Commits

Anonymous committed 499fc90

Convert case-for-drug-legalisation into DocBook 5 and rev2.

  • Participants
  • Parent commits 704bfdc

Comments (0)

Files changed (4)

 
 $(T2_DEST)/philosophy/psychology/hypomanias/index.html: $(DOCBOOK5_RENDERED_DIR)/dealing-with-hypomanias.xhtml
 
+$(T2_DEST)/philosophy/politics/drug-legalisation/index.html.wml: $(DOCBOOK5_RENDERED_DIR)/The-Pope-Died-on-Sunday-hebrew.xhtml
+
 # Rebuild the pages containing the links to t2/humour/stories upon changing
 # the lib/stories.
 
 
 t2/humour/Pope/The-Pope-Died-on-Sunday--Hebrew-Text.html.wml: lib/docbook/5/rendered/The-Pope-Died-on-Sunday-hebrew.xhtml
 
+
 %.show:
 	@echo "$* = $($*)"
 
 DOCBOOK5_XSL_CUSTOM_XSLT_STYLESHEET := lib/sgml/shlomif-docbook/xsl-5-stylesheets/shlomif-essays-5-xhtml.xsl
 
 DOCBOOK5_DOCS = \
+	case-for-drug-legalisation-rev2 \
 	dealing-with-hypomanias \
 	perfect-it-workplace-rev2 \
 	objectivism-and-open-source \

bin/gen-docbook-make-helpers.pl

 my @documents =
 (
     {
-        id => "case-for-drug-legalisation",
+        id => "case-for-drug-legalisation-rev2",
         path => "philosophy/politics/drug-legalisation",
-        base => "case-for-drug-legalisation",
+        base => "case-for-drug-legalisation-rev2",
+        db_ver => 5,
     },
     {
         id => "case-for-file-swapping-rev3",

