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adr...@bcc190cf-cafb-0310-a4f2-bffc1f526a37  committed a3d7c13

unicode: Made some documentation edits and inconsequential typo fixes throughout code

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File django/contrib/contenttypes/models.py

         try:
             ct = CONTENT_TYPE_CACHE[key]
         except KeyError:
-            # The unicode() is needed around opts.verbose_name because it might
+            # The smart_unicode() is needed around opts.verbose_name_raw because it might
             # be a django.utils.functional.__proxy__ object.
             ct, created = self.model._default_manager.get_or_create(app_label=key[0],
                 model=key[1], defaults={'name': smart_unicode(opts.verbose_name_raw)})

File django/contrib/syndication/feeds.py

 
 def add_domain(domain, url):
     if not url.startswith('http://'):
-        # 'url' must already be ASCII and URL-quoted, so no need for encodign
+        # 'url' must already be ASCII and URL-quoted, so no need for encoding
         # conversions here.
         url = u'http://%s%s' % (domain, url)
     return url

File django/http/__init__.py

     def _set_encoding(self, val):
         """
         Sets the encoding used for GET/POST accesses. If the GET or POST
-        dictionary has already been created it is removed and recreated on the
+        dictionary has already been created, it is removed and recreated on the
         next access (so that it is decoded correctly).
         """
         self._encoding = val
     This is immutable unless you create a copy of it.
 
     Values retrieved from this class are converted from the default encoding to
-    unicode (this is done on retrieval, rather than input to avoid breaking
+    unicode (this is done on retrieval, rather than input, to avoid breaking
     references or mutating referenced objects).
     """
     def __init__(self, query_string, mutable=False, encoding=None):

File django/template/defaultfilters.py

 
 def slugify(value):
     "Converts to lowercase, removes non-alpha chars and converts spaces to hyphens"
-    # Don't compile patterns as unicode because \w then would mean any letter. Slugify is effectively an asciiization.
+    # Don't compile patterns as unicode because \w then would mean any letter.
+    # Slugify is effectively a conversion to ASCII.
     value = re.sub('[^\w\s-]', '', value).strip().lower()
     return re.sub('[-\s]+', '-', value)
 slugify = stringfilter(slugify)

File docs/i18n.txt

 Standard translation
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
-Specify a translation string by using the function ``ugettext()``. Since you
-may well be typing this a lot, it's often worthwhile importing it as a shorter
-alias and ``_`` is a very common choice.
+Specify a translation string by using the function ``ugettext()``. It's
+convention to import this as a shorter alias, ``_``, to save typing.
 
 .. note::
     Python's standard library ``gettext`` module installs ``_()`` into the
     global namespace, as an alias for ``gettext()``. In Django, we have chosen
     not to follow this practice, for a couple of reasons:
 
-      1. For international character set (unicode) support, you really wanting
-         to be using ``ugettext()``, rather than ``gettext()``. Sometimes, you
-         should be using ``ugettext_lazy()`` as the default translation method
-         for a particular file. By not installing ``_`` directly, the
-         developer has to think about which is the most appropriate function
-         to use.
+      1. For international character set (Unicode) support, ``ugettext()`` is
+         more useful than ``gettext()``. Sometimes, you should be using
+         ``ugettext_lazy()`` as the default translation method for a particular
+         file. Without ``_()`` in the global namespace, the developer has to
+         think about which is the most appropriate translation function.
 
-      2. Python's interactive shell uses ``_`` to represent "the previous
-         result". This is also used in doctest tests and having ``_()`` causes
-         interference. Explicitly importing ``ugettext()`` as ``_()`` avoids
-         this problem.
+      2. The underscore character (``_``) is used to represent "the previous
+         result" in Python's interactive shell and doctest tests. Installing a
+         global ``_()`` function causes interference. Explicitly importing
+         ``ugettext()`` as ``_()`` avoids this problem.
 
