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perl-XML-LibXML / LibXML.pm

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# $Id$

package XML::LibXML;

use strict;
use vars qw($VERSION @ISA @EXPORT @EXPORT_OK %EXPORT_TAGS
            $skipDTD $skipXMLDeclaration $setTagCompression
            $MatchCB $ReadCB $OpenCB $CloseCB );
use Carp;
use XML::LibXML::NodeList;
use IO::Handle; # for FH reads called as methods

$VERSION = "1.51";
require Exporter;
require DynaLoader;

@ISA = qw(DynaLoader Exporter);

$skipDTD            = 0;
$skipXMLDeclaration = 0;
$setTagCompression  = 0;

$MatchCB = undef;
$ReadCB  = undef;
$OpenCB  = undef;
$CloseCB = undef;

bootstrap XML::LibXML $VERSION;

@EXPORT = qw( XML_ELEMENT_NODE
              XML_ATTRIBUTE_NODE
              XML_TEXT_NODE
              XML_CDATA_SECTION_NODE
              XML_ENTITY_REF_NODE
              XML_ENTITY_NODE
              XML_PI_NODE
              XML_COMMENT_NODE
              XML_DOCUMENT_NODE
              XML_DOCUMENT_TYPE_NODE
              XML_DOCUMENT_FRAG_NODE
              XML_NOTATION_NODE
              XML_HTML_DOCUMENT_NODE
              XML_DTD_NODE
              XML_ELEMENT_DECL
              XML_ATTRIBUTE_DECL
              XML_ENTITY_DECL
              XML_NAMESPACE_DECL
              XML_XINCLUDE_START
              XML_XINCLUDE_END
              encodeToUTF8
              decodeFromUTF8
            );

@EXPORT_OK = qw(
                ELEMENT_NODE
                ATTRIBUTE_NODE
                TEXT_NODE
                CDATA_SECTION_NODE
                ENTITY_REFERENCE_NODE
                ENTITY_NODE
                PROCESSING_INSTRUCTION_NODE
                COMMENT_NODE
                DOCUMENT_NODE
                DOCUMENT_TYPE_NODE
                DOCUMENT_FRAGMENT_NODE
                NOTATION_NODE
                HTML_DOCUMENT_NODE
                DTD_NODE
                ELEMENT_DECLARATION
                ATTRIBUTE_DECLARATION
                ENTITY_DECLARATION
                NAMESPACE_DECLARATION
                NAMESPACE_DECLARATION
                XINCLUDE_END
                XINCLUDE_START
               );

%EXPORT_TAGS = (
                all => [@EXPORT, @EXPORT_OK],
                w3c_typenames => [qw(
                                     ELEMENT_NODE
                                     ATTRIBUTE_NODE
                                     TEXT_NODE
                                     CDATA_SECTION_NODE
                                     ENTITY_REFERENCE_NODE
                                     ENTITY_NODE
                                     PROCESSING_INSTRUCTION_NODE
                                     COMMENT_NODE
                                     DOCUMENT_NODE
                                     DOCUMENT_TYPE_NODE
                                     DOCUMENT_FRAGMENT_NODE
                                     NOTATION_NODE
                                     HTML_DOCUMENT_NODE
                                     DTD_NODE
                                     ELEMENT_DECLARATION
                                     ATTRIBUTE_DECLARATION
                                     ENTITY_DECLARATION
                                     NAMESPACE_DECLARATION
                                     NAMESPACE_DECLARATION
                                     XINCLUDE_END
                                     XINCLUDE_START
                                    )],
                encoding => [qw(
                                encodeToUTF8
                                decodeFromUTF8
                               )],
               );

sub new {
    my $class = shift;
    my %options = @_;
    if ( not exists $options{XML_LIBXML_KEEP_BLANKS} ) {
        $options{XML_LIBXML_KEEP_BLANKS} = 1;
    }

    my $self = bless \%options, $class;
    if ( defined $options{Handler} ) {
        $self->set_handler( $options{Handler} );
    }
    return $self;
}

sub match_callback {
    my $self = shift;
    if ( ref $self ) {
        $self->{XML_LIBXML_MATCH_CB} = shift if scalar @_;
        return $self->{XML_LIBXML_MATCH_CB};
    }
    else {
        $MatchCB = shift if scalar @_;
        return $MatchCB;
    }
}

sub read_callback {
    my $self = shift;
    if ( ref $self ) {
        $self->{XML_LIBXML_READ_CB} = shift if scalar @_;
        return $self->{XML_LIBXML_READ_CB};
    }
    else {
        $ReadCB = shift if scalar @_;
        return $ReadCB;
    }
}

sub close_callback {
    my $self = shift;
    if ( ref $self ) {
        $self->{XML_LIBXML_CLOSE_CB} = shift if scalar @_;
        return $self->{XML_LIBXML_CLOSE_CB};
    }
    else {
        $CloseCB = shift if scalar @_;
        return $CloseCB;
    }
}

sub open_callback {
    my $self = shift;
    if ( ref $self ) {
        $self->{XML_LIBXML_OPEN_CB} = shift if scalar @_;
        return $self->{XML_LIBXML_OPEN_CB};
    }
    else {
        $OpenCB = shift if scalar @_;
        return $OpenCB;
    }
}

