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joomla-flickr / site / libraries / phpFlickr / PEAR / DB / mysql.php

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<?php

/* vim: set expandtab tabstop=4 shiftwidth=4 softtabstop=4: */

/**
 * The PEAR DB driver for PHP's mysql extension
 * for interacting with MySQL databases
 *
 * PHP versions 4 and 5
 *
 * LICENSE: This source file is subject to version 3.0 of the PHP license
 * that is available through the world-wide-web at the following URI:
 * http://www.php.net/license/3_0.txt.  If you did not receive a copy of
 * the PHP License and are unable to obtain it through the web, please
 * send a note to license@php.net so we can mail you a copy immediately.
 *
 * @category   Database
 * @package    DB
 * @author     Stig Bakken <ssb@php.net>
 * @author     Daniel Convissor <danielc@php.net>
 * @copyright  1997-2005 The PHP Group
 * @license    http://www.php.net/license/3_0.txt  PHP License 3.0
 * @version    CVS: $Id: mysql.php 32 2005-08-01 06:21:02Z dancoulter $
 * @link       http://pear.php.net/package/DB
 */

/**
 * Obtain the DB_common class so it can be extended from
 */
require_once 'DB/common.php';

/**
 * The methods PEAR DB uses to interact with PHP's mysql extension
 * for interacting with MySQL databases
 *
 * These methods overload the ones declared in DB_common.
 *
 * @category   Database
 * @package    DB
 * @author     Stig Bakken <ssb@php.net>
 * @author     Daniel Convissor <danielc@php.net>
 * @copyright  1997-2005 The PHP Group
 * @license    http://www.php.net/license/3_0.txt  PHP License 3.0
 * @version    Release: @package_version@
 * @link       http://pear.php.net/package/DB
 */
class DB_mysql extends DB_common
{
    // {{{ properties

    /**
     * The DB driver type (mysql, oci8, odbc, etc.)
     * @var string
     */
    var $phptype = 'mysql';

    /**
     * The database syntax variant to be used (db2, access, etc.), if any
     * @var string
     */
    var $dbsyntax = 'mysql';

    /**
     * The capabilities of this DB implementation
     *
     * The 'new_link' element contains the PHP version that first provided
     * new_link support for this DBMS.  Contains false if it's unsupported.
     *
     * Meaning of the 'limit' element:
     *   + 'emulate' = emulate with fetch row by number
     *   + 'alter'   = alter the query
     *   + false     = skip rows
     *
     * @var array
     */
    var $features = array(
        'limit'         => 'alter',
        'new_link'      => '4.2.0',
        'numrows'       => true,
        'pconnect'      => true,
        'prepare'       => false,
        'ssl'           => false,
        'transactions'  => true,
    );

    /**
     * A mapping of native error codes to DB error codes
     * @var array
     */
    var $errorcode_map = array(
        1004 => DB_ERROR_CANNOT_CREATE,
        1005 => DB_ERROR_CANNOT_CREATE,
        1006 => DB_ERROR_CANNOT_CREATE,
        1007 => DB_ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS,
        1008 => DB_ERROR_CANNOT_DROP,
        1022 => DB_ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS,
        1044 => DB_ERROR_ACCESS_VIOLATION,
        1046 => DB_ERROR_NODBSELECTED,
        1048 => DB_ERROR_CONSTRAINT,
        1049 => DB_ERROR_NOSUCHDB,
        1050 => DB_ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS,
        1051 => DB_ERROR_NOSUCHTABLE,
        1054 => DB_ERROR_NOSUCHFIELD,
        1061 => DB_ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS,
        1062 => DB_ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS,
        1064 => DB_ERROR_SYNTAX,
        1091 => DB_ERROR_NOT_FOUND,
        1100 => DB_ERROR_NOT_LOCKED,
        1136 => DB_ERROR_VALUE_COUNT_ON_ROW,
        1142 => DB_ERROR_ACCESS_VIOLATION,
        1146 => DB_ERROR_NOSUCHTABLE,
        1216 => DB_ERROR_CONSTRAINT,
        1217 => DB_ERROR_CONSTRAINT,
    );

    /**
     * The raw database connection created by PHP
     * @var resource
     */
    var $connection;

