distutils.version /

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"Rational" version definition and parsing for DistutilsVersionFight
discussion at PyCon 2009.

import sys
import re

class IrrationalVersionError(Exception):
    """This is an irrational version."""

class HugeMajorVersionNumError(IrrationalVersionError):
    """An irrational version because the major version number is huge
    (often because a year or date was used).

    See `error_on_huge_major_num` option in `NormalizedVersion` for details.
    This guard can be disabled by setting that option False.

# A marker used in the second and third parts of the `parts` tuple, for
# versions that don't have those segments, to sort properly. An example
# of versions in sort order ('highest' last):
#   1.0b1                 ((1,0), ('b',1), ('f',))
#   1.0.dev345            ((1,0), ('f',),  ('dev', 345))
#   1.0                   ((1,0), ('f',),  ('f',))
#   1.0.post256.dev345    ((1,0), ('f',),  ('f', 'post', 256, 'dev', 345))
#   1.0.post345           ((1,0), ('f',),  ('f', 'post', 345, 'f'))
#                                   ^        ^                 ^
#   'b' < 'f' ---------------------/         |                 |
#                                            |                 |
#   'dev' < 'f' < 'post' -------------------/                  |
#                                                              |
#   'dev' < 'f' ----------------------------------------------/
# Other letters would do, but 'f' for 'final' is kind of nice.

VERSION_RE = re.compile(r'''
    (?P<version>\d+\.\d+)          # minimum 'N.N'
    (?P<extraversion>(?:\.\d+)*)   # any number of extra '.N' segments
        (?P<prerel>[abc]|rc)       # 'a'=alpha, 'b'=beta, 'c'=release candidate
                                   # 'rc'= alias for release candidate
    $''', re.VERBOSE)

class NormalizedVersion(object):
    """A rational version.

        1.2         # equivalent to "1.2.0"
        TODO: fill this out

        1           # mininum two numbers
        1.2a        # release level must have a release serial
    def __init__(self, s, error_on_huge_major_num=True):
        """Create a NormalizedVersion instance from a version string.

        @param s {str} The version string.
        @param error_on_huge_major_num {bool} Whether to consider an
            apparent use of a year or full date as the major version number
            an error. Default True. One of the observed patterns on PyPI before
            the introduction of `NormalizedVersion` was version numbers like this:
            This guard is here to strongly encourage the package author to
            use an alternate version, because a release deployed into PyPI
            and, e.g. downstream Linux package managers, will forever remove
            the possibility of using a version number like "1.0" (i.e.
            where the major number is less than that huge major number).
        self._parse(s, error_on_huge_major_num)

    def from_parts(cls, version, prerelease=FINAL_MARKER,
        return cls(cls.parts_to_str((version, prerelease, devpost)))

    def _parse(self, s, error_on_huge_major_num=True):
        """Parses a string version into parts."""
        match =
        if not match:
            raise IrrationalVersionError(s)

        groups = match.groupdict()
        parts = []

        # main version
        block = self._parse_numdots(groups['version'], s, False, 2)
        extraversion = groups.get('extraversion')
        if extraversion not in ('', None):
            block += self._parse_numdots(extraversion[1:], s)

        # prerelease
        prerel = groups.get('prerel')
        if prerel is not None:
            block = [prerel]
            block += self._parse_numdots(groups.get('prerelversion'), s,

        # postdev
        if groups.get('postdev'):
            post = groups.get('post')
            dev = groups.get('dev')
            postdev = []
            if post is not None:
                postdev.extend([FINAL_MARKER[0], 'post', int(post)])
                if dev is None:
            if dev is not None:
                postdev.extend(['dev', int(dev)])
            parts.append(FINAL_MARKER) = tuple(parts)
        if error_on_huge_major_num and[0][0] > 1980:
            raise HugeMajorVersionNumError("huge major version number, %r, "
                "which might cause future problems: %r" % ([0][0], s))

    def _parse_numdots(self, s, full_ver_str, drop_trailing_zeros=True,
        """Parse 'N.N.N' sequences, return a list of ints.

        @param s {str} 'N.N.N..." sequence to be parsed
        @param full_ver_str {str} The full version string from which this
            comes. Used for error strings.
        @param drop_trailing_zeros {bool} Whether to drop trailing zeros
            from the returned list. Default True.
        @param pad_zeros_length {int} The length to which to pad the
            returned list with zeros, if necessary. Default 0.
        nums = []
        for n in s.split("."):
            if len(n) > 1 and n[0] == '0':
                raise IrrationalVersionError("cannot have leading zero in "
                    "version number segment: '%s' in %r" % (n, full_ver_str))
        if drop_trailing_zeros:
            while nums and nums[-1] == 0:
        while len(nums) < pad_zeros_length:
        return nums