 In this example, the text ``"Welcome to my site."`` is marked as a translation
 string::
         output = _("Welcome to my site.")
         return HttpResponse(output)
 
-Obviously you could code this without using the alias. This example is
+Obviously, you could code this without using the alias. This example is
 identical to the previous one::
 
     from django.utils.translation import ugettext
 =====================================
 
 Using ``ugettext_lazy()`` and ``ungettext_lazy()`` to mark strings in models
-and utility functions is a common operation. When you are working with these
+and utility functions is a common operation. When you're working with these
 objects elsewhere in your code, you should ensure that you don't accidentally
 convert them to strings, because they should be converted as late as possible
 (so that the correct locale is in effect). This necessitates the use of a
 The allow_lazy() decorator
 --------------------------
 
-There are a lot of useful utility functions in Django (particularly in
-``django.utils``) that take a string as their first argument and do something
-to that string. These functions are used by template filters as well as
-directly in other code.
+Django offers many utility functions (particularly in ``django.utils``) that
+take a string as their first argument and do something to that string. These
+functions are used by template filters as well as directly in other code.
 
-If you write your own similar functions, you will rapidly come across the
-problem of what to do when the first argument is a lazy translation object.
-You don't want to convert it to a string immediately, because you may be using
-this function outside of a view (and hence the current thread's locale setting
-will not be correct). For cases like this, the
-``django.utils.functional.allow_lazy()`` decorator will be useful. It modifies
-the function so that *if* it is called with a lazy translation as the first
-argument, the function evaluation is delayed until it needs to be converted to
-a string.
+If you write your own similar functions and deal with translations, you'll 
+face the problem of what to do when the first argument is a lazy translation
+object. You don't want to convert it to a string immediately, because you might
+be using this function outside of a view (and hence the current thread's locale
+setting will not be correct).
+
+For cases like this, use the  ``django.utils.functional.allow_lazy()``
+decorator. It modifies the function so that *if* it's called with a lazy
+translation as the first argument, the function evaluation is delayed until it
+needs to be converted to a string.
 
 For example::
 
     fancy_utility_function = allow_lazy(fancy_utility_function, unicode)
 
 The ``allow_lazy()`` decorator takes, in addition to the function to decorate,
-a number of extra arguments specifying the type(s) that the original function
-can return. Usually, it will be enough to just include ``unicode`` here and
-ensure that your function returns Unicode strings.
+a number of extra arguments (``*args``) specifying the type(s) that the
+original function can return. Usually, it's enough to include ``unicode`` here
+and ensure that your function returns only Unicode strings.
 
 Using this decorator means you can write your function and assume that the
 input is a proper string, then add support for lazy translation objects at the

File docs/templates.txt

 ~~~~~~~~~
 
 Converts an IRI (Internationalized Resource Identifier) to a string that is
-suitable for including in a URL. This is necessary if you are trying to use
+suitable for including in a URL. This is necessary if you're trying to use
 strings containing non-ASCII characters in a URL.
 
-You can use this filter after you have used the ``urlencode`` filter on a
-string, without harm.
+It's safe to use this filter on a string that has already gone through the
+``urlencode`` filter.
 
 join
 ~~~~

File docs/tutorial01.txt

 objects' representations are used throughout Django's automatically-generated
 admin.
 
-.. admonition:: Why ``__unicode__`` and not ``__str__``?
+.. admonition:: Why ``__unicode__()`` and not ``__str__()``?
 
-    If you are wondering why we add a ``__unicode__()`` method, rather than a
-    simple ``__str__()`` method, it is because Django models will contain
-    unicode strings by default. The values returned from the database, for
-    example, are all unicode strings. In most cases, your code should be
-    prepared to handle non-ASCII characters and this is a litle fiddly in
-    ``__str__()`` methods, since you have to worry about which encoding to
-    use, amongst other things. If you create a ``__unicode__()`` method,
-    Django will provide a ``__str__()`` method that calls your
-    ``__unicode__()`` and then converts the result to UTF-8 strings when
-    required. So ``unicode(p)`` will return a unicode string and ``str(p)``
-    will return a normal string, with the characters encoded as UTF-8 when
-    necessary..
+	If you're familiar with Python, you might be in the habit of adding
+	``__str__()`` methods to your classes, not ``__unicode__()`` methods.
+    We use ``__unicode__()`` here because Django models deal with Unicode by
+    default. All data stored in your database is converted to Unicode when it's
+    returned.
+
+	Django models have a default ``__str__()`` method that calls ``__unicode__()``
+	and converts the result to a UTF-8 bytestring. This means that ``unicode(p)``
+	will return a Unicode string, and ``str(p)`` will return a normal string,
+	with characters encoded as UTF-8.
+
+	If all of this is jibberish to you, just remember to add ``__unicode__()``
+	methods to your models. With any luck, things should Just Work for you.
 