sub callbacks {
    my $self = shift;
    if ( ref $self ) {
        if (@_) {
            my ($match, $open, $read, $close) = @_;
            @{$self}{qw(XML_LIBXML_MATCH_CB XML_LIBXML_OPEN_CB XML_LIBXML_READ_CB XML_LIBXML_CLOSE_CB)} = ($match, $open, $read, $close);
        }
        else {
            return @{$self}{qw(XML_LIBXML_MATCH_CB XML_LIBXML_OPEN_CB XML_LIBXML_READ_CB XML_LIBXML_CLOSE_CB)};
        }
    }
    else {
        if (@_) {
           ( $MatchCB, $OpenCB, $ReadCB, $CloseCB ) = @_;
        }
        else {
            return ( $MatchCB, $OpenCB, $ReadCB, $CloseCB );
        }
    }
}

sub validation {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->{XML_LIBXML_VALIDATION} = shift if scalar @_;
    return $self->{XML_LIBXML_VALIDATION};
}

sub expand_entities {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->{XML_LIBXML_EXPAND_ENTITIES} = shift if scalar @_;
    return $self->{XML_LIBXML_EXPAND_ENTITIES};
}

sub keep_blanks {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->{XML_LIBXML_KEEP_BLANKS} = shift if scalar @_;
    return $self->{XML_LIBXML_KEEP_BLANKS};
}


sub pedantic_parser {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->{XML_LIBXML_PEDANTIC} = shift if scalar @_;
    return $self->{XML_LIBXML_PEDANTIC};
}

sub load_ext_dtd {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->{XML_LIBXML_EXT_DTD} = shift if scalar @_;
    return $self->{XML_LIBXML_EXT_DTD};
}

sub complete_attributes {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->{XML_LIBXML_COMPLETE_ATTR} = shift if scalar @_;
    return $self->{XML_LIBXML_COMPLETE_ATTR};
}

sub expand_xinclude  {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->{XML_LIBXML_EXPAND_XINCLUDE} = shift if scalar @_;
    return $self->{XML_LIBXML_EXPAND_XINCLUDE};
}

sub base_uri {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->{XML_LIBXML_BASE_URI} = shift if scalar @_;
    return $self->{XML_LIBXML_BASE_URI};
}

sub set_handler {
    my $self = shift;
    if ( defined $_[0] ) {
        $self->{HANDLER} = $_[0];

        $self->{SAX} = {State => 0,
                        ELSTACK    => []};
    }
    else {
        # undef SAX handling
        delete $self->{HANDLER};
        delete $self->{SAX};
    }
}

sub _auto_expand {
    my ( $self, $result, $uri ) = @_;

    $result->setBaseURI( $uri ) if defined $uri;

    if ( defined $self->{XML_LIBXML_EXPAND_XINCLUDE}
         and  $self->{XML_LIBXML_EXPAND_XINCLUDE} == 1 ) {
        $self->{_State_} = 1;
        eval { $self->processXIncludes($result); };
            my $err = $@;
        $self->{_State_} = 0;
        if ($err) {
            $result = undef;
            croak $err;
        }
    }
    return $result;
}

sub parse_string {
    my $self = shift;
    croak("parse already in progress") if $self->{_State_};

    unless ( defined $_[0] and length $_[0] ) {
        croak("Empty String");
    }

    $self->{_State_} = 1;
    my $result;

    if ( defined $self->{SAX} ) {
        my $string = shift;
        eval { $self->_parse_sax_string($string); };
        my $err = $@;
        $self->{_State_} = 0;
        if ($err) {
            croak $err;
        }
    }
    else {
        eval { $result = $self->_parse_string( @_ ); };

        my $err = $@;
        $self->{_State_} = 0;
        if ($err) {
            croak $err;
        }

        $result = $self->_auto_expand( $result, $self->{XML_LIBXML_BASE_URI} );
    }

    return $result;
}

sub parse_fh {
    my $self = shift;
    croak("parse already in progress") if $self->{_State_};
    $self->{_State_} = 1;
    my $result;
    if ( defined $self->{SAX} ) {
        eval { $self->_parse_sax_fh( @_ );  };
        my $err = $@;
        $self->{_State_} = 0;
        if ($err) {
            croak $err;
        }
    }
    else {
        eval { $result = $self->_parse_fh( @_ ); };
        my $err = $@;
        $self->{_State_} = 0;
        if ($err) {
            croak $err;
        }

        $result = $self->_auto_expand( $result,, $self->{XML_LIBXML_BASE_URI} );
    }

    return $result;
}

sub parse_file {
    my $self = shift;
    croak("parse already in progress") if $self->{_State_};
    $self->{_State_} = 1;
    my $result;
    if ( defined $self->{SAX} ) {
        eval { $self->_parse_sax_file( @_ );  };
        my $err = $@;
        $self->{_State_} = 0;
        if ($err) {
            croak $err;
        }
    }
    else {
        eval { $result = $self->_parse_file(@_); };
        my $err = $@;
        $self->{_State_} = 0;
        if ($err) {
            croak $err;
        }

