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Documentation/Makefile

 MAN1_TXT=$(wildcard git-*.txt)
 MAN7_TXT=git.txt
 
-DOC_HTML=$(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(MAN1_TXT) $(MAN7_TXT)) glossary.html
-
+DOC_HTML=$(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(MAN1_TXT) $(MAN7_TXT))
+DOC_HTML += glossary.html
+DOC_HTML += tutorial.html
 DOC_MAN1=$(patsubst %.txt,%.1,$(MAN1_TXT))
 DOC_MAN7=$(patsubst %.txt,%.7,$(MAN7_TXT))
 
 	perl sort_glossary.pl | \
 	asciidoc -b xhtml11 - > glossary.html
 
+tutorial.html : tutorial.txt
+	asciidoc -b xhtml11 tutorial.txt

Documentation/git-add-script.txt

+git-add-script(1)
+=================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-add-script - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-add-script' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-applymbox.txt

+git-applymbox(1)
+================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-applymbox - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-applymbox' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-applypatch.txt

+git-applypatch(1)
+=================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-applypatch - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-applypatch' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-bisect-script.txt

+git-bisect-script(1)
+====================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-bisect-script - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-bisect-script' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-branch-script.txt

+git-branch-script(1)
+====================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-branch-script - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-branch-script' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org> and Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-build-rev-cache.txt

+git-build-rev-cache(1)
+======================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-build-rev-cache - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-build-rev-cache' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-checkout-script.txt

+git-checkout-script(1)
+======================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-checkout-script - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-checkout-script' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-cherry.txt

+git-cherry(1)
+=============
+
+NAME
+----
+git-cherry - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-cherry' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-clone-dumb-http.txt

+git-clone-dumb-http(1)
+======================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-clone-dumb-http - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-clone-dumb-http' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-count-objects-script.txt

+git-count-objects-script(1)
+===========================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-count-objects-script - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-count-objects-script' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-daemon.txt

+git-daemon(1)
+=============
+
+NAME
+----
+git-daemon - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-daemon' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org> and YOSHIFUJI Hideaki <yoshfuji@linux-ipv6.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-diff-script.txt

+git-diff-script(1)
+==================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-diff-script - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-diff-script' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-format-patch-script.txt

+git-format-patch-script(1)
+==========================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-format-patch-script - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-format-patch-script' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-get-tar-commit-id.txt

+git-get-tar-commit-id(1)
+========================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-get-tar-commit-id - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-get-tar-commit-id' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Rene Scharfe <rene.scharfe@lsrfire.ath.cx>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-mailinfo.txt

+git-mailinfo(1)
+===============
+
+NAME
+----
+git-mailinfo - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-mailinfo' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-mailsplit.txt

+git-mailsplit(1)
+================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-mailsplit - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-mailsplit' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-patch-id.txt

+git-patch-id(1)
+===============
+
+NAME
+----
+git-patch-id - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-patch-id' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-push-script.txt

+git-push-script(1)
+==================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-push-script - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-push-script' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-rebase-script.txt

+git-rebase-script(1)
+====================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-rebase-script - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-rebase-script' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-request-pull-script.txt

+git-request-pull-script(1)
+==========================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-request-pull-script - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-request-pull-script' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Ryan Anderson <ryan@michonline.com> and Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-reset-script.txt

+git-reset-script(1)
+===================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-reset-script - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-reset-script' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net> and Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-rev-parse.txt

+git-rev-parse(1)
+================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-rev-parse - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-rev-parse' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org> and Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-revert-script.txt

+git-revert-script(1)
+====================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-revert-script - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-revert-script' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-sh-setup-script.txt

+git-sh-setup-script(1)
+======================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-sh-setup-script - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-sh-setup-script' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-show-rev-cache.txt

+git-show-rev-cache(1)
+=====================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-show-rev-cache - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-show-rev-cache' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Junio C Hamano <junkio@cox.net>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-stripspace.txt

+git-stripspace(1)
+=================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-stripspace - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-stripspace' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git-verify-tag-script.txt

+git-verify-tag-script(1)
+========================
+
+NAME
+----
+git-verify-tag-script - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'git-verify-tag-script' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Jan Harkes <jaharkes@cs.cmu.edu> and Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/git.txt

 link:git-pull-script.html[git-pull-script]::
 	Fetch from and merge with a remote repository.
 
