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<latemp_subject "Software Construction and Management Tools" />
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<div class="software_build">
<h2 id="build">Software Building</h2>

<ul>
<li>
<a href="http://www.gnu.org/software/make/">GNU Make</a> - the best make in
town! An implementation of make with many enhancements and some
parallelisation. There’s a drop-in replacement for it written in Perl called
<a href="http://makepp.sourceforge.net/">Makepp</a>.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://www.canb.auug.org.au/~millerp/cook/cook.html">Cook</a> -
a make replacement with variables, user-defined functions, parallelisation,
file checksums, and other powerful features.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://www.dsmit.com/cons/">CONS</a> - a make replacement written
in Perl with file checksums and other features.
<a href="http://www.scons.org/">SCons</a> is a Python version, that has been
more actively maintained recently.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://jakarta.apache.org/ant/">Ant</a> - a make replacement
written in Java that uses an XML description language.
</li>
</ul>

<h3 id="build_links">Links to Lists, Comparisons and Other Resources</h3>

<ul>
<li>
<a href="http://directory.google.com/Top/Computers/Software/Build_Management/Make_Tools/">Google’s
Web Directory for Make Tools</a> - contains other useful links.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://www.a-a-p.org/tools_build.html">A-A-P Build Tools List</a> -
A very comprehensive list of build tools.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Make">The Wikipedia Entry for Make</a> -
contains a list of alternatives.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://spreadsheets.google.com/pub?key=prEdSidtHryEXastzzgO5DQ">A
Google Spreadsheet with a Comparison of various Alternatives</a>
</li>

</ul>

<h2 id="configure">Software Pre-building Configuration</h2>

<ul>

<li>
GNU <a href="http://www.gnu.org/software/autoconf/autoconf.html">Autoconf</a>,
<a href="http://www.gnu.org/software/automake/automake.html">Automake</a>,
and <a href="http://www.gnu.org/software/libtool/libtool.html">Libtool</a>:
a trio of programs to portably build applications across multiple UNIX
platforms. The de-facto standard in the open-source world, but very kludgy
and causes many problems. See my
<a href="$(ROOT)/open-source/anti/autohell/">“Escape
from GNU Autohell!”</a> page.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://www.dubois.ws/software/imake-stuff/">Imake</a> - a
portability tool that ships with X11. Old and deprecated.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://www.cmake.org/">CMake</a> - a cross-platform generator for
makefiles, not unlike Autoconf, but works much better. Actively used by
<a href="http://www.kde.org/">KDE</a> starting from version 4 and by many
other projects.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://www.cleanscape.net/stdprod/qef/qef.html">QEF</a> - a
high-level software construction system. Operates consistently across UNIX
and Windows NT platforms. Proprietary.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://www.scons.org/">SCons</a> can be used for writing such
configuration tasks as well. It’s written in Python, does not distinguish
between the configuration phase and the build phase and tends to be slow.
(open source, MIT/X11 License).
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://code.google.com/p/waf/">Waf</a> - an open-source (modified
BSD) tool based on SCons, CMake and other tools, and also written in Python.
Created for KDE 4 as an enhanced version of SCons, but they eventually decided
to use CMake instead.
</li>

</ul>

<h2 id="package">Software Packaging</h2>

<ul>

<li>
<a href="http://www.rpm.org/">RPM</a> - a package management system used on
RedHat Linux and other RPM-based distributions. Also look at
<a href="http://urpmi.org/">urpmi</a>,
<a href="http://linux.duke.edu/projects/yum/">yum</a>,
and <a href="http://apt-rpm.tuxfamily.org/">apt-rpm</a>,
which install packages and resolve dependencies.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://freecode.com/projects/dpkg/">dpkg</a> - The Debian Package
Manager, which is also used on similar distributions. Also look at
<a href="http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/apt-howto/index.en.html">Apt</a>
which automatically installs packages and resolves dependencies.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://www.gentoo.org/">Portage - The Gentoo Package Manager</a> -
a package management system for Gentoo Linux. Akin to the BSD ports but
based on Python.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://www.openpkg.org/">OpenPKG</a> - a cross-platform UNIX
software packaging system.
</li>