        $result = $self->_auto_expand( $result );
    }

    return $result;
}

sub parse_xml_chunk {
    my $self = shift;
    # max 2 parameter:
    # 1: the chunk
    # 2: the encoding of the string
    croak("parse already in progress") if $self->{_State_};    my $result;

    unless ( defined $_[0] and length $_[0] ) {
        croak("Empty String");
    }

    $self->{_State_} = 1;
    if ( defined $self->{SAX} ) {
        eval { $result = $self->_parse_sax_xml_chunk( @_ ); };
    }
    else {
        eval { $result = $self->_parse_xml_chunk( @_ ); };
    }

    my $err = $@;
    $self->{_State_} = 0;
    if ($err) {
        croak $err;
    }

    return $result;
}

sub processXIncludes {
    my $self = shift;
    my $doc = shift;
    return $self->_processXIncludes($doc || " ");
}

sub init_push {
    my $self = shift;

    if ( defined $self->{CONTEXT} ) {
        delete $self->{COMTEXT};
    }

    if ( defined $self->{SAX} ) {
        $self->{CONTEXT} = $self->_start_push(1);
    }
    else {
        $self->{CONTEXT} = $self->_start_push(0);
    }
}


sub push {
    my $self = shift;

    if ( not defined $self->{CONTEXT} ) {
        if ( defined $self->{SAX} ) {
            $self->{CONTEXT} = $self->_start_push(1);
        }
        else {
            $self->{CONTEXT} = $self->_start_push(0);
        }
    }

    foreach ( @_ ) {
        $self->_push( $self->{CONTEXT}, $_ );
    }
}

sub finish_push {
    my $self = shift;
    my $restore = shift || 0;
    return undef unless defined $self->{CONTEXT};

    my $retval;

    if ( defined $self->{SAX} ) {
        eval { $retval = $self->_end_sax_push( $self->{CONTEXT} ); };
    }
    else {
        eval { $retval = $self->_end_push( $self->{CONTEXT}, $restore ); };
    }
    delete $self->{CONTEXT};
    if ( $@ ) {
        croak( $@ );
    }
    return $retval;
}

sub __read {
    read($_[0], $_[1], $_[2]);
}

sub __write {
    if ( ref( $_[0] ) ) {
        $_[0]->write( $_[1], $_[2] );
    }
    else {
        $_[0]->write( $_[1] );
    }
}


1;

package XML::LibXML::Node;

sub isSupported {
    my $self    = shift;
    my $feature = shift;
    return $self->can($feature) ? 1 : 0;
}

sub getChildNodes { my $self = shift; return $self->childNodes(); }

sub childNodes {
    my $self = shift;
    my @children = $self->_childNodes();
    return wantarray ? @children : XML::LibXML::NodeList->new( @children );
}

sub attributes {
    my $self = shift;
    my @attr = $self->_attributes();
    return wantarray ? @attr : XML::LibXML::NamedNodeMap->new( @attr );
}

sub iterator {
    my $self = shift;
    my $funcref = shift;
    my $child = undef;

    my $rv = $funcref->( $self );
    foreach $child ( $self->childNodes() ){
        $rv = $child->iterator( $funcref );
    }
    return $rv;
}

sub findnodes {
    my ($node, $xpath) = @_;
    my @nodes = $node->_findnodes($xpath);
    if (wantarray) {
        return @nodes;
    }
    else {
        return XML::LibXML::NodeList->new(@nodes);
    }
}

sub findvalue {
    my ($node, $xpath) = @_;
    my $res;
    eval {
        $res = $node->find($xpath);
    };
    if  ( $@ ) {
        die $@;
    }
    return $res->to_literal->value;
}

sub find {
    my ($node, $xpath) = @_;
    my ($type, @params) = $node->_find($xpath);
    if ($type) {
        return $type->new(@params);
    }
    return undef;
}

sub setOwnerDocument {
    my ( $self, $doc ) = @_;
    $doc->adoptNode( $self );
}

1;

package XML::LibXML::Document;

use vars qw(@ISA);
@ISA = 'XML::LibXML::Node';

sub setDocumentElement {
    my $doc = shift;
    my $element = shift;

    my $oldelem = $doc->documentElement;
    if ( defined $oldelem ) {
        $doc->removeChild($oldelem);
    }

    $doc->_setDocumentElement($element);
}

sub toString {
    my $self = shift;
    my $flag = shift;

    my $retval = "";

    if ( defined $XML::LibXML::skipXMLDeclaration
         and $XML::LibXML::skipXMLDeclaration == 1 ) {
        foreach ( $self->childNodes ){
            next if $_->nodeType == XML::LibXML::XML_DTD_NODE()
                    and $XML::LibXML::skipDTD;
            $retval .= $_->toString;
        }
    }
    else {
        $retval =  $self->_toString($flag||0);
    }

    return $retval;
}

sub process_xinclude {
    my $self = shift;
    XML::LibXML->new->processXIncludes( $self );
}

1;

package XML::LibXML::DocumentFragment;

use vars qw(@ISA);
@ISA = ('XML::LibXML::Node');

sub toString {
    my $self = shift;
    my $retval = "";
    if ( $self->hasChildNodes() ) {
        foreach my $n ( $self->childNodes() ) {
            $retval .= $n->toString(@_);
        }
    }
    return $retval;
}

1;

package XML::LibXML::Element;

use vars qw(@ISA);
@ISA = ('XML::LibXML::Node');

sub setNamespace {
    my $self = shift;
    my $n = $self->nodeName;
    if ( $self->_setNamespace(@_) ){
        if ( scalar @_ < 3 || $_[2] == 1 ){
            $self->setNodeName( $n );
        }
        return 1;
    }
    return 0;
}

sub setAttribute {
    my ( $self, $name, $value ) = @_;
    if ( $name =~ /^xmlns/ ) {
        # user wants to set a namespace ...