-link:git-commit-script.html[git-commit-script]::
+ulink:git-commit-script.html[git-commit-script]::
 	Record changes to the repository.
 
 link:git-show-branch.html[git-show-branch]::
 	Send patch e-mails out of "format-patch --mbox" output.
 
 
+Commands not yet documented
+---------------------------
+
+link:git-applymbox.html[git-applymbox]::
+	git-applymbox.
+
+link:git-applypatch.html[git-applypatch]::
+	git-applypatch.
+
+link:git-mailinfo.html[git-mailinfo]::
+	git-mailinfo.
+
+link:git-mailsplit.html[git-mailsplit]::
+	git-mailsplit.
+
+link:git-add-script.html[git-add-script]::
+	git-add-script.
+
+link:git-bisect-script.html[git-bisect-script]::
+	git-bisect-script.
+
+link:git-branch-script.html[git-branch-script]::
+	git-branch-script.
+
+link:git-build-rev-cache.html[git-build-rev-cache]::
+	git-build-rev-cache.
+
+link:git-checkout-script.html[git-checkout-script]::
+	git-checkout-script.
+
+link:git-cherry.html[git-cherry]::
+	git-cherry.
+
+link:git-clone-dumb-http.html[git-clone-dumb-http]::
+	git-clone-dumb-http.
+
+link:git-count-objects-script.html[git-count-objects-script]::
+	git-count-objects-script.
+
+link:git-daemon.html[git-daemon]::
+	git-daemon.
+
+link:git-diff-script.html[git-diff-script]::
+	git-diff-script.
+
+link:git-format-patch-script.html[git-format-patch-script]::
+	git-format-patch-script.
+
+link:git-get-tar-commit-id.html[git-get-tar-commit-id]::
+	git-get-tar-commit-id.
+
+link:git-patch-id.html[git-patch-id]::
+	git-patch-id.
+
+link:git-push-script.html[git-push-script]::
+	git-push-script.
+
+link:git-rebase-script.html[git-rebase-script]::
+	git-rebase-script.
+
+link:git-relink-script.html[git-relink-script]::
+	git-relink-script.
+
+link:git-request-pull-script.html[git-request-pull-script]::
+	git-request-pull-script.
+
+link:git-reset-script.html[git-reset-script]::
+	git-reset-script.
+
+link:git-rev-parse.html[git-rev-parse]::
+	git-rev-parse.
+
+link:git-revert-script.html[git-revert-script]::
+	git-revert-script.
+
+link:git-sh-setup-script.html[git-sh-setup-script]::
+	git-sh-setup-script.
+
+link:git-show-rev-cache.html[git-show-rev-cache]::
+	git-show-rev-cache.
+
+link:git-stripspace.html[git-stripspace]::
+	git-stripspace.
+
+link:git-verify-tag-script.html[git-verify-tag-script]::
+	git-verify-tag-script.
+
+link:gitk.html[gitk]::
+	gitk.
+
+
 Identifier Terminology
 ----------------------
 <object>::

Documentation/gitk.txt

+gitk(1)
+=======
+
+NAME
+----
+gitk - Some git command not yet documented.
+
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+'gitk' [ --option ] <args>...
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Does something not yet documented.
+
+
+OPTIONS
+-------
+--option::
+	Some option not yet documented.
+
+<args>...::
+	Some argument not yet documented.
+
+
+Author
+------
+Written by Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
+
+Documentation
+--------------
+Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
+
+GIT
+---
+Part of the link:git.html[git] suite
+

Documentation/tutorial.txt

 A short git tutorial
 ====================
-May 2005
-
+v0.99.5, Aug 2005
 
 Introduction
 ------------
 
 This is trying to be a short tutorial on setting up and using a git
-archive, mainly because being hands-on and using explicit examples is
+repository, mainly because being hands-on and using explicit examples is
 often the best way of explaining what is going on.
 
 In normal life, most people wouldn't use the "core" git programs
 doing. 
 
 The core git is often called "plumbing", with the prettier user
-interfaces on top of it called "porcelain".  You may not want to use the
+interfaces on top of it called "porcelain". You may not want to use the
 plumbing directly very often, but it can be good to know what the
 plumbing does for when the porcelain isn't flushing... 
 
