1. Shlomi Fish
  2. vim-begin


Shlomi Fish  committed ef64b2c

Add the getting-started-with-vim tutorial.

With attribution to Bilal Quadri who wrote it.

  • Participants
  • Parent commits 71a1576
  • Branches default

Comments (0)

Files changed (2)

File vim-begin/jekyll-prototype/src/tutorials/getting-started-with-vim/index.html

View file
  • Ignore whitespace
+layout: default
+title: Getting Started With Vim by Bilal Quadri
+This is a copy of <a href="http://bilalquadri.com/blog/2012/12/17/getting-started-with-vim/">the post by Bilal Quadri</a> under the Creative Commons
+Attribution 3.0 licence.
+<div class="entry-content"><p>This is a brief guide to get you acquainted with using Vim in the terminal. If
+you’re reading this, you’ve probably heard of Vim already. For those that
+haven’t, it’s a text-editor that’s a bit different than most. It’s optimized for
+touch typists, and eschews the use of a mouse in favor of keyboard shortcuts.
+Rather than binding controls to modifiers such as the <code>Ctrl</code> or <code>Alt</code> keys, Vim
+makes use of different editing <strong><em>modes</em></strong>. When you’re just navigating your
+code base, you’re in <code>NORMAL MODE</code>.When you want to type in text, you go into
+<code>INSERT MODE</code>. This talk of modes might not make sense just yet, but read on,
+and you will see the light.</p>
+<p>I won’t lie to you, Vim has a steep learning curve. It can be intimidating at
+first, even daunting. In the beginning, you will feel sluggish, wondering why
+it’s so difficult to do basic things. You will be confused. You may even be
+frightened. It’ll take some time, but the rewards will prove to be worth it in
+the end.</p>
+<h2>Get What You Need</h2>
+<p>The first step on your journey is to get Vim on your machine. If you’re running
+Linux or OSX, chances are that you already have it. Windows users can grab it
+<a href="http://www.vim.org/download.php">here</a>, or run it under some equivalent of
+<p>If you’re on Ubuntu, Vim is there, but it’s sort of hidden away under the guise
+of Vi. You can improve your experience by installing a package that has Vim
+compiled with some nicer flags. This should set you straight:</p>
+<p><code>sudo apt-get install vim-gtk</code></p>
+<p>If you’re on a Mac, then you have Vim, but it’s probably a little dated and
+missing some cool features. If you don’t already have Brew, you’ll want to grab
+that <a href="http://mxcl.github.com/homebrew/">here</a> and install it. Once you’ve done
+that, open up a terminal and type in this command:</p>
+<p><code>brew install macvim --override-system-vim</code></p>
+<p>Both of these install instructions also get you GUI versions of Vim. They can be
+a bit nicer in terms of appearance, but you lose out on the flexibility of being
+in a terminal if you choose to go with them.</p>
+<h2>Play Around</h2>
+<p>You can only get so much out of reading guides and blogposts. Now that you have
+Vim installed, it’s time to take the plunge. Open up a terminal, and type in:</p>
+<p>This will launch an interactive guide. I know it says that it should take about
+30 minutes to go through it, but don’t be afraid to take longer if you need it.
+Go through it completely before coming back to this guide.</p>
+<h2>Improve Your Understanding</h2>
+<p>Having gone through <code>vimtutor</code>, you should have some familiarity with Vim. It’s
+perfectly normal to not remember most things. Below, you’ll find a quick
+cheatsheet of the more useful commands in normal mode. Wherever you see a
+<code>&lt;CR&gt;</code>, take that to mean “Hit the Enter/Return key”. It stands for “carriage
+return” if you were curious. Oh, and remember that escape will take you back
+into Normal mode.</p>
+<pre><code>:q&lt;CR&gt;      quit
+:q!&lt;CR&gt;     quit without saving
+:w&lt;CR&gt;      save
+u           undo
+Ctrl r      redo
+i           go into Insert mode at the cursor
+a           go into after the cursor
+<p>The best way to get better in Vim is to keep programming. These basic commands
+should be enough to get you started. If you have to stop and look up how to do
+something every now and then, it’s fine.</p>
+<h2>Customize Vim</h2>
+<p>Part of the reason why Vim is so well-loved is because of how customizable it
+is. Linux and OSX users can save these settings in a file called <code>.vimrc</code> that
+is located in their home folders. Windows folks can use
+<a href="http://superuser.com/questions/86246/where-should-the-vimrc-file-be-located-on-windows-7">this guide</a>
+to help them find where there vimrc should go.</p>
+<p>Customizing vim is a rather advanced topic, and I won’t cover much here.
+However, certain Vim defaults absolutely suck. The only way to go about fixing
+them is to actually change them. Welcome to the Wonderful World of Vimscript.</p>
+<p>Below here, I have a simple <code>.vimrc</code> file that I like to give out to people just
+getting started with Vim. Feel free to take it and run with it. It’s pretty well
+commented, so this should be enough to get you started.</p>
+<figure class="code"><figcaption><span>.vimrc</span></figcaption><div class="highlight"><table><tbody><tr><td class="gutter"><pre class="line-numbers"><span class="line-number">1</span>
+<span class="line-number">2</span>
+<span class="line-number">3</span>
+<span class="line-number">4</span>
+<span class="line-number">5</span>
+<span class="line-number">6</span>
+<span class="line-number">7</span>
+<span class="line-number">8</span>
+<span class="line-number">9</span>
+<span class="line-number">10</span>
+<span class="line-number">11</span>
+<span class="line-number">12</span>
+<span class="line-number">13</span>
+<span class="line-number">14</span>
+<span class="line-number">15</span>
+<span class="line-number">16</span>
+<span class="line-number">17</span>
+<span class="line-number">18</span>
+<span class="line-number">19</span>
+<span class="line-number">20</span>
+<span class="line-number">21</span>
+<span class="line-number">22</span>
+<span class="line-number">23</span>
+<span class="line-number">24</span>
+<span class="line-number">25</span>
+<span class="line-number">26</span>
+<span class="line-number">27</span>
+<span class="line-number">28</span>
+<span class="line-number">29</span>
+<span class="line-number">30</span>
+<span class="line-number">31</span>
+<span class="line-number">32</span>
+<span class="line-number">33</span>
+<span class="line-number">34</span>
+<span class="line-number">35</span>
+<span class="line-number">36</span>
+<span class="line-number">37</span>
+<span class="line-number">38</span>