    /**
     * The DSN information for connecting to a database
     * @var array
     */
    var $dsn = array();


    /**
     * Should data manipulation queries be committed automatically?
     * @var bool
     * @access private
     */
    var $autocommit = true;

    /**
     * The quantity of transactions begun
     *
     * {@internal  While this is private, it can't actually be designated
     * private in PHP 5 because it is directly accessed in the test suite.}}
     *
     * @var integer
     * @access private
     */
    var $transaction_opcount = 0;

    /**
     * The database specified in the DSN
     *
     * It's a fix to allow calls to different databases in the same script.
     *
     * @var string
     * @access private
     */
    var $_db = '';


    // }}}
    // {{{ constructor

    /**
     * This constructor calls <kbd>$this->DB_common()</kbd>
     *
     * @return void
     */
    function DB_mysql()
    {
        $this->DB_common();
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ connect()

    /**
     * Connect to the database server, log in and open the database
     *
     * Don't call this method directly.  Use DB::connect() instead.
     *
     * PEAR DB's mysql driver supports the following extra DSN options:
     *   + new_link      If set to true, causes subsequent calls to connect()
     *                    to return a new connection link instead of the
     *                    existing one.  WARNING: this is not portable to
     *                    other DBMS's. Available since PEAR DB 1.7.0.
     *   + client_flags  Any combination of MYSQL_CLIENT_* constants.
     *                    Only used if PHP is at version 4.3.0 or greater.
     *                    Available since PEAR DB 1.7.0.
     *
     * @param array $dsn         the data source name
     * @param bool  $persistent  should the connection be persistent?
     *
     * @return int  DB_OK on success. A DB_Error object on failure.
     */
    function connect($dsn, $persistent = false)
    {
        if (!PEAR::loadExtension('mysql')) {
            return $this->raiseError(DB_ERROR_EXTENSION_NOT_FOUND);
        }

        $this->dsn = $dsn;
        if ($dsn['dbsyntax']) {
            $this->dbsyntax = $dsn['dbsyntax'];
        }

        $params = array();
        if ($dsn['protocol'] && $dsn['protocol'] == 'unix') {
            $params[0] = ':' . $dsn['socket'];
        } else {
            $params[0] = $dsn['hostspec'] ? $dsn['hostspec']
                         : 'localhost';
            if ($dsn['port']) {
                $params[0] .= ':' . $dsn['port'];
            }
        }
        $params[] = $dsn['username'] ? $dsn['username'] : null;
        $params[] = $dsn['password'] ? $dsn['password'] : null;

        if (!$persistent) {
            if (isset($dsn['new_link'])
                && ($dsn['new_link'] == 'true' || $dsn['new_link'] === true))
            {
                $params[] = true;
            } else {
                $params[] = false;
            }
        }
        if (version_compare(phpversion(), '4.3.0', '>=')) {
            $params[] = isset($dsn['client_flags'])
                        ? $dsn['client_flags'] : null;
        }

        $connect_function = $persistent ? 'mysql_pconnect' : 'mysql_connect';

        $ini = ini_get('track_errors');
        $php_errormsg = '';
        if ($ini) {
            $this->connection = @call_user_func_array($connect_function,
                                                      $params);
        } else {
            ini_set('track_errors', 1);
            $this->connection = @call_user_func_array($connect_function,
                                                      $params);
            ini_set('track_errors', $ini);
        }

        if (!$this->connection) {
            if (($err = @mysql_error()) != '') {
                return $this->raiseError(DB_ERROR_CONNECT_FAILED,
                                         null, null, null, 
                                         $err);
            } else {
                return $this->raiseError(DB_ERROR_CONNECT_FAILED,
                                         null, null, null,
                                         $php_errormsg);
            }
        }

        if ($dsn['database']) {
            if (!@mysql_select_db($dsn['database'], $this->connection)) {
                return $this->mysqlRaiseError();
            }
            $this->_db = $dsn['database'];
        }

        return DB_OK;
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ disconnect()

    /**
     * Disconnects from the database server
     *
     * @return bool  TRUE on success, FALSE on failure
     */
    function disconnect()
    {
        $ret = @mysql_close($this->connection);
        $this->connection = null;
        return $ret;
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ simpleQuery()

    /**
     * Sends a query to the database server
     *
     * Generally uses mysql_query().  If you want to use
     * mysql_unbuffered_query() set the "result_buffering" option to 0 using
     * setOptions().  This option was added in Release 1.7.0.
     *
     * @param string  the SQL query string
     *
     * @return mixed  + a PHP result resrouce for successful SELECT queries
     *                + the DB_OK constant for other successful queries
     *                + a DB_Error object on failure
     */
    function simpleQuery($query)
    {
        $ismanip = DB::isManip($query);
        $this->last_query = $query;
        $query = $this->modifyQuery($query);
        if ($this->_db) {
            if (!@mysql_select_db($this->_db, $this->connection)) {
                return $this->mysqlRaiseError(DB_ERROR_NODBSELECTED);
            }
        }
        if (!$this->autocommit && $ismanip) {
            if ($this->transaction_opcount == 0) {
                $result = @mysql_query('SET AUTOCOMMIT=0', $this->connection);
                $result = @mysql_query('BEGIN', $this->connection);
                if (!$result) {
                    return $this->mysqlRaiseError();
                }
            }
            $this->transaction_opcount++;
        }
        if (!$this->options['result_buffering']) {
            $result = @mysql_unbuffered_query($query, $this->connection);
        } else {
            $result = @mysql_query($query, $this->connection);
        }
        if (!$result) {
            return $this->mysqlRaiseError();
        }
        if (is_resource($result)) {
            return $result;
        }
        return DB_OK;
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ nextResult()

    /**
     * Move the internal mysql result pointer to the next available result
     *
     * This method has not been implemented yet.
     *
     * @param a valid sql result resource
     *
     * @return false
     */
    function nextResult($result)
    {
        return false;
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ fetchInto()

    /**
     * Places a row from the result set into the given array
     *
     * Formating of the array and the data therein are configurable.
     * See DB_result::fetchInto() for more information.
     *
     * This method is not meant to be called directly.  Use
     * DB_result::fetchInto() instead.  It can't be declared "protected"
     * because DB_result is a separate object.
     *
     * @param resource $result    the query result resource
     * @param array    $arr       the referenced array to put the data in
     * @param int      $fetchmode how the resulting array should be indexed
     * @param int      $rownum    the row number to fetch (0 = first row)
     *
     * @return mixed  DB_OK on success, NULL when the end of a result set is
     *                 reached or on failure
     *
     * @see DB_result::fetchInto()
     */
    function fetchInto($result, &$arr, $fetchmode, $rownum = null)
    {
        if ($rownum !== null) {
            if (!@mysql_data_seek($result, $rownum)) {
                return null;
            }
        }
        if ($fetchmode & DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOC) {
            $arr = @mysql_fetch_array($result, MYSQL_ASSOC);
            if ($this->options['portability'] & DB_PORTABILITY_LOWERCASE && $arr) {
                $arr = array_change_key_case($arr, CASE_LOWER);
            }
        } else {
            $arr = @mysql_fetch_row($result);
        }
        if (!$arr) {
            return null;
        }
        if ($this->options['portability'] & DB_PORTABILITY_RTRIM) {
            /*
             * Even though this DBMS already trims output, we do this because
             * a field might have intentional whitespace at the end that
             * gets removed by DB_PORTABILITY_RTRIM under another driver.
             */
            $this->_rtrimArrayValues($arr);
        }
        if ($this->options['portability'] & DB_PORTABILITY_NULL_TO_EMPTY) {
            $this->_convertNullArrayValuesToEmpty($arr);
        }
        return DB_OK;
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ freeResult()

    /**
     * Deletes the result set and frees the memory occupied by the result set
     *
     * This method is not meant to be called directly.  Use
     * DB_result::free() instead.  It can't be declared "protected"
     * because DB_result is a separate object.
     *
     * @param resource $result  PHP's query result resource
     *
     * @return bool  TRUE on success, FALSE if $result is invalid
     *
     * @see DB_result::free()
     */
    function freeResult($result)
    {
        return @mysql_free_result($result);
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ numCols()

    /**
     * Gets the number of columns in a result set
     *
     * This method is not meant to be called directly.  Use
     * DB_result::numCols() instead.  It can't be declared "protected"
     * because DB_result is a separate object.
     *
     * @param resource $result  PHP's query result resource
     *
     * @return int  the number of columns.  A DB_Error object on failure.
     *
     * @see DB_result::numCols()
     */
    function numCols($result)
    {
        $cols = @mysql_num_fields($result);
        if (!$cols) {
            return $this->mysqlRaiseError();
        }
        return $cols;
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ numRows()

    /**
     * Gets the number of rows in a result set
     *
     * This method is not meant to be called directly.  Use
     * DB_result::numRows() instead.  It can't be declared "protected"
     * because DB_result is a separate object.
     *
     * @param resource $result  PHP's query result resource
     *
     * @return int  the number of rows.  A DB_Error object on failure.
     *
     * @see DB_result::numRows()
     */
    function numRows($result)
    {
        $rows = @mysql_num_rows($result);
        if ($rows === null) {
            return $this->mysqlRaiseError();
        }
        return $rows;
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ autoCommit()

    /**
     * Enables or disables automatic commits
     *
     * @param bool $onoff  true turns it on, false turns it off
     *
     * @return int  DB_OK on success.  A DB_Error object if the driver
     *               doesn't support auto-committing transactions.
     */
    function autoCommit($onoff = false)
    {
        // XXX if $this->transaction_opcount > 0, we should probably
        // issue a warning here.
        $this->autocommit = $onoff ? true : false;
        return DB_OK;
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ commit()

    /**
     * Commits the current transaction
     *
     * @return int  DB_OK on success.  A DB_Error object on failure.
     */
    function commit()
    {
        if ($this->transaction_opcount > 0) {
            if ($this->_db) {
                if (!@mysql_select_db($this->_db, $this->connection)) {
                    return $this->mysqlRaiseError(DB_ERROR_NODBSELECTED);
                }
            }
            $result = @mysql_query('COMMIT', $this->connection);
            $result = @mysql_query('SET AUTOCOMMIT=1', $this->connection);
            $this->transaction_opcount = 0;
            if (!$result) {
                return $this->mysqlRaiseError();
            }
        }
        return DB_OK;
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ rollback()

    /**
     * Reverts the current transaction
     *
     * @return int  DB_OK on success.  A DB_Error object on failure.
     */
    function rollback()
    {
        if ($this->transaction_opcount > 0) {
            if ($this->_db) {
                if (!@mysql_select_db($this->_db, $this->connection)) {
                    return $this->mysqlRaiseError(DB_ERROR_NODBSELECTED);
                }
            }
            $result = @mysql_query('ROLLBACK', $this->connection);
            $result = @mysql_query('SET AUTOCOMMIT=1', $this->connection);
            $this->transaction_opcount = 0;
            if (!$result) {
                return $this->mysqlRaiseError();
            }
        }
        return DB_OK;
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ affectedRows()

    /**
     * Determines the number of rows affected by a data maniuplation query
     *
     * 0 is returned for queries that don't manipulate data.
     *
     * @return int  the number of rows.  A DB_Error object on failure.
     */
    function affectedRows()
    {
        if (DB::isManip($this->last_query)) {
            return @mysql_affected_rows($this->connection);
        } else {
            return 0;
        }
     }

    // }}}
    // {{{ nextId()

    /**
     * Returns the next free id in a sequence
     *
     * @param string  $seq_name  name of the sequence
     * @param boolean $ondemand  when true, the seqence is automatically
     *                            created if it does not exist
     *
     * @return int  the next id number in the sequence.
     *               A DB_Error object on failure.
     *
     * @see DB_common::nextID(), DB_common::getSequenceName(),
     *      DB_mysql::createSequence(), DB_mysql::dropSequence()
     */
    function nextId($seq_name, $ondemand = true)
    {
        $seqname = $this->getSequenceName($seq_name);
        do {
            $repeat = 0;
            $this->pushErrorHandling(PEAR_ERROR_RETURN);
            $result = $this->query("UPDATE ${seqname} ".
                                   'SET id=LAST_INSERT_ID(id+1)');
            $this->popErrorHandling();
            if ($result === DB_OK) {
                // COMMON CASE
                $id = @mysql_insert_id($this->connection);
                if ($id != 0) {
                    return $id;
                }
                // EMPTY SEQ TABLE
                // Sequence table must be empty for some reason, so fill
                // it and return 1 and obtain a user-level lock
                $result = $this->getOne("SELECT GET_LOCK('${seqname}_lock',10)");
                if (DB::isError($result)) {
                    return $this->raiseError($result);
                }
                if ($result == 0) {
                    // Failed to get the lock
                    return $this->mysqlRaiseError(DB_ERROR_NOT_LOCKED);
                }

