django / docs / apache_auth.txt

Authenticating against Django's user database from Apache

Since keeping multiple authentication databases in sync is a common problem when
dealing with Apache, you can configuring Apache to authenticate against Django's
`authentication system`_ directly.  For example, you could:

    * Serve static/media files directly from Apache only to authenticated users.

    * Authenticate access to a Subversion_ repository against Django users with
      a certain permission.

    * Allow certain users to connect to a WebDAV share created with mod_dav_.

Configuring Apache

To check against Django's authorization database from a Apache configuration
file, you'll need to use mod_python's ``PythonAuthenHandler`` directive along
with the standard ``Auth*`` and ``Require`` directives::

    <Location /example/>
        AuthType Basic
        AuthName ""
        Require valid-user

        SetEnv DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE mysite.settings
        PythonAuthenHandler django.contrib.auth.handlers.modpython

.. admonition:: Using the authentication handler with Apache 2.2

    If you're using Apache 2.2, you'll need to take a couple extra steps.

    You'll need to ensure that ``mod_auth_basic`` and ``mod_authz_user``
    are loaded. These might be compiled statically into Apache, or you might
    need to use ``LoadModule`` to load them dynamically (as shown in the
    example at the bottom of this note).

    You'll also need to insert configuration directives that prevent Apache
    from trying to use other authentication modules, as well as specifying
    the ``AuthUserFile`` directive and pointing it to ``/dev/null``. Depending
    on which other authentication modules you have loaded, you might need one
    or more of the following directives::

        AuthBasicAuthoritative Off
        AuthDefaultAuthoritative Off
        AuthzLDAPAuthoritative Off
        AuthzDBMAuthoritative Off
        AuthzDefaultAuthoritative Off
        AuthzGroupFileAuthoritative Off
        AuthzOwnerAuthoritative Off
        AuthzUserAuthoritative Off

    A complete configuration, with differences between Apache 2.0 and
    Apache 2.2 marked in bold, would look something like:

    .. parsed-literal::

        **LoadModule auth_basic_module modules/**
        **LoadModule authz_user_module modules/**


        <Location /example/>
            AuthType Basic
            AuthName ""
            **AuthUserFile /dev/null**
            **AuthBasicAuthoritative Off**
            Require valid-user

            SetEnv DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE mysite.settings
            PythonAuthenHandler django.contrib.auth.handlers.modpython

By default, the authentication handler will limit access to the ``/example/``
location to users marked as staff members.  You can use a set of
``PythonOption`` directives to modify this behavior:

    ================================  =========================================
    ``PythonOption``                  Explanation
    ================================  =========================================
    ``DjangoRequireStaffStatus``      If set to ``on`` only "staff" users (i.e.
                                      those with the ``is_staff`` flag set)
                                      will be allowed.

                                      Defaults to ``on``.

    ``DjangoRequireSuperuserStatus``  If set to ``on`` only superusers (i.e.
                                      those with the ``is_superuser`` flag set)
                                      will be allowed.

                                      Defaults to ``off``.

    ``DjangoPermissionName``          The name of a permission to require for
                                      access. See `custom permissions`_ for
                                      more information.

                                      By default no specific permission will be
    ================================  =========================================

Note that sometimes ``SetEnv`` doesn't play well in this mod_python
configuration, for reasons unknown. If you're having problems getting
mod_python to recognize your ``DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE``, you can set it using
``PythonOption`` instead of ``SetEnv``. Therefore, these two Apache directives
are equivalent::

    SetEnv DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE mysite.settings
    PythonOption DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE mysite.settings

.. _authentication system: ../authentication/
.. _Subversion:
.. _mod_dav:
.. _custom permissions: ../authentication/#custom-permissions