 
-Creating a git archive
-----------------------
+Creating a git repository
+-------------------------
 
-Creating a new git archive couldn't be easier: all git archives start
+Creating a new git repository couldn't be easier: all git repositories start
 out empty, and the only thing you need to do is find yourself a
 subdirectory that you want to use as a working tree - either an empty
 one for a totally new project, or an existing working tree that you want
 to import into git. 
 
-For our first example, we're going to start a totally new archive from
+For our first example, we're going to start a totally new repository from
 scratch, with no pre-existing files, and we'll call it "git-tutorial".
 To start up, create a subdirectory for it, change into that
 subdirectory, and initialize the git infrastructure with "git-init-db":
 strange, and that it will have created a local .git directory setup for
 your new project. You will now have a ".git" directory, and you can
 inspect that with "ls". For your new empty project, ls should show you
-three entries:
+three entries, among other things:
 
  - a symlink called HEAD, pointing to "refs/heads/master"
 
    doesn't even exist yet - you haven't created the commit that will
    start your HEAD development branch yet.
 
- - a subdirectory called "objects", which will contain all the git SHA1
+ - a subdirectory called "objects", which will contain all the
    objects of your project. You should never have any real reason to
    look at the objects directly, but you might want to know that these
    objects are what contains all the real _data_ in your repository.
  - a subdirectory called "refs", which contains references to objects.
 
    In particular, the "refs" subdirectory will contain two other
-   subdirectories, named "heads" and "tags" respectively.  They do
+   subdirectories, named "heads" and "tags" respectively. They do
    exactly what their names imply: they contain references to any number
    of different "heads" of development (aka "branches"), and to any
-   "tags" that you have created to name specific versions of your
+   "tags" that you have created to name specific versions in your
    repository. 
 
    One note: the special "master" head is the default branch, which is
 
    However, this is only a convention, and you can name your branches
    anything you want, and don't have to ever even _have_ a "master"
-   branch.  A number of the git tools will assume that .git/HEAD is
+   branch. A number of the git tools will assume that .git/HEAD is
    valid, though.
 
    [ Implementation note: an "object" is identified by its 160-bit SHA1
    number of 41-byte files containing these references in this refs
    subdirectories when you actually start populating your tree ]
 
-You have now created your first git archive. Of course, since it's
+You have now created your first git repository. Of course, since it's
 empty, that's not very useful, so let's start populating it with data.
 
 
-	Populating a git archive
-	------------------------
+Populating a git repository
+---------------------------
 
 We'll keep this simple and stupid, so we'll start off with populating a
 few trivial files just to get a feel for it.
 
 Start off with just creating any random files that you want to maintain
-in your git archive. We'll start off with a few bad examples, just to
+in your git repository. We'll start off with a few bad examples, just to
 get a feel for how this works:
 
 	echo "Hello World" >hello
 	echo "Silly example" >example
 
-you have now created two files in your working directory, but to
+you have now created two files in your working tree (aka "working directory"), but to
 actually check in your hard work, you will have to go through two steps:
 
- - fill in the "cache" aka "index" file with the information about your
-   working directory state
+ - fill in the "index" file (aka "cache") with the information about your
+   working tree state.
 
  - commit that index file as an object.
 
 The first step is trivial: when you want to tell git about any changes
-to your working directory, you use the "git-update-cache" program.  That
+to your working tree, you use the "git-update-cache" program. That
 program normally just takes a list of filenames you want to update, but
 to avoid trivial mistakes, it refuses to add new entries to the cache
 (or remove existing ones) unless you explicitly tell it that you're
 
 In fact, as you did that, if you now look into your object directory,
 you'll notice that git will have added two new objects to the object
-store.  If you did exactly the steps above, you should now be able to do
+database. If you did exactly the steps above, you should now be able to do
 
 	ls .git/objects/??/*
 
 	.git/objects/55/7db03de997c86a4a028e1ebd3a1ceb225be238 
 	.git/objects/f2/4c74a2e500f5ee1332c86b94199f52b1d1d962
 
-which correspond with the object with SHA1 names of 557db... and f24c7..
+which correspond with the objects with names of 557db... and f24c7..
 respectively.
 