lib/docbook/5/xml/case-for-drug-legalisation-rev2.xml

+<?xml version='1.0' encoding="utf-8"?>
+<?xml-stylesheet href="docbook-css/driver.css" type="text/css"?>
+
+<article xmlns="http://docbook.org/ns/docbook" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" version="5.0" xml:id="index" xml:lang="en">
+    <info>
+        <title>The Case for Drug Legalisation</title>
+        <authorgroup>
+            <author>
+                <personname>
+                    <firstname>Shlomi</firstname>
+                    <surname>Fish</surname>
+                </personname>
+                <affiliation>
+                    <address>
+                        <email>shlomif@iglu.org.il</email>
+                        <uri type="homepage" xlink:href="http://www.shlomifish.org/">Shlomi Fish's Homepage</uri>
+                    </address>
+                </affiliation>
+            </author>
+         </authorgroup>
+         <copyright>
+             <year>2006</year>
+            <holder>Shlomi Fish</holder>
+        </copyright>
+      <legalnotice xml:id="main_legal_notice">
+            <para>
+<!--Creative Commons License-->
+This work is licensed under the <link xlink:href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/">Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Licence</link> (or at your option a greater version of it).
+		<!--/Creative Commons License--><!-- <rdf:RDF xmlns="http://web.resource.org/cc/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#">
+		<Work rdf:about="">
+			<license rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/" />
+	<dc:title>The Case for File Swapping</dc:title>
+	<dc:date>2005</dc:date>
+	<dc:description>An essay that explains why Internet File Swapping (using Peer-to-Peer networks, etc.) is not only moral and ethical, but also should be legal, and cannot be banned. Discusses other issues.</dc:description>
+	<dc:creator><Agent><dc:title>Shlomi Fish</dc:title></Agent></dc:creator>
+	<dc:rights><Agent><dc:title>Shlomi Fish</dc:title></Agent></dc:rights>
+	<dc:type rdf:resource="http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Text" />
+		</Work>
+		<License rdf:about="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/"><permits rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Reproduction"/><permits rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Distribution"/><requires rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Notice"/><requires rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Attribution"/><permits rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/DerivativeWorks"/></License></rdf:RDF> -->                
+            </para>
+        </legalnotice>
+
+        <revhistory>
+            <revision>
+                <revnumber>1801</revnumber>
+                <date>29 February 2008</date>
+                <authorinitials>shlomif</authorinitials>
+                <revremark>
+                    Fixed some typos, added the "What you can do about it?"
+                    section and added the "Links" section.
+                </revremark>
+            </revision>
+            <revision>
+                <revnumber>1548</revnumber>
+                <date>28 July 2006</date>
+                <authorinitials>shlomif</authorinitials>
+                <revremark>
+                    Finished the first published version.
+                </revremark>
+            </revision>
+            <revision>
+                <revnumber>1518</revnumber>
+                <date>14 October 2005</date>
+                <authorinitials>shlomif</authorinitials>
+                <revremark>
+                    Forked the text from a previous document, and starting to 
+                    adapt it.
+                </revremark>
+            </revision>
+        </revhistory>
+    </info>
+
+<section xml:id="introduction">
+    <info>
+        <title>Introduction</title>
+    </info>
+    <para>
+        Many people take the prohibition on the currently illegal narcotics
+        (e.g: Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroine) for granted. They believe that
+        just because the drugs are physically harmful, they should be banned.
+        Yet, this is very far from the fact. While drugs can be harmful, there 
+        is no good reason to make them illegal. In fact, the prohibition on
+        drugs causes so many undesirable side-effects, that they
+        <emphasis role="bold">must</emphasis> be made legal.
+    </para>
+    <para>
+        If this sounds fantastic to you - read on, I'm sure you'll find out 
+        that I know what I'm saying.
+    </para>
+    <para>
+        The war on drugs has been supported by both the left and right political
+        camps, and has only been rejected by Libertarians and various other
+        minority groups who hold this view. As a result, most people who
+        believe they should choose between left, right or middle, think drug
+        prohibition is acceptable on everybody. But this is not the case. The
+        prohibition on drugs is very harmful to the public and individual 
+        well-being and must be eradicated as soon as possible.
+    </para>
+</section>
+
+
+<section xml:id="morality">
+    <info>
+        <title>The Morality of Drug Abuse</title>
+    </info>
+    <para>
+        A person has a basic right to harm himself, as long as he does not harm
+        others in the process. That's because everyone of us is the owner of 
+        his mind, body and property, and is solely responsible for their use
+        and abuse. 
+    </para>
+    <para>
+        All arguments that do not favour that, like that a person thus 
+        contributes less to society, and becomes a burden on it are pretty
+        silly. That's because a person is never obliged to contribute to
+        society ("First, do not harm"), and the society at large is not
