativeArray makes a copy of the native array and
+               // owns the copy.
+};
+
+// Adapts a native array to a read-only STL-style container.  Instead
+// of the complete STL container concept, this adaptor only implements
+// members useful for Google Mock's container matchers.  New members
+// should be added as needed.  To simplify the implementation, we only
+// support Element being a raw type (i.e. having no top-level const or
+// reference modifier).  It's the client's responsibility to satisfy
+// this requirement.  Element can be an array type itself (hence
+// multi-dimensional arrays are supported).
+template <typename Element>
+class NativeArray {
+ public:
+  // STL-style container typedefs.
+  typedef Element value_type;
+  typedef const Element* const_iterator;
+
+  // Constructs from a native array.
+  NativeArray(const Element* array, size_t count, RelationToSource relation) {
+    Init(array, count, relation);
+  }
+
+  // Copy constructor.
+  NativeArray(const NativeArray& rhs) {
+    Init(rhs.array_, rhs.size_, rhs.relation_to_source_);
+  }
+
+  ~NativeArray() {
+    // Ensures that the user doesn't instantiate NativeArray with a
+    // const or reference type.
+    static_cast<void>(StaticAssertTypeEqHelper<Element,
+        GTEST_REMOVE_CONST_(GTEST_REMOVE_REFERENCE_(Element))>());
+    if (relation_to_source_ == kCopy)
+      delete[] array_;
+  }
+
+  // STL-style container methods.
+  size_t size() const { return size_; }
+  const_iterator begin() const { return array_; }
+  const_iterator end() const { return array_ + size_; }
+  bool operator==(const NativeArray& rhs) const {
+    return size() == rhs.size() &&
+        ArrayEq(begin(), size(), rhs.begin());
+  }
+
+ private:
+  // Initializes this object; makes a copy of the input array if
+  // 'relation' is kCopy.
+  void Init(const Element* array, size_t a_size, RelationToSource relation) {
+    if (relation == kReference) {
+      array_ = array;
+    } else {
+      Element* const copy = new Element[a_size];
+      CopyArray(array, a_size, copy);
+      array_ = copy;
+    }
+    size_ = a_size;
+    relation_to_source_ = relation;
+  }
+
+  const Element* array_;
+  size_t size_;
+  RelationToSource relation_to_source_;
+
+  GTEST_DISALLOW_ASSIGN_(NativeArray);
+};
+
 }  // namespace internal
 }  // namespace testing
 

include/gtest/internal/gtest-port.h

 
 class String;
 
+// The GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_ macro can be used to verify that a compile time
+// expression is true. For example, you could use it to verify the
+// size of a static array:
+//
+//   GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_(ARRAYSIZE(content_type_names) == CONTENT_NUM_TYPES,
+//                         content_type_names_incorrect_size);
+//
+// or to make sure a struct is smaller than a certain size:
+//
+//   GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_(sizeof(foo) < 128, foo_too_large);
+//
+// The second argument to the macro is the name of the variable. If
+// the expression is false, most compilers will issue a warning/error
+// containing the name of the variable.
+
+template <bool>
+struct CompileAssert {
+};
+
+#define GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_(expr, msg) \
+  typedef ::testing::internal::CompileAssert<(bool(expr))> \
+      msg[bool(expr) ? 1 : -1]
+
+// Implementation details of GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_:
+//
+// - GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_ works by defining an array type that has -1
+//   elements (and thus is invalid) when the expression is false.
+//
+// - The simpler definition
+//
+//    #define GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_(expr, msg) typedef char msg[(expr) ? 1 : -1]
+//
+//   does not work, as gcc supports variable-length arrays whose sizes
+//   are determined at run-time (this is gcc's extension and not part
+//   of the C++ standard).  As a result, gcc fails to reject the
+//   following code with the simple definition:
+//
+//     int foo;
+//     GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_(foo, msg); // not supposed to compile as foo is
+//                                      // not a compile-time constant.
+//
+// - By using the type CompileAssert<(bool(expr))>, we ensures that
+//   expr is a compile-time constant.  (Template arguments must be
+//   determined at compile-time.)
+//
+// - The outter parentheses in CompileAssert<(bool(expr))> are necessary
+//   to work around a bug in gcc 3.4.4 and 4.0.1.  If we had written
+//
+//     CompileAssert<bool(expr)>
+//
+//   instead, these compilers will refuse to compile
+//
+//     GTEST_COMPILE_ASSERT_(5 > 0, some_message);
+//
+//   (They seem to think the ">" in "5 > 0" marks the end of the
+//   template argument list.)
+//
+// - The array size is (bool(expr) ? 1 : -1), instead of simply
+//
+//     ((expr) ? 1 : -1).
+//
+//   This is to avoid running into a bug in MS VC 7.1, which
+//   causes ((0.0) ? 1 : -1) to incorrectly evaluate to 1.
+
+// StaticAssertTypeEqHelper is used by StaticAssertTypeEq defined in gtest.h.
+//
+// This template is declared, but intentionally undefined.
+template <typename T1, typename T2>
+struct StaticAssertTypeEqHelper;
+
+template <typename T>
+struct StaticAssertTypeEqHelper<T, T> {};
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
+typedef ::string string;
+#else
+typedef ::std::string string;
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
+typedef ::wstring wstring;
+#elif GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
+typedef ::std::wstring wstring;
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
+
 typedef ::std::stringstream StrStream;
 