        (my $lname = $name )=~s/^xmlns://;
        my $nn = $self->nodeName;
        if ( $nn =~ /^$lname\:/ ) {
            $self->setNamespace($value, $lname);
        }
        else {
            # use a ($active = 0) namespace
            $self->setNamespace($value, $lname, 0);
        }
    }
    else {
        $self->_setAttribute($name, $value);
    }
}

sub getElementsByTagName {
    my ( $node , $name ) = @_;
    my $xpath = "descendant::$name";
    my @nodes = $node->_findnodes($xpath);
    return wantarray ? @nodes : XML::LibXML::NodeList->new(@nodes);
}

sub  getElementsByTagNameNS {
    my ( $node, $nsURI, $name ) = @_;
    my $xpath = "descendant::*[local-name()='$name' and namespace-uri()='$nsURI']";
    my @nodes = $node->_findnodes($xpath);
    return wantarray ? @nodes : XML::LibXML::NodeList->new(@nodes);
}

sub getElementsByLocalName {
    my ( $node,$name ) = @_;
    my $xpath = "descendant::*[local-name()='$name']";
        my @nodes = $node->_findnodes($xpath);
    return wantarray ? @nodes : XML::LibXML::NodeList->new(@nodes);
}

sub getChildrenByTagName {
    my ( $node, $name ) = @_;
    my @nodes = grep { $_->nodeName eq $name } $node->childNodes();
    return wantarray ? @nodes : XML::LibXML::NodeList->new(@nodes);
}

sub appendWellBalancedChunk {
    my ( $self, $chunk ) = @_;

    my $local_parser = XML::LibXML->new();
    my $frag = $local_parser->parse_xml_chunk( $chunk );

    $self->appendChild( $frag );
}

1;

package XML::LibXML::Text;

use vars qw(@ISA);
@ISA = ('XML::LibXML::Node');

sub attributes { return undef; }

sub deleteDataString {
    my $node = shift;
    my $string = shift;
    my $all    = shift;
    my $data = $node->nodeValue();
    $string =~ s/([\\\*\+\^\{\}\&\?\[\]\(\)\$\%\@])/\\$1/g;
    if ( $all ) {
        $data =~ s/$string//g;
    }
    else {
        $data =~ s/$string//;
    }
    $node->setData( $data );
}

sub replaceDataString {
    my ( $node, $left, $right,$all ) = @_;

    #ashure we exchange the strings and not expressions!
    $left  =~ s/([\\\*\+\^\{\}\&\?\[\]\(\)\$\%\@])/\\$1/g;
    my $datastr = $node->nodeValue();
    if ( $all ) {
        $datastr =~ s/$left/$right/g;
    }
    else{
        $datastr =~ s/$left/$right/;
    }
    $node->setData( $datastr );
}

sub replaceDataRegEx {
    my ( $node, $leftre, $rightre, $flags ) = @_;
    return unless defined $leftre;
    $rightre ||= "";

    my $datastr = $node->nodeValue();
    my $restr   = "s/" . $leftre . "/" . $rightre . "/";
    $restr .= $flags if defined $flags;

    eval '$datastr =~ '. $restr;

    $node->setData( $datastr );
}

1;

package XML::LibXML::Comment;

use vars qw(@ISA);
@ISA = ('XML::LibXML::Text');

1;

package XML::LibXML::CDATASection;

use vars qw(@ISA);
@ISA     = ('XML::LibXML::Text');

1;

package XML::LibXML::Attr;
use vars qw( @ISA ) ;
@ISA = ('XML::LibXML::Node') ;

sub setNamespace {
    my ($self,$href,$prefix) = @_;
    my $n = $self->nodeName;
    if ( $self->_setNamespace($href,$prefix) ) {
        $self->setNodeName($n);
        return 1;
    }

    return 0;
}

1;

package XML::LibXML::Dtd;
use vars qw( @ISA );
@ISA = ('XML::LibXML::Node');

1;

package XML::LibXML::PI;
use vars qw( @ISA );
@ISA = ('XML::LibXML::Node');

sub setData {
    my $pi = shift;

    my $string = "";
    if ( scalar @_ == 1 ) {
        $string = shift;
    }
    else {
        my %h = @_;
        $string = join " ", map {$_.'="'.$h{$_}.'"'} keys %h;
    }

    # the spec says any char but "?>" [17]
    $pi->_setData( $string ) unless  $string =~ /\?>/;
}

1;

package XML::LibXML::Namespace;

