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vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/console/cmd_loop.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-The Command Loop
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./exiting.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./goodies.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-2.3 The Command Loop
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-To use the shell type a command and press enter.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-Once the command finished running, the shell prompt will re-appear, at which
-point you can enter another command.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-Here is an example session:
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<table border="1" summary="Example Session">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<pre>
-shlomi:~$ ls
-apps      cddb        Download      mail       nsmail          smart-link.txt~
-Arcs      CD-Writing  GNUstep       Mail       progs           tmp
-autosave  conf        index.html    Music      Projects        To_Send
-Backup    Desktop     ip-noise.fig  Nautilus   Rpms            Xrootenv.0
-bin       Docs        links         nohup.out  smart-link.txt
-shlomi:~$ pwd
-/home/shlomi
-shlomi:~$ cd Download/
-shlomi:~/Download$ ls
-Arcs  Docs  From_Win  Images  unpack
-shlomi:~/Download$ echo Something
-Something
-shlomi:~/Download$ cd ..
-shlomi:~$ exit
-</pre>
-</td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./exiting.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./goodies.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/console/exiting.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Exiting from a Console Window
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./opening.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./cmd_loop.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-2.2 Exiting from a Console Window
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-To exit from a shell type <tt>exit</tt> and press Enter at the command
-line of the console.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./opening.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./cmd_loop.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/console/goodies.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Shell Goodies
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./cmd_loop.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./../help/" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-2.4 Shell Goodies
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-You can recall the previous commands you entered by using the Up and Down
-Arrow keys.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-You can edit the command line by using such keys as Left and Right (move one
-character), Ctrl+A and Ctrl+E (to the start/end of the line),
-or Alt+F and Alt+B (move one word forwards/backwards).
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-By typing the beginning of a filename or filepath, you can complete the rest
-of it by pressing the TAB key. Typing tab a second time will give you the
-avialable filenames with this prefix.
-</li>
-<li>
-Pressing enter will always execute the command, even if the cursor is in the
-middle of the line.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./cmd_loop.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./../help/" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/console/index.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-The Linux Console
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../x/cut_n_paste/klipper.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="opening.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-2 The Linux Console
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-The Linux console is a very useful resource for beginners and experts alike.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-X-Windows allows the users to invoke several console windows and let them
-all be visible and accessible at the same time.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-Nevertheless, a full-fledged shell can also be accessed over an
-Internet connection.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<ul>
-<a href="./opening.html" class="contents">2.1 Opening a Console Window</a><br>
-<a href="./exiting.html" class="contents">2.2 Exiting from a Console Window</a><br>
-<a href="./cmd_loop.html" class="contents">2.3 The Command Loop</a><br>
-<a href="./goodies.html" class="contents">2.4 Shell Goodies</a><br>
-</ul>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../x/cut_n_paste/klipper.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="opening.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/console/konsole.png