                // add the default value
                $result = $this->query("REPLACE INTO ${seqname} (id) VALUES (0)");
                if (DB::isError($result)) {
                    return $this->raiseError($result);
                }

                // Release the lock
                $result = $this->getOne('SELECT RELEASE_LOCK('
                                        . "'${seqname}_lock')");
                if (DB::isError($result)) {
                    return $this->raiseError($result);
                }
                // We know what the result will be, so no need to try again
                return 1;

            } elseif ($ondemand && DB::isError($result) &&
                $result->getCode() == DB_ERROR_NOSUCHTABLE)
            {
                // ONDEMAND TABLE CREATION
                $result = $this->createSequence($seq_name);
                if (DB::isError($result)) {
                    return $this->raiseError($result);
                } else {
                    $repeat = 1;
                }

            } elseif (DB::isError($result) &&
                      $result->getCode() == DB_ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS)
            {
                // BACKWARDS COMPAT
                // see _BCsequence() comment
                $result = $this->_BCsequence($seqname);
                if (DB::isError($result)) {
                    return $this->raiseError($result);
                }
                $repeat = 1;
            }
        } while ($repeat);

        return $this->raiseError($result);
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ createSequence()

    /**
     * Creates a new sequence
     *
     * @param string $seq_name  name of the new sequence
     *
     * @return int  DB_OK on success.  A DB_Error object on failure.
     *
     * @see DB_common::createSequence(), DB_common::getSequenceName(),
     *      DB_mysql::nextID(), DB_mysql::dropSequence()
     */
    function createSequence($seq_name)
    {
        $seqname = $this->getSequenceName($seq_name);
        $res = $this->query('CREATE TABLE ' . $seqname
                            . ' (id INTEGER UNSIGNED AUTO_INCREMENT NOT NULL,'
                            . ' PRIMARY KEY(id))');
        if (DB::isError($res)) {
            return $res;
        }
        // insert yields value 1, nextId call will generate ID 2
        $res = $this->query("INSERT INTO ${seqname} (id) VALUES (0)");
        if (DB::isError($res)) {
            return $res;
        }
        // so reset to zero
        return $this->query("UPDATE ${seqname} SET id = 0");
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ dropSequence()

    /**
     * Deletes a sequence
     *
     * @param string $seq_name  name of the sequence to be deleted
     *
     * @return int  DB_OK on success.  A DB_Error object on failure.
     *
     * @see DB_common::dropSequence(), DB_common::getSequenceName(),
     *      DB_mysql::nextID(), DB_mysql::createSequence()
     */
    function dropSequence($seq_name)
    {
        return $this->query('DROP TABLE ' . $this->getSequenceName($seq_name));
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ _BCsequence()

    /**
     * Backwards compatibility with old sequence emulation implementation
     * (clean up the dupes)
     *
     * @param string $seqname  the sequence name to clean up
     *
     * @return bool  true on success.  A DB_Error object on failure.
     *
     * @access private
     */
    function _BCsequence($seqname)
    {
        // Obtain a user-level lock... this will release any previous
        // application locks, but unlike LOCK TABLES, it does not abort
        // the current transaction and is much less frequently used.
        $result = $this->getOne("SELECT GET_LOCK('${seqname}_lock',10)");
        if (DB::isError($result)) {
            return $result;
        }
        if ($result == 0) {
            // Failed to get the lock, can't do the conversion, bail
            // with a DB_ERROR_NOT_LOCKED error
            return $this->mysqlRaiseError(DB_ERROR_NOT_LOCKED);
        }