# this is infact not a node!
sub prefix { return "xmlns"; }

sub getNamespaces { return (); }

sub nodeName {
    my $self = shift;
    my $nsP  = $self->name;
    return length($nsP) ? "xmlns:$nsP" : "xmlns";
}

sub getNodeName { my $self = shift; return $self->nodeName; }

sub isEqualNode {
    my ( $self, $ref ) = @_;
    if ( ref($ref) eq "XML::LibXML::Namespace" ) {
        return $self->_isEqual($ref);
    }
    return 0;
}

sub isSameNode {
    my ( $self, $ref ) = @_;
    if ( $$self == $$ref ){
        return 1;
    }
    return 0;
}

1;

package XML::LibXML::NamedNodeMap;

sub new {
    my $class = shift;
    my $self = bless { Nodes => [@_] }, $class;
    $self->{NodeMap} = { map { $_->nodeName => $_ } @_ };
    return $self;
}

sub length     { return scalar( @{$_[0]->{Nodes}} ); }
sub nodes      { return $_[0]->{Nodes}; }
sub item       { $_[0]->{Nodes}->[$_[1]]; }

sub getNamedItem {
    my $self = shift;
    my $name = shift;

    return $self->{NodeMap}->{$name};
}

sub setNamedItem {
    my $self = shift;
    my $node = shift;

    my $retval;
    if ( defined $node ) {
        if ( scalar @{$self->{Nodes}} ) {
            my $name = $node->nodeName();
            if ( $name =~ /^xmlns/ ) {
                warn "not done yet\n";
            }
            elsif ( exists $self->{NodeMap}->{$name} ) {
                $retval = $self->{NodeMap}->{$name}->replaceNode( $node );
            }
            else {
                $self->{Nodes}->[0]->addSibling($node);
            }
            $self->{NodeMap}->{$name} = $node;
            push @{$self->{Nodes}}, $node;
        }
        else {
            # not done yet
            # can this be properly be done???
        }
    }
    return $retval;
}

sub removeNamedItem {
    my $self = shift;
    my $name = shift;
    my $retval;
    if ( $name =~ /^xmlns/ ) {
        warn "not done yet\n";
    }
    elsif ( exists $self->{NodeMap}->{$name} ) {
        $retval = $self->{NodeMap}->{$name};
        $retval->unbindNode;
        delete $self->{NodeMap}->{$name};
        $self->{Nodes} = [grep {not($retval->isSameNode($_))} @{$self->{Nodes}}];
    }

    return $retval;
}

sub getNamedItemNS {
    my $self = shift;
    my $nsURI = shift;
    my $name = shift;
    return undef;
}

sub setNamedItemNS {
    my $self = shift;
    my $nsURI = shift;
    my $node = shift;
    return undef;
}

sub removeNamedItemNS {
    my $self = shift;
    my $nsURI = shift;
    my $name = shift;
    return undef;
}

1;

package XML::LibXML::_SAXParser;

# this is pseudo class!!!

use XML::SAX::Exception;

# NOTE: there is not end_document ON PURPOSE!

sub start_document {
    my $parser = shift;
    $parser->{HANDLER}->start_document({});
}

sub xml_decl {
    my ( $parser, $version, $encoding ) = @_;

    my $decl = {version => $version};
    $decl->{encoding} = $encoding if defined $encoding;
    $parser->{HANDLER}->xml_decl($decl);
}

sub start_prefix_mapping {
    my ( $parser, $prefix, $uri ) = @_;
    $parser->{HANDLER}->start_prefix_mapping( { Prefix => $prefix, NamespaceURI => $uri } );
}

sub end_prefix_mapping {
    my ( $parser, $prefix, $uri ) = @_;
    $parser->{HANDLER}->end_prefix_mapping( { Prefix => $prefix, NamespaceURI => $uri } );
}

sub start_element {
    my (  $parser, $elem, $attrs ) = @_;
    my $saxattr = {};

    push @{$parser->{SAX}->{ELSTACK}}, $elem;

    if ( defined $attrs  ) {
        $parser->{HANDLER}->start_element( { %$elem, Attributes=>$attrs} )
    }
    else {
        $parser->{HANDLER}->start_element( $elem )
    }
}

sub end_element {
    my (  $parser, $name ) = @_;
    my $elem = pop @{$parser->{SAX}->{ELSTACK}};
    if ( $elem->{Name} ne $name ) {
        my $error = XML::SAX::Execption::Parse->new( Message => "cought error where parser should catch ('$elem->{Name}' ne '$name' )" );
        $parser->{HANDLER}->error( $error );
        return;
    }
    $parser->{HANDLER}->end_element( $elem );
}

sub characters {
    my ( $parser, $data ) = @_;
    $parser->{HANDLER}->characters( $data );
}

sub comment {
    my ( $parser, $data ) = @_;
    $parser->{HANDLER}->comment( $data );
}

sub cdata_block {
    my ( $parser, $data ) = @_;
    $parser->{HANDLER}->start_cdata();
    $parser->{HANDLER}->characters( $data );
    $parser->{HANDLER}->end_cdata();
}

sub processing_instruction {
    my ( $parser, $target ) = @_;
    $parser->{HANDLER}->processing_instruction( $target );
}