</ul>

<h2 id="scm">Version Control Systems</h2>

<ul>

<li>
<a href="http://www.cvshome.org/">CVS</a> - the old standard of
open-source source control systems. Functional and stable, but limited in
many ways. (GPLed).
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://subversion.tigris.org/">Subversion</a> - a CVS replacement
with atomic commits, networking over HTTP, efficient handling of binary file
and other features. Still mostly a client/server, centralised protocol,
but much more reliable than CVS and works better. (Apache/BSD Licence).
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://git.or.cz/">Git</a> - a version control system originally
designed for the Linux kernel. Very fast and 100% distributed, but has some
user-interface idiosyncracies, a complex command-set, and lacks good
documentation.
</li>

</ul>

<h3 id="scm_links">Links to Lists, Comparisons and Other Resources</h3>

<ul>

<li>
<a href="http://better-scm.shlomifish.org/">The Better-SCM Site</a> - a site for
comparison and advocacy of Version Control Systems. (Maintained by Shlomi
Fish, who also originated this page and site.) Contains <a
href="http://better-scm.shlomifish.org/comparison/">a comparison</a>.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_revision_control_software">Wikipedia
Comparison of Revision Control Systems</a>
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://dmoz.org/Computers/Software/Configuration_Management/Tools/">Dmoz.org’s
Category for Version Control Systems</a> - contains links to many
other implementations and resources. <a href="http://dir.google.com/Top/Computers/Software/Configuration_Management/Tools/">The Google Directory’s equivalent
directory may also prove helpful.</a>.
</li>

</ul>

<h2 id="bug_tracking">Bug Tracking</h2>

<p>
<b>Note:</b> Due to the large number of such systems, I decided to link only
to very prominent open-source ones, and to directories where comprehensive
lists can be found.
</p>

<ul>
<li>
<a href="http://www.mozilla.org/projects/bugzilla/">Bugzilla</a> - a
WWW-based bug management system written as part of the Mozilla project with
many advanced features.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://www.gnu.org/software/gnats/">GNATS</a> - The GNU Bug
Tracking System, which uses Plaintext files to store its information and
has several front-ends.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://gforge.org/">GForge</a> - The open-source derivative of
the original VA SourceForge codebase contains a rudimentary bug-tracking
system as part of the many web-based collaborative services it offers for
developers.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://mantisbt.sourceforge.net/">Mantis</a> - An open-source
PHP/MySQL web-based bug tracking system.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://www.edgewall.com/trac/">Trac</a> - a wiki, issue tracking
and interface to one's version control system, for software development
projects. Written in Python and based on SQLite, with backends for
Subversion, Git, Mercurial, Bazaar, Perforce and Darcs.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://www.bestpractical.com/rt/">Request Tracker</a> - <q>“RT is an
enterprise-grade ticketing system which enables a group of people to
intelligently and efficiently manage tasks, issues, and requests submitted
by a community of users.”</q>. Among else, it is used for
<a href="http://rt.cpan.org/">tracking CPAN issues</a>.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_issue-tracking_systems">Wikipedia's comparison of issue-tracking systems</a>.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://directory.google.com/Top/Computers/Software/Configuration_Management/Bug_Tracking/">
Google’s Web Directory Bug Tracking Category</a> - contains links to many
other implementations.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://dmoz.org/Computers/Software/Configuration_Management/Bug_Tracking/">DMoz Bug Tracking</a> - a perhaps more updated version of the same resource,
with slower access times, and lack of Google’s PageRank integration.
</li>

</ul>

<h2 id="testing">Testing Frameworks</h2>

<ul>
<li>
<a href="http://www.gnu.org/software/dejagnu/dejagnu.html">DejaGNU</a> -
a testing framework by the GNU project based on Tcl and Expect.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://www.xprogramming.com/software.htm">XUnit</a> - A testing
framework that was suggested by Extreme Programming.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://tetworks.opengroup.org/">TET</a> - A cross-platform
testing framework by the Open Group.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://testanything.org/wiki/index.php/Main_Page">The “Test
Anything Protocol” (TAP)</a> - a protocol for test scripts to communicate
the results of their tests to the harness/consumer. Allows for
heterogeneous test suites written in several languages.
</li>

<li>
<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FitNesse">FitNesse</a> - a framework
for acceptance testing (system tests etc.).
</li>

</ul>

</div>

<h2 id="licence">Licence</h2>

<cc_by_british_blurb year="2011" />

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