+<span class="line-number">39</span>
+<span class="line-number">40</span>
+<span class="line-number">41</span>
+<span class="line-number">42</span>
+<span class="line-number">43</span>
+<span class="line-number">44</span>
+<span class="line-number">45</span>
+<span class="line-number">46</span>
+<span class="line-number">47</span>
+</pre></td><td class="code"><pre><code class="vim"><span class="line"><span class="c">"A simple vimrc that I give to people just starting to use Vim."</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"Lines beginning with a double quote are comments."</span>
+</span><span class="line">
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"Basic settings</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"=======================================================================</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="nb">nocompatible</span> <span class="c">"Fixes old Vi bugs</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="nb">syntax</span> <span class="k">on</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="nb">backspace</span><span class="p">=</span><span class="m">2</span> <span class="c">"Makes backspace work</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="k">history</span><span class="p">=</span><span class="m">500</span> <span class="c">"Sets undo history size</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="nb">ruler</span> <span class="c">"Sets up status bar</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="nb">laststatus</span><span class="p">=</span><span class="m">2</span> <span class="c">"Always keeps the status bar active</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="k">number</span> <span class="c">"Turns on line numbering</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="nb">t_Co</span><span class="p">=</span><span class="m">256</span> <span class="c">"Sets Vim to use 256 colors</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">colorscheme</span> elflord
+</span><span class="line">
+</span><span class="line">
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"Indentation settings</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"=======================================================================</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="nb">tabstop</span><span class="p">=</span><span class="m">4</span> <span class="c">"Sets display width of tabs</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="nb">shiftwidth</span><span class="p">=</span><span class="m">4</span> <span class="c">"Sets indentation width</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="nb">autoindent</span> <span class="c">"Turns on auto-indenting</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="nb">smartindent</span> <span class="c">"Remembers previous indent when creating new lines</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"Choose between tabs and spaces for indentation by uncommenting one of</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"these two. Expand for spaces, noexpand for tabs:"</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"set noexpandtab</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"set expandtab</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="nb">smarttab</span> <span class="c">"Smarter indentation management regardless of tabs/spaces</span>
+</span><span class="line">
+</span><span class="line">
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"Search settings</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"=======================================================================</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="nb">hlsearch</span> <span class="c">"Highlights search terms</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="nb">showmatch</span> <span class="c">"Highlights matching parentheses</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="nb">ignorecase</span> <span class="c">"Ignores case when searching</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">set</span> <span class="nb">smartcase</span> <span class="c">"Unless you put some caps in your search term</span>
+</span><span class="line">
+</span><span class="line">
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"Key mappings</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"=======================================================================</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"Use jj instead of escape in insert mode</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="nb">inoremap</span> jj <span class="p">&lt;</span>Esc<span class="p">&gt;</span>`^
+</span><span class="line">
+</span><span class="line">
+</span><span class="line"><span class="c">"Turn on plugin &amp; indentation support for specific filetypes</span>
+</span><span class="line"><span class="k">filetype</span> plugin indent <span class="k">on</span>
+<h2>Keep Learning</h2>
+<p>I’ll probably write more about Vim in the future, but there are plenty of other
+resources around if you’re interested in learning more. There’s no substitute
+for actual experience though.</p>
+<li><a href="http://vimcasts.org/">VimCasts</a></li>
+<li><a href="http://vim-adventures.com/">Vim Adventures</a></li>
+<li><a href="http://net.tutsplus.com/articles/web-roundups/25-vim-tutorials-screencasts-and-resources/">TutsPlus Links</a></li>
+<div class="meta">
+	<div class="date">
+<time datetime="2012-12-17T21:36:00-05:00" pubdate="" data-updated="true">Dec 17<span>th</span>, 2012</time></div>
+	<div class="tags">
+	<a class="category" href="http://bilalquadri.com/blog/categories/guide/">Guide</a>, <a class="category" href="http://bilalquadri.com/blog/categories/productivity/">Productivity</a>, <a class="category" href="http://bilalquadri.com/blog/categories/vim/">Vim</a>
+<footer id="footer" class="inner"><!--Copyright &copy; 2013-->
+<!--Bilal Quadri-->
+This work is licensed under a <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/deed.en_US">Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License</a>.

File vim-begin/jekyll-prototype/src/tutorials/index.html

View file
  • Ignore whitespace
 <h2 id="getting_started_with_vim"><a href="http://bilalquadri.com/blog/2012/12/17/getting-started-with-vim/">Getting Started with Vim</a></h2>
-A very short tutorial covering the absolute basics.
+A very short tutorial covering the absolute basics. (<a href="tutorials/getting-started-with-vim/">Local mirror</a>).
 <h2 id="core_tutorial"><a href="http://vimdoc.sourceforge.net/htmldoc/usr_toc.html">Core Vim Tutorial</a></h2>