valgrind-freebsd /

How to cross-compile for Android.  These notes were last updated on 
17 Feb 2012, for Valgrind SVN revision 12390/2257.

This is known to work at least for :
  Android 4.0.3 running on a (rooted, AOSP build) Nexus S.
  Android 4.0.3 running on Motorola Xoom.
  Android 4.0.3 running on android arm emulator.
  Android 4.1   running on android emulator.
  Android 2.3.4 on Nexus S worked at some time in the past.

  Android 4.0.3 running on android x86 emulator.

On android-arm, GDBserver might insert breaks at wrong addresses.
Feedback on this welcome.

Other configurations and toolchains might work, but haven't been tested.
Feedback is welcome.

You need the android-ndk-r6 native development kit.  r6b and r7
give a non-completely-working build; see
For the android emulator, the versions needed and how to
install them are described in README.android_emulator.

Install it somewhere.  Doesn't matter where.  Then do this:

# Modify this (obviously).  Note, this "export" command is only done
# so as to reduce the amount of typing required.  None of the commands
# below read it as part of their operation.
export NDKROOT=/path/to/android-ndk-r6

# Modify this too.  Tell the build system which Android hardware you
# are building for.  It needs to know this so it can compile in
# support for the right Android-hw-specific ioctls.  (sigh.)  As with
# NDKROOT above, this is merely to avoid repeated typing; none of the
# commands read it.
# Currently the supported values are:  nexus_s pandaboard
# So choose one of the below:
export HWKIND=nexus_s         # Samsung Nexus S; also Xoom (for now)
export HWKIND=generic         # A generic Android device. eg, Pandaboard
export HWKIND=emulator        # Android emulator

# Then cd to the root of your Valgrind source tree.
cd /path/to/valgrind/source/tree

# After this point, you don't need to modify anything; just copy and
# paste the commands below.

# Set up toolchain paths.
# For ARM
export AR=$NDKROOT/toolchains/arm-linux-androideabi-4.4.3/prebuilt/linux-x86/bin/arm-linux-androideabi-ar
export LD=$NDKROOT/toolchains/arm-linux-androideabi-4.4.3/prebuilt/linux-x86/bin/arm-linux-androideabi-ld
export CC=$NDKROOT/toolchains/arm-linux-androideabi-4.4.3/prebuilt/linux-x86/bin/arm-linux-androideabi-gcc

# For x86
export AR=$NDKROOT/toolchains/x86-4.4.3/prebuilt/linux-x86/bin/i686-android-linux-ar
export LD=$NDKROOT/toolchains/x86-4.4.3/prebuilt/linux-x86/bin/i686-android-linux-ld
export CC=$NDKROOT/toolchains/x86-4.4.3/prebuilt/linux-x86/bin/i686-android-linux-gcc

# Do configuration stuff.  Don't mess with the --prefix in the
# configure command below, even if you think it's wrong.
# You may need to set the --with-tmpdir path to something
# different if /sdcard doesn't work on the device -- this is
# a known cause of difficulties.


# for ARM
CPPFLAGS="--sysroot=$NDKROOT/platforms/android-3/arch-arm -DANDROID_HARDWARE_$HWKIND" \
   CFLAGS="--sysroot=$NDKROOT/platforms/android-3/arch-arm" \
   ./configure --prefix=/data/local/Inst \
   --host=armv7-unknown-linux --target=armv7-unknown-linux \
# note: on android emulator, android-14 platform was also tested and works.
# It is not clear what this platform nr really is.

# for x86
CPPFLAGS="--sysroot=$NDKROOT/platforms/android-9/arch-x86 -DANDROID_HARDWARE_$HWKIND" \
   CFLAGS="--sysroot=$NDKROOT/platforms/android-9/arch-x86 -fno-pic" \
   ./configure --prefix=/data/local/Inst \
   --host=i686-android-linux --target=i686-android-linux \

# At the end of the configure run, a few lines of details
# are printed.  Make sure that you see these two lines:
# For ARM:
#          Platform variant: android
#     Primary -DVGPV string: -DVGPV_arm_linux_android=1
# For x86:
#          Platform variant: android
#     Primary -DVGPV string: -DVGPV_x86_linux_android=1
# If you see anything else at this point, something is wrong, and
# either the build will fail, or will succeed but you'll get something
# which won't work.

# Build, and park the install tree in `pwd`/Inst
make -j2
make -j2 install DESTDIR=`pwd`/Inst

# To get the install tree onto the device:
# (I don't know why it's not "adb push Inst /data/local", but this
# formulation does appear to put the result in /data/local/Inst.)
adb push Inst /

# To run (on the device)
/data/local/Inst/bin/valgrind [the usual args etc]

# Once you're up and running, a handy modify-V-rebuild-reinstall
# command line (on the host, of course) is
mq -j2 && mq -j2 install DESTDIR=`pwd`/Inst && adb push Inst /
# where 'mq' is an alias for 'make --quiet'.

# One common cause of runs failing at startup is the inability of
# Valgrind to find a suitable temporary directory.  On the device,
# there doesn't seem to be any one location which we always have
# permission to write to.  The instructions above use /sdcard.  If
# that doesn't work for you, and you're Valgrinding one specific
# application which is already installed, you could try using its
# temporary directory, in /data/data, for example
# /data/data/org.mozilla.firefox_beta.
# Using /system/bin/logcat on the device is helpful for diagnosing
# these kinds of problems.