attr: don't confuse prefixes with leading directories
When we prepare the attribute stack for a lookup on a path,
we start with the cached stack from the previous lookup
(because it is common to do several lookups in the same
directory hierarchy). So the first thing we must do in
preparing the stack is to pop any entries that point to
directories we are no longer interested in.
For example, if our stack contains gitattributes for:
but we want to do a lookup in "foo/bar/bleep", then we want
to pop the top element, but retain the others.
To do this we walk down the stack from the top, popping
elements that do not match our lookup directory. However,
the test do this simply checked strncmp, meaning we would
mistake "foo/bar/baz" as a leading directory of
"foo/bar/baz_plus". We must also check that the character
after our match is '/', meaning we matched the whole path
There are two special cases to consider:
1. The top of our attr stack has the empty path. So we
must not check for '/', but rather special-case the
empty path, which always matches.
2. Typically when matching paths in this way, you would
also need to check for a full string match (i.e., the
character after is '\0'). We don't need to do so in
this case, though, because our path string is actually
just the directory component of the path to a file
(i.e., we know that it terminates with "/", because the
filename comes after that).
Helped-by: Michael Haggerty <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Signed-off-by: Jeff King <email@example.com>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <firstname.lastname@example.org>