Thinbus Secure Remote Password SRP6a Authentication with Spring Security
Copyright (c) Simon Massey, 2015 - 2017
This demo application uses Thinbus SRP to register and login users into a Spring MVC web application using Spring Security.
The following sequence diagram shows how the user is registered using an email, salt and password verifier generated at the browser:
The following sequence diagram shows how a registered user is logged in:
In the diagram above the user is shown a standard login form. They enter their email and password and click the login button.
salt and a one-time server challenge
a one-time client challenge
A and uses all the information to compute a password proof
M1. It then posts to the server
M1 as the user's credentials. The user experience is that they enter their username and password and hit submit and are logged in; just like a normal login form.
Note that the server has to remember the one-time server challenge
B that it gave to the browser in order to check the user's password proof
M1. This requires that temporary authentication state within is held on the server between step1 and step2. This can be held in either the database, the server session or a server cache for the short duration of the login protocol. Spring Security does not expose the user
HTTPSession to the
AuthenticationProvider. So the demo code uses a Guava cache with a timeout to hold the state for the brief period of the login exchange. As of Thinbus 1.2.1 the state is serialisable so an alternative approach for a large stateless website would be to hold the temporary authentication state in the DB rather than in an in-memory cache.
The demo may be running at http://thinbus-n00p.rhcloud.com/ if not then you should have the build tool compile and run a local server with the two commands in the next section.
The very latest code has been seen to work on IE8+, Edge, Chrome, FF, Safari (the rhcloud.com demo may be out of date).
Building And Running
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:simon_massey/thinbus-srp-spring-demo.git cd thinbus-srp-spring-demo mvn clean package jetty:run
The last command starts a jetty webserver running the demo at http://localhost:8080/
Please read the recommendations on the Thinbus SRP site before adopting this demo code. The codebase is an adaption of the sample application generated using spring-mvc-quickstart version 1.0.0. The original mvc-quickstart app creates accounts, uses standard password authentication and has a helpful 'remember me' feature. A brief overview of the changes made to the original mvc-quickstart codebase to replace plain text password authentication with Thinbus SRP authentication is:
- Replaced the original
- Whitelisted the
/challengepath used by the ajax lookup within
B. The password proof
M1is then posted by the login form.
- Reconfigured the spring security logic to use
SrpAuthenticationProviderwhich checks the password proof.
- Added JPA code to encrypt the SRP verifier in the database so that they cannot be subjected to an offline dictionary attack using a leaked database backup.
A salient feature of the integration is that there are no changes to the standard spring security authentication data flow. At the browser the plain text password is simply substituted with the password proof. The
SrpAuthenticationProvider simply has to use all the data to check the password proof in the
authenticate method. This ensures that the data flow and logic has the full protection of Spring Security in a future proof manner.
Copyright 2015 Simon Massey Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.