 If you want to, you can use "git-cat-file" to look at those objects, but
 object is. Git will tell you that you have a "blob" object (ie just a
 regular file), and you can see the contents with
 
-	git-cat-file "blob" 557db03de997c86a4a028e1ebd3a1ceb225be238
+	git-cat-file "blob" 557db03
 
-which will print out "Hello World".  The object 557db...  is nothing
-more than the contents of your file "hello". 
+which will print out "Hello World". The object 557db03 is nothing
+more than the contents of your file "hello".
 
-[ Digression: don't confuse that object with the file "hello" itself.  The
+[ Digression: don't confuse that object with the file "hello" itself. The
   object is literally just those specific _contents_ of the file, and
   however much you later change the contents in file "hello", the object we
-  just looked at will never change.  Objects are immutable.  ]
+  just looked at will never change. Objects are immutable. ]
+
+[ Digression #2: the second example demonstrates that you can
+  abbreviate the object name to only the first several
+  hexadecimal digits in most places. ]
 
 Anyway, as we mentioned previously, you normally never actually take a
-look at the objects themselves, and typing long 40-character hex SHA1
-names is not something you'd normally want to do.  The above digression
+look at the objects themselves, and typing long 40-character hex
+names is not something you'd normally want to do. The above digression
 was just to show that "git-update-cache" did something magical, and
-actually saved away the contents of your files into the git content
-store. 
+actually saved away the contents of your files into the git object
+database.
 
 Updating the cache did something else too: it created a ".git/index"
-file.  This is the index that describes your current working tree, and
-something you should be very aware of.  Again, you normally never worry
+file. This is the index that describes your current working tree, and
+something you should be very aware of. Again, you normally never worry
 about the index file itself, but you should be aware of the fact that
 you have not actually really "checked in" your files into git so far,
 you've only _told_ git about them.
 
 	git-diff-files 
 
-oops.  That wasn't very readable.  It just spit out its own internal
+Oops. That wasn't very readable. It just spit out its own internal
 version of a "diff", but that internal version really just tells you
 that it has noticed that "hello" has been modified, and that the old object
 contents it had have been replaced with something else.
 which will do the same thing. 
 
 
-	Committing git state
-	--------------------
+Committing git state
+--------------------
 
 Now, we want to go to the next stage in git, which is to take the files
 that git knows about in the index, and commit them as a real tree. We do
 Creating a tree object is trivial, and is done with "git-write-tree". 
 There are no options or other input: git-write-tree will take the
 current index state, and write an object that describes that whole
-index.  In other words, we're now tying together all the different
+index. In other words, we're now tying together all the different
 filenames with their contents (and their permissions), and we're
 creating the equivalent of a git "directory" object:
 
 
 "git-commit-tree" normally takes several arguments - it wants to know
 what the _parent_ of a commit was, but since this is the first commit
-ever in this new archive, and it has no parents, we only need to pass in
-the tree ID. However, git-commit-tree also wants to get a commit message
-on its standard input, and it will write out the resulting ID for the
+ever in this new repository, and it has no parents, we only need to pass in
+the object name of the tree. However, git-commit-tree also wants to get a commit message
+on its standard input, and it will write out the resulting object name for the
 commit to its standard output.
 
 And this is where we start using the .git/HEAD file. The HEAD file is
 earlier commit, and you'll never see this "Committing initial tree"
 message ever again.
 
-Again, normally you'd never actually do this by hand.  There is a
+Again, normally you'd never actually do this by hand. There is a
 helpful script called "git commit" that will do all of this for you. So
 you could have just written
 
 instead, and it would have done the above magic scripting for you.
 
 
-	Making a change
-	---------------
+Making a change
+---------------
 
 Remember how we did the "git-update-cache" on file "hello" and then we
 changed "hello" afterward, and could compare the new state of "hello" with the
 of the _index_ file to the tree, and thus what we just committed was in
 fact the _original_ contents of the file "hello", not the new ones. We did
 that on purpose, to show the difference between the index state, and the
-state in the working directory, and how they don't have to match, even
+state in the working tree, and how they don't have to match, even
 when we commit things.
 
 As before, if we do "git-diff-files -p" in our git-tutorial project,
 we'll still see the same difference we saw last time: the index file
-hasn't changed by the act of committing anything.  However, now that we
+hasn't changed by the act of committing anything. However, now that we
 have committed something, we can also learn to use a new command:
 "git-diff-cache".
 
 Unlike "git-diff-files", which showed the difference between the index
-file and the working directory, "git-diff-cache" shows the differences
+file and the working tree, "git-diff-cache" shows the differences
 between a committed _tree_ and either the index file or the working
-directory.  In other words, git-diff-cache wants a tree to be diffed
+tree. In other words, git-diff-cache wants a tree to be diffed
 against, and before we did the commit, we couldn't do that, because we
 didn't have anything to diff against. 
 
 
 (where "-p" has the same meaning as it did in git-diff-files), and it
 will show us the same difference, but for a totally different reason. 
-Now we're comparing the working directory not against the index file,
-but against the tree we just wrote.  It just so happens that those two
+Now we're comparing the working tree not against the index file,
+but against the tree we just wrote. It just so happens that those two
 are obviously the same, so we get the same result.
 
 Again, because this is a common operation, you can also just shorthand
 which ends up doing the above for you.
 
 In other words, "git-diff-cache" normally compares a tree against the
-working directory, but when given the "--cached" flag, it is told to
+working tree, but when given the "--cached" flag, it is told to
 instead compare against just the index cache contents, and ignore the
-current working directory state entirely.  Since we just wrote the index
+current working tree state entirely. Since we just wrote the index
 file to HEAD, doing "git-diff-cache --cached -p HEAD" should thus return
 an empty set of differences, and that's exactly what it does. 
 
 [ Digression: "git-diff-cache" really always uses the index for its
   comparisons, and saying that it compares a tree against the working
-  directory is thus not strictly accurate. In particular, the list of
+  tree is thus not strictly accurate. In particular, the list of
   files to compare (the "meta-data") _always_ comes from the index file,
   regardless of whether the --cached flag is used or not. The --cached
   flag really only determines whether the file _contents_ to be compared
-  come from the working directory or not.
+  come from the working tree or not.
 
   This is not hard to understand, as soon as you realize that git simply
   never knows (or cares) about files that it is not told about
   explicitly. Git will never go _looking_ for files to compare, it
   expects you to tell it what the files are, and that's what the index
-  is there for.  ]
+  is there for. ]
 
 However, our next step is to commit the _change_ we did, and again, to
 understand what's going on, keep in mind the difference between "working
-directory contents", "index file" and "committed tree".  We have changes
-in the working directory that we want to commit, and we always have to
+tree contents", "index file" and "committed tree". We have changes
+in the working tree that we want to commit, and we always have to
 work through the index file, so the first thing we need to do is to
 update the index cache:
 
 (note how we didn't need the "--add" flag this time, since git knew
 about the file already).
 
-Note what happens to the different git-diff-xxx versions here.  After
+Note what happens to the different git-diff-xxx versions here. After
 we've updated "hello" in the index, "git-diff-files -p" now shows no
 differences, but "git-diff-cache -p HEAD" still _does_ show that the
-current state is different from the state we committed.  In fact, now
+current state is different from the state we committed. In fact, now
 "git-diff-cache" shows the same difference whether we use the "--cached"
-flag or not, since now the index is coherent with the working directory. 
+flag or not, since now the index is coherent with the working tree.
 
 Now, since we've updated "hello" in the index, we can commit the new
-version.  We could do it by writing the tree by hand again, and
+version. We could do it by writing the tree by hand again, and
 committing the tree (this time we'd have to use the "-p HEAD" flag to
 tell commit that the HEAD was the _parent_ of the new commit, and that
 this wasn't an initial commit any more), but you've done that once
 	git commit
 
 which starts an editor for you to write the commit message and tells you
-a bit about what you're doing. 
+a bit about what you have done.
 
 Write whatever message you want, and all the lines that start with '#'
 will be pruned out, and the rest will be used as the commit message for
 message headers, and a few one-liners that actually do the commit itself.
 