    def __str__(self):
        return self.parts_to_str(

    def parts_to_str(cls, parts):
        """Transforms a version expressed in tuple into its string
        # XXX This doesn't check for invalid tuples
        main, prerel, postdev = parts
        s = '.'.join(str(v) for v in main)
        if prerel is not FINAL_MARKER:
            s += prerel[0]
            s += '.'.join(str(v) for v in prerel[1:])
        if postdev and postdev is not FINAL_MARKER:
            if postdev[0] == 'f':
                postdev = postdev[1:]
            i = 0
            while i < len(postdev):
                if i % 2 == 0:
                    s += '.'
                s += str(postdev[i])
                i += 1
        return s

    def __repr__(self):
        return "%s('%s')" % (self.__class__.__name__, self)

    def _cannot_compare(self, other):
        raise TypeError("cannot compare %s and %s"
                % (type(self).__name__, type(other).__name__))

    def __eq__(self, other):
        if not isinstance(other, NormalizedVersion):
        return ==

    def __lt__(self, other):
        if not isinstance(other, NormalizedVersion):
        return <

    def __ne__(self, other):
        return not self.__eq__(other)

    def __gt__(self, other):
        return not (self.__lt__(other) or self.__eq__(other))

    def __le__(self, other):
        return self.__eq__(other) or self.__lt__(other)

    def __ge__(self, other):
        return self.__eq__(other) or self.__gt__(other)

def suggest_normalized_version(s):
    """Suggest a normalized version close to the given version string.

    If you have a version string that isn't rational (i.e. NormalizedVersion
    doesn't like it) then you might be able to get an equivalent (or close)
    rational version from this function.

    This does a number of simple normalizations to the given string, based
    on observation of versions currently in use on PyPI. Given a dump of
    those version during PyCon 2009, 4287 of them:
    - 2312 (53.93%) match NormalizedVersion without change
    - with the automatic suggestion
    - 3474 (81.04%) match when using this suggestion method

    @param s {str} An irrational version string.
    @returns A rational version string, or None, if couldn't determine one.
        return s   # already rational
    except IrrationalVersionError:

    rs = s.lower()

    # part of this could use maketrans
    for orig, repl in (('-alpha', 'a'), ('-beta', 'b'), ('alpha', 'a'),
                       ('beta', 'b'), ('rc', 'c'),
                       ('+', '.'), ('_', '.'), (' ', ''), ('.final', ''),
                       ('final', '')):
        rs = rs.replace(orig, repl)

    # Clean: 2.0.a.3, 2.0.b1, 0.9.0~c1
    rs = re.sub(r"[.~]?([abc])\.?", r"\1", rs)

    # Clean: v0.3, v1.0
    if rs.startswith('v'):
        rs = rs[1:]

    # Clean leading '0's on numbers.
    #TODO: unintended side-effect on, e.g., "2003.05.09"
    # PyPI stats: 77 (~2%) better
    rs = re.sub(r"\b0+(\d+)(?!\d)", r"\1", rs)

    # Clean a/b/c with no version. E.g. "1.0a" -> "1.0a0". Setuptools infers
    # zero.
    # PyPI stats: 245 (7.56%) better
    rs = re.sub(r"(\d+[abc])$", r"\g<1>0", rs)

    # the 'dev-rNNN' tag is a dev tag
    rs = re.sub(r"\.?(dev-r|dev\.r)\.?(\d+)$", r".dev\2", rs)

    # The 'r' and the '-' tags are post release tags
    #   0.4a1.r10       ->  0.4a1.post10
    #   0.9.33-17222    ->  0.9.3.post17222
    #   0.9.33-r17222   ->  0.9.3.post17222
    rs = re.sub(r"\.?(r|-|-r)\.?(\d+)$", r".post\2", rs)

    # Clean 'r' instead of 'dev' usage:
    #   0.9.33+r17222   ->  0.9.3.dev17222
    #   1.0dev123       ->  1.0.dev123
    #   1.0.git123      ->  1.0.dev123
    #   1.0.bzr123      ->  1.0.dev123
    #   0.1a0dev.123    ->  0.1a0.dev123
    # PyPI stats:  ~150 (~4%) better
    rs = re.sub(r"\.?(dev|git|bzr)\.?(\d+)$", r".dev\2", rs)

    # Clean '.pre' (normalized from '-pre' above) instead of 'c' usage:
    #   0.2.pre1        ->  0.2c1
    #   0.2-c1         ->  0.2c1
    #   1.0preview123   ->  1.0c123
    # PyPI stats: ~21 (0.62%) better
    rs = re.sub(r"\.?(pre|preview|-c)(\d+)$", r"c\g<2>", rs)

    # a terminal ".dev" can be changed into ".dev0"
    rs = re.sub(r"[\.\-]dev$", r".dev0", rs)

    # a terminal "dev" can be changed into ".dev0"
    rs = re.sub(r"(?![\.\-])dev$", r".dev0", rs)

    # a terminal "final" or "stable" can be removed
    rs = re.sub(r"(final|stable)$", "", rs)

        return rs   # already rational
    except IrrationalVersionError:
    return None