Removed
Old image

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/console/opening.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Opening a Console Window
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./exiting.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-2.1 Opening a Console Window
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-To open a console window, press the screen-and-clamshell
-icon at the KDE panel.<br>
-<img src="konsole.png" alt="The KDE Console Icon">
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-A console window will pop up and you can move, minimize and resize it like
-any other window.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./exiting.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/help/apropos.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Apropos
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./man.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./info.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-3.2 Apropos
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-The "apropos" command searches the man pages for keywords that are defined
-in the man pages.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-To use it open a console and type <tt>apropos [keyword]</tt>
-at the prompt.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./man.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./info.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/help/howtos.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-The on-line HOWTO's
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./info.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./internet.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-3.4 The on-line HOWTO's
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-You can find the Linux HOWTO's in HTML in the directory
-<a href="file:///usr/share/doc/HOWTO/HTML/">
-<tt>/usr/share/doc/HOWTO/HTML</tt></a>.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-The HOWTO's are guides that cover a specific subject and tells you "how to"
-do certain common tasks.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./info.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./internet.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/help/index.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Getting Help
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../console/goodies.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="man.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-3 Getting Help
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-There are several ways one can get help while using Linux, even without
-connecting to the Internet.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-We will cover some of them here.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<ul>
-<a href="./man.html" class="contents">3.1 The Man Pages</a><br>
-<a href="./apropos.html" class="contents">3.2 Apropos</a><br>
-<a href="./info.html" class="contents">3.3 The "Info" manuals</a><br>
-<a href="./howtos.html" class="contents">3.4 The on-line HOWTO's</a><br>
-<a href="./internet.html" class="contents">3.5 Internet Resources</a><br>
-</ul>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../console/goodies.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="man.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/help/info.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-The "Info" manuals
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./apropos.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./howtos.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-3.3 The "Info" manuals
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-The Info manuals are detailed guides that describe certain commands
-and applications.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-To access them type <a href="info:/"><tt>info:/[cmd name]</tt></a> at the
-location entry of a KDE browser.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-For instance <a href="info:/gcc"><tt>info:/gcc</tt></a> will display the
-manual of "gcc".
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./apropos.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./howtos.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/help/internet.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Internet Resources
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./howtos.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./../vi/" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-3.5 Internet Resources
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-There are numerous mailing-lists for various Linux subjects. A list of
-Isreali ones can be found here:
-<a href="http://www.iglu.org.il/mailing-lists/">
-http://www.iglu.org.il/mailing-lists/
-</a>.
-</li>
-<li>
-Before posting to one it is recommended to refer to the
-<a href="http://www.tuxedo.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html">How to
-Ask Questions the Smart Way FAQ</a>.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-Many times searching the web using web engines will yield good information.
-<a href="http://www.google.com/">Google</a> and <a href="http://groups.google.com/">Google Groups</a> are especially very good.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-Remember to RTFM (Read the Fabulous Manual) and STFW (Search the Fabulous Web)
-before you ask a mailing list.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./howtos.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./../vi/" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/help/man.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-The Man Pages
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./apropos.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-3.1 The Man Pages
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-A Man page is a manual that covers a certain Linux command.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-To access the listing of man pages, open a KDE web-browser and type
-<a href="man:/"><tt>man:/</tt></a> at the Location display.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-For Linux commands, you'll be interested in Section 1.
-</li>
-<li>
-To access a man page for a particular command type "man:/[Command Name]"
-at the Location display.
-</li>
-<li>
-To access a man page from the command line type <tt>man [command name]</tt>
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./apropos.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/index.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="./style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Linux' Basic Use
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<b class="nav">Up</b></td>
-<td>
-<b class="nav">Previous</b></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./x/" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-Linux' Basic Use
-</h1>
-<p>
-Welcome to the <a href="http://linuxclub.il.eu.org/">Haifa Linux Club</a>
-lecture about Basic Use of Linux. This lecture will cover both using
-"X-Windows", the Linux windowing interface, with a lot of focus on its
-KDE desktop environment. It will also cover using the Linux' command-line
-interface, because some things in Linux can only be done or are better done
-at the command-line.
-</p>
-<ul>
-<a href="./x/" class="contents">1 X-Windows and KDE</a><br>
-<ul>
-<a href="./x/similarities.html" class="contents">1.1 Similarities to Windows</a><br>
-<a href="./x/workspaces.html" class="contents">1.2 The Workspaces</a><br>
-<a href="./x/show_desktop.html" class="contents">1.3 Show the Desktop</a><br>
-<a href="./x/cut_n_paste/" class="contents">1.4 Cut and Paste in X-Windows</a><br>
-<ul>
-<a href="./x/cut_n_paste/klipper.html" class="contents">1.4.1 Klipper</a><br>
-</ul>
-</ul>
-<a href="./console/" class="contents">2 The Linux Console</a><br>
-<ul>
-<a href="./console/opening.html" class="contents">2.1 Opening a Console Window</a><br>
-<a href="./console/exiting.html" class="contents">2.2 Exiting from a Console Window</a><br>
-<a href="./console/cmd_loop.html" class="contents">2.3 The Command Loop</a><br>
-<a href="./console/goodies.html" class="contents">2.4 Shell Goodies</a><br>
-</ul>
-<a href="./help/" class="contents">3 Getting Help</a><br>
-<ul>
-<a href="./help/man.html" class="contents">3.1 The Man Pages</a><br>
-<a href="./help/apropos.html" class="contents">3.2 Apropos</a><br>
-<a href="./help/info.html" class="contents">3.3 The "Info" manuals</a><br>
-<a href="./help/howtos.html" class="contents">3.4 The on-line HOWTO's</a><br>
-<a href="./help/internet.html" class="contents">3.5 Internet Resources</a><br>
-</ul>
-<a href="./vi/" class="contents">4 Editing with Vi</a><br>
-<ul>
-<a href="./vi/invocation.html" class="contents">4.1 Invoking Vi</a><br>
-<a href="./vi/cmd_and_edit.html" class="contents">4.2 Command Mode and Editing Mode</a><br>
-<a href="./vi/exiting.html" class="contents">4.3 Exiting from Vi</a><br>
-<a href="./vi/edit_mode.html" class="contents">4.4 Entering and Exiting from Editing Mode</a><br>
-<a href="./vi/deleting.html" class="contents">4.5 Deleting Text</a><br>
-<a href="./vi/saving.html" class="contents">4.6 Saving the File</a><br>
-<a href="./vi/rollback.html" class="contents">4.7 Exiting without saving changes</a><br>
-</ul>
-<a href="./links.html" class="contents">5 Links and References</a><br>
-</ul>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<b class="nav">Up</b></td>
-<td>
-<b class="nav">Previous</b></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./x/" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/links.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="./style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Links and References
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./vi/rollback.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<b class="nav">Next</b></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-5 Links and References
-</h1>
-<h2>Command-Line Usage</h2>
-<p>
-<a href="http://unixhelp.ed.ac.uk/">UNIX Help for Users</a> - a detailed
-on-line guide that explains the basic of UNIX usage
-</p>
-<p>
-<a href="http://www.iglu.org.il/LDP/LDP/gs/gs.html">The Linux Installation
-and Getting Started Guide</a> - another good online book.
-</p>
-<p>
-<a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/pub/Linux/docs/linux-doc-project/users-guide/">
-The Linux Users' Guide</a> - a book available for download in PDF format.
-</p>
-<h2>X and KDE</h2>
-<p>
-<a href="http://www.kde.org/documentation/index.html">The KDE Documentation</a>
-- contains a user guide and a quick start guide.
-</p>
-<h2>Vi</h2>
-<p>
-<a href="http://www.iglu.org.il/LDP/HOWTO/Vim-HOWTO.html">The Vim HOWTO</a> -
-contains a lot of information regarding Vi, including many links.
-</p>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./vi/rollback.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<b class="nav">Next</b></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

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vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/vi/cmd_and_edit.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Command Mode and Editing Mode
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./invocation.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./exiting.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-4.2 Command Mode and Editing Mode
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-Vi has two modes of operation: command mode and editing mode.
-Vi starts in command mode.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-In editing mode, one can insert new text.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-In command mode, one can enter a myriad of commands, including ones
-to save the file, or to delete text.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
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-</tr>
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-</body>
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vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/vi/deleting.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Deleting Text
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./edit_mode.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./saving.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-4.5 Deleting Text
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-To delete text in Vi, one has to be in command mode.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-To delete a single character, position the cursor on it and press the
-"<tt>x</tt>" key.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-To delete a single line, position the cursor somewhere on it and press
-"<tt>d</tt>" twice.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./edit_mode.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./saving.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/vi/edit_mode.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Entering and Exiting from Editing Mode
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./exiting.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./deleting.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-4.4 Entering and Exiting from Editing Mode
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-To enter editing mode, use the arrow keys to move the cursor to the location
-in which you wish to enter text, and press "<tt>i</tt>".
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-You can now enter text freely, and delete the text that was just
-entered by pressing the backspace key.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-When you are done entering text, press <tt>ESC</tt> to return back to c
-ommand mode.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-Note: Pressing <tt>ESC</tt> twice will always put you back in command mode.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./exiting.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./deleting.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/vi/exiting.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Exiting from Vi
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
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-<td>
-<a href="./cmd_and_edit.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./edit_mode.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-4.3 Exiting from Vi
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-To exit Vi, one has to be at command mode.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-When in command mode, type <tt>:q</tt> and press Enter to
-exit from Vi.
-</li>
-<li>
-You cannot exit this way unless the file you edited is saved.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./cmd_and_edit.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./edit_mode.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/vi/index.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Editing with Vi
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../help/internet.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="invocation.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-4 Editing with Vi
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-Vi is the most commonly available text editor on UNIX systems.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-It is a console editor and runs inside a terminal.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-There are various other editors available, but we chose to show vi
-because it is the most common and the most accessible.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../help/internet.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="invocation.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/vi/invocation.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Invoking Vi
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
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-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./cmd_and_edit.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-4.1 Invoking Vi
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-To invoke vi, once in a shell, enter the command
-<tt>vi [filename]</tt> where <tt>[filename]</tt> is the name
-of the file you wish to edit.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./cmd_and_edit.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/vi/rollback.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Exiting without saving changes
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./saving.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./../links.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-4.7 Exiting without saving changes
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-To exit <u>without saving changes</u>, enter command mode.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-Then, type <tt>:q!</tt> and press enter.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
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-<a href="./../links.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/vi/saving.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Saving the File
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./deleting.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./rollback.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-4.6 Saving the File
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-To save the file, enter command mode.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-Then type <tt>:w</tt> and press enter.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
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-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/x/cut_n_paste/index.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Cut and Paste in X-Windows
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="../../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../show_desktop.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="klipper.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-1.4 Cut and Paste in X-Windows
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-Usually just marking text will copy it to the clipboard.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-Sometimes however, you'll have to press <tt>Ctrl+C</tt> or the menus'
-copy command to copy the marked text to the clipboard.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-Pressing the middle mouse button will paste it to the active
-window.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="../../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../show_desktop.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="klipper.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/x/cut_n_paste/klipper.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Klipper
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./../../console/" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-1.4.1 Klipper
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-KDE has a panel applet that stores older contents of the clipboard
-and is able to restore them.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-To restore a previous content of the clipboard click the clipboard icon
-with the K on top near right side of the bottom panel.<br>
-<img src="klipper.png" alt="The Klipper Icon">
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-Then, choose the content you wish to use, and click its entry in the menu.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./../../console/" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/x/cut_n_paste/klipper.png