 // A helper for suppressing warnings on constant condition.  It just
 
 // INTERNAL IMPLEMENTATION - DO NOT USE IN USER CODE.
 //
+// Use implicit_cast as a safe version of static_cast for upcasting in
+// the type hierarchy (e.g. casting a Foo* to a SuperclassOfFoo* or a
+// const Foo*).  When you use implicit_cast, the compiler checks that
+// the cast is safe.  Such explicit implicit_casts are necessary in
+// surprisingly many situations where C++ demands an exact type match
+// instead of an argument type convertable to a target type.
+//
+// The syntax for using implicit_cast is the same as for static_cast:
+//
+//   implicit_cast<ToType>(expr)
+//
+// implicit_cast would have been part of the C++ standard library,
+// but the proposal was submitted too late.  It will probably make
+// its way into the language in the future.
+template<typename To>
+inline To implicit_cast(To x) { return x; }
+
+// When you upcast (that is, cast a pointer from type Foo to type
+// SuperclassOfFoo), it's fine to use implicit_cast<>, since upcasts
+// always succeed.  When you downcast (that is, cast a pointer from
+// type Foo to type SubclassOfFoo), static_cast<> isn't safe, because
+// how do you know the pointer is really of type SubclassOfFoo?  It
+// could be a bare Foo, or of type DifferentSubclassOfFoo.  Thus,
+// when you downcast, you should use this macro.  In debug mode, we
+// use dynamic_cast<> to double-check the downcast is legal (we die
+// if it's not).  In normal mode, we do the efficient static_cast<>
+// instead.  Thus, it's important to test in debug mode to make sure
+// the cast is legal!
+//    This is the only place in the code we should use dynamic_cast<>.
+// In particular, you SHOULDN'T be using dynamic_cast<> in order to
+// do RTTI (eg code like this:
+//    if (dynamic_cast<Subclass1>(foo)) HandleASubclass1Object(foo);
+//    if (dynamic_cast<Subclass2>(foo)) HandleASubclass2Object(foo);
+// You should design the code some other way not to need this.
+template<typename To, typename From>  // use like this: down_cast<T*>(foo);
+inline To down_cast(From* f) {  // so we only accept pointers
+  // Ensures that To is a sub-type of From *.  This test is here only
+  // for compile-time type checking, and has no overhead in an
+  // optimized build at run-time, as it will be optimized away
+  // completely.
+  if (false) {
+    const To to = NULL;
+    ::testing::internal::implicit_cast<From*>(to);
+  }
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_RTTI
+  // RTTI: debug mode only!
+  GTEST_CHECK_(f == NULL || dynamic_cast<To>(f) != NULL);
+#endif
+  return static_cast<To>(f);
+}
+
 // Downcasts the pointer of type Base to Derived.
 // Derived must be a subclass of Base. The parameter MUST
 // point to a class of type Derived, not any subclass of it.
 #include "src/gtest-death-test.cc"
 #include "src/gtest-filepath.cc"
 #include "src/gtest-port.cc"
+#include "src/gtest-printers.cc"
 #include "src/gtest-test-part.cc"
 #include "src/gtest-typed-test.cc"

