git-svn: use YAML format for mergeinfo cache when possible
Since v1.7.0-rc2~11 (git-svn: persistent memoization, 2010-01-30),
git-svn has maintained some private per-repository caches in
.git/svn/.caches to avoid refetching and recalculating some
mergeinfo-related information with every "git svn fetch".
These caches use the 'nstore' format from the perl core module
Storable, which can be read and written quickly and was designed for
transfer over the wire (the 'n' stands for 'network'). This format is
endianness-independent and independent of floating-point
Unfortunately the format is *not* independent of the perl version ---
new perl versions will write files that very old perl cannot read.
Worse, the format is not independent of the size of a perl integer.
So if you toggle perl's use64bitint compile-time option, then using
'git svn fetch' on your old repositories produces errors like this:
Byte order is not compatible at ../../lib/Storable.pm (autosplit
into ../../lib/auto/Storable/_retrieve.al) line 380, at
/usr/share/perl/5.12/Memoize/Storable.pm line 21
That is, upgrading perl to a version that uses use64bitint for the
first time makes git-svn suddenly refuse to fetch in existing
repositories. Removing .git/svn/.caches lets git-svn recover.
It's time to switch to a platform independent serializer backend with
better compatibility guarantees. This patch uses YAML::Any.
Other choices were considered:
- thawing data from Data::Dumper involves "eval". Doing that without
creating a security risk is fussy.
- the JSON API works on scalars in memory and doesn't provide a
standard way to serialize straight to disk.
YAML::Any is reasonably fast and has a pleasant API. In most
backends, LoadFile() reads the entire file into a scalar anyway and
converts it as a second step, but having an interface that allows the
deserialization to happen on the fly without a temporary is still a
YAML::Any is not a core perl module, so we take care to use it when
and only when it is available. Installations without that module
should fall back to using Storable with all its quirks, keeping their
cache files in
Installations with YAML peacefully coexist by keeping a separate set
of cache files in
In most cases, switching between is a one-time thing, so it doesn't
seem worth the complication to migrate existing caches.
The upshot: after this patch, as long as YAML::Any is installed you
can move your git repository between machines with different perl
installations and "git svn fetch" will work fine. If you do not have
YAML::Any, the behavior is unchanged (and in particular does not get
Reported-by: Sandro Weiser <email@example.com>
Reported-by: Bdale Garbee <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Signed-off-by: Jonathan Nieder <email@example.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Wong <firstname.lastname@example.org>