+        obliged to support its members. (It would be Socialistic to claim
+        otherwise.)
+    </para>
+    <para>
+        Thus, a person must be allowed by law to consume drugs. I'm not saying
+        it is desirable if a person exercises this right. I'm just saying that
+        a person should be allowed to do so, just as he is allowed to smoke,
+        drink alocholic beverages, deteriorate in personal hygiene, give away
+        money for no good reason, act stupidly, etc. These are all harmful
+        activities, yet perfectly legitimate.
+    </para>
+</section>
+
+<section xml:id="biology">
+    <info>
+        <title>The Biology of Drug Use</title>
+    </info>
+    <para>
+        Drugs are not as harmful as many people think. Most drug users
+        are perfectly healthy people who just happen to have a drug problem,
+        just like people who smoke, or are alcholics, or are
+        addicted to caffeine have a drug problem. Otherwise, they are able
+        to function properly and be good citizens. There are no recorded 
+        deaths from Marijuana in the U.S. The amount of deaths for Cocaine
+        is 20 per 100,000 (4 if we take into account such factors as its 
+        reduced quality), and the deaths from Heroin are 400 per 100,000 (or
+        80 if we take these factors into account). This is compared to 150
+        deaths per 100,000 from Alcohol and 650 from Tobacco. Taking the
+        numbers into account, in the U.S. there used to be 390,000 deaths 
+        per year from Tobacco, 150,000 from Alcohol and only 400 from Heroin
+        and 200 from Cocaine (and none from Marijuana).
+        (<link xlink:href="http://www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa121.html">Source</link>.)
+    </para>
+    <para>
+        Thus, legalising drugs, which would potentially make them more 
+        common, will not be a hazard to the global health status of the
+        population.
+    </para>
+</section>
+
+<section xml:id="bio_psychology">
+    <info>
+        <title>The Bio-Psychology of Drug Use</title>
+    </info>
+    <para>
+        The mere act of consuming illegal narcotics, usually does not cause
+        one to commits crimes. While drugs affect the mind, a large
+        increase in drug consumption by itself will not cause a large 
+        increase in the number of crimes committed.
+    </para>
+    <para>
+        Note that criminal activity is often related to drug use due to its
+        present illegal nature and the fact drug users steal in order to
+        acquire drugs. (or other drug related crimes.) However, this is not
+        a direct result of the bio-psychological effects of the drugs
+        themselves.
+    </para>
+</section>
+
+<section xml:id="arguments_for">
+    <info>
+        <title>Arguments for Drug Legalisation</title>
+    </info>
+    <section xml:id="arguments_for__inflation_of_crime">
+        <info>
+            <title>The Prohibition on Drugs Causes an Inflation of Crime</title>
+        </info>
+        <para>
+            As drugs are illegal, they are being marketed by outlaws, who
+            charge an inflated price for them. Much more inflated that the
+            amount it requires to grow, manufacture and distribute them.
+            As a result, there is a growing black market for the distribution
+            of drugs and drug users eventually need to commit crimes like
+            theft and robbery to support their habits.
+        </para>
+        <para>
+            The average crime rate in the U.S increased twice fold due to the
+            prohibition on Alcohol. Once the prohibition was lifted, it
+            decreased back to its original state. It is expected that
+            drug-induced crimes cause a similar increase, due to the similar
+            nature of this prohibition.
+        </para>
+        <para>
+            In this analysis one should also include the very "crimes" of drug
+            use, trafficing, and sale, as well as crimes caused due to the
+            criminal nature of some drug dealers. Drug trafficing is also a
+            huge source of income for Organised crime.
+        </para>
+        <para>
+            All of this crime can be eliminated in a swift blow by legalising
+            drugs. When drugs will become legal, they will be produced,
+            distributed and sold by local legitimate entities, who will be
+            subject to Capitalistic market constraints. Their prices will
+            drop to a minimum, allowing everybody to buy them at the
+            needed quantities. Criminals will no longer be able to make a 
+            decent living from selling them in the black market (as there will
+            be none.).
+        </para>
+    </section>
+    <section xml:id="arguments_for__not_helping">
+        <info>
+            <title>The War on Drugs does not Help to Fight them</title>
+        </info>
+        <para>
+            Law enforcement organisations attempt to stop drug trade by
+            catching drug shipments, and drug dealers. However, any shipment
+            or dealer that is caught, has only one effect: a temporary increase
+            in the price of drugs at the location to which they were intended. 
+            Most drug shipments and transactions are never stopped, and it is
+            a pointless struggle to try to stop them.
+        </para>
+    </section>
+    <section xml:id="arguments_for__quality_decrease">
+        <info>
+            <title>The Prohibition on Drugs Lowers the
+                Quality of Drugs</title>
+        </info>
+        <para>
+            Illegal drugs are not sold in the free market and as a result the
+            sold good is subject to the whims of the local outlaw manufacturer 