# these functions will use SAX exceptions as soon i know how things really work
sub warning {
    my ( $parser, $message, $line, $col ) = @_;
    my $error = XML::SAX::Exception::Parse->new( LineNumber   => $line,
                                                 ColumnNumber => $col,
                                                 Message      => $message, );
    $parser->{HANDLER}->warning( $error );
}

sub error {
    my ( $parser, $message, $line, $col ) = @_;

    my $error = XML::SAX::Exception::Parse->new( LineNumber   => $line,
                                                 ColumnNumber => $col,
                                                 Message      => $message, );
    $parser->{HANDLER}->error( $error );
}

sub fatal_error {
    my ( $parser, $message, $line, $col ) = @_;
    my $error = XML::SAX::Exception::Parse->new( LineNumber   => $line,
                                                 ColumnNumber => $col,
                                                 Message      => $message, );
    $parser->{HANDLER}->fatal_error( $error );
}

1;
__END__

=head1 NAME

XML::LibXML - Interface to the gnome libxml2 library

=head1 SYNOPSIS

  use XML::LibXML;
  my $parser = XML::LibXML->new();

  my $doc = $parser->parse_string(<<'EOT');
  <some-xml/>
  EOT

=head1 DESCRIPTION

This module is an interface to the gnome libxml2 DOM parser (no SAX
parser support yet), and the DOM tree. It also provides an
XML::XPath-like findnodes() interface, providing access to the XPath
API in libxml2.

=head1 OPTIONS

LibXML options are global (unfortunately this is a limitation of the
underlying implementation, not this interface). They can either be set
using C<$parser-E<gt>option(...)>, or C<XML::LibXML-E<gt>option(...)>, both
are treated in the same manner. Note that even two forked processes
will share some of the same options, so be careful out there!

Every option returns the previous value, and can be called without
parameters to get the current value.

=head2 validation

  $parser->validation(1);

Turn validation on (or off). Defaults to off.

=head2 expand_entities

  $parser->expand_entities(0);

Turn entity expansion on or off, enabled by default. If entity expansion
is off, any external parsed entities in the document are left as entities.
Probably not very useful for most purposes.

=head2 keep_blanks

 $parser->keep_blanks(0);

Allows you to turn off XML::LibXML's default behaviour of maintaining
whitespace in the document.

=head2 pedantic_parser

  $parser->pedantic_parser(1);

You can make XML::LibXML more pedantic if you want to.

=head2 load_ext_dtd

  $parser->load_ext_dtd(1);

Load external DTD subsets while parsing.

=head2 complete_attributes

  $parser->complete_attributes(1);

Complete the elements attributes lists with the ones defaulted from the DTDs.
By default, this option is enabled.

=head2 expand_xinclude

  $parser->expand_xinclude

Expands XIinclude tags imidiatly while parsing the document. This flag
ashures that the parser callbacks are used while parsing the included
Document.

=head2 match_callback

  $parser->match_callback($subref);

Sets a "match" callback. See L<"Input Callbacks"> below.

=head2 open_callback

  $parser->open_callback($subref);

Sets an open callback. See L<"Input Callbacks"> below.

=head2 read_callback

  $parser->read_callback($subref);

Sets a read callback. See L<"Input Callbacks"> below.

=head2 close_callback

  $parser->close_callback($subref);

Sets a close callback. See L<"Input Callbacks"> below.

=head1 CONSTRUCTOR

The XML::LibXML constructor, C<new()>, takes the following parameters:

=head2 ext_ent_handler

  my $parser = XML::LibXML->new(ext_ent_handler => sub { ... });

The ext_ent_handler sub is called whenever libxml needs to load an external
parsed entity. The handler sub will be passed two parameters: a
URL (SYSTEM identifier) and an ID (PUBLIC identifier). It should return
a string containing the resource at the given URI.

Note that you do not need to enable this - if not supplied libxml will
get the resource either directly from the filesystem, or using an internal
http client library.

=head1 PARSING

There are three ways to parse documents - as a string, as a Perl
filehandle, or as a filename. The return value from each is a
XML::LibXML::Document object, which is a DOM object (although not all
DOM methods are implemented yet). See L<"XML::LibXML::Document"> below
for more details on the methods available on documents.

Each of the below methods will throw an exception if the document is invalid.
To prevent this causing your program exiting, wrap the call in an eval{}
block.

=head2 parse_string

  my $doc = $parser->parse_string($string);

or, passing in a directory to use as the "base":

  my $doc = $parser->parse_string($string, $dir);

=head2 parse_fh

  my $doc = $parser->parse_fh($fh);

Here, C<$fh> can be an IOREF, or a subclass of IO::Handle.

And again, you can pass in a directory as the "base":

  my $doc = $parser->parse_fh($fh, $dir);

Note in the above two cases, $dir must end in a trailing slash,
otherwise the parent of that directory is used. This can actually
be useful, in that it will accept the filename of what you're
parsing.

=head2 parse_file

  my $doc = $parser->parse_file($filename);

=head2 Parsing Html

As of version 0.96, XML::LibXML is capable of parsing HTML into a
regular XML DOM. This gives you the full power of XML::LibXML on HTML
documents.

The methods work in exactly the same way as the methods above, and
return exactly the same type of object. If you wish to dump the
resulting document as HTML again, you can use C<$doc->toStringHTML()>
to do that.

=head2 parse_html_string

  my $doc = $parser->parse_html_string($string);

=head2 parse_html_fh

  my $doc = $parser->parse_html_fh($fh);

=head2 parse_html_file

  my $doc = $parser->parse_html_file($filename);

=head2 Push Parser

XML::LibXML supports also a push parser interface. This allows one to
parse large documents without actually loading the entire document
into memory.

