.. _glossary: ======== Glossary ======== .. glossary:: field An attribute on a :term:`model`; a given field usually maps directly to a single database column. See :doc:`/topics/db/models`. generic view A higher-order :term:`view` function that provides an abstract/generic implementation of a common idiom or pattern found in view development. See :doc:`/ref/generic-views`. model Models store your application's data. See :doc:`/topics/db/models`. MTV "Model-template-view"; a software pattern, similar in style to MVC, but a better description of the way Django does things. See :ref:`the FAQ entry <faq-mtv>`. MVC `Model-view-controller`__; a software pattern. Django :ref:`follows MVC to some extent <faq-mtv>`. __ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Model-view-controller project A Python package -- i.e. a directory of code -- that contains all the settings for an instance of Django. This would include database configuration, Django-specific options and application-specific settings. property Also known as "managed attributes", and a feature of Python since version 2.2. From `the property documentation`__: Properties are a neat way to implement attributes whose usage resembles attribute access, but whose implementation uses method calls. [...] You could only do this by overriding ``__getattr__`` and ``__setattr__``; but overriding ``__setattr__`` slows down all attribute assignments considerably, and overriding ``__getattr__`` is always a bit tricky to get right. Properties let you do this painlessly, without having to override ``__getattr__`` or ``__setattr__``. __ http://www.python.org/download/releases/2.2/descrintro/#property queryset An object representing some set of rows to be fetched from the database. See :doc:`/topics/db/queries`. slug A short label for something, containing only letters, numbers, underscores or hyphens. They're generally used in URLs. For example, in a typical blog entry URL: .. parsed-literal:: http://www.djangoproject.com/weblog/2008/apr/12/**spring**/ the last bit (``spring``) is the slug. template A chunk of text that acts as formatting for representing data. A template helps to abstract the presentation of data from the data itself. See :doc:`/topics/templates`. view A function responsible for rending a page.