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pyobjc / pyobjc-core / Doc / xcode.rst

PyObjC with InterfaceBuilder

PyObjC can be used with InterfaceBuilder, the best way to use Interface Builder depends on the version of Xcode you are using.

XCode 3 on MacOSX 10.5

When you're running MacOSX 10.5, with Xcode 3 or later, Interface Builder has builtin support for Python and can extract class, action and outlet definitions from Python source code.

To define a class that will be picked up by Inteface Builder:

class MyModel (NSObject):

     window = objc.IBOutlet()

     @objc.IBAction
     def doSomething_(self, sender):
         pass

Inteface Builder obviously has to know about the source files that contain your Python classes. There are two ways to accomplisch this, depending on whether or not you use Xcode. If you use Xcode Interface Builder will automaticly pick up all source code that's added to your project and it will also automaticly detect changes to those sources.

If you do not use Xcode you can add new source files to Interface Builder using the "File -> Read Class Files ..." menu. This will scan the sources, but will not automaticly detect changes to those sources, use the menu "File -> Reload All Class Files" to reload the class definitions.

XCode 2 on MacOSX 10.4

This section is fairly minimal because I've stopped using Xcode 2 and do all my development on OSX 10.5

The version of Xcode that ships with Xcode 2 does not support Python code, which means that you will have to define your classes twice: one times in actual (Python) code, and then again in Interface Builder.

Deprecation note: PyObjCTools.NibClassBuilder

The module PyObjCTools.NibClassBuilder allows you to remove some of the duplication in class definitions between Python and Interface Builder. This module was used a lot before Xcode 3 was released, but is now deprecated and doesn't work with NIB files created in Xcode 3.

Please migrate to manual class definitions (as described in the section about Xcode 3) as soon as possible. This is slightly more work, but ensures that your code will work with later versions of Xcode and PyObjC.

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