 
-	Checking it out
-	---------------
+Checking it out
+---------------
 
 While creating changes is useful, it's even more useful if you can tell
-later what changed.  The most useful command for this is another of the
+later what changed. The most useful command for this is another of the
 "diff" family, namely "git-diff-tree". 
 
 git-diff-tree can be given two arbitrary trees, and it will tell you the
 list of revisions), git-diff-tree ends up being a veritable fount of
 changes. A trivial (but very useful) script called "git-whatchanged" is
 included with git which does exactly this, and shows a log of recent
-activity.
+activities.
 
 To see the whole history of our pitiful little git-tutorial project, you
 can do
 short history. 
 
 [ Side note: the "--root" flag is a flag to git-diff-tree to tell it to
-  show the initial aka "root" commit too.  Normally you'd probably not
+  show the initial aka "root" commit too. Normally you'd probably not
   want to see the initial import diff, but since the tutorial project
   was started from scratch and is so small, we use it to make the result
-  a bit more interesting ]
+  a bit more interesting. ]
 
 With that, you should now be having some inkling of what git does, and
 can explore on your own.
 
-
 [ Side note: most likely, you are not directly using the core
   git Plumbing commands, but using Porcelain like Cogito on top
-  of it.  Cogito works a bit differently and you usually do not
+  of it. Cogito works a bit differently and you usually do not
   have to run "git-update-cache" yourself for changed files (you
   do tell underlying git about additions and removals via
-  "cg-add" and "cg-rm" commands).  Just before you make a commit
+  "cg-add" and "cg-rm" commands). Just before you make a commit
   with "cg-commit", Cogito figures out which files you modified,
-  and runs "git-update-cache" on them for you.  ]
+  and runs "git-update-cache" on them for you. ]
 
 
-	Tagging a version
-	-----------------
+Tagging a version
+-----------------
 
-In git, there's two kinds of tags, a "light" one, and a "signed tag".
+In git, there are two kinds of tags, a "light" one, and an "annotated tag".
 
 A "light" tag is technically nothing more than a branch, except we put
 it in the ".git/refs/tags/" subdirectory instead of calling it a "head".
 
 which just writes the current HEAD into the .git/refs/tags/my-first-tag
 file, after which point you can then use this symbolic name for that
-particular state.  You can, for example, do
+particular state. You can, for example, do
 
 	git diff my-first-tag
 
 stuff, you can use your tag as an "anchor-point" to see what has changed
 since you tagged it.
 
-A "signed tag" is actually a real git object, and contains not only a
+An "annotated tag" is actually a real git object, and contains not only a
 pointer to the state you want to tag, but also a small tag name and
-message, along with a PGP signature that says that yes, you really did
-that tag. You create these signed tags with the "-s" flag to "git tag":
+message, along with optionally a PGP signature that says that yes, you really did
+that tag. You create these signed tags with either the "-a" or "-s" flag to "git tag":
 
 	git tag -s <tagname>
 
 name for the state at that point.
 
 
-	Copying archives
-	-----------------
+Copying repositories
+--------------------
 
-Git archives are normally totally self-sufficient, and it's worth noting
+Git repositories are normally totally self-sufficient, and it's worth noting
 that unlike CVS, for example, there is no separate notion of
-"repository" and "working tree".  A git repository normally _is_ the
+"repository" and "working tree". A git repository normally _is_ the
 working tree, with the local git information hidden in the ".git"
-subdirectory.  There is nothing else.  What you see is what you got. 
+subdirectory. There is nothing else. What you see is what you got.
 
 [ Side note: you can tell git to split the git internal information from
   the directory that it tracks, but we'll ignore that for now: it's not
   how normal projects work, and it's really only meant for special uses.
   So the mental model of "the git information is always tied directly to
-  the working directory that it describes" may not be technically 100%
+  the working tree that it describes" may not be technically 100%
   accurate, but it's a good model for all normal use ]
 
 This has two implications: 
 
- - if you grow bored with the tutorial archive you created (or you've
+ - if you grow bored with the tutorial repository you created (or you've
    made a mistake and want to start all over), you can just do simple
 
 	rm -rf git-tutorial
 
    and it will be gone. There's no external repository, and there's no
-   history outside of the project you created.
+   history outside the project you created.
 
- - if you want to move or duplicate a git archive, you can do so. There
+ - if you want to move or duplicate a git repository, you can do so. There
    is "git clone" command, but if all you want to do is just to
-   create a copy of your archive (with all the full history that
+   create a copy of your repository (with all the full history that
    went along with it), you can do so with a regular
    "cp -a git-tutorial new-git-tutorial".
 