src/gtest-printers.cc

+// Copyright 2007, Google Inc.
+// All rights reserved.
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+// met:
+//
+//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+// distribution.
+//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+// this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+//
+// Author: wan@google.com (Zhanyong Wan)
+
+// Google Test - The Google C++ Testing Framework
+//
+// This file implements a universal value printer that can print a
+// value of any type T:
+//
+//   void ::testing::internal::UniversalPrinter<T>::Print(value, ostream_ptr);
+//
+// It uses the << operator when possible, and prints the bytes in the
+// object otherwise.  A user can override its behavior for a class
+// type Foo by defining either operator<<(::std::ostream&, const Foo&)
+// or void PrintTo(const Foo&, ::std::ostream*) in the namespace that
+// defines Foo.
+
+#include <gtest/gtest-printers.h>
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <ostream>  // NOLINT
+#include <string>
+#include <gtest/internal/gtest-port.h>
+
+namespace testing {
+
+namespace {
+
+using ::std::ostream;
+
+#if GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE  // Windows CE does not define _snprintf_s.
+#define snprintf _snprintf
+#elif _MSC_VER >= 1400  // VC 8.0 and later deprecate snprintf and _snprintf.
+#define snprintf _snprintf_s
+#elif _MSC_VER
+#define snprintf _snprintf
+#endif  // GTEST_OS_WINDOWS_MOBILE
+
+// Prints a segment of bytes in the given object.
+void PrintByteSegmentInObjectTo(const unsigned char* obj_bytes, size_t start,
+                                size_t count, ostream* os) {
+  char text[5] = "";
+  for (size_t i = 0; i != count; i++) {
+    const size_t j = start + i;
+    if (i != 0) {
+      // Organizes the bytes into groups of 2 for easy parsing by
+      // human.
+      if ((j % 2) == 0) {
+        *os << " ";
+      }
+    }
+    snprintf(text, sizeof(text), "%02X", obj_bytes[j]);
+    *os << text;
+  }
+}
+
+// Prints the bytes in the given value to the given ostream.
+void PrintBytesInObjectToImpl(const unsigned char* obj_bytes, size_t count,
+                              ostream* os) {
+  // Tells the user how big the object is.
+  *os << count << "-byte object <";
+
+  const size_t kThreshold = 132;
+  const size_t kChunkSize = 64;
+  // If the object size is bigger than kThreshold, we'll have to omit
+  // some details by printing only the first and the last kChunkSize
+  // bytes.
+  // TODO(wan): let the user control the threshold using a flag.
+  if (count < kThreshold) {
+    PrintByteSegmentInObjectTo(obj_bytes, 0, count, os);
+  } else {
+    PrintByteSegmentInObjectTo(obj_bytes, 0, kChunkSize, os);
+    *os << " ... ";
+    // Rounds up to 2-byte boundary.
+    const size_t resume_pos = (count - kChunkSize + 1)/2*2;
+    PrintByteSegmentInObjectTo(obj_bytes, resume_pos, count - resume_pos, os);
+  }
+  *os << ">";
+}
+
+}  // namespace
+
+namespace internal2 {
+
+// Delegates to PrintBytesInObjectToImpl() to print the bytes in the
+// given object.  The delegation simplifies the implementation, which
+// uses the << operator and thus is easier done outside of the
+// ::testing::internal namespace, which contains a << operator that
+// sometimes conflicts with the one in STL.
+void PrintBytesInObjectTo(const unsigned char* obj_bytes, size_t count,
+                          ostream* os) {
+  PrintBytesInObjectToImpl(obj_bytes, count, os);
+}
+
+}  // namespace internal2
+
+namespace internal {
+
+// Prints a wide char as a char literal without the quotes, escaping it
+// when necessary.
+static void PrintAsWideCharLiteralTo(wchar_t c, ostream* os) {
+  switch (c) {
+    case L'\0':
+      *os << "\\0";
+      break;
+    case L'\'':
+      *os << "\\'";
+      break;
+    case L'\?':
+      *os << "\\?";
+      break;
+    case L'\\':
+      *os << "\\\\";
+      break;
+    case L'\a':
+      *os << "\\a";
+      break;
+    case L'\b':
+      *os << "\\b";
+      break;
+    case L'\f':
+      *os << "\\f";
+      break;
+    case L'\n':
+      *os << "\\n";
+      break;
+    case L'\r':
+      *os << "\\r";
+      break;
+    case L'\t':
+      *os << "\\t";
+      break;
+    case L'\v':
+      *os << "\\v";
+      break;
+    default:
+      // Checks whether c is printable or not. Printable characters are in
+      // the range [0x20,0x7E].
+      // We test the value of c directly instead of calling isprint(), as
+      // isprint() is buggy on Windows mobile.
+      if (0x20 <= c && c <= 0x7E) {
+        *os << static_cast<char>(c);
+      } else {
+        // Buffer size enough for the maximum number of digits and \0.
+        char text[2 * sizeof(unsigned long) + 1] = "";
+        snprintf(text, sizeof(text), "%lX", static_cast<unsigned long>(c));
+        *os << "\\x" << text;
+      }
+  }
+}
+
+// Prints a char as if it's part of a string literal, escaping it when