+            or distributor. As a result, they often have reduced quality, which
+            can cause a lot of unnecessary health side-effects on their users,
+            including many deaths.
+        </para>
+        <para>
+            During the prohibition on alcohol it was observed that the quality
+            of alcoholic beverages has heavily decreased, and the same thing 
+            happens now with the currently illegal drugs.
+        </para>
+    </section>
+    <section xml:id="arguments_for__causes_proliferation">
+        <info>
+            <title>The Prohibition on Drugs Causes Proliferation of 
+            Drugs' Use</title>
+        </info>
+        <para>
+            People who become heavy drug users often need to find a way to
+            finance their habit. As a result, they often become drug dealers
+            themselves, and try to push drugs onto other people,
+            including children.
+        </para>
+        <para>
+            Making drugs legal will stop this vicious cycle. The price of
+            drugs will drop to free market levels, and people will not need
+            to become drug dealers themselves to finance their habit.
+        </para>
+    </section>
+    <section xml:id="arguments_for__lower_sectors_progress">
+        <info>
+            <title>Slowdown of the Progress of Lower Sectors</title>
+        </info>
+        <para>
+            Drug dealing in a society where drugs are criminalised is
+            a way to make a lot of money. As a result, young people among 
+            the poor find selling drugs an easy way to earn their living
+            and escape the more demanding path of working in an honest job.
+        </para>
+        <para>
+            This causes a bad effect on the societies in poor neighbourhoods, 
+            who turn to drug dealing instead of advancing their rank in the
+            honest world. Making drugs legal will kill this easy way out, and
+            force the young people of the poor to struggle for a honest living
+            and gradually advance their personal and collective financial
+            status.
+        </para>
+    </section>
+    <section xml:id="arguments_for__unholy_enemy">
+        <info>
+            <title>Drug Users Serve as the "Unholy Enemy" of Society</title>
+        </info>
+        <para>
+            There is a common pattern in history of "unholy enemies" - 
+            groups of people who are presented by leaders to be of such
+            evil nature that the general populace should be willing to
+            sacrifice their lives, freedom or well-being to fight them.
+            These have been the Jews in Nazi Germany, and the Kafirs in 
+            Islam. In modern society, drug users now serve as an unholy
+            enemy for which the government can undermine
+            <link xlink:href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberalism">Liberalism</link>
+            and gradually repress the people.
+        </para>
+        <para>
+            Yet, drug users are no such enemy - they do not pose a threat
+            to society. Plus, they are people in need of help, not in need of
+            being hunted and prosecuted.
+        </para>
+        <para>
+            The legalisation of drugs will put a stop to the irrational
+            trend to make drug users an unholy enemy and for the
+            government to undermine the individual rights of the citizens.
+            There is no good reason to undermine individual rights, much less
+            one that is useless and pointless as trying to "win" the war on
+            drugs.
+        </para>
+    </section>
+    <section xml:id="arguments_for__abusive_behaviour">
+        <info>
+            <title>The Prohibition Causes an Abusive Behaviour among
+            the Users</title>
+        </info>
+        <para>
+            Since drugs are illegal and using them can jail a person,
+            drug users usually exhibit abusive behaviours: they lie, steal,
+            and become dishonest and suspicious. This is not an effect of the
+            drug itself - it's a result of the psychological and legal
+            situation in which they are present. By legalising drugs, one can
+            be sure that drug users will be able to openly admit their
+            problems, and seek help.
+        </para>
+    </section>
+    <section xml:id="arguments_for__legit_uses">
+        <info>
+            <title>Prevention of Legitimate Uses</title>
+        </info>
+        <para>
+            The prohibition of illegal drugs prevents some legitimate uses
+            of the plants from which they are made. The most prominent examples
+            are paper that can be made out of Hemp, but is now made out of
+            cut-down trees instead (which is certainly not good for the
+            environment), and the various medical uses of Marijuana.
+        </para>
+    </section>
+    <section xml:id="arguments_for__jailing_people">
+        <info>
+            <title>Strain on Society due to People in Jail</title>
+        </info>
+        <para>
+            The prohibition on drugs puts many people in Jail - there
+            are over 1 million prisoners for drug offences in the United
+            States. There are even more if we consider drug-induced offences
+            such as drug-induced theft.
+        </para>
+        <para>
+            These prisoners are a large strain on society which needs to 
+            support them. They also prevent more serious criminals from
+            being jailed, which undermines the punishment and
+            rehabilitation system of the government.
+        </para>
+        <para>
+            The legalisation of drugs will free the prisons from false
+            criminals, and restore justice. And the lawful people will no
+            longer need to support hundreds of thousands of jailed drug users 
+            and dealers.
+        </para>
+    </section>
+</section>
+<section xml:id="summary">
+    <info>
+        <title>Summary</title>
+    </info>
+    <para>
+        The prohibition against Drugs is the real drug problem. It is a war
+        against the people, that consumes lives, money, and property. It has
+        no good reason. History tells us that all the past prohibitions on
+        narcotics failed miserably. The current prohibition on drugs is no
+        different.
+    </para>
+</section>
+<section xml:id="what_you_can_do_about_it">
+    <info>
+        <title>What You can do about it?</title>
+    </info>
+    <para>
+        Here is a list of things you can do to help the cause of fighting
+        for drug legalisation:
+    </para>
+    <orderedlist>
+        <listitem>
+            <para>
+                <emphasis role="bold">Educate people about it</emphasis>:
+                write something pro drug legalistation online, in blogs,
+                mailing lists, newsgroups, web forums; write your school
+                report about it; publish articles about it in newspapers,
+                tell about it to your friends, etc.
+            </para>
+            <para>
+                Note that you should feel free to link to this article, or
+                even quote its text, as long as you give attribution. (See
+                <link xlink:href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/">its
+                    open-content, Creative Commons, licence for more 
+                    information.</link>
+            </para>
+        </listitem>
+        <listitem>
+            <para>
+                <emphasis role="bold">Contact Your Government</emphasis> -
+                write to your representatives and government, and tell them
+                why the prohibition on drugs is harmful and not justified. If
+                possible, vote for representatives that support the 
+                legalisation of drugs.
+            </para>
+        </listitem>
+        <listitem>
+            <para>
+                <emphasis role="bold">Don't work against the cause</emphasis>
+                - if you're a drug-enforcing policeman, then switch to a
+                different department, or quit. If you're an agent of the
+                <link xlink:href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drug_Enforcement_Administration">Drug 
+                    Enforcement Administration (DEA)</link> or a similar 
+                organisation - then quit.
+            </para>
+        </listitem>
+        <listitem>
+            <para>
+                Last, but not least - <emphasis role="bold">don't use illegal 
+                    narcotics</emphasis>. They
+                have numerous bad medical effects, and using them reduces
+                your credibility as someone who can speak against their 
+                prohibition. 
+            </para>
+        </listitem>
+    </orderedlist>
+
+    <para>
+        By acting and propagating the understanding that drugs should 
+        be legalised, we can eventually create a strong, vibrant
+        movement against the prohibition on drugs, that can eventually
+        abolish it completely.
+    </para>
+</section>
+
+<section xml:id="links">
+    <info>
+        <title>Links</title>
+    </info>
+    <itemizedlist>
+        <listitem>
+            <para>
+                <link xlink:href="http://www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa121.html">James 
+                    Ostrowski's "Thinking about Drug Legalization"</link> is an 
+                excellent and detailed article about the problems of drug 
+                prohibition.
+            </para>
+        </listitem>
+        <listitem>
+            <para>
+                The Wikipedia has an 
+                <link xlink:href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prohibition_(drugs)">article 
+                    
+                    written on the Prohibition on drugs</link> from a hopefully 
+                Neutral Point of View.
+            </para>
+        </listitem>
+        <listitem>
+            <para>
+                The web site 
+                <link xlink:href="http://www.drugwarfacts.org/">"Drug 
+                    War Facts"</link> was recommended to me by a 
+                libertarian correspondant. I didn't fully read it yet.
+            </para> 
+        </listitem>
+        <listitem>
+            <para>
+                <link xlink:href="http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/">The Schaffer
+                    Library of Drug Policy</link> is a comprehensive site for
+                support of the legalisation of drugs. It contains a 
+                <link xlink:href="http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/dea/">copy of 
+                    the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) site, with 
+                    comments</link> and especially a step-by-step
+                <link xlink:href="http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/dea/pubs/legaliz/claims.htm">rebuttal of their "Speaking Out against Drug Legalisation" 
+                    document</link>.
+            </para>
+        </listitem>
+    </itemizedlist>
+</section>
+</article>    <!-- End of the article -->
+

t2/philosophy/politics/drug-legalisation/index.html.wml

 
 <latemp_subject "The Case for Drug Legalisation" />
 
+
+<p class="hilight">
+[ <a href="#itself"><b>Skip to the main content</b></a> ]
+</p>
+
 <h2* id="toc">Table of Contents</h2*>
 
 <toc />
 
 <h3 id="body">Body</h3>
 
-#include "../lib/docbook/rendered/case-for-drug-legalisation.html"
+#include "../lib/docbook/5/rendered/case-for-drug-legalisation-rev2.xhtml"