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tgext.datahelpers /

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tests
tgext
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About Data Helpers

tgext.datahelpers is a collection of utilities to help manage stored data in common web applications.

tgext.datahelpers contains:

  • Validators to fetch objects from database by Id (both SQLA and Ming)
  • Store Attachments by just declaring a Column in your model
  • Store image and thumbnails by just declaring a Column in your model

Installing

tgext.datahelpers can be installed both from pypi or from bitbucket:

easy_install tgext.datahelpers

should just work for most of the users

Validators

tgext.datahelpers.validators provides the SQLAEntityConverter and MingEntityConverter that convert the given parameter (which is expected to be the primary key of an object) to the actually object itself:

from tgext.datahelpers.validators import SQLAEntityConverter

@expose()
@validate({'doc':SQLAEntityConverter(Document)}, error_handler=index)
def photo(self, doc):
    return redirect(doc.photo.url)

Attachments

tgext.datahelpers.fields provides the Attachment field for SQLAlchemy to provide an easy and convenient way to store attachments.

The Attachment field will permit to assign files to the attribute declared with Attachment type and will store a copy of the file on disk as soon as the object is committed to the database.

The document field will provide a bunch of attributes you can use to access the file:

  • file - A file object pointing to the saved file
  • filename - The name of the saved file
  • url - Url from which the file is fetchable
  • local_path - Local path of the file on disk

Files will be saved in tg.config['attachments_path'] and url will be generated using tg.config['attachments_url']. By default those are set at /public/attachments and /attachments.

The Attachment field accepts a attachment_type parameter which specifies the kind of attachment that it is going to be saved. The default is tgext.datahelpers.fields.AttachedFile which just stores the file itself:

from tgext.datahelpers.fields import Attachment
class Document(DeclarativeBase):
    __tablename__ = 'document'

    uid = Column(Integer, autoincrement=True, primary_key=True)
    file = Column(Attachment)

d = Document(file=open('/myfile.txt'))
DBSession.add(d)
DBSession.flush()
DBSession.commit()

d = DBSession.query(Document).first()
print d.file.url

'/attachments/747722ca-1a07-11e1-83fc-001ff3d72e6b/myfile.txt'

Apart from file objects also instances of cgi.FieldStorage can be assigned to permit to quickly store uploaded files.

Image Attachments with Thumbnail

Using the tgext.datahelpers.fields.AttachedImage as the argument of the Attachment field it is possible to quickly store images with their thumbnail.

The resulting object will provide the same attributes as the generic Attachment one adding two more thumbnail related properties:

  • thumb_local_path - The local path of the image thumbnail
  • thumb_url - The url of the thumbnail

Storing image with thumbnails is as easy as storing the file itself:

from tgext.datahelpers.fields import Attachment, AttachedImage
class Document(DeclarativeBase):
    __tablename__ = 'document'

    uid = Column(Integer, autoincrement=True, primary_key=True)
    image = Column(Attachment(AttachedImage))

d = Document(image=open('/photo.jpg'))
DBSession.add(d)
DBSession.flush()
DBSession.commit()

d = DBSession.query(Document).first()
print d.image.url
'/attachments/d977144a-1a08-11e1-8131-001ff3d72e6b/aperto.tiff'
print d.image.thumb_url
'attachments/d977144a-1a08-11e1-8131-001ff3d72e6b/thumb.png'

Thumbnail Options

By default thumbnails will be generated with size 128, 128 and in PNG format. This can be changed by sublcassing the AttachedImage class and specifying the thumbnail_size and thumbnail_format attributes:

class BigThumbnailAttachedImage(AttachedImage):
    thumbnail_size = (320, 320)
    thumbnail_format = 'jpg'

class Document(DeclarativeBase):
    __tablename__ = 'document'

    uid = Column(Integer, autoincrement=True, primary_key=True)
    image = Column(Attachment(BigThumbnailAttachedImage))