Overview

LiveStats - Online Statistical Algorithms for Python

LiveStats solves the problem of generating accurate statistics for when your data set is too large to fit in memory, or too costly to sort. Just add your data to the LiveStats object, and query the methods on it to produce statistical estimates of your data.

LiveStats doesn't keep any items in memory, only estimates of the statistics. This means you can calculate statistics on an arbitrary amount of data.

LiveStats supports Python 2.7+ and Python 3.2+ and doesn't rely on any external Python libraries.

Example usage

First install LiveStats

$ pip install LiveStats

When constructing a LiveStats object, pass in an array of the quantiles you wish you track. LiveStats stores 15 double values per quantile supplied.

from livestats import livestats
from math import sqrt
import random

test = livestats.LiveStats([0.25, 0.5, 0.75])

data = iter(random.random, 1)

for x in xrange(3):
    for y in xrange(100):
        test.add(data.next()*100)

    print "Average {}, stddev {}, quantiles {}".format(test.mean(), 
            sqrt(test.variance()), test.quantiles())

Easy.

There are plenty of other methods too, such as minimum, maximum, kurtosis, and skewness.

FAQ

How does this work?

LiveStats uses the P-Square Algorithm for Dynamic Calculation of Quantiles and Histograms without Storing Observations and other online statistical algorithms. I also wrote a post on where I got this idea.

How accurate is it?

Very accurate. If you run livestats.py as a script with a numeric argument, it'll run some tests with that many data points. As soon as you start to get over 10,000 elements, accuracy to the actual quantiles is well below 1%. At 10,000,000, it's this:

Uniform:    Avg%E 1.732260e-12 Var%E 2.999999e-05 Quant%E 1.315983e-05
Expovar:    Avg%E 9.999994e-06 Var%E 1.000523e-05 Quant%E 1.741774e-05
Triangular: Avg%E 9.988727e-06 Var%E 4.839340e-12 Quant%E 0.015595
Bimodal:    Avg%E 9.999991e-06 Var%E 4.555303e-05 Quant%E 9.047849e-06

That's percent error for the cumulative moving average, variance, and the average percent error for four different random distributions at three quantiules, 25th, 50th, and 75th. Pretty good.

Why didn't you use NumPy?

I didn't think it would help that much. LiveStats doesn't work on large arrays and I wanted PyPy support, which NumPy currently lacks. I'm curious about any and all performance improvements, so please contact me if you think NumPy (or anything else) would help.