        $highest_id = $this->getOne("SELECT MAX(id) FROM ${seqname}");
        if (DB::isError($highest_id)) {
            return $highest_id;
        }
        // This should kill all rows except the highest
        // We should probably do something if $highest_id isn't
        // numeric, but I'm at a loss as how to handle that...
        $result = $this->query('DELETE FROM ' . $seqname
                               . " WHERE id <> $highest_id");
        if (DB::isError($result)) {
            return $result;
        }

        // If another thread has been waiting for this lock,
        // it will go thru the above procedure, but will have no
        // real effect
        $result = $this->getOne("SELECT RELEASE_LOCK('${seqname}_lock')");
        if (DB::isError($result)) {
            return $result;
        }
        return true;
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ quoteIdentifier()

    /**
     * Quotes a string so it can be safely used as a table or column name
     *
     * MySQL can't handle the backtick character (<kbd>`</kbd>) in
     * table or column names.
     *
     * @param string $str  identifier name to be quoted
     *
     * @return string  quoted identifier string
     *
     * @see DB_common::quoteIdentifier()
     * @since Method available since Release 1.6.0
     */
    function quoteIdentifier($str)
    {
        return '`' . $str . '`';
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ quote()

    /**
     * @deprecated  Deprecated in release 1.6.0
     */
    function quote($str)
    {
        return $this->quoteSmart($str);
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ escapeSimple()

    /**
     * Escapes a string according to the current DBMS's standards
     *
     * @param string $str  the string to be escaped
     *
     * @return string  the escaped string
     *
     * @see DB_common::quoteSmart()
     * @since Method available since Release 1.6.0
     */
    function escapeSimple($str)
    {
        if (function_exists('mysql_real_escape_string')) {
            return @mysql_real_escape_string($str, $this->connection);
        } else {
            return @mysql_escape_string($str);
        }
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ modifyQuery()

    /**
     * Changes a query string for various DBMS specific reasons
     *
     * This little hack lets you know how many rows were deleted
     * when running a "DELETE FROM table" query.  Only implemented
     * if the DB_PORTABILITY_DELETE_COUNT portability option is on.
     *
     * @param string $query  the query string to modify
     *
     * @return string  the modified query string
     *
     * @access protected
     * @see DB_common::setOption()
     */
    function modifyQuery($query)
    {
        if ($this->options['portability'] & DB_PORTABILITY_DELETE_COUNT) {
            // "DELETE FROM table" gives 0 affected rows in MySQL.
            // This little hack lets you know how many rows were deleted.
            if (preg_match('/^\s*DELETE\s+FROM\s+(\S+)\s*$/i', $query)) {
                $query = preg_replace('/^\s*DELETE\s+FROM\s+(\S+)\s*$/',
                                      'DELETE FROM \1 WHERE 1=1', $query);
            }
        }
        return $query;
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ modifyLimitQuery()

    /**
     * Adds LIMIT clauses to a query string according to current DBMS standards
     *
     * @param string $query   the query to modify
     * @param int    $from    the row to start to fetching (0 = the first row)
     * @param int    $count   the numbers of rows to fetch
     * @param mixed  $params  array, string or numeric data to be used in
     *                         execution of the statement.  Quantity of items
     *                         passed must match quantity of placeholders in
     *                         query:  meaning 1 placeholder for non-array
     *                         parameters or 1 placeholder per array element.
     *
     * @return string  the query string with LIMIT clauses added
     *
     * @access protected
     */
    function modifyLimitQuery($query, $from, $count, $params = array())
    {
        if (DB::isManip($query)) {
            return $query . " LIMIT $count";
        } else {
            return $query . " LIMIT $from, $count";
        }
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ mysqlRaiseError()