The interface is devided into two parts:

=over 4

=item * pushing the data into the parser

=item * finish the parse

=back

The user has no chance to access the document while still pushing the
data to the parser. The resulting document will be returned when the
parser is told to finish the parsing process.

=over 4

=item $parser->push( @data )

This function pushs the data stored inside the array to libxml2's
parse. Each entry in @data must be a normal scalar!

=item $parser->finish( $restore );

This function returns the result of the parsing process. If this
function is called without a parameter it will complain about non
wellformed documents. If $restore is 1, the push parser can be used to
restore broken or non well formed (XML) documents as the following
example shows:

  $parser->push( "<foo>", "bar" );
  eval { $doc = $parser->finish; };      # will complain
  if ( $@ ) {
     # ...
  }

This can be anoing if the closing tag misses by accident. The
following code will restore the document:

  $parser->push( "<foo>", "bar" );
  eval { $doc = $parser->finish(1); };      # will not complain

  warn $doc->toString(); # returns "<foo>bar</foo>"

of course finish() will return nothing if there was no data pushed to
the parser before.

=back

=head2 Extra parsing methods

B<processXIncludes>

  $parser->processXIncludes( $doc );

While the document class implements a separate XInclude processing,
this method, is stricly related to the parser. The use of this method
is only required, if the parser implements special callbacks that
should to be used for the XInclude as well.

If expand_xincludes is set to 1, the method is only required to process
XIncludes appended to the DOM after its original parsing.

=head2 Error Handling

XML::LibXML throws exceptions during parseing, validation or XPath
processing. These errors can be catched by useing eval blocks. The
error then will be stored in B<$@>. Alternatively one can use the
get_last_error() function of XML::LibXML. It will return the same
string that is stored in $@. Using get_last_error() makes it still
nessecary to eval the statement, since these function groups will
die() on errors.

get_last_error() can be called either by the class itself or by a
parser instance:

   $errstring = XML::LibXML->get_last_error();
   $errstring = $parser->get_last_error();

Note that XML::LibXML exceptions are global. That means if
get_last_error is called on an parser instance, the last B<global>
error will be returned. This is not nessecarily the error caused by
the parser instance itself.

=head2 Serialization

The oposite of parsing is serialization. In XML::LibXML this can be
done by using the functions toString(), toFile() and toFH(). All
serialization functions understand the flag setTagCompression. if this
Flag is set to 1 empty tags are displayed as <foo></foo>
rather than <foo/>.

toString() additionally checks two other flags:

skipDTD and skipXMLDeclaration

If skipDTD is specified and any DTD node is found in the document this
will not be serialized.

If skipXMLDeclaration is set to 1 the documents xml declaration is not
serialized. This flag will cause the document to be serialized as UTF8
even if the document has an other encoding specified.

XML::LibXML does not define these flags itself, therefore they have to
specify them manually by the caller:

 local $XML::LibXML::skipXMLDeclaration = 1;
 local $XML::LibXML::skipDTD = 1;
 local $XML::LibXML::setTagCompression = 1;

will cause the serializer to avoid the XML declaration for a document,
skip the DTD if found, and expand empty tags.

*NOTE* $XML::LibXML::skipXMLDeclaration and $XML::LibXML::skipDTD are
only recognized by the Documents toString() function.

Additionally it is possible to serialize single nodes by using
toString() for the node. Since a node has no DTD and no XML
Declaration the related flags will take no effect. Nevertheless
setTagCompression is supported.

All basic serialization function recognize an additional formating
flag. This flag is an easy way to format complex xml documents without
adding ignoreable whitespaces.

=head2 Input Callbacks

The input callbacks are used whenever LibXML has to get something B<other
than external parsed entities> from somewhere. The input callbacks in LibXML
are stacked on top of the original input callbacks within the libxml library.
This means that if you decide not to use your own callbacks (see C<match()>),
then you can revert to the default way of handling input. This allows, for
example, to only handle certain URI schemes.

Callbacks are only used on files, but not on strings or filehandles. This is
because LibXML requires the match event to find out about which callback set
is shall be used for the current input stream. LibXML can decide this only
before the stream is open. For LibXML strings and filehandles are already
opened streams.

The following callbacks are defined:

=over 4

=item match(uri)

If you want to handle the URI, simply return a true value from this callback.

=item open(uri)

Open something and return it to handle that resource.

=item read(handle, bytes)

Read a certain number of bytes from the resource. This callback is
called even if the entire Document has already read.

=item close(handle)

Close the handle associated with the resource.

=back

=head2 Example

This is a purely fictitious example that uses a MyScheme::Handler object
that responds to methods similar to an IO::Handle.