 Note these are normal Python methods. Let's add a custom method, just for
 demonstration::

File docs/unicode.txt

 somehow store the data, you can safely pass around Unicode strings to
 templates, models and the database.
 
-This files describes some things to be aware of if you are writing applications
-which do not only use ASCII-encoded data.
+This document tells you what you need to know if you're writing applications
+that use data or templates that are encoded in something other than ASCII.
 
 Creating the database
 =====================
+
 Make sure your database is configured to be able to store arbitrary string
 data. Normally, this means giving it an encoding of UTF-8 or UTF-16. If you use
-a more restrictive encoding -- for example, latin1 (iso8859-1) -- there will be
-some characters that you cannot store in the database and information will be
-lost.
+a more restrictive encoding -- for example, latin1 (iso8859-1) -- you won't be
+able to store certain characters in the database, and information will be lost.
 
- * For MySQL users, refer to the `MySQL manual`_ (section 10.3.2 for MySQL 5.1)
-   for details on how to set or alter the database character set encoding.
+ * MySQL users, refer to the `MySQL manual`_ (section 10.3.2 for MySQL 5.1) for
+   details on how to set or alter the database character set encoding.
 
- * For PostgreSQL users, refer to the `PostgreSQL manual`_ (section 21.2.2 in
+ * PostgreSQL users, refer to the `PostgreSQL manual`_ (section 21.2.2 in
    PostgreSQL 8) for details on creating databases with the correct encoding.
 
- * For SQLite users, there is nothing you need to do. SQLite always uses UTF-8
+ * SQLite users, there is nothing you need to do. SQLite always uses UTF-8
    for internal encoding.
 
 .. _MySQL manual: http://www.mysql.org/doc/refman/5.1/en/charset-database.html
 don't even need to tell Django what encoding your database uses: that is
 handled transparently.
 
+For more, see the section "The database API" below.
+
 General string handling
 =======================
 
-Whenever you use strings with Django, you have two choices. You can use Unicode
-strings or you can use normal strings (sometimes called bytestrings) that are
-encoded using UTF-8.
+Whenever you use strings with Django -- e.g., in database lookups, template
+rendering or anywhere else -- you have two choices for encoding those strings.
+You can use Unicode strings, or you can use normal strings (sometimes called
+"bytestrings") that are encoded using UTF-8.
 
 .. warning::
-    A bytestring does not carry any information with it about its encoding. So
-    we have to make an assumption and Django assumes that all bytestrings are
-    in UTF-8. If you pass a string to Django that has been encoded in some
-    other format, things will go wrong in interesting ways. Usually Django will
-    raise a UnicodeDecodeError at some point.
+    A bytestring does not carry any information with it about its encoding.
+    For that reason, we have to make an assumption, and Django assumes that all
+    bytestrings are in UTF-8.
 
-If your code only uses ASCII data, you are quite safe to simply use your normal
-strings (since ASCII is a subset of UTF-8) and pass them around at will.
+    If you pass a string to Django that has been encoded in some other format,
+    things will go wrong in interesting ways. Usually, Django will raise a
+    ``UnicodeDecodeError`` at some point.
 
