ocaml-lib / avlTree.ml

(* $Id: avlTree.ml,v 1.2 2003/06/08 04:50:48 yori Exp $ *)
(* Copyright 2003 Yamagata Yoriyuki. distributed with LGPL *)

type 'a tree = Empty | Node of 'a tree * 'a * 'a tree * int

let empty = Empty

let is_empty = function Empty -> true | _ -> false

let singleton_tree x = Node (Empty, x, Empty, 1)

let left_branch = function
    Empty -> raise Not_found
  | Node (l, _, _, _) -> l

let right_branch = function
    Empty -> raise Not_found
  | Node (_, _, r, _) -> r

let root = function
    Empty -> raise Not_found
  | Node (_, v, _, _) -> v

let height = function
    Empty -> 0
  | Node (_, _, _, h) -> h

let create l v r =
  let h' = 1 + max (height l) (height r) in
  Node (l, v, r, h')

let rec make_tree l v r =
  let hl = height l in
  let hr = height r in
  if hl >= hr + 2 then
    match l with
      Empty -> assert false
    | Node (ll, u, lr, _) ->
	create ll u (make_tree lr v r)
  else if hr >= hl + 2 then
    match r with
      Empty -> assert false
    | Node (rl, u, rr, _) ->
	create (make_tree l v rl) u rr
  else
    create l v r

(* Utilities *)
let rec split_leftmost = function
    Empty -> raise Not_found
  | Node (Empty, v, r, _) -> (v, r)
  | Node (l, v, r, _) ->
      let v0, l' = split_leftmost l in
      (v0, make_tree l' v r)

let rec split_rightmost = function
    Empty -> raise Not_found
  | Node (l, v, Empty, _) -> (v, l)
  | Node (l, v, r, _) ->
      let v0, r' = split_rightmost r in
      (v0, make_tree l v r')

let rec concat t1 t2 =
  match t1, t2 with
    Empty, _ -> t2
  | _, Empty -> t1
  | Node (l1, v1, r1, h1), Node (l2, v2, r2, h2) ->
      if h1 < h2 then
	make_tree (concat t1 l2) v2 r2
      else
	make_tree l1 v1 (concat r1 t2)

let rec iter proc = function
    Empty -> ()
  | Node (l, v, r, _) ->
      iter proc l;
      proc v;
      iter proc r

let rec fold f t init =
  match t with
    Empty -> init
  | Node (l, v, r, _) ->
      let x = fold f l init in
      let x = f v x in
      fold f r x
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