  $parser->match_callback(\&match_uri);
  
  $parser->open_callback(\&open_uri);
  
  $parser->read_callback(\&read_uri);
  
  $parser->close_callback(\&close_uri);
  
  sub match_uri {
    my $uri = shift;
    return $uri =~ /^myscheme:/;
  }
  
  sub open_uri {
    my $uri = shift;
    return MyScheme::Handler->new($uri);
  }
  
  sub read_uri {
    my $handler = shift;
    my $length = shift;
    my $buffer;
    read($handler, $buffer, $length);
    return $buffer;
  }
  
  sub close_uri {
    my $handler = shift;
    close($handler);
  }

A more realistic example can be found in the L<"example"> directory

Since the parser requires all callbacks defined it is also possible to
set all callbacks with a single call of callbacks(). This would
simplify the example code to:

  $parser->callbacks( \&match_uri, \&open_uri, \&read_uri, \&close_uri);

All functions that are used to set the callbacks, can also be used to
retrieve the callbacks from the parser.

=head2 Global Callbacks

Optionaly it is possible to apply global callback on the XML::LibXML
class level. This allows multiple parses to share the same callbacks.
To set these global callbacks one can use the callback access
functions directly on the class.

  XML::LibXML->callbacks( \&match_uri, \&open_uri, \&read_uri, \&close_uri);

The previous code snippet will set the callbacks from the first
example as global callbacks.

=head2 Encoding

All data will be stored UTF-8 encoded. Nevertheless the input and
output functions are aware about the encoding of the owner
document. By default all functions will assume, UTF-8 encoding of the
passed strings unless the owner document has a different encoding. In
such a case the functions will assume the encoding of the document to
be valid.

At the current state of implementation query functions like
B<findnodes()>, B<getElementsByTagName()> or B<getAttribute()> accept
B<only> UTF-8 encoded strings, even if the underlaying document has a
different encoding. At first this seems to be a limitation, but on
application level there is no way to make save asumptations about the
encoding of the strings.

Future releases will offer the opportunity to force an application
wide encoding, so make shure that you installed the latest version of
XML::LibXML.

To encode or decode a string to or from UTF-8 B<XML::LibXML> exports
two functions, which use the encoding mechanism of the underlaying
implementation. These functions should be used, if external encoding
is required (e.g. for queryfunctions).

=head2 encodeToUTF8

    $encodedstring = encodeToUTF8( $name_of_encoding, $sting_to_encode );

The function will encode a string from the specified encoding to UTF-8.

=head2 decodeFromUTF8

    $decodedstring = decodeFromUTF8($name_of_encoding, $string_to_decode );

This Function transforms an UTF-8 encoded string the specified
encoding.  While transforms to ISO encodings may cause errors if the
given stirng contains unsupported characters, this function can
transform to UTF-16 encodings as well.

=head1 XML::LibXML::Dtd

This module allows you to parse and return a DTD object. It has one method
right now, C<new()>.

=head2 new()

  my $dtd = XML::LibXML::Dtd->new($public, $system);

Creates a new DTD object from the public and system identifiers. It will
automatically load the objects from the filesystem, or use the input
callbacks (see L<"Input Callbacks"> below) to load the DTD.

=head1 Processing Instructions - XML::LibXML::PI

Processing instructions are implemented with XML::LibXML with read and
write access ;) The PI data is the PI without the PI target (as
specified in XML 1.0 [17]) as a string. This string can be accessed with
L<getData> as implemented in XML::LibXML::Node.

The write access is aware about the fact, that many processing
instructions have attribute like data. Therefor L<setData> provides
besides the DOM spec conform Interface to pass a set of named
parameter. So the code segment

    my $pi = $dom->createProcessingInstruction("abc");
    $pi->setData(foo=>'bar', foobar=>'foobar');
    $dom->appendChild( $pi );

will result the following PI in the DOM:

    <?abc foo="bar" foobar="foobar"?>

The same can be done with

   $pi->setData( 'foo="bar" foobar="foobar"' );

Which is how it is specified in the L<DOM specification>. This three
step interface creates temporary a node in perl space. This can be
avoided while using the B<insertProcessingInstruction> method.
Instead of the three calls described above, the call
C<$dom->insertProcessingInstruction("abc",'foo="bar" foobar="foobar"');>
will have the same result as above.

Currently only the B<setData()> function accepts named parameters,
while only strings are accepted by the other methods.

=head2 createProcessingInstruction

B<SYNOPSIS:>

   $pinode = $dom->createProcessingInstruction( $target );

or

   $pinode = $dom->createProcessingInstruction( $target, $data );

This function creates a new PI and returns this node. The PI is bound
to the DOM, but is not appended to the DOM itself. To add the PI to
the DOM, one needs to use B<appendChild()> directly on the dom itself.

=head2 insertProcessingInstruction

B<SYNOPSIS:>

  $dom->insertProcessingInstruction( $target, $data );

Creates a processing instruction and inserts it directly to the
DOM. The function does not return a node.

=head2 createPI

alias for createProcessingInstruction

=head2 insertPI

alias for insertProcessingInstruction

=head2 setData

B<SYNOPSIS:>

   $pinode->setData( $data_string );

or

   $pinode->setData( name=>string_value [...] );

This method allows to change the content data of a PI. Additionaly to
the interface specified for DOM Level2, the method provides a named
parameter interface to set the data. This parameterlist is converted
into a string before it is appended to the PI.

=head1 AUTHOR

Matt Sergeant, matt@sergeant.org

Copyright 2001, AxKit.com Ltd. All rights reserved.

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<XML::LibXSLT>, L<XML::LibXML::DOM>, L<XML::LibXML::SAX>

=cut