    /**
     * Produces a DB_Error object regarding the current problem
     *
     * @param int $errno  if the error is being manually raised pass a
     *                     DB_ERROR* constant here.  If this isn't passed
     *                     the error information gathered from the DBMS.
     *
     * @return object  the DB_Error object
     *
     * @see DB_common::raiseError(),
     *      DB_mysql::errorNative(), DB_common::errorCode()
     */
    function mysqlRaiseError($errno = null)
    {
        if ($errno === null) {
            if ($this->options['portability'] & DB_PORTABILITY_ERRORS) {
                $this->errorcode_map[1022] = DB_ERROR_CONSTRAINT;
                $this->errorcode_map[1048] = DB_ERROR_CONSTRAINT_NOT_NULL;
                $this->errorcode_map[1062] = DB_ERROR_CONSTRAINT;
            } else {
                // Doing this in case mode changes during runtime.
                $this->errorcode_map[1022] = DB_ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS;
                $this->errorcode_map[1048] = DB_ERROR_CONSTRAINT;
                $this->errorcode_map[1062] = DB_ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS;
            }
            $errno = $this->errorCode(mysql_errno($this->connection));
        }
        return $this->raiseError($errno, null, null, null,
                                 @mysql_errno($this->connection) . ' ** ' .
                                 @mysql_error($this->connection));
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ errorNative()

    /**
     * Gets the DBMS' native error code produced by the last query
     *
     * @return int  the DBMS' error code
     */
    function errorNative()
    {
        return @mysql_errno($this->connection);
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ tableInfo()

    /**
     * Returns information about a table or a result set
     *
     * @param object|string  $result  DB_result object from a query or a
     *                                 string containing the name of a table.
     *                                 While this also accepts a query result
     *                                 resource identifier, this behavior is
     *                                 deprecated.
     * @param int            $mode    a valid tableInfo mode
     *
     * @return array  an associative array with the information requested.
     *                 A DB_Error object on failure.
     *
     * @see DB_common::tableInfo()
     */
    function tableInfo($result, $mode = null)
    {
        if (is_string($result)) {
            /*
             * Probably received a table name.
             * Create a result resource identifier.
             */
            $id = @mysql_list_fields($this->dsn['database'],
                                     $result, $this->connection);
            $got_string = true;
        } elseif (isset($result->result)) {
            /*
             * Probably received a result object.
             * Extract the result resource identifier.
             */
            $id = $result->result;
            $got_string = false;
        } else {
            /*
             * Probably received a result resource identifier.
             * Copy it.
             * Deprecated.  Here for compatibility only.
             */
            $id = $result;
            $got_string = false;
        }

        if (!is_resource($id)) {
            return $this->mysqlRaiseError(DB_ERROR_NEED_MORE_DATA);
        }

        if ($this->options['portability'] & DB_PORTABILITY_LOWERCASE) {
            $case_func = 'strtolower';
        } else {
            $case_func = 'strval';
        }

        $count = @mysql_num_fields($id);
        $res   = array();

        if ($mode) {
            $res['num_fields'] = $count;
        }

        for ($i = 0; $i < $count; $i++) {
            $res[$i] = array(
                'table' => $case_func(@mysql_field_table($id, $i)),
                'name'  => $case_func(@mysql_field_name($id, $i)),
                'type'  => @mysql_field_type($id, $i),
                'len'   => @mysql_field_len($id, $i),
                'flags' => @mysql_field_flags($id, $i),
            );
            if ($mode & DB_TABLEINFO_ORDER) {
                $res['order'][$res[$i]['name']] = $i;
            }
            if ($mode & DB_TABLEINFO_ORDERTABLE) {
                $res['ordertable'][$res[$i]['table']][$res[$i]['name']] = $i;
            }
        }

        // free the result only if we were called on a table
        if ($got_string) {
            @mysql_free_result($id);
        }
        return $res;
    }

    // }}}
    // {{{ getSpecialQuery()

    /**
     * Obtains the query string needed for listing a given type of objects
     *
     * @param string $type  the kind of objects you want to retrieve
     *
     * @return string  the SQL query string or null if the driver doesn't
     *                  support the object type requested
     *
     * @access protected
     * @see DB_common::getListOf()
     */
    function getSpecialQuery($type)
    {
        switch ($type) {
            case 'tables':
                return 'SHOW TABLES';
            case 'users':
                return 'SELECT DISTINCT User FROM mysql.user';
            case 'databases':
                return 'SHOW DATABASES';
            default:
                return null;
        }
    }

    // }}}

}

/*
 * Local variables:
 * tab-width: 4
 * c-basic-offset: 4
 * End:
 */

?>