+// necessary.
+static void PrintAsWideStringLiteralTo(wchar_t c, ostream* os) {
+  switch (c) {
+    case L'\'':
+      *os << "'";
+      break;
+    case L'"':
+      *os << "\\\"";
+      break;
+    default:
+      PrintAsWideCharLiteralTo(c, os);
+  }
+}
+
+// Prints a char as a char literal without the quotes, escaping it
+// when necessary.
+static void PrintAsCharLiteralTo(char c, ostream* os) {
+  PrintAsWideCharLiteralTo(static_cast<unsigned char>(c), os);
+}
+
+// Prints a char as if it's part of a string literal, escaping it when
+// necessary.
+static void PrintAsStringLiteralTo(char c, ostream* os) {
+  PrintAsWideStringLiteralTo(static_cast<unsigned char>(c), os);
+}
+
+// Prints a char and its code.  The '\0' char is printed as "'\\0'",
+// other unprintable characters are also properly escaped using the
+// standard C++ escape sequence.
+void PrintCharTo(char c, int char_code, ostream* os) {
+  *os << "'";
+  PrintAsCharLiteralTo(c, os);
+  *os << "'";
+  if (c != '\0')
+    *os << " (" << char_code << ")";
+}
+
+// Prints a wchar_t as a symbol if it is printable or as its internal
+// code otherwise and also as its decimal code (except for L'\0').
+// The L'\0' char is printed as "L'\\0'". The decimal code is printed
+// as signed integer when wchar_t is implemented by the compiler
+// as a signed type and is printed as an unsigned integer when wchar_t
+// is implemented as an unsigned type.
+void PrintTo(wchar_t wc, ostream* os) {
+  *os << "L'";
+  PrintAsWideCharLiteralTo(wc, os);
+  *os << "'";
+  if (wc != L'\0') {
+    // Type Int64 is used because it provides more storage than wchar_t thus
+    // when the compiler converts signed or unsigned implementation of wchar_t
+    // to Int64 it fills higher bits with either zeros or the sign bit
+    // passing it to operator <<() as either signed or unsigned integer.
+    *os << " (" << static_cast<Int64>(wc) << ")";
+  }
+}
+
+// Prints the given array of characters to the ostream.
+// The array starts at *begin, the length is len, it may include '\0' characters
+// and may not be null-terminated.
+static void PrintCharsAsStringTo(const char* begin, size_t len, ostream* os) {
+  *os << "\"";
+  for (size_t index = 0; index < len; ++index) {
+    PrintAsStringLiteralTo(begin[index], os);
+  }
+  *os << "\"";
+}
+
+// Prints a (const) char array of 'len' elements, starting at address 'begin'.
+void UniversalPrintArray(const char* begin, size_t len, ostream* os) {
+  PrintCharsAsStringTo(begin, len, os);
+}
+
+// Prints the given array of wide characters to the ostream.
+// The array starts at *begin, the length is len, it may include L'\0'
+// characters and may not be null-terminated.
+static void PrintWideCharsAsStringTo(const wchar_t* begin, size_t len,
+                                     ostream* os) {
+  *os << "L\"";
+  for (size_t index = 0; index < len; ++index) {
+    PrintAsWideStringLiteralTo(begin[index], os);
+  }
+  *os << "\"";
+}
+
+// Prints the given C string to the ostream.
+void PrintTo(const char* s, ostream* os) {
+  if (s == NULL) {
+    *os << "NULL";
+  } else {
+    *os << implicit_cast<const void*>(s) << " pointing to ";
+    PrintCharsAsStringTo(s, strlen(s), os);
+  }
+}
+
+// MSVC compiler can be configured to define whar_t as a typedef
+// of unsigned short. Defining an overload for const wchar_t* in that case
+// would cause pointers to unsigned shorts be printed as wide strings,
+// possibly accessing more memory than intended and causing invalid
+// memory accesses. MSVC defines _NATIVE_WCHAR_T_DEFINED symbol when
+// wchar_t is implemented as a native type.
+#if !defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(_NATIVE_WCHAR_T_DEFINED)
+// Prints the given wide C string to the ostream.
+void PrintTo(const wchar_t* s, ostream* os) {
+  if (s == NULL) {
+    *os << "NULL";
+  } else {
+    *os << implicit_cast<const void*>(s) << " pointing to ";
+    PrintWideCharsAsStringTo(s, wcslen(s), os);
+  }
+}
+#endif  // wchar_t is native
+
+// Prints a ::string object.
+#if GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
+void PrintStringTo(const ::string& s, ostream* os) {
+  PrintCharsAsStringTo(s.data(), s.size(), os);
+}
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_STRING
+
+void PrintStringTo(const ::std::string& s, ostream* os) {
+  PrintCharsAsStringTo(s.data(), s.size(), os);
+}
+
+// Prints a ::wstring object.
+#if GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
+void PrintWideStringTo(const ::wstring& s, ostream* os) {
+  PrintWideCharsAsStringTo(s.data(), s.size(), os);
+}
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_GLOBAL_WSTRING
+
+#if GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
+void PrintWideStringTo(const ::std::wstring& s, ostream* os) {
+  PrintWideCharsAsStringTo(s.data(), s.size(), os);
+}
+#endif  // GTEST_HAS_STD_WSTRING
+
+}  // namespace internal
+
+}  // namespace testing