-Do not be fooled into thinking that if your ``DEFAULT_CHARSET`` setting is set
-to something other than ``utf-8`` you can use that encoding in your
-bytestrings!  The ``DEFAULT_CHARSET`` only applies to the strings generated as
-the result of template rendering (and email). Django will always assume UTF-8
+If your code only uses ASCII data, it's safe to use your normal strings,
+passing them around at will, because ASCII is a subset of UTF-8.
+
+Don't be fooled into thinking that if your ``DEFAULT_CHARSET`` setting is set
+to something other than ``'utf-8'`` you can use that other encoding in your
+bytestrings! ``DEFAULT_CHARSET`` only applies to the strings generated as
+the result of template rendering (and e-mail). Django will always assume UTF-8
 encoding for internal bytestrings. The reason for this is that the
 ``DEFAULT_CHARSET`` setting is not actually under your control (if you are the
-application developer). It is under the control of the person installing and
-using your application and if they choose a different setting, your code must
-still continue to work. Ergo, it cannot rely on that setting.
+application developer). It's under the control of the person installing and
+using your application -- and if that person chooses a different setting, your
+code must still continue to work. Ergo, it cannot rely on that setting.
 
 In most cases when Django is dealing with strings, it will convert them to
-Unicode strings before doing anything else. So if you pass in a bytestring, be
-prepared to receive a Unicode string back in the result.
-
-.. _lazy translation:
+Unicode strings before doing anything else. So, as a general rule, if you pass
+in a bytestring, be prepared to receive a Unicode string back in the result.
 
 Translated strings
 ------------------
 
-There is actually a third type of string-like object you may encounter when
-using Django. If you are using the internationalization features of Django,
-there is the concept of a "lazy translation". This is a string that has been
-marked as translated, but the actual result is not determined until the object
-is used in a string. This is useful because the locale that should be used for
-the translation will not be known until the string is used, even though the
-string might have originally been created when the code was first imported.
+Aside from Unicode strings and bytestrings, there's a third type of string-like
+object you may encounter when using Django. The framework's
+internationalization features introduce the concept of a "lazy translation" --
+a string that has been marked as translated but whose actual translation result
+isn't determined until the object is used in a string. This feature is useful
+in cases where the translation locale is unknown until the string is used, even
+though the string might have originally been created when the code was first
+imported.
 
 Normally, you won't have to worry about lazy translations. Just be aware that
 if you examine an object and it claims to be a
 ``django.utils.functional.__proxy__`` object, it is a lazy translation.
-Calling ``unicode()`` with the translation as the argument will generate a
-string in the current locale.
+Calling ``unicode()`` with the lazy translation as the argument will generate a
+Unicode string in the current locale.
 
 For more details about lazy translation objects, refer to the
 internationalization_ documentation.
 
 .. _internationalization: ../i18n/#lazy-translation
 
-.. _utility functions:
-
 Useful utility functions
 ------------------------
 
-Since some string operations come up again and again, Django ships with a few
-useful functions that should make working with unicode and bytestring objects
+Because some string operations come up again and again, Django ships with a few
+useful functions that should make working with Unicode and bytestring objects
 a bit easier.
 
 Conversion functions
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
 The ``django.utils.encoding`` module contains a few functions that are handy
-for converting back and forth between unicode and bytestrings.
+for converting back and forth between Unicode and bytestrings.
 
     * ``smart_unicode(s, encoding='utf-8', errors='strict')`` converts its
-      input to unicode string. The ``encoding`` parameter specifies the input
-      encoding of any bytestring -- Django uses this internally when
-      processing form input data, for example, which might not be UTF-8
-      encoded. The ``errors`` parameter takes any of the values that are
-      accepted by Python's ``unicode()`` function for its error handling.
+      input to a Unicode string. The ``encoding`` parameter specifies the input
+      encoding. (For example, Django uses this internally when processing form
+      input data, which might not be UTF-8 encoded.) The ``errors`` parameter
+      takes any of the values that are accepted by Python's ``unicode()``
+      function for its error handling.
 
       If you pass ``smart_unicode()`` an object that has a ``__unicode__``
       method, it will use that method to do the conversion.
 