-   Note that when you've moved or copied a git archive, your git index
+   Note that when you've moved or copied a git repository, your git index
    file (which caches various information, notably some of the "stat"
    information for the files involved) will likely need to be refreshed.
    So after you do a "cp -a" to create a new copy, you'll want to do
 
 	git-update-cache --refresh
 
-   to make sure that the index file is up-to-date in the new one. 
+   in the new repository to make sure that the index file is up-to-date.
 
-Note that the second point is true even across machines.  You can
-duplicate a remote git archive with _any_ regular copy mechanism, be it
+Note that the second point is true even across machines. You can
+duplicate a remote git repository with _any_ regular copy mechanism, be it
 "scp", "rsync" or "wget". 
 
 When copying a remote repository, you'll want to at a minimum update the
-index cache when you do this, and especially with other peoples
+index cache when you do this, and especially with other peoples'
 repositories you often want to make sure that the index cache is in some
 known state (you don't know _what_ they've done and not yet checked in),
 so usually you'll precede the "git-update-cache" with a
 	git-read-tree --reset HEAD
 	git-update-cache --refresh
 
-which will force a total index re-build from the tree pointed to by HEAD
-(it resets the index contents to HEAD, and then the git-update-cache
-makes sure to match up all index entries with the checked-out files). 
+which will force a total index re-build from the tree pointed to by HEAD.
+It resets the index contents to HEAD, and then the git-update-cache
+makes sure to match up all index entries with the checked-out files.
+If the original repository had uncommitted changes in its
+working tree, "git-update-cache --refresh" notices them and
+tells you they need to be updated.
 
 The above can also be written as simply
 
 "git commit" are slightly more complex scripts around the basic git
 commands). 
 
-NOTE! Many (most?) public remote repositories will not contain any of
+Many (most?) public remote repositories will not contain any of
 the checked out files or even an index file, and will _only_ contain the
-actual core git files.  Such a repository usually doesn't even have the
+actual core git files. Such a repository usually doesn't even have the
 ".git" subdirectory, but has all the git files directly in the
 repository. 
 
 
 to populate the index. However, now you have populated the index, and
 you have all the git internal files, but you will notice that you don't
-actually have any of the _working_directory_ files to work on. To get
+actually have any of the working tree files to work on. To get
 those, you'd check them out with
 
 	git-checkout-cache -u -a
 repository, and checked it out. 
 
 
-	Creating a new branch
-	---------------------
+Creating a new branch
+---------------------
 
 Branches in git are really nothing more than pointers into the git
-object space from within the ".git/refs/" subdirectory, and as we
+object database from within the ".git/refs/" subdirectory, and as we
 already discussed, the HEAD branch is nothing but a symlink to one of
 these object pointers. 
 
 You can at any time create a new branch by just picking an arbitrary
 point in the project history, and just writing the SHA1 name of that
-object into a file under .git/refs/heads/.  You can use any filename you
+object into a file under .git/refs/heads/. You can use any filename you
 want (and indeed, subdirectories), but the convention is that the
-"normal" branch is called "master".  That's just a convention, though,
+"normal" branch is called "master". That's just a convention, though,
 and nothing enforces it. 
 
-To show that as an example, let's go back to the git-tutorial archive we
+To show that as an example, let's go back to the git-tutorial repository we
 used earlier, and create a branch in it. You do that by simply just
 saying that you want to check out a new branch:
 
   just telling "git checkout" what the base of the checkout would be. 
   In other words, if you have an earlier tag or branch, you'd just do
 
-	git checkout -b mybranch earlier-branch
+	git checkout -b mybranch earlier-commit
 
-  and it would create the new branch "mybranch" at the earlier point,
+  and it would create the new branch "mybranch" at the earlier commit,
   and check out the state at that time. ]
 
 You can always just jump back to your original "master" branch by doing
 
 	ls -l .git/HEAD
 
-will tell you where it's pointing.
+will tell you where it's pointing. To get the list of branches
+you have, you can say
 
-NOTE! Sometimes you may wish to create a new branch _without_ actually
+	git branch
+
+which is nothing more than a simple script around "ls .git/refs/heads".
+
+Sometimes you may wish to create a new branch _without_ actually
 checking it out and switching to it. If so, just use the command
 
 	git branch <branchname> [startingpoint]
 with the branchname as the argument.
 
