cffi / demo /

# A Linux-only demo, using verify() instead of hard-coding the exact layouts
import sys
from cffi import FFI

if not sys.platform.startswith('linux'):
    raise Exception("Linux-only demo")

ffi = FFI()

    typedef ... DIR;

    struct dirent {
        unsigned char  d_type;      /* type of file; not supported
                                       by all file system types */
        char           d_name[...]; /* filename */

    int readdir_r(DIR *dirp, struct dirent *entry, struct dirent **result);
    int openat(int dirfd, const char *pathname, int flags);
    DIR *fdopendir(int fd);
    int closedir(DIR *dirp);

    static const int DT_DIR;

ffi.C = ffi.verify("""
#  define _ATFILE_SOURCE
#ifndef _BSD_SOURCE
#  define _BSD_SOURCE
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <dirent.h>

def walk(basefd, path):
    print '{', path
    dirfd = ffi.C.openat(basefd, path, 0)
    if dirfd < 0:
        # error in openat()
    dir = ffi.C.fdopendir(dirfd)
    dirent ="struct dirent *")
    result ="struct dirent **")
    while True:
        if ffi.C.readdir_r(dir, dirent, result):
            # error in readdir_r()
        if result[0] == ffi.NULL:
        name = ffi.string(dirent.d_name)
        print '%3d %s' % (dirent.d_type, name)
        if dirent.d_type == ffi.C.DT_DIR and name != '.' and name != '..':
            walk(dirfd, name)
    print '}'

walk(-1, "/tmp")