     * ``force_unicode(s, encoding='utf-8', errors='strict')`` is identical to
       ``smart_unicode()`` in almost all cases. The difference is when the
-      first argument is a `lazy translation`_ instance. Whilst
+      first argument is a `lazy translation`_ instance. While
       ``smart_unicode()`` preserves lazy translations, ``force_unicode()``
-      forces those objects to a unicode string (causing the translation to
-      occur). Normally, you will want to use ``smart_unicode()``. However,
-      ``force_unicode()`` is useful in filters and template tags when you
-      absolutely must have a string to work with, not just something that can
+      forces those objects to a Unicode string (causing the translation to
+      occur). Normally, you'll want to use ``smart_unicode()``. However,
+      ``force_unicode()`` is useful in template tags and filters that
+      absolutely *must* have a string to work with, not just something that can
       be converted to a string.
 
     * ``smart_str(s, encoding='utf-8', strings_only=False, errors='strict')``
       is essentially the opposite of ``smart_unicode()``. It forces the first
-      argument to a string. The ``strings_only`` parameter, if set to True,
+      argument to a bytestring. The ``strings_only`` parameter, if set to True,
       will result in Python integers, booleans and ``None`` not being
       converted to a string (they keep their original types). This is slightly
       different semantics from Python's builtin ``str()`` function, but the
-      difference is needed in a few places internally.
+      difference is needed in a few places within Django's internals.
 
-Normally, you will only need to use ``smart_unicode()``. Call it as early as
-possible on any input data that might be either a unicode or bytestring and
-from then on you can treat the result as always being unicode.
-
-.. _uri_and_iri:
+Normally, you'll only need to use ``smart_unicode()``. Call it as early as
+possible on any input data that might be either Unicode or a bytestring, and
+from then on, you can treat the result as always being Unicode.
 
 URI and IRI handling
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
 Web frameworks have to deal with URLs (which are a type of URI_). One
 requirement of URLs is that they are encoded using only ASCII characters.
-However, in an international environment, you will often need to construct a
-URL from an IRI_ (very loosely speaking, a URI that can contain unicode
-characters). Getting the quoting and conversion from IRI to URI correct can be
-a little tricky, so Django provides some assistance.
+However, in an international environment, you might need to construct a
+URL from an IRI_ -- very loosely speaking, a URI that can contain Unicode
+characters. Quoting and converting an IRI to URI can be a little tricky, so
+Django provides some assistance.
 
     * The function ``django.utils.encoding.iri_to_uri()`` implements the
       conversion from IRI to URI as required by the specification (`RFC
     * The functions ``django.utils.http.urlquote()`` and
       ``django.utils.http.urlquote_plus()`` are versions of Python's standard
       ``urllib.quote()`` and ``urllib.quote_plus()`` that work with non-ASCII
-      characters (the data is converted to UTF-8 prior to encoding).
+      characters. (The data is converted to UTF-8 prior to encoding.)
 
-These two groups of functions have slightly different purposes and it is
+These two groups of functions have slightly different purposes, and it's
 important to keep them straight. Normally, you would use ``urlquote()`` on the
 individual portions of the IRI or URI path so that any reserved characters
 such as '&' or '%' are correctly encoded. Then, you apply ``iri_to_uri()`` to
 values.
 
 .. note::
-    It isn't completely correct to say that ``iri_to_uri()`` implements the
-    full algorithm in the IRI specification. It does not perform the
-    international domain name encoding portion of the algorithm (at the
-    moment).
+    Technically, it isn't correct to say that ``iri_to_uri()`` implements the
+    full algorithm in the IRI specification. It doesn't (yet) perform the
+    international domain name encoding portion of the algorithm.
 
 The ``iri_to_uri()`` function will not change ASCII characters that are
 otherwise permitted in a URL. So, for example, the character '%' is not
 Models
 ======
 
-Because all strings are returned from the database as unicode strings, model
+Because all strings are returned from the database as Unicode strings, model
 fields that are character based (CharField, TextField, URLField, etc) will
-contain unicode values when Django retrieves the model from the database. This
-is always the case, even if the data could fit into an ASCII string.
+contain Unicode values when Django retrieves data from the database. This
+is *always* the case, even if the data could fit into an ASCII bytestring.
 
-As always, you can pass in bytestrings when creating a model or populating a
-field and Django will convert it to unicode when it needs to.
+You can pass in bytestrings when creating a model or populating a field, and
+Django will convert it to Unicode when it needs to.
 
 Choosing between ``__str__()`` and ``__unicode__()``
------------------------------------------------------
+----------------------------------------------------
 
-One consequence of using unicode by default is that you have to take some care
-when printing data from the model. In particular, rather than writing a
-``__str__()`` method, it is recommended to write a ``__unicode__()`` method for
-your model. In the ``__unicode__()`` method, you can quite safely return the
-values of all your fields without having to worry about whether they fit into a
-bytestring or not (the result of ``__str__()`` is *always* a bytestring, even
-if you accidentally try to return a unicode object).
+One consequence of using Unicode by default is that you have to take some care
+when printing data from the model.
 
-You can still create a ``__str__()`` method on your models if you wish, of
-course. However, Django's ``Model`` base class automatically provides you with
-a ``__str__()`` method that calls your ``__unicode__()`` method and then
-encodes the result correctly into UTF-8. So you would normally only create a
-``__unicode__()`` method and let Django handle the coercion to a bytestring
-when required.
+In particular, rather than giving your model a ``__str__()`` method, we
+recommended you implement a ``__unicode__()`` method. In the ``__unicode__()``
+method, you can quite safely return the values of all your fields without
+having to worry about whether they fit into a bytestring or not. (The way
+Python works, the result of ``__str__()`` is *always* a bytestring, even if you
+accidentally try to return a Unicode object).
+
+You can still create a ``__str__()`` method on your models if you want, of
+course, but you shouldn't need to do this unless you have a good reason.
+Django's ``Model`` base class automatically provides a ``__str__()``
+implementation that calls ``__unicode__()`` and encodes the result into UTF-8.
+This means you'll normally only need to implement a ``__unicode__()`` method
+and let Django handle the coercion to a bytestring when required.
 
 Taking care in ``get_absolute_url()``
 -------------------------------------
 
-URLs can only contain ASCII characters. If you are constructing a URL from
-pieces of data that might be non-ASCII, you must be careful to encode the
-results in a way that is suitable for a URL. If you are using the
-``django.db.models.permalink()`` decorator, this is handled automatically by
-the decorator.
+URLs can only contain ASCII characters. If you're constructing a URL from
+pieces of data that might be non-ASCII, be careful to encode the results in a
+way that is suitable for a URL. The ``django.db.models.permalink()`` decorator
+handles this for you automatically.
 
-If you are constructing the URL manually, you need to take care of the
-encoding yourself. Normally, this would involve a combination of the
-``iri_to_uri()`` and ``urlquote()`` functions that were documented above_. For
-example::
+If you're constructing a URL manually (i.e., *not* using the ``permalink()``
+decorator), you'll need to take care of the encoding yourself. In this case,
+use the ``iri_to_uri()`` and ``urlquote()`` functions that were documented
+above_. For example::
 
     from django.utils.encoding import iri_to_uri
     from django.utils.http import urlquote
 The database API
 ================
 
-You can happily pass unicode strings or bytestrings as arguments to
+You can pass either Unicode strings or UTF-8 bytestrings as arguments to
 ``filter()`` methods and the like in the database API. The following two
 querysets are identical::
 
     qs = People.objects.filter(name__contains=u'Å')
     qs = People.objects.filter(name__contains='\xc3\85') # UTF-8 encoding of Å
 
-
 Templates
 =========
 
-As usual, templates can be created from unicode or bytestrings. However, they
-can also be created by reading a file from disk and this creates a slight
-complication: not all filesystems store their data encoded as UTF-8. If your
-template files are not stored with a UTF-8 encoding, set the ``FILE_CHARSET``
-setting to the encoding of the on-disk files. When Django reads in a template
-file it will convert the data from this encoding to unicode.
+You can use either Unicode or bytestrings when creating templates manually::
 
-When a template is rendered for sending out as an HTML document or an e-mail,
-it may be convenient to use an encoding other than UTF-8. You should set the
-``DEFAULT_CHARSET`` parameter to control the rendered template encoding (the
-default setting is utf-8).
+	from django.template import Template
+	t1 = Template('This is a bytestring template.')
+	t2 = Template(u'This is a Unicode template.')
+
+But the common case is to read templates from the filesystem, and this creates
+a slight complication: not all filesystems store their data encoded as UTF-8.
+If your template files are not stored with a UTF-8 encoding, set the ``FILE_CHARSET``
+setting to the encoding of the files on disk. When Django reads in a template
+file, it will convert the data from this encoding to Unicode. (``FILE_CHARSET``
+is set to ``'utf-8'`` by default.)
+
+The ``DEFAULT_CHARSET`` setting controls the encoding of rendered templates.
+This is set to UTF-8 by default.
 
 Template tags and filters
 -------------------------
     * Use ``force_unicode()`` in preference to ``smart_unicode()`` in these
       places. Tag rendering and filter calls occur as the template is being
       rendered, so there is no advantage to postponing the conversion of lazy
-      transation objects into strings any longer. It is easier to work solely
-      with Unicode strings at this point.
+      translation objects into strings. It's easier to work solely with Unicode
+      strings at that point.
 
 E-mail
 ======
 
-Django's email framework (in ``django.core.mail``) supports unicode
-transparently. You can use unicode data in the message bodies and any headers.
-However, you must still respect the requirements of the email specifications,
-so, for example, email addresses should use ASCII characters. The following
-code is certainly possible (demonstrating the everything except e-mail
-addresses can be non-ASCII)::
+Django's e-mail framework (in ``django.core.mail``) supports Unicode
+transparently. You can use Unicode data in the message bodies and any headers.
+However, you're still obligated to respect the requirements of the e-mail
+specifications, so, for example, e-mail addresses should use only ASCII
+characters.
+
+The following code example demonstrates that everything except e-mail addresses
+can be non-ASCII::
 
     from django.core.mail import EmailMessage
 
     body = u'...'
     EmailMessage(subject, body, sender, recipients).send()
 
-
 Form submission
 ===============
 
-HTML form submission is a tricky area. There is no guarantee that the
-submission will include encoding information.
+HTML form submission is a tricky area. There's no guarantee that the
+submission will include encoding information, which means the framework might
+have to guess at the encoding of submitted data.
 
 Django adopts a "lazy" approach to decoding form data. The data in an
 ``HttpRequest`` object is only decoded when you access it. In fact, most of
 the data is not decoded at all. Only the ``HttpRequest.GET`` and
 ``HttpRequest.POST`` data structures have any decoding applied to them. Those
-two fields will return their members as unicode data. All other members will
-be returned exactly as they were submitted by the client.
+two fields will return their members as Unicode data. All other attributes and
+methods of ``HttpRequest`` return data exactly as it was submitted by the
+client.
 
 By default, the ``DEFAULT_CHARSET`` setting is used as the assumed encoding
 for form data. If you need to change this for a particular form, you can set
         ...
 
 You can even change the encoding after having accessed ``request.GET`` or
-``request.POST`` and all subsequent accesses will use the new encoding.
+``request.POST``, and all subsequent accesses will use the new encoding.
 
-It will typically be very rare that you would need to worry about changing the
-form encoding. However, if you are talking to a legacy system or a system
-beyond your control with particular ideas about encoding, you do have a way to
-control the decoding of the data.
+Most developers won't need to worry about changing form encoding, but this is
+a useful feature for applications that talk to legacy systems whose encoding
+you cannot control.
 
-For request features such as file uploads, no automatic decoding takes place,
-because those attributes are normally treated as collections of bytes, rather
-than strings. Any decoding would alter the meaning of the stream of bytes.
-
+Django does not decode the data of file uploads, because that data is normally
+treated as collections of bytes, rather than strings. Any automatic decoding
+there would alter the meaning of the stream of bytes.