 
-	Merging two branches
-	--------------------
+Merging two branches
+--------------------
 
 One of the ideas of having a branch is that you do some (possibly
 experimental) work in it, and eventually merge it back to the main
-branch.  So assuming you created the above "mybranch" that started out
+branch. So assuming you created the above "mybranch" that started out
 being the same as the original "master" branch, let's make sure we're in
 that branch, and do some work there.
 
 	git checkout mybranch
 	echo "Work, work, work" >>hello
-	git commit hello
+	git commit -m 'Some work.' hello
 
 Here, we just added another line to "hello", and we used a shorthand for
 both going a "git-update-cache hello" and "git commit" by just giving the
-filename directly to "git commit".
+filename directly to "git commit". The '-m' flag is to give the
+commit log message from the command line.
 
 Now, to make it a bit more interesting, let's assume that somebody else
 does some work in the original branch, and simulate that by going back
 
 	echo "Play, play, play" >>hello
 	echo "Lots of fun" >>example
-	git commit hello example
+	git commit -m 'Some fun.' hello example
 
 since the master branch is obviously in a much better mood.
 
 
 will show you graphically both of your branches (that's what the "--all"
 means: normally it will just show you your current HEAD) and their
-histories.  You can also see exactly how they came to be from a common
+histories. You can also see exactly how they came to be from a common
 source. 
 
 Anyway, let's exit gitk (^Q or the File menu), and decide that we want
 to merge the work we did on the "mybranch" branch into the "master"
-branch (which is currently our HEAD too).  To do that, there's a nice
+branch (which is currently our HEAD too). To do that, there's a nice
 script called "git resolve", which wants to know which branches you want
 to resolve and what the merge is all about:
 
 
 Now, in this case we've intentionally created a situation where the
 merge will need to be fixed up by hand, though, so git will do as much
-of it as it can automatically (which in this case is just merge the "b"
+of it as it can automatically (which in this case is just merge the "example"
 file, which had no differences in the "mybranch" branch), and say:
 
 	Simple merge failed, trying Automatic merge
 message about your adventures in git-merge-land. 
 
 After you're done, start up "gitk --all" to see graphically what the
-history looks like.  Notice that "mybranch" still exists, and you can
-switch to it, and continue to work with it if you want to.  The
+history looks like. Notice that "mybranch" still exists, and you can
+switch to it, and continue to work with it if you want to. The
 "mybranch" branch will not contain the merge, but next time you merge it
 from the "master" branch, git will know how you merged it, so you'll not
 have to do _that_ merge again.
 
+Another useful tool, especially if you do not work in X-Window
+environment all the time, is "git show-branch".
+
+------------------------------------------------
+$ git show-branch master mybranch
+* [master] Merged "mybranch" changes.
+ ! [mybranch] Some work.
+--
++  [master] Merged "mybranch" changes.
++  [master~1] Some fun.
+++ [mybranch] Some work.
+------------------------------------------------
+
+The first two lines indicate that it is showing the two branches
+and the first line of the commit log message from their
+top-of-the-tree commits, you are currently on "master" branch
+(notice the asterisk "*" character), and the first column for
+the later output lines is used to show commits contained in the
+"master" branch, and the second column for the "mybranch"
+branch. Three commits are shown along with their log messages.
+All of them have plus '+' characters in the first column, which
+means they are now part of the "master" branch. Only the "Some
+work" commit has the plus '+' character in the second column,
+because "mybranch" has not been merged to incorporate these
+commits from the master branch.
+
+Now, let's pretend you are the one who did all the work in
+mybranch, and the fruit of your hard work has finally been merged
+to the master branch. Let's go back to "mybranch", and run
+resolve to get the "upstream changes" back to your branch.
+
+	git checkout mybranch
+	git resolve HEAD master "Merge upstream changes."
+
+This outputs something like this (the actual commit object names
+would be different)
+
+	Updating from ae3a2da... to a80b4aa....
+	 example |    1 +
+	 hello   |    1 +
+	 2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
+
+Because your branch did not contain anything more than what are