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Django was originally created in late 2003 at World Online, the Web division
of the Lawrence Journal-World newspaper in Lawrence, Kansas.

The PRIMARY AUTHORS are (and/or have been):

Adrian Holovaty <>, who originally created Django with
Simon and currently oversees things with Jacob.

Simon Willison <>, who originally created Django with
Adrian during his year-long internship/placement at World Online and currently
helps from the sidelines.

Jacob Kaplan-Moss <>, who joined the team shortly
before Simon departed and currently oversees things with Adrian.

Wilson Miner <>, who designed Django's admin
interface, pretty error pages, official Web site ( and has
made many other contributions. He makes us look good.

Malcolm Tredinnick <>, who has made
significant contributions to all levels of the framework, from its database
layer to template system and documentation.

Georg "Hugo" Bauer <>, who added
internationalization support, manages i18n contributions and has made a ton
of excellent tweaks, feature additions and bug fixes.

Luke Plant <>, who has contributed many excellent
improvements, including database-level improvements, the CSRF middleware and
unit tests.

Russell Keith-Magee <>, who has contributed many excellent
improvements, including refactoring of the Django ORM code and unit tests.

Robert Wittams <>, who majorly refactored the Django
admin application to allow for easier reuse and has made a ton of excellent
tweaks, feature additions and bug fixes.

And here is an inevitably incomplete list of MUCH-APPRECIATED CONTRIBUTORS --
people who have submitted patches, reported bugs, added translations, helped
answer newbie questions, and generally made Django that much better:

    David Ascher <>
    Arthur <>
    Jiri Barton
    Ned Batchelder <>
    Shannon -jj Behrens <>
    James Bennett
    Paul Bissex <>
    Simon Blanchard
    Andrew Brehaut <>
    Antonio Cavedoni <>
    Chris Chamberlin <>
    Amit Chakradeo <>
    Ian Clelland <>
    Matt Croydon <>
    Jonathan Daugherty (cygnus) <>
    Jason Davies (Esaj) <>
    Alex Dedul
    Jeremy Dunck <>
    Clint Ecker
    Baishampayan Ghose
    Espen Grindhaug <>
    Brant Harris
    Ian Holsman <>
    Kieran Holland <>
    Robert Rock Howard <>
    Jason Huggins <>
    Michael Josephson <>
    Garth Kidd <>
    kilian <>
    Sune Kirkeby <>
    Cameron Knight (ckknight)
    Bruce Kroeze <>
    Joseph Kocherhans
    Stuart Langridge <>
    Eugene Lazutkin <>
    Christopher Lenz <>
    Martin Maney <>
    Petar Marić
    Jason McBrayer <>
    Eric Moritz <>
    Robin Munn <>
    Nebojša Dorđević
    Sam Newman <>
    Neal Norwitz <>
    oggie rob <>
    Jay Parlar <>
    phaedo <>
    Gustavo Picon
    Luke Plant <>
    Daniel Poelzleithner <>
    J. Rademaker
    Brian Ray <>
    Oliver Rutherfurd <>
    Ivan Sagalaev (Maniac) <>
    David Schein
    Radek Švarz <>
    Swaroop C H <>
    Aaron Swartz <>
    Tom Tobin
    Tom Insam
    Joe Topjian <>
    Amit Upadhyay
    Geert Vanderkelen
    Milton Waddams
    Rachel Willmer <>
    Cheng Zhang

A big THANK YOU goes to:

    Rob Curley and Ralph Gage for letting us open-source Django.

    Frank Wiles for making excellent arguments for open-sourcing, and for
    his sage sysadmin advice.

    Ian Bicking for convincing Adrian to ditch code generation.

    Mark Pilgrim for

    Guido van Rossum for creating Python.