test/gtest-port_test.cc

 namespace testing {
 namespace internal {
 
+class Base {
+ public:
+  // Copy constructor and assignment operator do exactly what we need, so we
+  // use them.
+  Base() : member_(0) {}
+  explicit Base(int n) : member_(n) {}
+  virtual ~Base() {}
+  int member() { return member_; }
+
+ private:
+  int member_;
+};
+
+class Derived : public Base {
+ public:
+  explicit Derived(int n) : Base(n) {}
+};
+
+TEST(ImplicitCastTest, ConvertsPointers) {
+  Derived derived(0);
+  EXPECT_TRUE(&derived == ::testing::internal::implicit_cast<Base*>(&derived));
+}
+
+TEST(ImplicitCastTest, CanUseInheritance) {
+  Derived derived(1);
+  Base base = ::testing::internal::implicit_cast<Base>(derived);
+  EXPECT_EQ(derived.member(), base.member());
+}
+
+class Castable {
+ public:
+  Castable(bool* converted) : converted_(converted) {}
+  operator Base() {
+    *converted_ = true;
+    return Base();
+  }
+
+ private:
+  bool* converted_;
+};
+
+TEST(ImplicitCastTest, CanUseNonConstCastOperator) {
+  bool converted = false;
+  Castable castable(&converted);
+  Base base = ::testing::internal::implicit_cast<Base>(castable);
+  EXPECT_TRUE(converted);
+}
+
+class ConstCastable {
+ public:
+  ConstCastable(bool* converted) : converted_(converted) {}
+  operator Base() const {
+    *converted_ = true;
+    return Base();
+  }
+
+ private:
+  bool* converted_;
+};
+
+TEST(ImplicitCastTest, CanUseConstCastOperatorOnConstValues) {
+  bool converted = false;
+  const ConstCastable const_castable(&converted);
+  Base base = ::testing::internal::implicit_cast<Base>(const_castable);
+  EXPECT_TRUE(converted);
+}
+
+class ConstAndNonConstCastable {
+ public:
+  ConstAndNonConstCastable(bool* converted, bool* const_converted)
+      : converted_(converted), const_converted_(const_converted) {}
+  operator Base() {
+    *converted_ = true;
+    return Base();
+  }
+  operator Base() const {
+    *const_converted_ = true;
+    return Base();
+  }
+
+ private:
+  bool* converted_;
+  bool* const_converted_;
+};
+
+TEST(ImplicitCastTest, CanSelectBetweenConstAndNonConstCasrAppropriately) {
+  bool converted = false;
+  bool const_converted = false;
+  ConstAndNonConstCastable castable(&converted, &const_converted);
+  Base base = ::testing::internal::implicit_cast<Base>(castable);
+  EXPECT_TRUE(converted);
+  EXPECT_FALSE(const_converted);
+
+  converted = false;
+  const_converted = false;
+  const ConstAndNonConstCastable const_castable(&converted, &const_converted);
+  base = ::testing::internal::implicit_cast<Base>(const_castable);
+  EXPECT_FALSE(converted);
+  EXPECT_TRUE(const_converted);
+}
+
+class To {
+ public:
+  To(bool* converted) { *converted = true; }  // NOLINT
+};
+
+TEST(ImplicitCastTest, CanUseImplicitConstructor) {
+  bool converted = false;
+  To to = ::testing::internal::implicit_cast<To>(&converted);
+  EXPECT_TRUE(converted);
+}
+
 // Tests that the element_type typedef is available in scoped_ptr and refers
 // to the parameter type.
 TEST(ScopedPtrTest, DefinesElementType) {

test/gtest-printers_test.cc

+// Copyright 2007, Google Inc.
+// All rights reserved.
+//
+// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
+// met:
+//
+//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
+// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
+// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+// distribution.
+//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
+// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
+// this software without specific prior written permission.
+//
+// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT