the first line on the Subject line and the rest of the commit in the
+A project will often generate files that you do 'not' want to track with git.
+This typically includes files generated by a build process or temporary
+backup files made by your editor. Of course, 'not' tracking files with git
+is just a matter of 'not' calling "`git add`" on them. But it quickly becomes
+annoying to have these untracked files lying around; e.g. they make
+"`git add .`" and "`git commit -a`" practically useless, and they keep
+showing up in the output of "`git status`", etc.
+Git therefore provides "exclude patterns" for telling git which files to
+actively ignore. Exclude patterns are thoroughly explained in the
+"Exclude Patterns" section of the gitlink:git-ls-files manual page,
+but the heart of the concept is simply a list of files which git should
+ignore. Entries in the list may contain globs to specify multiple files,
+or may be prefixed by "`!`" to explicitly include (un-ignore) a previously
+excluded (ignored) file (i.e. later exclude patterns override earlier ones).
+The following example should illustrate such patterns:
+# Lines starting with '#' are considered comments.
+# Ignore (generated) html files,
+# except foo.html which is maintained by hand.
+# Ignore objects and archives.
+The next question is where to put these exclude patterns so that git can
+find them. Git looks for exclude patterns in the following files:
+`.gitignore` files in your working tree:::
+ You may store multiple `.gitignore` files at various locations in your
+ working tree. Each `.gitignore` file is applied to the directory where
+ it's located, including its subdirectories. Furthermore, the
+ `.gitignore` files can be tracked like any other files in your working
+ tree; just do a "`git add .gitignore`" and commit. `.gitignore` is
+ therefore the right place to put exclude patterns that are meant to
+ be shared between all project participants, such as build output files
+`.git/info/exclude` in your repo:::
+ Exclude patterns in this file are applied to the working tree as a
+ whole. Since the file is not located in your working tree, it does
+ not follow push/pull/clone like `.gitignore` can do. This is therefore
+ the place to put exclude patterns that are local to your copy of the
+ repo (i.e. 'not' shared between project participants), such as
+ temporary backup files made by your editor (e.g. `\*~`), etc.
+The file specified by the `core.excludesfile` config directive:::
+ By setting the `core.excludesfile` config directive you can tell git
+ where to find more exclude patterns (see gitlink:git-config for
+ more information on configuration options). This config directive
+ can be set in the per-repo `.git/config` file, in which case the
+ exclude patterns will apply to that repo only. Alternatively, you
+ can set the directive in the global `~/.gitconfig` file to apply
+ the exclude pattern to all your git repos. As with the above
+ `.git/info/exclude` (and, indeed, with git config directives in
+ general), this directive does not follow push/pull/clone, but remain
+In addition to the above alternatives, there are git commands that can take
+exclude patterns directly on the command line. See gitlink:git-ls-files
allow people to get to important topics without necessarily reading
-Say something about .gitignore.
Scan Documentation/ for other stuff left out; in particular: