Source

pypy-for-upstream-vincent-legoll / lib_pypy / pwd.py

# ctypes implementation: Victor Stinner, 2008-05-08
"""
This module provides access to the Unix password database.
It is available on all Unix versions.

Password database entries are reported as 7-tuples containing the following
items from the password database (see `<pwd.h>'), in order:
pw_name, pw_passwd, pw_uid, pw_gid, pw_gecos, pw_dir, pw_shell.
The uid and gid items are integers, all others are strings. An
exception is raised if the entry asked for cannot be found.
"""

import sys
if sys.platform == 'win32':
    raise ImportError("No pwd module on Windows")

from ctypes_support import standard_c_lib as libc
from ctypes import Structure, POINTER, c_int, c_char_p

try: from __pypy__ import builtinify
except ImportError: builtinify = lambda f: f


uid_t = c_int
gid_t = c_int

class passwd(Structure):
    _fields_ = (
        ("pw_name", c_char_p),
        ("pw_passwd", c_char_p),
        ("pw_uid", uid_t),
        ("pw_gid", gid_t),
        ("pw_gecos", c_char_p),
        ("pw_dir", c_char_p),
        ("pw_shell", c_char_p),
    )
    def __iter__(self):
        yield self.pw_name
        yield self.pw_passwd
        yield self.pw_uid
        yield self.pw_gid
        yield self.pw_gecos
        yield self.pw_dir
        yield self.pw_shell

class struct_passwd(tuple):
    """
    pwd.struct_passwd: Results from getpw*() routines.

    This object may be accessed either as a tuple of
      (pw_name,pw_passwd,pw_uid,pw_gid,pw_gecos,pw_dir,pw_shell)
    or via the object attributes as named in the above tuple.
    """
    def __init__(self, passwd):
        self.pw_name = passwd.pw_name
        self.pw_passwd = passwd.pw_passwd
        self.pw_uid = passwd.pw_uid
        self.pw_gid = passwd.pw_gid
        self.pw_gecos = passwd.pw_gecos
        self.pw_dir = passwd.pw_dir
        self.pw_shell = passwd.pw_shell
        tuple.__init__(self, passwd)

passwd_p = POINTER(passwd)

_getpwuid = libc.getpwuid
_getpwuid.argtypes = (uid_t,)
_getpwuid.restype = passwd_p

_getpwnam = libc.getpwnam
_getpwnam.argtypes = (c_char_p,)
_getpwnam.restype = passwd_p

_setpwent = libc.setpwent
_setpwent.argtypes = None
_setpwent.restype = None

_getpwent = libc.getpwent
_getpwent.argtypes = None
_getpwent.restype = passwd_p

_endpwent = libc.endpwent
_endpwent.argtypes = None
_endpwent.restype = None

@builtinify
def mkpwent(pw):
    pw = pw.contents
    return struct_passwd(pw)

@builtinify
def getpwuid(uid):
    """
    getpwuid(uid) -> (pw_name,pw_passwd,pw_uid,
                      pw_gid,pw_gecos,pw_dir,pw_shell)
    Return the password database entry for the given numeric user ID.
    See pwd.__doc__ for more on password database entries.
    """
    pw = _getpwuid(uid)
    if not pw:
        raise KeyError("getpwuid(): uid not found: %s" % uid)
    return mkpwent(pw)

@builtinify
def getpwnam(name):
    """
    getpwnam(name) -> (pw_name,pw_passwd,pw_uid,
                        pw_gid,pw_gecos,pw_dir,pw_shell)
    Return the password database entry for the given user name.
    See pwd.__doc__ for more on password database entries.
    """
    if not isinstance(name, str):
        raise TypeError("expected string")
    pw = _getpwnam(name)
    if not pw:
        raise KeyError("getpwname(): name not found: %s" % name)
    return mkpwent(pw)

@builtinify
def getpwall():
    """
    getpwall() -> list_of_entries
    Return a list of all available password database entries, in arbitrary order.
    See pwd.__doc__ for more on password database entries.
    """
    users = []
    _setpwent()
    while True:
        pw = _getpwent()
        if not pw:
            break
        users.append(mkpwent(pw))
    _endpwent()
    return users

__all__ = ('struct_passwd', 'getpwuid', 'getpwnam', 'getpwall')

if __name__ == "__main__":
# Uncomment next line to test CPython implementation
#    from pwd import getpwuid, getpwnam, getpwall
    from os import getuid
    uid = getuid()
    pw = getpwuid(uid)
    print "uid %s: %s" % (pw.pw_uid, pw)
    name = pw.pw_name
    print "name %r: %s" % (name, getpwnam(name))
    print "All:"
    for pw in getpwall():
        print pw
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