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vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/x/desktop.png

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vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/x/folder_home.png

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vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/x/index.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-X-Windows and KDE
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="similarities.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-1 X-Windows and KDE
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-<a href="http://www.xfree86.org/">X-Windows</a> can be invoked from a
-login console by typing <tt>startx</tt> at the command-line.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-<a href="http://www.kde.org/">KDE</a> is a desktop environment built
-above X-Windows, that supplies the user with a modern look and feel.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="../" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="similarities.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

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vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/x/show_desktop.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Show the Desktop
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./workspaces.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./cut_n_paste/" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-1.3 Show the Desktop
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-The Icon with the desktop and the lamp on the KDE panel shows the
-desktop.<br>
-<img src="desktop.png" alt="The KDE Show Desktop Icon">
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-It temporarily hides all the windows.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-To show them again, press it again.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./workspaces.html" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./cut_n_paste/" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-</body>
-</html>

vipe/lecture/W2L/Basic_Use/slides/x/similarities.html

-<html>
-<head>
-<link rel="StyleSheet" href="../style.css" type="text/css">
-<title>
-Similarities to Windows
-</title>
-</head>
-<body>
-<table summary="">
-<tr>
-<td>
-<a href="./../" class="nav">Contents</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Up</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./" class="nav">Previous</a></td>
-<td>
-<a href="./workspaces.html" class="nav">Next</a></td>
-</tr>
-</table>
-<h1>
-1.1 Similarities to Windows
-</h1>
-<h3 class="notbold">
-<ul>
-<li class="notbold">
-The "K" Button at the bottom-left corner of the screen behaves much like
-the "Start" button on Windows.<br>
-<img src="k.png" alt="The KDE &quot;K&quot; Button">
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-The folder icon with the house picture opens a file manager window.<br>
-<img src="folder_home.png" alt="The KDE File Manager Icon">
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-The KDE File Manager looks and feels very much like the Windows Explorer.
-</li>
-<li class="notbold">
-Moving Windows around and clicking on their decorations will yield the same
-effect as in Windows.
-</li>
-</ul>
-</h3>
-<hr>
-<table summary="">
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-The Workspaces
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-1.2 The Workspaces
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-KDE supports more than one workspace in which one can put windows.
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-You can switch to a different workspace by pressing its number in
-the workspaces display at the bottom panel.<br>
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-When you switch to a different workspace, and return to the original,
-you will find all the windows that were opened in the original.
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